Trafalgar Square, SW1Y

Road in/near Charing Cross, existing between 1844 and now

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Road · Charing Cross · SW1Y · Contributed by The Underground Map
JUNE
20
2017



Trafalgar Square commemorates Horatio Nelson’s 1805 victory at the Battle of Trafalgar.

Trafalgar Square was built around the area formerly known as Charing Cross.

The site of Trafalgar Square had been a significant landmark since the 13th century and originally contained the King’s Mews. After George IV moved the mews to Buckingham Palace, the area was redeveloped by John Nash, but progress was slow after his death, and the square did not open until 1844. The 169-foot (52 m) Nelson’s Column at its centre is guarded by four lion statues. A number of commemorative statues and sculptures occupy the square, but the Fourth Plinth, left empty since 1840, has been host to contemporary art since 1999.

The square has been used for community gatherings and political demonstrations, including Bloody Sunday, the first Aldermaston March, anti-war protests, and campaigns against climate change. A Christmas tree has been donated to the square by Norway since 1947 and is erected for twelve days before and after Christmas Day.

The square is a centre of annual celebrations on New Year’s Eve. It was well known for its feral pigeons until their removals in the early 21st century.

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence



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VIEW THE CHARING CROSS AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHARING CROSS AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHARING CROSS AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHARING CROSS AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHARING CROSS AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Charing Cross

Charing Cross denotes the junction of the Strand, Whitehall and Cockspur Street, just south of Trafalgar Square in central London. It gives its name to several local landmarks, including Charing Cross railway station, one of the main London rail termini.

Charing Cross is named after the now demolished Eleanor cross that stood there, in what was once the hamlet of Charing. It was where King Edward I placed a memorial to his wife, Eleanor of Castile.

It was one of twelve places where Eleanor's coffin rested overnight during the funeral procession from Lincolnshire to her final resting-place at Westminster. At each of these, Edward erected an Eleanor cross, of which only three now remain.

The original site of the cross has been occupied since 1675 by an equestrian statue of King Charles I. A Victorian replacement, in different style from the original, was later erected a short distance to the east outside the railway station.

Formerly, until 1931, Charing Cross also referred to the part of what is now Whitehall lying between Great Scotland Yard and Trafalgar Square. At least one property retains a Charing Cross postal address: Drummonds Bank, on the corner of Whitehall and The Mall, which is designated 49 Charing Cross (not to be confused with the separate Charing Cross Road).

Since the second half of the 18th century, Charing Cross has been seen by some as the exact centre of London, being the main point used for measuring distances from London.

The railway station opened in 1864, fronted on the Strand with the Charing Cross Hotel. The original station building was built on the site of the Hungerford Market by the South Eastern Railway, designed by Sir John Hawkshaw, with a single span wrought iron roof arching over the six platforms on its relatively cramped site.

Charing Cross tube station has entrances located in Trafalgar Square and The Strand. The station is served by the Northern and Bakerloo lines, originally separate tube stations called Strand and Trafalgar Square, and provides an interchange with the National Rail network. The station was served by the Jubilee Line between 1979 and 1999, acting as the southern terminus of the line during that period.



LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Charing Cross:   Charing Cross denotes the junction of the Strand, Whitehall and Cockspur Street, just south of Trafalgar Square in central London. It gives its name to several local landmarks, including Charing Cross railway station, one of the main London rail termini.
De Hems:   De Hems has become a base for London’s Dutch community, serving bitterballen and frikandellen.
Embankment:   Embankment underground station has been known by various names during its long history - including "Embankment".
Garrick Yard:   Garrick Yard, together with the more familiar Garrick Street to the northeast of here, both took their names from the Garrick Club which commemorates the famous 18th century actor, David Garrick.
Hospital Home and Education Units co St Mary’s Hospitial Tuition Unit:   Miscellaneous
Hungerford Stairs:   The Hungerford Stairs were the entrance point to Hungerford Market from the River Thames. They are now the site of Charing Cross railway Station.
Leicester Square:   Leicester Square, while indeed a square, is also the name for a tube station.
London Hippodrome:   The Hippodrome is a building on the corner of Cranbourn Street and Charing Cross Road.
Northumberland House:   Northumberland House was a large Jacobean townhouse in London, which was the London residence of the Percy family, who were the Dukes of Northumberland.
On This Day in London: 1 November:   The first day of November was an important day for two London notables: William Shakespeare and W.H. Smith
Royal Society:   The Royal Society is a self-governing Fellowship of many of the world’s most distinguished scientists drawn from all areas of science, engineering, and medicine.
Royal Society:   The Royal Society is a self-governing Fellowship of many of the world’s most distinguished scientists drawn from all areas of science, engineering, and medicine.
Soho:   Soho is a world-famous area of the City of Westminster and part of the West End of London.
Wyld’s Great Globe:   Wyld’s Great Globe was an attraction situated in Leicester Square between 1851 and 1862.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Buses outside the National Gallery:   Buses outside the National Gallery in Trafalgar Square (1927).


