Bloomsbury Square, WC1A

Road in/near Bloomsbury, existing between 1661 and now

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12 Bar Club · Abbey Place · Adam and Eve Inn · Admiral Duncan · Aldwych · Aldwych · Aldwych · Alfred Mews · Alfred Place · All Bar One · All Bar One · Apartment 58 · Ape and Bird · Argyle Street · Argyle Walk · Arundel Street · Bainbridge Street · Bainbridge Street · Bar Termini · Barbon Close · Barter Street · Bayley Street · Bedford Avenue · Bedford Place · Bedford Square · Bedford Way · Bedford Way · Bellenden Road Business Centre · Bernard Street · Berners Street · Blackmoore Street (1902) · Blocks Cafe · Bloomsbury · Bloomsbury Place · Bloomsbury Place · Bloomsbury Square · Bloomsbury Square · Bloomsbury Street · Bloomsbury Street · Bloomsbury Tavern · Bloomsbury Theatre · Bloomsbury Way · Blue Posts · Boswell Street · Boswell Street · Bourne & Hollingsworth · Brewer Street · Bricklayers Arms · Bristol House · British Museum · British Museum · Broadwick Street · Brookes Brother Wine Bar · Brunswick Centre · Brunswick Shopping Centre · Brunswick Square · Burton Street · Bury Place · Byng Place · Byron Hamburgers · Callaghans · Calthorpe Arms · Cambridge Circus · Capper Street · Carlisle Arms · Carlisle Walk · Cartwright Gardens · Castlewood House · Catherine Street · Cella Karaoke Lounge · Centa Housebirkenhead Street · Chancery Lane · Chancery Lane · Charlotte Street · Chenies Mews · Chenies Street · Circus · City of York · Clare Court · Clare Market · Clement’s Inn · Clerkenwell house · Club 49 · Coach And Horses · Coach Road · Cockpit Yard · Colonnade · Compton Place · Comptons Of Soho · Coram Street · Coram Street · Cosmo Place · Cosmo Place · Covent Garden · Craft Beer Company · Crown & Anchor · Darwin Walk · De Hems · Devereux Court · Dog & Duck · Dombey Street · Dominion Theatre · Doughty Mews · Doughty Street · Duke Of Argyll · Duke Of Wellington · Duke Of York · Dyer’s Buildings · Dyott Street · Eagle · Eagle Street · Eastcastle Street · Emerald Street · Endell Street · Endsleigh Place · Endsleigh Street · Evelyn Yard · Exmouth Market · Fairyland · Falcon Court · Falconberg Mews · Farringdon Road · Fitzrovia Belle · Fitzroy Tavern · Flaxman Court · Flichcroft Street · Foundling Court · Foundling Hospital · Friend at Hand · Galen Place · Gallery Coffee Shop · Garlic & Shots · George Birkbeck Bar · Gilbert Place · Gloucester Road · Golden Lion · Goodge Street · Goodge Street · Gordon Mansions · Gordon Square · Gordon Street · Goslett Yard · Gough Street · Gower Court · Gower Place · Gower Street · Grafton Way · Grand Union · Graphic Bar · Grays Inn Road · Great Court · Great James Street · Great Ormond Street · Great Russell Street · Great Russell Street · Great Turnstile · Greek Court · Greek Street · Green Man · Grenville Street · Guilford Street · Guilford Street · Handel Street · Hare & Tortoise · Harrison Street · Hastings Street · Henrietta Mews · Herbrand Street · Hercules Pillar · High Holborn · High Holborn · High Holborn · Holborn · Holsworthy Square · Hopkins Street · Horse and Dolphin Yard · Horse Hospital · Houghton Square · Houghton Street (1906) · Houghton Street · Howard Street · Hudsons House · Hunter Street · Huntley Street · Inn of Court · Jack Horner · Jenner House · Jeremy Bentham · John Street · John’s Mews · Johns Mews · Judd Street · Kemble Street · Kemp’s Court · Kenton Street · Keppel Street · Kings Mews · Kingsgate Street · Kingsway · Kirk Street · Knights Templar · Kopapa · Lamb’s Conduit Passage · Lamb’s Conduit Street · Lamb’s Mews · Lambs Conduit Passage · Lambs Conduit Street · Lamp Office Court · Langton Close · Leather Lane · Leigh Street · Les Cousins · Lincoln’s Inn Fields · Lincoln’s Inn Fields · Lisle’s Tennis Court · Little Guildford Street · Little Russel Street · Little Russell Street · London Pub · Long Yard · Malet Place · Malet Street · Manette Street · Marchmont Street · Marlborough Arms · Marquis Cornwallis · Marquis Of Granby · Martlett Court · Mecklenburgh Place · Mecklenburgh Square · Mecklenburgh Street · Mecklenburgh Street · Medway Court · Melbourne Place · Midhope Street · Millman Place · Millman Street · Molly Moggs Ale & Pie House · Montague Place · Montague Street · Montreal Place · Mortimer Market · Morwell Street · Museum Inn/Astor Museum · Museum Tavern · My