Winthrop Street, E1

Road in/near Whitechapel, existed between 1750 and 1995

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Road · Whitechapel · E1 · Contributed by The Underground Map
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2017
Winthrop Street looking east, c.1970.

Winthrop Street was formerly a narrow street running east-west from Brady Street to Durward Street.

Originally part of Ducking Pond Row, it started being built up in the first decades of the 19th century when it was known as Watson’s Buildings. Running from its south side were Wood’s Buildings, Hope Place, Gossips Gardens and North Place; its north side was the site of several separate small properties.

By 1873, it had been renamed Little North Street - Brady Street was called North Street at this time - and had been subject to much rebuilding. A ’National School for Boys and Girls’ stood at the western end (north side) and continued with a row of terraced cottages identical to and backing on to those in Buck’s Row.

Following the construction and opening of Whitechapel Underground Station in 1876 and the excavation of ground to accommodate the new railway lines, the school was replaced by a new Board School, constructed in 1876-7. On the south side, as well as a small row of dwellings, was the premises of Harrison, Barber & Co, horse slaughterers, employers of James Mumford, Henry Tomkins and Charles Bretton. Adjacent to Wood’s Buildings was the recreation ground of the Working Lad’s Institute. Little North Street was renamed Winthrop Street on 12th October 1883.

The south side of Winthrop Street was heavily redeveloped c.1900 following the construction of yet another railway link (Whitechapel and Bow Railway). It also appears that the terraced houses on the north side were subject to war damage (1939-45).

These properties were demolished in January 1972 along with those in Durward Street and the road remained derelict until the construction of Kempton Court in 1995. As a result, Winthrop Street was severely shortened to provide access to Kempton Court’s residents car-park.

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ADD A STORY TO WINTHROP STREET
VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE WHITECHAPEL AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Whitechapel

Whitechapel is a neighbourhood whose heart is Whitechapel Road itself, named for a small chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary.

By the late 1500s Whitechapel and the surrounding area had started becoming 'other half' of London. Located downwind of the genteel sections of west London which were to see the expansion of Westminster Abbey and construction of Buckingham Palace, it naturally attracted the more fragrant activities of the city, particularly tanneries, breweries, foundries (including the Whitechapel Bell Foundry which later cast Philadelphia's Liberty Bell and also Big Ben), slaughterhouses and, close by to the south, the gigantic Billingsgate fish market, famous in its day for the ornately foul language of the extremely Cockney fishwomen who worked there.

Population shifts from rural areas to London from the 1600s to the mid 1800s resulted in great numbers of more or less destitute people taking up residence amidst the industries and mercantile interests that had attracted them. By the 1840s Whitechapel, along with the enclaves of Wapping, Aldgate, Bethnal Green, Mile End, Limehouse and Stepney (collectively known today as the East End), had evolved, or devolved, into classic 'dickensian' London. Whitechapel Road itself was not particularly squalid through most of this period - it was the warren of small dark streets branching from it that contained the greatest suffering, filth and danger, especially Dorset St., Thrawl St., Berners St. (renamed Henriques St.), Wentworth St. and others.

In the Victorian era the base population of poor English country stock was swelled by immigrants from all over, particularly Irish and Jewish. 1888 saw the depredations of the Whitechapel Murderer, later known as 'Jack the Ripper'. In 1902, American author Jack London, looking to write a counterpart to Jacob Riis's seminal book How the Other Half Lives, donned ragged clothes and boarded in Whitechapel, detailing his experiences in The People of the Abyss. Riis had recently documented the astoundingly bad conditions in the leading city of the United States. Jack London, a socialist, thought it worthwhile to explore conditions in the leading city of the nation that had created modern capitalism. He concluded that English poverty was far rougher than the American variety. The juxtaposition of the poverty, homelessness, exploitive work conditions, prostitution, and infant mortality of Whitechapel and other East End locales with some of the greatest personal wealth the world has ever seen made it a focal point for leftist reformers of all kinds, from George Bernard Shaw, whose Fabian Society met regularly in Whitechapel, to Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, who boarded and led rallies in Whitechapel during his exile from Russia.

Whitechapel remained poor (and colourful) through the first half of the 20th Century, though somewhat less desperately so. It suffered great damage in the V2 German rocket attacks and the Blitz of World War II. Since then, Whitechapel has lost its notoriety, though it is still thoroughly working class. The Bangladeshis are the most visible migrant group there today and it is home to many aspiring artists and shoestring entrepreneurs.

