Hill Road, CR4

Road in/near Mitcham

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Road · Mitcham · CR4 · Contributed by The Underground Map
August
8
2017


Hill Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area

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VIEW THE MITCHAM AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE MITCHAM AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE MITCHAM AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE MITCHAM AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE MITCHAM AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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OTHER MITCHAM ENTRIES

Hill Road, CR4
(start year not known-now)

Hill Road, SW16
(start year not known-now)

Hill Path, SW16
(start year not known-now)

Mitcham

Mitcham is in south west London, and the name simply means big settlement.

Before the Romans and Saxons were present, there was a Celtic settlement in the area, with evidence of a hill fort in the Pollards Hill area. The discovery of Roman-era graves and a well on the site of the Mitcham gas works evince Roman settlement. The Saxon graveyard, located on the North bank of the Wandle is the largest discovered to date, and many of the finds therein are on display in the British Museum. The area is a possible location for the Battle of Merton, 871, in which King Ethelred of Wessex was either mortally wounded or killed outright. The Church of England parish church of St Peter and St Paul dates from the Saxon era. Although it was mostly rebuilt in 1819–21, the current building retains the original Saxon tower. The Domesday Book of 1086 lists Mitcham as Michelham, a small farming community, with 250 people living in two hamlets; Mitcham, an area known today as Upper Mitcham; and Whitford, today known as the Lower Green area.

During her reign Queen Elizabeth I made at least five visits to the area. John Donne and Sir Walter Raleigh also had residences here in this era. It was at this time that Mitcham became gentrified, as due to the abundance of lavender fields, Mitcham became renowned for its soothing air. The air also led people to settle in the area during times of plague.

There were many lavender fields in Mitcham, and peppermint and lavender oils were also distilled. In 1749 two local physic gardeners, John Potter and William Moore, founded a company to make and market toiletries made from locally-grown herbs and flowers. Lavender features on Merton Council's coat of arms and the badge of the local football team, Tooting & Mitcham United F.C., as well as in the name of a local council ward, Lavender Field.

Mitcham was industrialised first along the banks of the Wandle, where snuff, copper, flour, iron and dye were all worked. Mitcham, along with nearby Merton Abbey, became the calico cloth printing centres of England by 1750. Asprey, suppliers of luxury goods made from various materials, was founded in Mitcham as a silk-printing business in 1781. William Morris opened a factory on the River Wandle at Merton Abbey. Merton Abbey Mills were the Liberty silk-printing works. It is now a craft village and its waterwheel has been preserved.

The activity along the Wandle led to the building of the Surrey Iron Railway, the world's first public railway, in 1803. The decline and failure of the railway in the 1840s also heralded a change in industry, as horticulture gradually gave way to manufacturing, with paint, varnish, linoleum and firework manufacturers moving into the area. The work provided and migratory patterns eventually resulted in a doubling of the population between the years 1900 and 1910.

Mitcham train station opened on 22 October 1855. The route was operated as a conventional railway until it was closed by Railtrack on 31 May 1997, for conversion to tram operation. Station Court, on the north of the tram line and east of London Road A217, was one of the SIR's original station buildings, used as a merchant's home, making it one of the oldest railway buildings in the world. The wall of the Ram Brewery on York Road has a plaque commemorating this.

Social housing schemes in the 1930s included New Close, aimed at housing people made homeless by a factory explosion in 1933 and Sunshine Way, for housing the poor from inner London. This industry made Mitcham a target for German bombing during World War II. During this time Mitcham also returned to its agricultural roots, with Mitcham Common being farmed to help with the war effort.

