Northumberland House

Large house in/near Charing Cross, existing until 1874

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Large house · Charing Cross · WC2N · Contributed by The Underground Map

Northumberland House was a large Jacobean townhouse in London, which was the London residence of the Percy family, who were the Dukes of Northumberland.

It stood at the far western end of the Strand from around 1605 until demolished in 1874. In its later years it overlooked Trafalgar Square.

Northumberland House could not lay claim to much architectural beauty; and it had been so much altered and rebuilt at various times, that it had no very high pretensions to notice on account of its antiquity; yet few places were more familiar to the Londoner, few fronts gave more character to their neighbourhood. It was a dull, plain building, full of a certain dignity, indeed, but of the unloveliest fashion of a period when men built houses more for living in than being looked at. "The progress of wealth and of luxury," says a writer in the Standard, shortly before its demolition, "has long since dimmed the splendours of what was once the proudest of the London houses of the English nobility. The march of fashion westward had left it isolated amidst an uncongenial neighbourhood of small shops. Commerce had overtaken and overwhelmed it, so that it stood out somewhat abruptly in the full stream of London life, making it too violent a contrast with the surrounding houses, and destroying whatever of felicity there might have been in the situation. In the days when the Strand was but a road between London and Westminster, lined with private houses of the great and noble on either side, and with gardens going down to the river, it might have been an abode fit even for the proud Earls of Northumberland, to whom it descended. But with the Thames Embankment on one side, and Trafalgar Square on the other, with omnibuses perpetually passing its front door, Northumberland House was a standing anachronism, if not an impediment, which was destined to succumb to the influence of time and the Metropolitan Board of Works."

The Percies, it is true, did not build the house, nor was it their first abode in London. Stow mentions two others occupied by this family, before they obtained possession of their Strand tenement, as of many other fair property, by marriage. The first was in the parish of St. Anne’s, close to Aldersgate, which in Strype’s days had become degraded into a tavern. It was inhabited by Henry Percy (Hotspur) before it was forfeited to Henry IV., who bestowed it upon his wife, Queen Jane, as her "wardrobe." Another Northumberland House was in the parish of St. Katherine Colman, on the south side of Fenchurch Street, the memory of which still survives in Northumberland Alley. This belonged to Henry, the third Earl of Northumberland, in the reign of Henry VI.; and after his time it became converted into a gambling-house, and its gardens into bowling-alleys. A third Northumberland House, occupied by Henry, the ninth earl, was in the Blackfriars, in a house abutting on the property of William Shakespeare.

The Northumberland House which forms the subject of this chapter, was, at the time of its removal, at the close of 1874, the very last relic of all the noble mansions and palaces which, in the seventeenth century, adorned the river-front of the Strand. It may therefore be well to enter into a more elaborate description of it.

It stood, if the antiquary, Pennant, was rightly informed, on the site of a certain chapel, or hospital, of St. Mary, which had been founded in the reign of Henry III., by William, Earl of Pembroke, on a piece of ground which he had given to the priory of Rouncivalle, in Navarre. In the reign of Henry V. the hospital was suppressed, as belonging to an alien monastery, with all the other houses of the kind in the kingdom, but was again restored by Edward IV., to be finally dissolved at the Reformation.

By Henry VIII. the house was granted to a private individual, who is styled Sir Thomas Caverden, but of whom little or nothing is known. It afterwards belonged to Sir Robert Brett, and from his hands it appears to have passed into those of Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton, who, in the time of James I., built here a house, calling it after his own name. He left it to his kinsman, the Earl of Suffolk, known to history as Lord High Treasurer; and by the marriage of Algernon Percy, Earl of Northumberland, with Elizabeth, daughter and heiress of Thomas, Earl of Suffolk, it passed into the hands of the Percies, Earls, and afterwards Dukes, of Northumberland.

