22 St Peter’s Square

Address in/near Hammersmith, existing between 1827 and now

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Address · Hammersmith · W6 · Contributed by The Underground Map
November
21
2017
The front building of 22 St Peter’s Square
Credit: Wiki commons

22 St Peter’s Square, in Hammersmith, is a grade II Listed building with a former laundry that has been converted to an architects’ studio and office building.

The property is situated in the western corner of St Peter’s Square, that was laid out and built from 1827, opposite St Peter’s Church, Hammersmith. In the basement of the rear of the building is the former studio of Island Records known as The Fallout Shelter, 47 British Grove.

Number 22, unlike the predominant pattern of housing in St Peter’s Square, consists of a trio of linked houses, each of three stories plus basement, the only example of this layout in the square. The entrance retains the original eagle statue on the porch. Paired statues of dogs sit on the piers flanking the steps up to the front door. Until the 1890s the large private garden at the rear of the house was laid out as a long rectangular lawn bordered by shrubs and trees, with an open field to the South.

By 1894 the garden was completely covered by laundry buildings. The Royal Chiswick Laundry Western Dying and Cleaning Works was constructed behind the house fronting British Grove, a lane to the rear. The laundry buildings consist of two long sheds running almost the full length of the former garden. They are of London stock brick with red brick window arches under slate roofs, with glazed skylights running along the roof ridges.

In 1929 John Piper the artist (b 1903) lived in a flat at 22 St Peter’s Square and then by the 1940s the house and laundry was owned by the then Mayor of Hammersmith, Alderman Sir Marshall Hays JP (b 1872). The laundry closed in 1968, then the buildings were for a time occupied by a company that added soundtrack to film before the property became the offices, recording studios and premises of Island Records, who moved in with a staff of 65.

The house became the administrative offices of the company, where the legal and finance staff worked, while the former laundry buildings were the offices for the A&R, production, marketing, promotion and sales departments. The basement was converted into a small recording studio, called the Fallout Shelter with its entrance at 47 British Grove, incorporating the base of the chimney, which was occasionally used in recordings to add reverb to vocals. The recording studio, was described by Chris Blackwell, the founder of Island Records, as ’the little one in the back of Island Records at 47 British Grove.’

With the sound of recording sessions continuing late into the night, members of staff sleeping on the premises, the comings and goings of musicians, staff and visitors, the use of their parking spaces, and the noise all this made, caused friction between Island Records and some local residents. There was also a canteen above the studio. The roster of musicians recording on the Island label at this time included reggae artists Bob Marley and the Wailers who recorded some tracks for Exodus there, Toots and the Maytals, Aswad and Steel Pulse. The ’non reggae’ Island artists include Cat Stevens, Robert Palmer and Steve Winwood (working with the Spencer Davis Group and Traffic, and as a solo artist), Grace Jones, Tom Waits, Melissa Etheridge, Amy Winehouse and P J Harvey and their most successful signing, the Irish band U2.

In 2005 Frost Meadowcroft acquired the property on behalf of Lifschutz Davidson Sandilands architects from Universal Music for £4.1m. The architects then proceeded to return the laundry sheds to their original open plan and restored most of the metal-framed windows to their nineteenth-century proportions. Historically significant features of the laundry, such as the boiler chimney and the incised lettering in the gable overlooking British Grove, have been retained and restored.

In recognition of its heritage the building is now called Island Studios.

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VIEW THE HAMMERSMITH AREA IN THE 1750s
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St Peter’s Square, W6

St Peter’s Square is a garden square laid out in the 1820s.

The square was laid out during the economic boom of the 1820s, when the then owner, George Scott decided to build a speculative housing development on part of his Ravenscourt Park estate and also provided the land for St Peter’s Church, Hammersmith. From 1827 plots were developed piecemeal by builders who undertook to conform to the master plan. The square was mostly complete by the end of the 1830s. The houses are mostly built in groups of three, with stucco fronts, pediments and Ionic porches. Some retain eagles, lions and dogs as decoration. Numbers 1 to 6 were the first to be built and are the grandest in the square.