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Adelaide Street, WC2N · Agar Street, WC2N · Archway Mall, N19 · Bear Street, WC2H · Bedforbury, WC2N · Bedford Chambers, WC2E · Bedford Street, WC2E · Bedford Street, WC2R · Bedfordbury, WC2N · Brydges Place, WC2N · Buckingham Street, WC2N · Cannon Street, WC2N · Carlton House Terrace, SW1Y · Carlton House Terrace, SW1Y · Carriage Hall, WC2E · Cecil Court, WC2N · Chandos Place, WC2N · Charing Cross Mansions, WC2H · Charing Cross Road, WC2H · Charing Cross, SW1A · Cockspur Street, SW1Y · Covent Garden, WC2E · Coventry Street, W1D · Cranbourn Street, WC2H · Craven Passage, WC2N · Craven Street, WC2N · Dansey Place, W1D · Downing Street, SW1A · Duck Island Cottage, SW1A · Duke Street, SW1Y · Duncannon Street, WC2N · Durham House Street, WC2N · Embankment Place, WC2N · Floral Street, WC2E · Garrick Street, WC2E · George Court, WC2N · Gerrard Place, W1D · Gerrard Street, W1D · Golden Jubilee Bridge, SE1 · Golden Jubilee Bridge, SW1A · Golden Jubilee Bridge, WC2N · Goodwins Court, WC2N · Great Newport Street, WC2H · Great Scotland Yard, SW1A · Haymarket, SW1Y · Heathcock Court, WC2R · Henrietta Street, WC2E · Hobhouse Court, WC2H · Hop Gardens, WC2N · Horse and Dolphin Yard, W1D · Horse Guards Avenue, SW1A · Horse Guards Parade, SW1A · Horse Guards Road, SW1A · Hyde Park, SW1A · Irving Street, WC2H · John Adam Street, WC2N · King Street, WC2E · Kinnaird House, SW1Y · Langley Court, WC2E · Leicester Place, WC2H · Leicester Square, WC2H · Leicester Street, WC2H · Lisle Street, WC2H · Litchfield Street, WC2H · Little Newport Street, WC2H · Macclesfield Street, W1D · Maiden Lane, WC2E · May’s Court, WC2N · New Row, WC2N · New Zealand House, SW1Y · Newport Court, WC2H · Newport Place, W1D · Norman Shaw Building North, SW1A · Norris Street, SW1Y · Northumberland Avenue, SW1A · Northumberland Avenue, WC2N · Northumberland Street, WC2N · Orange Street, SW1Y · Orange Street, WC2H · Oxendon Street, W1D · Pall Mall East, SW1Y · Panton Street, W1D · Plymouth Devonport Constituency, SW1A · Queens Gardens, SW1A · Richmond Terrace, SW1A · Rochford Southend East, SW1A · Romilly Street, W1D · Rose Street, WC2E · Royal Opera Arcade, SW1Y · Rupert Court, W1D · Rupert Street, W1D · Saint Martin’s Lane, WC2N · Saint Martin’s Court, WC2H · Saint Martin’s Place, WC2N · Shaftesbury Avenue, W1D · Slingsby Place, WC2E · Spring Gardens, SW1A · St Albans Street, SW1Y · St Jamess Chambers, SW1Y · St Jamess Park, SW1A · St Margaret Street, SW1A · St Margarets Street, SW1A · St Martins Court, WC2N · St Martins Lane, WC2H · St Martins Lane, WC2N · St Martins Place, WC2H · St Martins Place, WC2N · St Martins Street, WC2H · Suffolk Place, SE2 · Suffolk Place, SW1Y · Suffolk Street, SW1Y · The Arches, WC2N · The Gallery, E20 · The National Gallery, WC2N · The Terrace, SW1A · Upper Saint Martin’s Lane, WC2H · Upper St Martin’s Lane, WC2H · Upper St Martins Lane, WC2H · Victoria Embankment, SW1A · Villiers Street, WC2N · Wardour Street, W1D · Warwick House Street, SW1Y · Waterloo Place, SW1Y · Whitcomb Street, WC2H · Whitehall Court, SW1A · Whitehall Gardens, SW1A · Whitehall Place, SW1A · Whitehall, SW1A · William IV Street, WC2N · York Place, WC2N ·

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Maps


Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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