Cardinal Cap Alley, SE1

Road in Southwark, existing until now

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Road · Southwark · SE1 · Contributed by The Underground Map
April
29
2017
Click to enlarge image.
The entrance to the Cardinal Cap Alley is under the lamp, left of the yellow door
Credit: Peter Holmes


Until the 1600s Bankside was a bawdy place, full of taverns, brothels then called ’stews’ from the stewhouses, which were steam baths doubling as brothels, there was bear and bull-baiting pits and, in the time of Shakespeare, public theatres. Cardinal Cap Alley. off Bankside, used to lead to a brothel called the The Cardinal’s Cap which was so-called because it had been owned by Henry Beaufort, the Bishop of Winchester, who had paraded here, wearing his red hat, after being appointed a cardinal by the Pope.

Until the time of the reformation the Abbot of St Mary Overy, which is now Southwark Cathedral, owned a large part of the area of Southwark, and Cardinal Cap Alley undoubtedly had connections with the Abbey. At some point way back in history, certainly long before 1533, the Abbot built a house on the site of the Alley, which, at the dissolution of the monasteries was seized by the Crown. It is not known whether this house remained standing or a new building was erected but shortly after Henry VIII had rid himself of Papal connections the site was taken over by an inn known as the Cardinal’s Hat. When the wardens of St Saviour’s dined at this inn in 1579 Thomas Mansfield was in occupation of the tenancy and a few years later Thomas Browker was the owner. The Alley may have formed an access to the inn.

Once a maze of Thames-side warehouses, the area around Cardinal Cap Alley has for a number of years now been under redevelopment. The Alley itself still remains, shadowed in the disused Bankside Power Station, and just to the east is the International Shakespeare Globe Centre containing a full size reproduction of the Globe Theatre. A path joining the Thames-side a little to the east of Blackfriars Bridge leads past the power station to link up with Bankside. From here there is a most advantageous view of the north bank and St Paul’s Cathedral. During the building of the Cathedral it is thought that Sir Christopher Wren paced this stretch viewing the progression of his masterpiece. Then it was a forest of spires, now it is a jungle of concrete and glass.

Source: The alleyways and courtyards of London » The Underground Ma

VIEW THE SOUTHWARK AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOUTHWARK AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOUTHWARK AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOUTHWARK AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOUTHWARK AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

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Southwark

Southwark is the area immediately south of London Bridge, opposite the City of London.

Southwark is on a previously marshy area south of the River Thames. Recent excavation has revealed prehistoric activity including evidence of early ploughing, burial mounds and ritual activity. The area was originally a series of islands in the River Thames. This formed the best place to bridge the Thames and the area became an important part of Londinium owing its importance to its position as the endpoint of the Roman London Bridge. Two Roman roads, Stane Street and Watling Street, met at Southwark in what is now Borough High Street.

At some point the Bridge fell or was pulled down. Southwark and the city seem to have become largely deserted during the Early Middle Ages. Archaeologically, evidence of settlement is replaced by a largely featureless soil called the Dark Earth which probably (although this is contested) represents an urban area abandoned.

Southwark appears to recover only during the time of King Alfred and his successors. Sometime in and around 886 AD the Bridge was rebuilt and the City and Southwark restored. Southwark was called ’Suddringa Geworc’ which means the ’defensive works of the men of Surrey’. It was probably fortified to defend the bridge and hence the re-emerging City of London to the north. This defensive role is highlighted by the use of the Bridge as a defense against King Swein, his son King Cnut and in 1066, against King William the Conqueror. He failed to force the Bridge during the Norman conquest of England, but Southwark was devastated.

Much of Southwark was originally owned by the church - the greatest reminder of monastic London is Southwark Cathedral, originally the priory of St Mary Overy.

During the Middle Ages, Southwark remained outside of the control of the City and was a haven for criminals and free traders, who would sell goods and conduct trades outside the regulation of the City Livery Companies. An important market - later to become known as the Borough Market - was established there some time in the 13th century. The area was renowned for its inns, especially The Tabard, from which Chaucer’s pilgrims set off on their journey in The Canterbury Tales.