From a paper privately printed by the Duke of Northumberland, in 1866, we learn that the site of this house and garden was purchased, with other property, in the beginning of the seventeenth century, from Sir Robert Brett, by Henry Howard, Earl of Northampton, the second son of Henry, Earl of Surrey, "the poet." On this site, the Earl of Northampton built a "sumptuous palace," having for his architects Benard Jansen, a foreigner of some repute in the time of James I., and also Gerard Christmas. The house, which was of brick, was finished in the year 1605, and was then called "Northampton House." The initials of Gerard Christmas were preserved in the letters C. Æ, (Christmas Ædificavit), which used to be in large capitals over the old stone gateway, which was pulled down and replaced by a new front towards the Strand, in the reign of George II. The house at that time consisted of three sides of a quadrangle, the centre fronting the Strand, and open towards the garden and river. The Earl of Northampton died here in 1614. By his will, dated the 14th of June, 1614, he devised this house and garden, with the river-side property, to his nephew, Thomas Howard, first Earl of Suffolk, the second son of Thomas, fourth Duke of Norfolk. This was the Earl of Suffolk who, as Lord Thomas Howard, "being in that memorable engagement of the Spanish Armada, was, at sea, knighted for his good services therein." He was created Earl of Suffolk, and appointed Lord High Treasurer by James I. He completed the quadrangle by building the front towards the garden and the river. It was then called "Suffolk House;" and it may be mentioned as a proof of the ease with which names are changed in London, that Howell, in his "Londinopolis," speaks of it as "that most stately palace of Suffolk or Northampton House." To this house Suckling refers in his ballad on the marriage of Roger Boyle, Lord Broghill, with the Lady Margaret Howard, daughter of the Earl of Suffolk. The Earl of Suffolk died here in 1626, when the property passed to his son Theophilus, second Earl of Suffolk, and then to his grandson James, third Earl of Suffolk, whose sister, the Lady Elizabeth Howard, married, in 1642, Algernon Percy, Earl of Northumberland. On this marriage the property was, by an indenture dated a few days previously, conveyed by the Earl of Suffolk and his trustees to the trustees of the Earl of Northumberland. The principal apartments were then on the Strand side, but the Earl of Northumberland reconstructed the garden or river front, under the direction of Inigo Jones, and that front then comprised the principal apartments; it is mentioned by Evelyn as being "the new front," when he visited the house in 1658. The house was afterwards called "Northumberland House."

This Earl of Northumberland was the earl who was so celebrated in the times of Charles I. and the Commonwealth, and to whom the care of the royal children was committed by the Parliament. It was in the spring of 1660, after he had taken up his quarters at Whitehall, that "General Monk was invited, with the Earl of Manchester, Hollis, Sir William Waller, Lewis, and other eminent persons, to Northumberland House," by Earl Algernon, and here (says Lord Clarendon), "in secret conference with them, some of those measures were concerted which led to the speedy restoration of the Monarchy."

The menu of the noble family at Northumberland House about this time was curious, if we may judge from an entry in the Earl of Northumberland’s Household Book, where we find allowed for "my Lord and Ladie’s table," "ij. pecys of salt fische, vj. pecys of salt fische, vj. becormed herryng, iiij. white herryng, or a dish of sproots (sprats)." Surely, a deep draught of Canary or Malvoisie would be needed to wash down so dry a repast!

The Earl of Northumberland last-mentioned died in the year 1688. Joceline, his son and successor, was the last of the old male line, and on his death, in 1670, without sons, Northumberland House became the property of his only daughter, the Lady Elizabeth Percy, the celebrated heiress of that day, who married the "proud" Duke of Somerset, for, it is said, her third husband. Her first husband, whom she married when only fourteen years of age, was Henry Cavendish, Earl of Ogle (son and heir of Henry, Duke of Newcastle), who assumed the name of Percy. According to Sir Bernard Burke, her ladyship "appears to have been only contracted to Thomas Thynne, Esq., of Longleate, who was assassinated in February, 1681–2;" but she married, in 1682, Charles Seymour, Duke of Somerset, who also assumed, by preliminary engagement, the surname and arms of Percy, "but from that stipulation he was released when her grace attained majority." At Northumberland House the Duke and Duchess lived "in great state and magnificence."

With reference to this nobleman a story is told, which may bear repetition here, to the effect that he was in the habit of driving up to town from his residence at Petworth, in Sussex, in imitation of royalty, in a coach and six. On one occasion, when sitting in his easy chair, after his second or third marriage, the duchess entered the room, and was about to salute him with a kiss. This so wounded the dignity of his Grace, that he is reported to have severely reprimanded the duchess, telling her that even his first wife, the noble heiress of the Percies, would not have thought of taking such liberties with him.

On the death of his Grace, in 1748, the property passed to his son Algernon, who, on the death of his mother, in 1722, had been summoned to Parliament as Baron Percy. His Grace greatly improved the north, or Strand front, and built the gallery, or great room, forming the western wing to the south front. In the cornice or balustrading on the top of the south front he caused to be inserted the letters and date, "A. S. P. N. (Algernon Seymour Princeps Northumbriæ), A.D. 1749." As there was already a Somerset House, the mansion, during the time it was the residence of the Dukes of Northumberland, was still called "Northumberland House." His Grace was created Baron Warkworth of Warkworth Castle, Northumberland, and Earl of Northumberland, in 1749, with remainder, in default of male issue, to Sir Hugh Smithson, Bart., a country gentleman of Stanwick, in Yorkshire, who had married his only daughter, the Lady Elizabeth Seymour.