Since the 1970s, Whitechapel and other nearby parts of East London have figured prominently in London's art scene. Probably the most prominent art venue is the Whitechapel Art Gallery, founded in 1901 and long an outpost of high culture in a poor neighbourhood. As the neighbourhood has gentrified, it has gained citywide, and even international, visibility and support.

Whitechapel, is a London Underground and London Overground station, on Whitechapel Road was opened in 1876 by the East London Railway on a line connecting Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations south of the River Thames. The station site was expanded in 1884, and again in 1902, to accommodate the services of the Metropolitan District Railway, a predecessor of the London Underground. The London Overground section of the station was closed between 2007 and 27 April 2010 for rebuilding, initially reopening for a preview service on 27 April 2010 with the full service starting on 23 May 2010.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
18 Folgate Street:   Dennis Severs' House in Folgate Street is a 'still-life drama' created by the previous owner as an 'historical imagination' of what life would have been like inside for a family of Huguenot silk weavers.
Altab Ali Park:   
Bethnal Green:   Bethnal Green - a happy corner
Bigland Green Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Blue Gate Fields Infants’ School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 7.
Blue Gate Fields Junior School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 7 and 11.
Buttercup Primary School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Cambridge Heath:   Cambridge Heath is a district in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. The earliest recorded use of the name is as Camprichthesheth in 1275.
Christ Church CofE School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
City of London Academy, Shoreditch Park:   Free schools (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 19.
Collingwood Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Darul Hadis Latifiah:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 20. Admissions policy: Selective (grammar).
Date Palm Primary School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 11.
East India:   This is a children’s centre.
Elizabeth Selby Infants’ School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 7.
Green Gables Montessori Primary School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 11. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Hackney City Farm:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 13 and 17.
Hague Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Harry Gosling Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Jamiatul Ummah School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 16. Admissions policy: Selective (grammar).
John Smith Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Kobi Nazrul Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Lawdale Junior School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 7 and 11.
London East Academy:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 16.
London Enterprise Academy:   Free schools (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 16.
London Islamic School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 16. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Madani Secondary Girls’ School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18.
Montefiore Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Mowlem Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Mulberry School for Girls:   Academy converter (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Oaklands School:   Community school (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Osmani Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Raine’s Foundation School:   Voluntary aided school (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Shadwell:   Shadwell is a district in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, and located on the north bank of the Thames between Wapping and Ratcliff.