St Peter’s Church, Hammersmith, the substantial Grecian Ionic structure that was completed in 1829 occupies the eastern corner of the site and is opposite 22 St Peters Square, a Grade II listed architect’s studio and office building, that was formerly Island Records headquarters and is now named Island Studios.

The houses are a good example of 19th century squares architecture, with paired villas in classical style arranged around a central space. The square today is maintained by residents, in partnership with Hammersmith & Fulham Council.

The public garden in the centre of the square is Grade II listed on the English Heritage Register of Historic Parks and Gardens. In 1913, a proposal to build on the garden was abandoned after local protests. The land was bought by the Borough Council and in 1915 the garden was opened to the public. The centre of the garden is occupied by a sculpture, The Greek Runner, by Sir William Blake Richmond, which was erected in 1926.

Famous inhabitants have included Alec Guinness (actor), Matthew Pinsent (English rower), John Piper (artist) and Vanessa Redgrave (actor).


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Gothick Cottage:   The address of Gothick Cottage was 372 Goldhawk Road, W6
Hammersmith:   Hammersmith is a district in west London, England, in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, approximately five miles (eight kilometres) west of Charing Cross on the north bank of the River Thames.
New Blue Hall Cinema:   The New Blue Hall Cinema opened on 10 December 1912 with a seating capacity of 1300.
Queen Charlotte’s and Chelsea Hospital:   Queen Charlotte’s and Chelsea Hospital is one of the oldest maternity hospitals in Europe, dating from 1739, and until 1998 occupied a site in Goldhawk Road.
Ravenscourt Park:   
Saint Peter’s Square Garden:   