It was at Northumberland House, about this time, that Oliver Goldsmith, "our gentle poet," when waiting upon the Earl of Northumberland, mistook the earl’s servant for the earl, and only discovered his error after the delivery of a neatlyordered address, after which the poor author precipitately fled. His Grace died in 1750, when the property passed to his said daughter, whose husband was afterwards created Duke of Northumberland. This nobleman faced the quadrangle with stone, and added to the gallery wing, built by the Duke of Somerset. He also restored the Strand front and other parts which had been damaged by a great fire there in 1780. From Hugh, first Duke of Northumberland, the property passed to his son Hugh, second duke, and then to his grandsons, Hugh, Algernon, and George, the third, fourth, and fifth dukes successively.

"The noble family of Northumberland," says a writer in the Builder, "have always been famed for their hospitality and humanity. The name of Smithson has obtained fame and an adjectival form in the United States, where the munificence of an Englishman (who claimed some kind of connection with the noble family of Northumberland) has given that country the opportunity of raising a noble institution for the advancement and popularisation of science."

Besides the principal quadrangle, which was to the north, and which the visitor entered at the porter’s lodge from the Strand, the building had two wings running down at right angles from the main body of the house towards the river; that on the eastern side being devoted to the accommodation of the domestics, with stabling beyond; whilst the western wing contained the Grand Ball Room, in which royalty must often have been present, at various dates, from the days of Horace Walpole to our own time.

Along the Strand front, as we learn from Evelyn’s memoirs, instead of the customary ornamental railings, there ran "a border of capital letters;" and that this was the case is corroborated by an entry in the burial register of St. Martin’s Church, where a young man named Appleyard was buried in May, 1618, "slain by a stone falling from my Lord Treasurer’s house."

According to a drawing by Hollar in the Pepysian Library at Cambridge, (of which we give a facsimile on page 6), Northampton, or, as it was then called, Suffolk House, is represented as a square, dull, and heavy-looking building, with lofty towers at the four angles, ending in domes of irregular shape. The house is apparently three storeys high, and has a high pitched roof. Each side is pierced with nine heavy-looking windows. The print represents it as it appeared in the early part of the reign of Charles I. The gardens between the house and the Thames are filled with a grove of trees, and alongside the river is a dull, long wall, with stairs leading down to the water.

Evelyn thus records in his "Diary," under date 1658:—"I went to see the Earl of Northumberland’s pictures at Suffolk House, whereof that of the ’Venetian Senators’" (better known by its other name of the "Cornaro Family"), "was one of the best of Titian’s; and another of Andrea del Sarto, viz. ’a Madonna, Christ, St. John, and an Old Woman,’ &c.; a ’St. Catharina’ of Da Vinci, with divers portraits of
There is a fine picture of Northumberland House by Caneletti, showing the small houses and other tenements opposite to it, and the
Strand with the sign-boards in front of the houses. A copy of the picture is given on page 139.

"There is a tradition," says Mr. Nightingale, in the "Beauties of England," "that when the Earl of Northampton erected his mansion at the village of Charing, he was ridiculed for having chosen a situation so far distant from his town residence; and, indeed, if we cast our eye over the maps of London, published about that period, we shall not be surprised at the remark."

From 1605, when the house was finished by the Earl of Northampton, almost down to the time of its demolition, so many changes were made in the building at different periods, that, in fact, with the exception of the front, little of the old house remained. Great alterations were made at Northumberland House in the years 1748–1752, which were begun by Algernon, Duke of Somerset, and completed by his son-in-law and daughter, the Earl and Countess of Northumberland. Northumberland House has more than once suffered severely from fire. The following is an account of one that occurred on Saturday, March 18th, 1780:—"It broke out about five in the morning, and raged till eight, in which time it burnt from the east end, where it began, to the west. Among the apartments consumed are those of Dr. Percy, Dean of Carlisle. We are happy to inform our readers that the greatest part of the doctor’s invaluable library is fortunately preserved." It was here that the poetical doctor, whilst residing as chaplain, was visited by his brother poet, Oliver Goldsmith.

In the year 1749 the whole building was repaired and altered, the blue lion (the crest of the Percies) being placed in the position in which he was to be seen for 125 years. There is an apocryphal legend in connection with that noble brute, that he was at first placed with his head towards Carlton House and St. James’s Palace, but afterwards, on the occasion of some slight received by one of the Dukes of Northumberland, turned round with its face to the Corporation of London. The quarrel being made up after the accession of the Prince Regent as George IV., the lion returned to his original bearings. It was on this occasion, we believe, that "the first gentleman in Europe" remarked that "the king knows nothing and remembers nothing of the quarrels of the Prince of Wales." Pennant, writing in 1806, observes, "It is unfortunate that nothing can be more confined than the situation of this great house. The noble front is pent up by a very narrow part of the Strand, and behind by a mean cluster of houses, coalwharves, and other offensive objects, as far as the banks of the Thames." He congratulates himself, however, on the probability of seeing, in a little time, these nuisances removed, and a terrace arising in their stead, rivalling that of Somerset House. What would the zealous old antiquary have said had he lived to our day, and seen the materials of the palace of the proud house of Percy sold as old building materials under the auctioneer’s hammer?