After many decades’ petitioning, in 1550, Southwark was incorporated into the City of London as ’The Ward of Bridge Without’. It became the entertainment district for London, and it was also the red-light area. In 1599, William Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre was built on the South Bank in Southwark, though it burned down in 1613. A modern replica, also called the Globe, has been built near the original site. Southwark was also a favorite area for entertainment like bull and bear-baiting. There was also a famous fair in Southwark which took place near the Church of St. George the Martyr. William Hogarth depicted this fair in his engraving of Southwark Fair (1733).

In 1844 the railway reached Southwark with the opening of London Bridge station.

In 1861 the Great Fire of Southwark destroyed a large number of buildings between Tooley Street and the Thames, including those around Hays Wharf, where Hays Galleria was later built, and blocks to the west almost as far as St Olave’s Church.

In 1899 Southwark was incorporated along with Newington and Walworth into the Metropolitan Borough of Southwark, and in 1965 this was incorporated with the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell and Metropolitan Borough of Bermondsey into the London Borough of Southwark.

Southwark tube station was opened on 20 November 1999 as part of the Jubilee Line Extension.

The original plan for the Extension did not include a station between those at Waterloo and London Bridge; Southwark station was added after lobbying by the local council. Although it is close to Waterloo, not near the Bankside attractions it was intended to serve, and its only rail interchange is to London Waterloo East mainline station; the passenger usage matches those of other minor central stations. It does however get over double the traffic of nearby Borough station and around triple Lambeth North.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Blackfriars Bridge railway station:   Blackfriars Bridge railway station was a railway station on the London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LC&DR). It was constructed in 1864 and, for six months, was the northern terminus for a line from Herne Hill via Loughborough Junction. It was part of a scheme by the company to extend into the City of London. It ceased to be the terminus when the line was extended across the River Thames to Ludgate Hill where a temporary station in New Bridge Street was opened on 21 December 1864.
Blackfriars Road railway station:   Blackfriars Road (Blackfriars Bridge) railway station was a station on Blackfriars Road in south London on the South Eastern Railway between Charing Cross and London Bridge stations. The former entrance under the railway bridge is still clearly marked.
Hopton's Almshouses:   Hopton Street has had almshouses since 1752.
Mansion House:   Mansion House is a London Underground station in the City of London, near Mansion House (although Bank station is actually closer to that).
Southwark:   Southwark is the area immediately south of London Bridge, opposite the City of London.