St Anne’s Catholic Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St John’s Church of England Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Matthias Church of England Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Paul’s Whitechapel Church of England Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Peter’s London Docks CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Stewart Headlam Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Swanlea School:   Community school (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Thomas Buxton Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Wapping Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Wapping High School:   Free schools (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 16. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Whitechapel:   Whitechapel is a neighbourhood whose heart is Whitechapel Road itself, named for a small chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
John’s Hill:   The corner of Johns Hill and Pennington Street, Wapping, December 1906.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Acorn Street, E1 · Adelina Grove, E1 · Adler Street, E1 · Agatha Close, E1W · Ainsley Street, E2 · Alderman Stairs, E1W · Alderman Stairs, SE1 · Anthony Street, E1 · Artichoke Hill, E1W · Asher Way, E1W · Asher Way, E98 · Ashfield Street, E1 · Audrey Street, E2 · Back Church Lane, E1 · Back Mews, SE4 · Bacon Street, E1 · Barnsley Street, E1 · Batty Street, E1 · Benson Quay, E1W · Bethnal Green Estate, E2 · Bethnal Green Road, E2 · Bigland Street, E1 · Birkbeck Street, E2 · Bishops Square, E1 · Black Lion Yard, E1 · Blossom Street, E1 · Blythe Street, E2 · Boyd Street, E1 · Brady Street, E1 · Braintree Street, E2 · Braithwaite Street, E1 · Breezer’s Hill, E1W · Brick Lane, E1 · Brushfield Street, E1 · Buckfast Street, E2 · Buckhurst Street, E1 · Burr Close, E1W · Burslem Street, E1 · Burwell Close, E1 · Buxton Street, E1 · Cable Street, E1 · Calvin Street, E1 · Cambridge Crescent, E2 · Cambridge Heath Road, E1 · Cambridge Heath Road, E2 · Cannon St Road, E1 · Cannon Street Road, E1 · Canrobert Street, E2 · Casson Street E.1, E1 · Casson Street, E1 · Castlemain Street, E1 · Cavell Street, E1 · Cavell Street, E1W · Centre Street, E2 · Chance Street, E1 · Chandler Street, E1W · Chapman Street, E1 · Chicksand Street, E1 · Chigwell Hill, E1W · Christian Street, E1 · City View House, E2 · Clare Street, E2 · Claredale Street, E2 · Clark Street, E1 · Clarkson Street, E2 · Cleveland Way, E1 · Club Row, E1 · Coate Street, E2 · Coburg Dwellings, E1 · Collingwood Street, E1 · Colts Lagreenheath Business Centre, E2 · Commercial Road, E1 · Commercial St, E1 · Commercial Street, E1 · Corbet Place, E1 · Corfield Street, E2 · Cornwall Avenue, E2 · Court Street, E1 · Coventry Road, E2 · Coverley Close, E1 · Crispin Place, E1 · Crispin Street, E1 · Crown Works, E2 · Cudworth Street, E1 · Damien Street, E1 · Darling Row, E1 · Davenant Street, E1 · Deal Street, E1 · Deancross Street, E1 · Dellow Street, E1 · Derbyshire Street, E2 · Dinmont Street, E2 · Dorset Street, E1 · Dray Walk, E1 · Dunbridge Street, E2 · Dunch Street, E1 · Durant Street, E2 · Durward Street, E1 · East Cross Centre, E15 · East Mount Street, E1 · Elder Street, E1 · Ellsworth Street, E2 · Emma Street, E2 · Emma Street, E8 · Fairclough Street, E1 · Fashion Street, E1 · Fieldgate Street, E1 · Fletcher Street, E1 · Fleur De Lis Street, E1 · Florida Street, E2 · Flower and Dean Street, E1 · Folgate Street, E1 · Forbes Street, E1 · Ford Square, E1 · Fordham Street, E1 · Fournier Street, E1 · Fulbourne Street, E1 · Gales Gardens, E2 · Garnet Street, E1W · George Street, E1 · Glass Street, E2 · Golding Street, E1 · Goldsmiths Row, E2 · Granary Road, E1 · Greatorex Street, E1 · Greenfield Road, E1 · Greenheath Business Centre, E2 · Grindall House, E1 · Gun Street, E1 · Gwilym Maries House, E2 · Hackney Road, E2 · Hadrian Estate, E2 · Hague Street, E2 · Hainton Close, E1 · Hanbury Street, E1 · Hare Row, E2 · Hawksmoor Mews, E1 · Headlam Street, E1 · Hemming Street, E1 · Heneage Street, E1 · Henriques Street, E1 · Herald Street, E2 · Hereford Street, E2 · Hermitage Court, E1W · Hessel Street, E1 · Hollybush Gardens, E2 · Hollybush Place, E2 · Hopetown Street, E1 · Huddleston Close, E2 · Hunton Street, E1 · Ion Square, E2 · Ivimey Street, E2 · James Docherty House Patriot Square, E2 · Jane Street, E1 · Jarman House, E1 · Jersey Street, E2 · Jubilee Street, E1 · Kay Street, E2 · Kelsey Street, E2 · Kennet Street, E1W · Key Close, E1 · King Charles Terrace, E1W · King David Lane, E1 · King Henry Terrace, E1W · Kings Arms Court, E1 · Knighten Street, E1W · Knighton Street, E1W · Lamb Street, E1 · Langdale Street, E1 · Lindley Street, E1 · Little Paternoster Row, E1 · London Fruit Exchange, E1 · Lowood Street, E1 · Malcolm Place, E2 · Malcolm Road, E1 · Mansford Street, E2 · Mape Street, E2 · Maple Street, E2 · Marian Place, E2 · Martha Street, E1 · Menotti Street, E2 · Merceron Street, E1 · Mews Street, E1W · Middleton Street, E2 · Milk Yard, E1W · Millennium Place, E2 · Milward Street, E1 · Minerva Street, E2 · Monthope Road, E1 · Montpelier Place, E1 · Morris Street, E1 · Morton Close, E1 · Mount Terrace, E1 · Mowlem Street, E2 · Mulberry Street, E1 · Museum Passage, E2 · Myrdle Street, E1 · Nant Street, E2 · Nantes Passage, E1 · Nelson Gardens, E2 · Nelson Street, E1 · Nesham Street, E1W · New Loom House, E1 · New Road, E1 · Newark Street, E1 · Newbold Cottages, E1 · O’Leary Square, E1 · Old Bethnal Green Road, E2 · Old Montague Street, E1 · Orton Street, E1W · Osborn Street, E1 · Osborne Street, E1 · Osbourne Street, E1 · Pace Place, E1 · Paradise Row, E2 · Parfett Street, E1 · Parmiter Street, E2 · Patriot Square, E2 · Patriots Square, E2 · Pedley Street, E1 · Peel Grove, E2 · Penang Street, E1W · Pennington Street, E1W · Pereira Street, E1 · Philchurch Place, E1 · Philpot Street, E1 · Pier Head, E1W · Pinchin Street, E1 · Plumbers Row, E1 · Pollard Row, E2 · Pollard Street, E2 · Ponler Street, E1 · Pott Street, E2 · Poyser Street, E2 · Princelet Street, E1 · Pritchards Road, E2 · Prospect Place, E1W · Prusom Street, E1W · Puma Court, E1 · Pump Track, IG7 · Pundersons Gardens, E2 · Quaker Street, E1 · Queen Victoria Terrace, E1W · Railway Arches, E1 · Railway Arches, E2 · Raine Street, E1W · Rampart Street, E1 · Ramsey Street, E2 · Raven Row, E1 · Reardon Street, E1W · Redchurch Street, E2 · Regal Close, E1 · Rhoda Street, E2 · Richard Street, E1 · Riverside Mansions, E1W · Roberta Street, E2 · Robinson Road, E2 · Roger Dowley Close, E2 · Romford Street, E1 · Rushmead, E2 · Russia Lane, E2 · Sage Street, E1 · Saint Katharine’s Way, E1W · Saint Katherine’s Way, E1W · Sale Street, E2 · Sampson Street, E1W · Scott Street, E1 · Selby Street, E1 · Settles Street, E1 · Shadwell Basin, E1W · Shadwell Place, E1 · Shoreditch High Street, E1 · Sidney Square, E1 · Sidney Street, E1 · Silk Weaver Way, E2 · Sly Street, E1 · Somerford Street, E1 · Sovereign Close, E1W · Spellman Street, E1 · Spelman Street, E1 · Spital Square, E1 · Spital Street, E1 · Spring Walk, E1 · Squirries Street, E2 · St Anthony’s Close, E1W · St Judes Road, E2 · St Katharines Way, E1W · St Katharine’s Way, E1W · St. Peter’s Avenue, E11 · St. Peter’s Close, E2 · Star Place, E1W · Star Street, E1 · Stepney Green Court, E1 · Stepney Way, E1 · Stockholm Way, E1W · Stockton House, E2 · Stothard Place, EC2M · Stutfield Street, E1 · Sugar Loaf Walk, E2 · Sun Walk, E1W · Surma Close, E1 · Sutton Street, E1 · Swedenborg Gardens, E1 · Tapp Street, E1 · Tarling Street, E1 · Teale Street, E2 · Teesdale Yard, E2 · Telfords Yard, E1W · Temple Street, E2 · Temple Yard, E2 · Tent Street, E1 · The Highway, E1 · The Highway, E1W · The Oval, E2 · Thomas More Square, E1W · Thomas More Street, E1W · Thrawl Street, E1 · Three Colts Corner, E2 · Three Colts Lane, E1 · Three Colts Lane, E2 · Timberland Road, E1 · Tower Bridge Approach, E1W · Tower Bridge Approach, EC3N · Tower Bridge, E1W · Tower Walk, E1W · Trahorn Close, E1 · Treadway Street, E2 · Turner Street, E1 · Twine Court, E1 · Umberston Street, E1 · Underwood Road, E1 · Union Walk Railway Arches, E2 · Vallance Road, E1 · Vallance Road, E2 · Varden Street, E1 · Vaughan Way, E1W · Vawdrey Close, E1 · Viaduct Place, E2 · Viaduct Street, E2 · Victoria Park Square, E2 · Vine Court, E1 · Virginia Street, E1W · Voss Street, E2 · Wadeson Street, E2 · Walden Street, E1 · Wapping Lane, E1W · Warner Place, E2 · Waterman Way, E1W · Watney Street, E1 · Weaver Street, E1 · Wellclose Square, E1 · West Gardens, E1W · Wheler Street, E1 · Whitby Street, E1 · Whitechapel Market, E1 · Whitechapel Road, E1 · Whitechapel Street, E1 · Wicker Street, E1 · Wickford Street, E1 · Wilkes Street, E1 · Wilmot Street, E2 · Wine Close, E1W · Winkley Street, E2 · Winthrop Street, E1 · Witan Street, E2 · Wodeham Gardens, E1 · Wolsey Street, E1 · Woodseer Street, E1 · Wyllen Close, E1 · Zander Court, E2 ·
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Maps


Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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