NORTHUMBERLAND HOUSE. (From the View by Canaletti.)
As to its interior, it was a grand, but dull and gloomy house, containing a large number of rooms. Everything in it, pictures, furniture, &c., were massive and costly in the extreme; but the want of light caused it to lack that air of cheerfulness which is so characteristic of the modern Italian style.

The central part of the Strand front, which, in a tablet on the top, bore the date when some alterations in that part of the building were made about the year 1752, might be considered as the most valuable remnant of the original pile. The lion, by which it was surmounted, was cast in lead, and was about twelve feet in length. The vestibule of the interior was eighty-two feet long, and more than twelve in breadth, ornamented with Doric columns. Each end communicated with a staircase, leading to the principal apartments facing the garden and the Thames. They consisted of several spacious rooms fitted up in the most elegant manner, embellished with paintings, among which might be found the well-known "Cornaro Family," by Titian, a work well worthy of its reputation, and for which Algernon, Earl of Northumberland, is stated to have given Vandyck 1,000 guineas, and a wonderful vase, which now has a story of its own; "St. Sebastian Bound," by Guercino; "The Adoration of the Shepherds," by Bassano; and others by wellknown masters. The great feature of the house was the ball-room, or grand gallery, upwards of 100 feet in length, in which were placed large and very fine copies by Mengs, after Raphael’s "School of Athens," in the Vatican, of the size of the originals; also the "Assembly of the Gods," and the "Marriage of Cupid and Psyche," in the Farnesina; the "Triumph of Bacchus and Ariadne," from Caracci’s picture in the Farnese Palace; and "Apollo driving the Chariot of the Sun," from Reni’s fresco in the Villa Rospigliosi, at Rome. These celebrated works, and the decoration of the noble apartment, constituted it one of the landmarks of high art in the metropolis. The grand staircase consisted of a centre flight of thirteen moulded vein marble steps, and two flights of sixteen steps, with centre landing twenty-two feet by six feet, two circular plinths, and a handsome and richly-gilt ormolu scroll balustrade, with moulded Spanish mahogany hand-rail. The mansion contained nearly 150 rooms appropriated for the private uses of the family.

Previously to 1851, those few who obtained admission to the fine apartments of this grand old mansion, did so with considerable difficulty, and few therefore had any idea of what was behind the familiar front; but in that year, when multitudes visited London and the Great Exhibition, the house was thrown open to the public, and thousands availed themselves of the privilege to walk across the courtyard and up the handsome marble staircase, into the noble ball-room and picture-gallery, and inspect the rich treasures which the house contained.

The gardens on the river-front occupied a larger space than might have been suspected, but had long been left unkempt and neglected, forming a little wilderness in close proximity to the busiest thoroughfare in London. Their aspect, when at last the light of publicity was thrown upon them, was somewhat sad and ghastly, the old hawthorns and hazels looking like Dryads of old suddenly exposed to the gaze of an irreverent troop of Satyrs. With their departure, under the ruthless decree of the Board of Works, has disappeared one more green spot from the heart of London.

We may add, that in the privately-printed documents referred to above, the last owner of this noble mansion appeared to have given his sanction for its removal with great reluctance, if we may judge from the tenor of the concluding paragraph, which runs thus:—"The Duke of Northumberland is naturally desirous that this great historical house, commenced by a Howard, continued by a Percy, and completed by a Seymour, which has been the residence of his ancestors for more than two centuries and a half, should continue to be the residence of his descendants; but the Metropolitan Board of Works are desirous that this house, which, with its garden, is one of the landmarks of London, and is probably the oldest residential house in the metropolis, should be destroyed." Arrangements for its sale to the Metropolitan Board of Works, in order to open an entrance to the Thames Embankment, were completed in 1873, the purchase-money agreed upon being £500,000. The sale was concluded definitely in June, 1874. In the following month the lion, which had stood for a century and a quarter, keeping watch and ward over the great entrance, was taken down and removed to Sion House at Isleworth; and the work of demolition was soon afterwards commenced.

In September, 1874, the fine old mansion underwent its final phase of degradation, its materials being brought under the hammer of the auctioneer. The lots consisted of 3,000,000 bricks, the grand marble staircase, the elaborate ornamentation of the hall, dining, and reception rooms, the state decorations which adorned the hall and corridors, and a large quantity of lead stated to be of the weight of 400 tons. In the following month the Strand front also was sold for building materials. The aggregate sum realised by the sale amounted to but little more than £6,500, and of this the grand staircase alone fetched £360.