Post war, the areas of Eastfields, Phipps Bridge and Pollards Hill were rebuilt to provide cheaper more affordable housing. The largest council housing project in Mitcham is Phipps Bridge estate. Further expansion of the housing estates in Eastfields, Phipps Bridge and Pollards Hill occurred after 1965. In Mitcham Cricket Green, the area lays reasonable, although not definitive, claim to having the world's oldest cricket ground in continual use, and the world's oldest club in Mitcham Cricket Club.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Figges Marsh:   Figges Marsh is a park in Mitcham.
Mitcham:   Mitcham is in south west London, and the name simply means big settlement.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
, CR4 · 186, CR4 · 188, CR4 · Abbeyfield Close, CR4 · Aitken Close, CR4 · Albert Road, CR4 · Anvil Close, SW16 · Armfield Crescent, CR4 · Arney’s Lane, CR4 · Ashbourne Road, CR4 · Ashtree Avenue, CR4 · Aspen Gardens, CR4 · Baker Lane, CR4 · Bank Avenue, CR4 · Barnard Road, CR4 · Baron Grove, CR4 · Bates Cresent, SW16 · Batley Close, CR4 · Batsworth Road, CR4 · Beaulieu Close, CR4 · Beck Road, CR4 · Bedfont Close, CR4 · Beecholme Avenue, CR4 · Belgrave Road, CR4 · Belgrave Walk, CR4 · Benedict Road, CR4 · Bennetts Close, CR4 · Biggin Avenue, CR4 · Birch Walk, CR4 · Birches Close, CR4 · Blake Road, CR4 · Bond Road, CR4 · Bordergate, CR4 · Borough Road, CR4 · Boundary Business Court, CR4 · Bourne Drive, CR4 · Brailsford Close, CR4 · Bramcote Avenue, CR4 · Broadway Gardens, CR4 · Brookfields Avenue, CR4 · Bruce Road, CR4 · Budge’s Walk, W2 · Budge’s Walk, W8 · Budge’s Walk, W2 · Budge’s Walk, W8 · Caesars Walk, CR4 · Caithness Road, CR4 · Carshalton Road, CR4 · Cecil Place, CR4 · Cedars Avenue, CR4 · Chalkley Close, CR4 · Chart Close, CR4 · Chasemore Close, CR4 · Church Path, CR4 · Church Road, CR4 · Clarendon Grove, CR4 · Cold Blows, CR4 · Collingwood Road, CR4 · Commonside East, CR0 · Commonside East, CR4 · Commonside West, CR4 · Cranmer Farm Close, CR4 · Cranmer Road, CR4 · Crescent Grove, CR4 · Cricket Green, CR4 · Croydon Road, CR4 · Crusoe Road, CR4 · Dalton Avenue, CR4 · De’Arn Gardens, CR4 · Deer Park Gardens, CR4 · Denham Crescent, CR4 · Dennis Reeve Close, CR4 · Dorset Road, CR4 · Downe Road, CR4 · Drake Road, CR4 · Eagle Trading Estate, CR4 · Eastfields Road, CR4 · Eastwood Street, SW16 · Edenvale Road, CR4 · Edgehill Road, CR4 · Edmund Road, CR4 · Ellis Road, CR4 · Elmfield Avenue, CR4 · Elmhurst Avenue, CR4 · Elmwood Road, CR4 · Eveline Road, CR4 · Fallsbrook Road, SW16 · Feltham Road, CR4 · Fernlea Avenue, CR4 · Field Gate Lane, CR4 · Figges Road, CR4 · Firs Close, CR4 · Firtree Avenue, CR4 · Fleming Mead, CR4 · Fleming Mead, SW17 · Forval Close, CR4 · Fowler Road, CR4 · Fox’s Path, CR4 · Foxton Grove, CR4 · Framfield Road, CR4 · Friday Road, CR4 · Frimley Gardens, CR4 · Garden Avenue, CR4 · Gaston Road, CR4 · Gilpin Close, CR4 · Glebe Avenue, CR4 · Glebe Court, CR4 · Glebe Path, CR4 · Goat Road, CR4 · Goodwin Close, CR4 · Gorringe Park Avenue, CR4 · Graham Avenue, CR4 · Graham Road, CR4 · Granton Road, SW16 · Grenfell Road, CR4 · Hallowell Close, CR4 · Hallowfield Way, CR4 · Harwood Avenue, CR4 · Haslemere Avenue, CR4 · Hatfeild Close, CR4 · Hatton Gardens, CR4 · Hawkes Road, CR4 · Hawthorne Avenue, CR4 · Heatherdene Close, CR4 · Heatherdene Court, CR4 · Heathfield Drive, CR4 · Heaton Road, CR4 · Hengelo Gardens, CR4 · Heyford Road, CR4 · Hilary Avenue, CR4 · Hill Path, SW16 · Hill Road, CR4 · Hill Road, SW16 · Holborn Way, CR4 · Homefield Gardens, CR4 · Homefield Gardens, SW19 · Illingworth Close, CR4 · Jeppo’s Lane, CR4 · Kennet Square, CR4 · Kettering Street, SW16 · King George VI Avenue, CR4 · Kingsleigh Place, CR4 · Laburnam Road, CR4 · Lammas Avenue, CR4 · Langdale Avenue, CR4 · Lansdell Road, CR4 · Larbert Road, SW16 · Lavender Avenue, CR4 · Lavender Grove, CR4 · Leather Close, CR4 · Leonard Road, CR4 · Leonard Road, SW16 · Lewis Road, CR4 · Lilian Road, SW16 · Linden Place, CR4 · Links Road, SW16 · Linton Close, CR4 · Locks Lane, CR4 · London Road, CR4 · Lonesome Way, CR4 · Lonesome Way, SW16 · Longfield Drive, CR4 · Love Lane, CR4 · Lower Green West, CR4 · Lowry Crescent, CR4 · Lulworth Crescent, CR4 · Lyle Close, CR4 · Madeira Road, CR4 · Majestic Way, CR4 · Manship Road, CR4 · Maple Close, CR4 · Marsh Avenue, CR4 · McRae Lane, CR4 · Meadfoot Road, SW16 · Melrose Avenue, CR4 · Meopham Road, CR4 · Miles Road, CR4 · Mill Green Road, CR4 · Mitcham Park, CR4 · Mitcham Road, CR4 · Montrose Gardens, CR4 · Morden Gardens, CR4 · Morden Road, CR4 · Morland Close, CR4 · Mortimer Road, CR4 · Mortlake Drive, CR4 · Mount Road, CR4 · Mullards Close, CR4 · New Close, CR4 · New Road, CR4 · Oakleigh Way, CR4 · Oakmead Place, CR4 · Oakwood Avenue, CR4 · Octavia Close, CR4 · Octavia Close, SM4 · Orchard Avenue, CR4 · Ormerod Gardens, CR4 · Osier Way, CR4 · Osier Way, SM4 · Oxted Close, CR4 · Park Avenue, CR4 · Park View Drive, CR4 · Pearson Way, CR4 · Pembroke Road, CR4 · Phipp’s Bridge Road, CR4 · Phipps Bridge Road, CR4 · Phipps Bridge Road, SW19 · Pitcairn Road, SW17 · Plummer Lane, CR4 · Poplar Avenue, CR4 · Portland Road, CR4 · Priestley Road, CR4 · Prince George’s Road, CR4 · Queen Anne’s Gardens, CR4 · Queen’s Road, CR4 · Raleigh Gardens, CR4 · Ravensbury Grove, CR4 · Ravensbury Lane, CR4 · Rawnsley Avenue, CR4 · Regal Court, CR4 · Ridge Road, CR4 · Riverside Drive, CR4 · Riverside Drive, SM4 · Rock Close, CR4 · Rodney Road, CR4 · Roper Way, CR4 · Rose Avenue, CR4 · Rowan Crescent, CR4 · Rowan Crescent, SW16 · Rowan Road, CR4 · Runes Close, CR4 · Rural Way, CR4 · Rural Way, SW16 · Russell Road, CR4 · Rustic Avenue, CR4 · Rustic Avenue, SW16 · Rutter Gardens, CR4 · Rutter Gardens, SM4 · Sadler Close, CR4 · Sandmartin Way, CR4 · Sandy Lane, CR4 · Seely Road, SW16 · Seymour Road, CR4 · Sheldrick Close, SW19 · silbury avenue, CR4 · Slade Way, CR4 · Spencer Road, CR4 · Spring Grove, CR4 · St Barnabas Road, CR4 · St James Road, CR4 · St Marks Road, CR4 · Stanley Road, CR4 · Steers Mead, CR4 · Streatham Road, CR4 · Streatham Road, SW16 · Sunshine Way, CR4 · Swains Road, CR4 · Sycamore Gardens, CR4 · Taplow Court, CR4 · Taylor Road, CR4 · The Beeches, CR4 · The Bungalows, SW16 · The Close, CR4 · The Driftway, CR4 · The Willow Centre, CR4 · Thirsk Road, CR4 · Thornville Grove, CR4 · Thornville Grove, SW19 · Tonstall Road, CR4 · Tramway Path, CR4 · Tudor Place, CR4 · Tull Street, CR4 · Turner Avenue, CR4 · Uckfield Grove, CR4 · Upper Green East, CR4 · Upper Green West, CR4 · Varley Way, CR4 · Veals Mead, CR4 · Vectis Road, SW17 · Venus Mews, CR4 · Veronica Gardens, SW16 · Vicarage Gardens, CR4 · Victoria Road, CR4 · Waldo Place, CR4 · Walnut Tree Avenue, CR4 · Wandle Trading Estate, CR4 · Wandle Trail, CR4 · Wandle Way, CR4 · Wates Way, CR4 · Wessex Terrace, CR4 · Western Road, CR4 · Westfield Road, CR4 · White Bridge Avenue, CR4 · Whitford Gardens, CR4 · Wilkins Close, CR4 · Willow Lane, CR4 · Willow Lane, SM4 · Wilson Avenue, CR4 · Wolseley Road, CR4 · Wood Street, CR4 · Woodland Way, CR4 · Woodside Way, CR4 · York Street, CR4 ·


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Maps


Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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