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Adie Road, W6 · Agate Road, W6 · Airedale Avenue, W4 · Airedale Road South, W4 · Aiten Place, W6 · Albion Court, W6 · Albion Mews, W6 · Albion Place, W6 · Aldensley Road, W6 · Amor Road, W6 · Argyle Place, W6 · Ashcroft Square, W6 · Astrop Terrace, W6 · Atwood Road, W6 · Banim Street, W6 · Barb Mews, W6 · Batoum Gardens, W6 · Beadon Road, W6 · Beauclerc Road, W6 · Beavor Lane, W6 · Benbow Road, W6 · Berestede Road, W6 · Black Lion Lane, W6 · Black Lion Mews, W6 · Black’s Road, W6 · Blacks Road, W6 · Blades Court, W6 · Bowfell Road, W6 · Brackenbury Road, W6 · Bradmore Park Road, W6 · Bridge Avenue, W6 · Bridge View, W6 · British Grove South, W4 · British Grove, W4 · British Grove, W6 · Broadway Chambers, W6 · Broadway Shopping Centre, W6 · Brook Green, W6 · Bute Gardens, W6 · Cambridge Court, W6 · Cambridge Grove, W6 · Cardross Street, W6 · Carthew Road, W6 · Carthew Villas, W6 · Chambon Place, W6 · Chancellor’s Road, W6 · Chancellors Street, W6 · Chancellors Wharf, W6 · Charlotte Court, W6 · Chiswick Lane South, W4 · Chiswick Mall, W4 · Cleveland Avenue, W4 · Colwith Road, W6 · Coulter Road, W6 · Cressy Court, W6 · Crisp Road, W6 · Cromwell Avenue, W6 · Cromwell Grove, W6 · Dalling Road, W6 · Dewhurst Road, W6 · Dimes Place, W6 · Distillery Road, W6 · Dorville Crescent, W6 · Down Place, W6 · Ellaline Road, W6 · Emlyn Road, W6 · Eynham House, W4 · Eyot Gardens, W4 · Eyot Gardens, W6 · Felgate Mews, W6 · Flora Gardens, W6 · Furber Street, W6 · Galena Arches, W6 · Galena Road, W6 · Glemthorne Mews, W6 · Glenthorne Mews, W6 · Glenthorne Road, W14 · Glenthorne Road, W6 · Goldhawk Road, W6 · Great Church Lane, W6 · Great West Road, W6 · Grove Mews, W6 · Haarlem Road, W14 · Hamlet Gardens, W6 · Hammersmith Bridge Road, W6 · Hammersmith Broadw, W6 · Hammersmith Broadway, W6 · Hammersmith Bus Station, W6 · Hammersmith Flyover, W6 · Hammersmith Grove, W6 · Hammersmith Terrace, W4 · Hammersmith Terrace, W6 · Hebron Road, W6 · Holcombe Street, W6 · Iffley Road, W6 · Invermead Close, W6 · Kilmarsh Road, W6 · King Henry’s Reach, W6 · King St Cloisters, W6 · King Street Cloisters, W6 · King Street, W6 · Kings Court, W6 · Kings Mall, W6 · Lamington Street, W6 · Land at Prebend Gardens, W6 · Larnach Road, W6 · Latymer Upper School Subway, W6 · Lena Gardens, W6 · Linkenholt Mansions, W6 · Lochaline Street, W6 · Lord Napier Place, W6 · Loris Road, W6 · Lower Mall, W6 · Luxemburg Gardens, W6 · Lyric Square, W6 · Macbeth Street, W6 · Mall Road, W6 · Manbre Road, W6 · Melrose Gardens, W6 · Mercers Place, W6 · Merton Avenue, W4 · Metropolitan Station Arcade, W6 · Metropolitan Station Buildings, W6 · Millers Way, W6 · Mulberry Place, W6 · Nasmyth Street, W6 · Nella Road, W6 · Netheravon Road South, W4 · Netheravon Road, W4 · Netherwood Place, W14 · North Verbena Gardens, W6 · Oil Mill Lane, W6 · Overstone Road, W6 · Paddenswick Road, W6 · Parfrey Street, W6 · Parkside, W6 · Perrers Road, W6 · Petley Road, W6 · Playfair Street, W6 · Poplar Grove, W6 · Prebend Gardens, W4 · Prebend Gardens, W6 · Queen Caroline Street, W6 · Railway Arches, W6 · Rainville Road, SW6 · Rainville Road, W6 · Rannoch Road, W6 · Ravenscourt Avenue, W6 · Ravenscourt Gardens, W6 · Ravenscourt Hospital, W6 · Ravenscourt Park, W6 · Ravenscourt Road Arches, W6 · Ravenscourt Road, W6 · Ravenscourt Square, W6 · Ravensmede Way, W4 · Raynham Road, W6 · Redmore Road, W6 · Richford Gate, W6 · Richford Street, W6 · Rivercourt Road, W6 · Riverside Gardens, W6 · Rosedale Terrace, W6 · Rosedew Road, W6 · Rowan Road, W6 · Rutland Grove, W6 · Saint Peter’s Grove, W6 · Saint Peter’s Square, W6 · Shepherds Bush Road, W6 · Skelwith Road, W6 · South Black Lion Lane, W6 · South Side, W6 · Southerton Road, W6 · St James Street, W6 · St Peter’s Wharf, W6 · St Peters Road, W6 · St Peter’s Square, W6 · St. James Street, W6 · Stamford Brook Arches, W6 · Stamford Brook Avenue, W6 · Stamford Brook Gardens, W6 · Stamford Brook Road, W6 · Stamford Court, W6 · Sterndale Road, W6 · Studland Street, W6 · Sulgrave Road, W6 · Sussex Place, W6 · Sycamore Gardens, W6 · Tabor Road, W6 · Thames Path, W6 · The Arches Glenthorne Road, W6 · The Arches, W6 · The Grampians, W6 · The Power House, W4 · The Square, W6 · The Wakefield Centre, W6 · Theresa Road, W6 · Trussley Road, W6 · Upper Mall, W6 · Vaughan Avenue, W6 · Vencourt Place, W6 · Wells Road, W6 · Weltje Road, W6 · Westcroft Square, W6 · Western Terrace, W6 · Wilson Walk, W4 · Wingrave Road, W6 · Winslow Road, W6 · Wolverton Gardens, W6 · Worlidge Street, W6 ·

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John Rocque Map of Ealing and Acton (1762)
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers an area from Greenford in the northwest to Hammersmith in the southeast.
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Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
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London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
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The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
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Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
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Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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