The destruction of the last of the noble mansions which once adorned the Strand was much regretted by many men of taste and judgment, who were of opinion that its removal was a needless act of Vandalism, as an equally beautiful and suitable entrance could have been made by removing a few of the houses on the west of the mansion, and cutting off the south-west angle of the garden behind.

After having stood for nearly three hundred years, a most conspicuous feature of London, and the most notable house in the most characteristic of streets, the old town mansion of the Percies was levelled with the ground, in autumn 1874, in order to form a new thoroughfare from Charing Cross to the Victoria Embankment.

Source: British History Online

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Charing Cross

Charing Cross denotes the junction of the Strand, Whitehall and Cockspur Street, just south of Trafalgar Square in central London. It gives its name to several local landmarks, including Charing Cross railway station, one of the main London rail termini.

Charing Cross is named after the now demolished Eleanor cross that stood there, in what was once the hamlet of Charing. It was where King Edward I placed a memorial to his wife, Eleanor of Castile.

It was one of twelve places where Eleanor's coffin rested overnight during the funeral procession from Lincolnshire to her final resting-place at Westminster. At each of these, Edward erected an Eleanor cross, of which only three now remain.

The original site of the cross has been occupied since 1675 by an equestrian statue of King Charles I. A Victorian replacement, in different style from the original, was later erected a short distance to the east outside the railway station.

Formerly, until 1931, Charing Cross also referred to the part of what is now Whitehall lying between Great Scotland Yard and Trafalgar Square. At least one property retains a Charing Cross postal address: Drummonds Bank, on the corner of Whitehall and The Mall, which is designated 49 Charing Cross (not to be confused with the separate Charing Cross Road).

Since the second half of the 18th century, Charing Cross has been seen by some as the exact centre of London, being the main point used for measuring distances from London.

The railway station opened in 1864, fronted on the Strand with the Charing Cross Hotel. The original station building was built on the site of the Hungerford Market by the South Eastern Railway, designed by Sir John Hawkshaw, with a single span wrought iron roof arching over the six platforms on its relatively cramped site.

Charing Cross tube station has entrances located in Trafalgar Square and The Strand. The station is served by the Northern and Bakerloo lines, originally separate tube stations called Strand and Trafalgar Square, and provides an interchange with the National Rail network. The station was served by the Jubilee Line between 1979 and 1999, acting as the southern terminus of the line during that period.

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London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine:   Higher education institutions
L’Escargot:   L’Escargot is one of London’s oldest restaurants.
On This Day in London: 1 November:   The first day of November was an important day for two London notables: William Shakespeare and W.H. Smith
On This Day in London: 2 November:   Ally Pally’s TV role started on 2 November
Royal Opera House:   The foundation of the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden lies in the letters patent awarded by Charles II to Sir William Davenant in 1660, allowing Davenant to operate one of only two patent theatre companies (The Duke's Company) in London.
Royal Society:   The Royal Society is a self-governing Fellowship of many of the world’s most distinguished scientists drawn from all areas of science, engineering, and medicine.
Royal Society:   The Royal Society is a self-governing Fellowship of many of the world’s most distinguished scientists drawn from all areas of science, engineering, and medicine.
Shipley's Drawing School:   101 The Strand was an art school from 1750 until 1806.
Soho:   Soho is a world-famous area of the City of Westminster and part of the West End of London.
St Giles:   St Giles is a district of London, at the southern tip of the London Borough of Camden.
St Josephs Catholic Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Matthew’s School, Westminster:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St. James's Park:   St James's Park station is not only a station but London Underground HQ - otherwise known as 55 Broadway.
The Adelphi:   The Adelphi is a small district surrounding the streets of Adelphi Terrace, Robert Street and John Adam Street.
The Mary Ward Centre (AE Centre):   Further education (16 plus) which accepts students between the ages of 16 and 99.
The Royal Ballet School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 19.
Tottenham Court Road:   Tottenham Court Road runs from St Giles' Circus (the junction of Oxford Street and Charing Cross Road) north to Euston Road.
University of London:   Higher education institutions
Victoria Embankment Gardens:   
Victoria Tower Gardens:   
Westminster:   Westminster - heart of government.
Westminster Abbey:   Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of St Peter at Westminster, is one of the world’s greatest churches.
Westminster Abbey Choir School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 8 and 13.
Westminster School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 12 and 19.
Wyld’s Great Globe:   Wyld’s Great Globe was an attraction situated in Leicester Square between 1851 and 1862.