Tate Modern:   Tate Modern is the most-visited modern art gallery in the world, with around 4.7 million visitors per year.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abbey Street, SE1 · Aberdour Street, SE1 · Alma Grove, SE1 · Alscot Road, SE1 · Alscot Way, SE1 · America Street, SE1 · Anchor Terrace, SE1 · Archie Street, SE1 · Attilburgh House, SE1 · Avondale Pavement, SE1 · Avondale Square, SE1 · Ayres Street, SE1 · Bank End, SE1 · Bankside, SE1 · Barge House Street, SE1 · Barnham Street, SE1 · Bartholomew Street, SE1 · Battle Bridge Lane, SE1 · Bear Gardens, SE1 · Bear Lane, SE1 · Belvedere Building, SE1 · Bermondsey Street, SE1 · Bevington Path, SE1 · Black Swan Yard, SE1 · Blackfriars Bridge, SE1 · Bluelion Place, SE1 · Borough Market, SE1 · Brewery Square, SE1 · Bridge Houseborough High Stlondon Bridge, SE1 · Broadwall, SE1 · Broken Wharf, EC4V · Burgon Street, EC4V · Butlers Colonial Wharf, SE1 · Cadet Drive, SE1 · Cannon Street, EC4M · Cardamom Building, SE1 · Cardinal Cap Alley, SE1 · Carter Lane, EC4M · Carter Lane, EC4V · Cathedral Street, SE1 · Charlie Chaplin Walk, SE1 · Chartes House, SE1 · Church Entry, EC4V · Clink St Studios, SE1 · Clink Street, SE1 · Cobourg Road, SE5 · Cole Street, SE1 · Coopers Road, SE1 · Copper Row, SE1 · Cottons Lane, SE1 · Counter Street, SE1 · Crayford House, SE1 · Crimscott Street, SE1 · Crucifix Lane, SE1 · Curlew Street, SE1 · Decima Street, SE1 · Deverell Street, SE1 · Devon Mansions, SE1 · Dickens Square, SE1 · Distaff Lane, EC4V · Dockhead, SE1 · Dolben Street, SE1 · Druid Street, SE1 · Duchy Street, SE1 · Duke St Hill, SE1 · Duke Street Hill, SE1 · Dunton Road, SE1 · East Point, SE1 · Elephant Castle Super Bowl, SE1 · Emerson Street, SE1 · English Grounds, SE1 · Enterprise House, SE1 · Ewer Street, SE1 · Fair Street, SE1 · Fenning Street, SE1 · Flat Iron Square, SE1 · Floors Lincoln House, SE1 · Fort Road, SE1 · Friday Street, EC4M · Friday Street, EC4V · Gabriels Wharf, SE1 · Gainsford Street, SE1 · Garlick Hill, EC4V · George Inn Yard, SE1 · Godliman Street, EC4V · Grange House, SE1 · Grange Road, SE1 · Grange Walk, SE1 · Great Dover Street, SE1 · Great Guildf, SE1 · Great Guildford Business Square, SE1 · Great Guildford Street, SE1 · Great Guildford, SE1 · Great St Thomas Apostle, EC4V · Great St Thomas, EC4V · Green Dragon Court, SE1 · Green Walk, SE1 · Griggs Place, SE1 · Guinness Court, SE1 · Guinness Square, SE1 · Hankey Place, SE1 · Harbledown House, SE1 · Hardwidge Street, SE1 · Hartley Buildings, SE1 · Hatchers Mews, SE1 · Hays Galleria, SE1 · Hays Lane, SE1 · Hendre Road, SE1 · High Timber Street, EC4V · Holland Street, SE1 · Holyrood Street, SE1 · Hopton Street, SE1 · Horselydown Lane, SE1 · Humphrey Street, SE1 · Jacob Street, SE1 · Jamaica Road, SE1 · Joan Street, SE1 · Kings Head Yard, SE1 · Kipling Street, SE1 · Kirby Grove, SE1 · Knightrider Court, EC4V · Knightrider Street, EC4V · Lafone Street, SE1 · Lamb Walk, SE1 · Lambeth Hill, EC4V · Lansdowne Place, SE1 · Larnaca Works, SE1 · Lavington Street, SE1 · Law Street, SE1 · Leathermarket Street, SE1 · Leroy Street, SE1 · Little Trinity Lane, EC4V · Lloyds Wharf, SE1 · London Bridge Street, SE1 · London Bridge, EC4R · London Bridge, SE1 · Long Lane, SE1 · Long Walk, SE1 · Lower Road, SE1 · Lynton Road, SE1 · Magdalen Street, SE1 · Maguire Street, SE1 · Maguire, SE1 · Malt Street, SE1 · Maltby Street, SE1 · Maltings Place, SE1 · Mandela Way, SE1 · Mansell Street, EC3N · Market Yard Mews, SE1 · Marlborough Grove, SE1 · Massinger Street, SE17 · Meakin Estate, SE1 · Melior Place, SE1 · Melior Street, SE1 · Middle Yard, SE1 · Mill Street, SE1 · Millennium Bridge, EC4V · Milroy Walk, SE1 · Monnow Road, SE1 · More London Place, SE1 · More London Riverside, SE1 · Morgans Lane, SE1 · Morocco Street, SE1 · Nebraska Street, SE1 · New Concordia Wharf, SE1 · New Globe Walk, SE1 · Newhams Row, SE1 · Newington Court, SE1 · Oakley Place, SE1 · Old Change Court, EC4M · Olmar Street, SE1 · Omeara Street, SE1 · Ossory Road, SE1 · Otford House, SE1 · Oxford Drive, SE1 · Oxo Tower Wharf Barge House Street, SE1 · Pages Walk, SE1 · Pardoner Street, SE1 · Park Street, SE1 · Parkers Row, SE1 · Paul?s Walk, EC4V · Pauls Walk, EC4V · Paul’s Walk, EC4V · Pepper Street, SE1 · Pickfords Wharf, SE1 · Pilgrimage Street, SE1 · Plantain Place, SE1 · Pope Street, SE1 · Porlock Street, SE1 · Prioress Street, SE1 · Providence Square, SE1 · Puddle Dock, EC4V · Queen Elizabeth Street, SE1 · Queen St Place, EC4R · Queen Street Place, EC4R · Queen Victoria Street, EC4N · Queen Victoria Street, EC4V · Queenhithe, EC4V · Railway Approach, SE1 · Raven Wharf, SE1 · Redcross Way, SE1 · Rennie Street, SE1 · Reverdy Road, SE1 · Rich Industrial Estate, SE1 · Riley Road, SE1 · Risborough Street, SE1 · Rolls Road, SE1 · Rose Alley, SE1 · Rothsay Street, SE1 · Rowcross Street, SE1 · Royal Oak Yard, SE1 · Scoresby Street, SE1 · Scotts Sufferance Wharfmill Street, SE1 · Setchell Road, SE1 · Setchell Way, SE1 · Shad Thames, SE1 · Shand Street, SE1 · Shopping Centre, SE1 · Shorter Street, E1 · Six Bridges Trading Estate, SE1 · Snowsfields, SE1 · Soho Wharf, SE1 · South Bank, SE1 · Southwalk Street, SE1 · Southwark Bridge, SE1 · Southwark Street, SE1 · Spurgeon Street, SE1 · St Andrews Hill, EC4V · St Jamess Road, SE1 · St Jamess Road, SE16 · St Thomas Street, SE1 · Stainer Street, SE1 · Stamford Street, SE1 · Stanworth Street, SE1 · Stevens Street, SE1 · Stew Lane, EC4V · Stoney Street, SE1 · Strathnairn Street, SE1 · Studios, N17 · Sumner Street, SE1 · Swan Court, SE1 · Swan Street, SE1 · Swift Court, SE1 · Tabard Street, SE1 · Tanner Street, SE1 · The Circle, SE1 · The Grain Stores, SE1 · The Grange, SE1 · The Jam Factory, SE1 · The Leather Market, SE1 · The Leathermarket, SE1 · The School House, SE1 · Thetford House, SE1 · Thrale Street, SE1 · Three Barrels Walk, EC4V · Three Crown Square Borough Market, SE1 · Three Oak Lane, SE1 · Tooley Street, SE1 · Tovy House, SE1 · Tower Bridge Piazza, SE1 · Tower Bridge Road, SE1 · Tower Bridge, SE1 · Tower Workshops, SE1 · Trinity Church Square, SE1 · Trinity Street, SE1 · Tulip House, SE1 · Tyers Gate, SE1 · Union Street, SE1 · Upper Ground, SE1 · Upper Thames Street, EC4V · Vogans Mill, SE1 · Wade House, SE1 · Wardrobe Place, EC4V · Watling Street, EC4M · Watling Street, EC4N · Webb Street, SE1 · Weston Street, SE1 · White Lion Hill, EC4V · Whites Grounds Estate, SE1 · Whites Grounds, SE1 · Wilds Rents, SE1 · Willow Walk, SE1 · Winchester Square, SE1 · Winchester Walk, SE1 · York Road, SE1 ·


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