Buses outside the National Gallery:   Buses outside the National Gallery in Trafalgar Square (1927).
Lambeth Bridge (1865):   Lambeth Bridge is on the site of a horse ferry between the Palace of Westminster and Lambeth Palace on the south bank.
Parker Street looking east (1905):   Before being renamed to Matthew Parker Street, old Parker Street was a Westminster slum.
Tottenham Court Road (1927):   The area through which Tottenham Court Road was built is mentioned in the Domesday Book as belonging to the Dean and Chapter of St Paul's Cathedral.
Wild Street (1902):   Wild Street, in the Covent Garden area, was on the edge of the Kingsway improvements which would utterly transform the area in the following years.

Abbey Orchard Street, SW1P · Abingdon Street, SW1P · Adam Street, WC2R · Adelaide Street, WC2N · Adeline Place, WC1B · Adelphi Terrace, WC2N · Agar Street, WC2N · Alfred Place, WC1E · Archway Mall, N19 · Arneway Street, SW1P · Bainbridge Street, WC1A · Bainbridge Street, WC1B · Barter Street, WC1A · Barton Street, SW1P · Bateman Street, W1D · Batemans Buildings, W1D · Bayley Street, WC1B · Bear Street, WC2H · Beaumont Buildings, WC2B · Bedforbury, WC2N · Bedford Avenue, WC1B · Bedford Chambers, WC2E · Bedford Place, WC1B · Bedford Square, WC1B · Bedford Street, WC2E · Bedford Street, WC2R · Bedfordbury, WC2N · Bennett’s Yard, SW1P · Betterton Street, WC2H · Bloomsbury Place, WC1A · Bloomsbury Place, WC1B · Bloomsbury Square, WC1A · Bloomsbury Square, WC1B · Bloomsbury Street, WC1A · Bloomsbury Street, WC1B · Bloomsbury Way, WC1A · Boswell Street, WC1N · Boswell Street, WC1X · Bourchier Street, W1D · Bow St Covent Garden, WC2E · Bow Street, WC2B · Bow Street, WC2E · Bridge Street, SW1A · Bristol House, WC1B · British Museum, WC1B · Broad Court, WC2B · Broad Sanctuary, SW1H · Broad Sanctuary, SW1P · Broadway, SW1H · Brydges Place, WC2N · Buckingham Street, WC2N · Bucknall Street, WC2H · Burleigh Street, WC2E · Bury Place, WC1A · Butler Place, SW1H · Cambridge Circus, WC2H · Cannon Street, WC2N · Canon Row, SW1A · Carlisle Street, W1D · Carlisle Walk, E8 · Carlton Gardens, SW1Y · Carlton House Terrace, SW1Y · Carlton House Terrace, SW1Y · Carriage Hall, WC2E · Carteret Street, SW1H · Carting Lane, WC2R · Castlewood House, WC1A · Catherine Street, WC2B · Catton Street, WC1R · Cecil Court, WC2N · Central Arcade, WC2E · Centre Point House, WC2H · Chadwick Street, SW1P · Chandos Place, WC2N · Chapone Place, W1D · Charing Cross Mansions, WC2H · Charing Cross Road, WC2H · Charing Cross, SW1A · Charles Ii Street, SW1Y · Chenies Street, WC1E · Ching Court, WC2H · Chubb Court, SW20 · Clare Market, WC2E · Cockspur Street, SW1Y · Coptic Street, WC1A · Cosmo Place, WC1B · Cosmo Place, WC1N · Covent Garden Piazza, WC2E · Covent Garden, WC2E · Covent Garden, WC2H · Coventry Street, W1D · Cowley Street, SW1P · Cranbourn Street, WC2H · Craven Passage, WC2N · Craven Street, WC2N · Crown Court, WC2B · Dacre Street, SW1H · Dansey Place, W1D · Dartmouth Street, SW1H · Dean Bradley House, SW1P · Dean Bradley Street, SW1P · Dean Farrar Street, SW1H · Dean Stanley Street, SW1P · Dean Street, W1D · Dean Trench Street, SW1P · Deans Yard, SW1P · Denmark Place, WC2H · Denmark Street, WC2H · Derby Gate, SW1A · Downing Street, SW1A · Drury Lane, WC2B · Dryden Street, WC2E · Duck Island Cottage, SW1A · Dudley Court, WC2H · Duke Street, SW1Y · Duncannon Street, WC2N · Durham House Street, WC2N · Dyott Street, WC1A · Earlham Street, WC2H · East Street, TW8 · Embankment Place, WC2N · Endell Street, WC2H · Evelyn Yard, W1T · Excel Court, WC2H · Exeter Street, WC2E · Exeter Street, WC2R · Falconberg Court, W1D · Fellmongers Path, SE1 · Fisher Street, WC1R · Flichcroft Street, WC2H · Flitcroft Street, WC2H · Floral Street, WC2E · Frith Street, W1D · Galen Place, WC1A · Garrick Street, WC2E · Gayfere Street, SW1P · George Court, WC2N · Gerrard Place, W1D · Gerrard Street, W1D · Gilbert Place, WC1A · Gloucester Road, WC1N · Golden Jubilee Bridge, WC2N · Goodwins Court, WC2N · Goslett Yard, W1D · Goslett Yard, WC2H · Grape Street, WC2H · Great College Street, SW1P · Great Court, WC1B · Great George Street, SW1P · Great Newport Street, WC2H · Great Peter Street, SW1P · Great Queen Street, WC2B · Great Russell Street, W1T · Great Russell Street, WC1A · Great Russell Street, WC1B · Great Scotland Yard, SW1A · Great Smith Street, SW1P · Greek Court, WC2H · Greek Street, W1D · Gresse Street, W1T · Hanover Place, WC2E · Hanway Place, W1T · Hanway Street, W1T · Haymarket, SW1Y · Heathcock Court, WC2R · Henrietta Street, WC2E · High Holborn, WC2A · High Holborn, WC2B · Hobhouse Court, WC2H · Hop Gardens, WC2N · Horse and Dolphin Yard, W1D · Horse Guards Avenue, SW1A · Horse Guards Parade, SW1A · Horse Guards Road, SW1A · Horseferry Road, SW1P · Hungerford House, WC2N · Hyde Park, SW1A · Irving Street, WC2H · Ivybridge Lane, WC2R · James Street, WC2E · John Adam Street, WC2N · Jubilee Hall Jubilee Market, WC2E · Jubilee Market Hall Tavistock Court, WC2E · Jubilee Market, WC2E · Keppel Street, WC1E · King Charles Street, SW1A · King Street, WC2E · Kingsgate Street, WC1R · Kinnaird House, SW1Y · Lambeth Bridge, SE1 · Lambeth Bridge, SW1P · Lambeth Pier, SE1 · Langley Court, WC2E · Langley Street, WC2H · Leicester Place, WC2H · Leicester Square, WC2H · Leicester Street, WC2H · Lisle Street, WC2H · Litchfield Street, WC2H · Little Cloisters, SW1P · Little College Street, SW1P · Little Deans Yard, SW1P · Little George Street, SW1P · Little Newport Street, WC2H · Little Russel Street, WC1A · Little Russell Street, WC1A · Long Acre, WC2E · Lord North Street, SW1P · Macclesfield Street, W1D · Macklin Street, WC2B · Maiden Lane, WC2E · Malet Street, WC1E · Manette Street, W1D · Maple Leaf Walk, SW11 · Marsham Street, SW1P · Martlett Court, WC2B · Matthew Parker Street, SW1H · May’s Court, WC2N · Meard Street, W1F · Medway Street, SW1P · Mercer Street, WC2H · Millbank, SE1 · Monck Street, SW1P · Monmouth Street, WC2H · Montague Place, WC1E · Montague Street, WC1B · Moor Street, W1D · Morwell Street, WC1B · Museum Street, WC1A · Neal Street, WC2H · Neals Yard, WC2H · New Compton Street, WC2H · New North Street, WC1N · New Oxford Street, WC1A · New Oxford Street, WC2H · New Palace Yard, SW1A · New Row, WC2N · New Zealand House, SW1Y · Newport Court, WC2H · Newport Place, W1D · Newton Street, WC2B · Norman Shaw Building North, SW1A · Norris Street, SW1Y · North Court, SW1P · North Crescent, WC1E · North Cresent, WC1E · Northumberland Avenue, SW1A · Northumberland Avenue, WC2N · Northumberland Street, WC2N · Nottingham Court, WC2H · Oblique Museum Mansions, WC1B · Odhams Walk, WC2H · Old Compton Street, W1D · Old Glocester Street, WC1N · Old Gloucester Street, WC1N · Old Glouster Street, WC1N · Old Palace Yard, SW1P · Old Pye Street, SW1P · Old Queen Street, SW1H · Orange Street, SW1Y · Orange Street, WC1R · Orange Street, WC2H · Ormond Close, WC1N · Oxendon Street, W1D · Page Street, SW1P · Pall Mall East, SW1Y · Panton Street, W1D · Parker Mews, WC2B · Parker Street, WC2B · Parliament Square, SW1A · Parliament Square, SW1P · Parliament Street, SW1A · Peabody Trust Estate, SE21 · Peabody Trust Estate, SE24 · Percy Street, W1T · Phoenix Street, WC2H · Pied Bull Court, WC1A · Pied Bull Yard, WC1A · Plymouth Devonport Constituency, SW1A · Queen Anne’s Gate, SW1H · Queen Annes Gate Buildings, SW1H · Queen Annes Gate, SW1H · Queen Square, WC1N · Queens Gardens, SW1A · Rathbone Place, W1T · Regency Place, SW1P · Richmond Buildings, W1D · Richmond House Whitehall, SW1A · Richmond Mews, W1D · Richmond Terrace, SW1A · Ridgmount Gardens, WC1E · Ridgmount Street, WC1E · Robert Street, WC2N · Rochford Southend East, SW1A · Romilly Street, W1D · Romney Street, SW1P · Rose Street, WC2E · Royal Opera Arcade, SW1Y · Royalty Mews, W1D · Rupert Court, W1D · Rupert Street, W1D · Russell Chambers, WC2E · Russell Square, WC1B · Russell Square, WC1H · Russell Street, WC2B · Russell Street, WC2E · Rutherford Street, SW1P · Saint Giles High Street, WC2H · Saint Martin’s Lane, WC2N · Saint Martin’s Court, WC2H · Saint Martin’s Place, WC2N · Savoy Court, WC2R · Savoy Place, WC2N · Savoy Place, WC2R · Savoy Way, WC2R · Seven Dials Court, WC2H · Shaftesbury Avenue, W1D · Shaftesbury Avenue, WC2H · Shelton Street, WC2B · Shelton Street, WC2H · Shorts Gardens, WC2H · Sicilian Avenue, WC1A · Slingsby Place, WC2E · Smith Square, SW1P · Soho Square, W1D · Soho Square, WC1A · Soho Street, W1D · Sounding Alley, E3 · Southampton Place, WC1A · Southampton Row, WC1B · Southampton Row, WC1V · Southampton Street, WC2E · Southampton Street, WC2R · Spring Gardens, SW1A · St Albans Street, SW1Y · St Anns Street, SW1P · St Giles High Street, WC2H · St Jamess Chambers, SW1Y · St Jamess Market, SW1Y · St Jamess Park, SW1A · St Margaret Street, SW1A · St Margarets Street, SW1A · St Margarets Street, SW1P · St Martins Court, WC2N · St Martins Lane, WC2H · St Martins Lane, WC2N · St Martins Place, WC2H · St Martins Place, WC2N · St Martins Street, WC2H · St Matthew Street, SW1P · St Vincents Centre, SW1P · St. Margaret Street, SW1P · St. Matthew Street, SW1P · Stacey Street, WC2H · Stedham Place, WC1A · Stephen Mews, W1T · Stephen Street, W1T · Store Street, WC1E · Storeys Gate, SW1H · Storeys Gate, SW1P · Streatham Street, WC1A · Stukeley Street, WC2B · Suffolk Place, SE2 · Suffolk Place, SW1Y · Suffolk Street, SW1Y · Sutton Row, W1D · Tavistock Street, WC2E · The Arches, WC2N · The Gallery, E20 · The Market Piazza, WC2E · The Market The Piazza, WC2E · The Market, WC2E · The National Gallery, WC2N · The Piazza, WC2E · The Sanctuary, SW1P · The Terrace, SW1A · The Terrace, SW1P · Thomas Neal Centre, WC2H · Thomas Neal’s shopping centre, WC2H · Thorney Street, SW1P · Tisbury Court, W1D · Tothill Street, SW1H · Tottenham Court Road, W1T · Tower Court, WC2H · Tower Street, WC2H · Townsend House, W1D · Trafalgar Square, SW1Y · Tufton Street, SW1P · Upper Saint Martin’s Lane, WC2H · Upper St Martin’s Lane, WC2H · Upper St Martins Lane, WC2H · Victoria Chambers, SW1P · Victoria Embankment Gardens, WC2N · Victoria Embankment, SW1A · Victoria Embankment, WC2N · Victoria House, WC1A · Victoria Street, SW1H · Villiers Street, WC2N · Wardour Street, W1D · Warwick House Street, SW1Y · Watergate Walk, WC2N · Waterloo Place, SW1Y · Wedgewood Mews, W1D · Wedgwood Mews, W1D · Wellington Street, WC2E · Wellington Terrace, W2 · West Central Street, WC1A · West Street, WC2H · Westminster Bridge, SE1 · Westminster Bridge, SW1A · Westminster Central Hall, SW1H · Westminster Mansions, SW1P · Westminster Pier, SW1A · Westminster, SW1A · Whitcomb Street, WC2H · Whitehall Court, SW1A · Whitehall Gardens, SW1A · Whitehall Place, SW1A · Whitehall, SW1A · Wild Street, WC2B · William IV Street, WC2N · Willoughby Street, WC1B · Winnett Street, W1D · York Buildings, WC2N · York Place, WC2N ·
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Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Edith’s Streets
A wander through London, street by street


Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

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