Old Dutch · Neals Yard · Nellie Dean · New Ambassadors Theatre · New Inn Passage (1901) · New North Street · New Oxford Street · New Square Passage · Newport Court · Night and Day Bar Imperial Hotel · Nordic Wine Bar · Norfolk Street · North Cloisters · North Crescent · North Cresent · North Mews · Northington Street · Oblique Museum Mansions · Odonnell Court · Old Compton Street · Old Glocester Street · Old Gloucester Street · Old Glouster Street · One Tun · Orange Street · Orde Hall Street · Ormond Close · Oxford Street · Pakenham Arms Ltd · Peabody Buildings · Peabody Trust Estate · Peabody Trust Estate · Pegasus Bar · Penderel’s Oak · Percy Street · Philomena’s · Phoenix Place · Pied Bull Court · Pied Bull Yard · Pillars Of Hercules · Pooles Buildings · Powis Place · Princess Louise · Quality Court · Queen Annes Square · Queen Square · Queen’s Yard · Queen's Arms (1890) · Regent Square · Regent Square · Reverend J W Simpson · Richbell Place · Ridgmount Gardens · Ridgmount Street · Rising Sun · Roger Street · Rolls Buildings · Royal Academy of Dramatic Art · Royal Opera House · Rugby Chambers · Rugby Street · Russell Court · Russell Square · Russell Square House · Russell Square · Russell Street · Saint Giles High Street · Salsa! · Sandwich House · Sandwich Street · Sardinia Street · Scala Theatre · Seaford Street · Secrets · Secrets · Serle Street · Shaftesbury Avenue · Shelton Street · Shops Brunswick Centre · Sidmouth Street · Sidmouth Street · Sinclair House · Soho · Soho Square · Sounding Alley · South Cloisters · South Square · Southampton Place · Southampton Row · Southampton Row · Spearmint Rhino · Speedy Place · St Anne’s Court · St Clement’s Passage · St Giles · St Martin’s Theatre · Staple Inn · Staple Inn Buildings · Store Street · Strand (1890s) · Strand · Streatham Street · Sun & 13 Cantons · Sutton Row · Sway · Tankerton Street · Tavistock Bar · Tavistock House North · Tavistock House South · Tavistock House · Tavistock Place · Tavistock Place · Tavistock Square · Tavistock Street · Temple Bar · Thanet Street · The Angel · The Apple Tree · The Bar at TCR · The Blue Lion · The Blue Post · The Bountiful Cow · The Cambridge Theatre · The Carpenters Arms · The Champion · The College Arms · The Court · The Crown · The Crown · The Crown & Two Chairmen · The Dolphin · The Duke of York · The Enterprise · The Fitzrovia · The Griffin · The Hon. Soc. Of Gray’s Inn · The Hope · The John Snow · The Kings Arms · The Lady Ottoline · The Lamb · The London Cocktail Club · The London Cocktail Club · The Montague on the Gardens · The O’ Bar · The Old Crown · The Old Nick · The Old Red Lion · The Perseverance · The Plough · The Polish Bar (Na Zdrowie) · The Queens Larder · The Rugby Tavern · The Seven Stars · The Ship · The Ship Tavern · The Slice Bar (Cupola House) · The Square Pig · The Sun · The Sussex · The Swan · The Tottenham · The Toucan · The Wheatsheaf · The White Swan · The Yard Bar · The Yorkshire Grey · Theobald’s Road · Theobalds Road · Third Floor · Thomas Neal’s shopping centre · Thornhaugh Street · Thornhaugh Street · Three Greyhounds · Tiger House · Tonbridge Street · Torrington Place · Torrington Square · Tottenham Court Road · Tottenham Court Road (1927) · Tottenham Court Road · Troy Club · Truckles Wine Bar · Tweezer’s Alley · Two Brewers · University College London · University Street · Upper Saint Martin’s Lane · Upper St Martin’s Lane · Upper Woborn Place · Upper Woburn Place · Vinyl Bar · Wakefield St · Wakefield Street · Wakefield Street · Walker’s Court · Wardour Mews · Wells Mews · Wells Street · Westking Place · Whetstone Park · Whidborne Street · White Hart · White Horse · Wild Street (1902) · Willoughby Street · Witley Court · Woburn Place · Woburn Place · Woburn Square · Woolf Mews · Wych Street · Ye Olde Cock Tavern · Yorkshire Grey Roundabout · Yorkshire Grey Yard
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Road · Bloomsbury · WC1A ·

The 4th Earl of Southampton was granted a building license for the construction of Bloomsbury Square in 1661.

The square, initially known as Southampton Square, was one of the earliest of the London squares.

The Earl’s own house on the north side of the square was at first called Southampton House but became Bedford House after the square and the Bloomsbury Estate passed by marriage from the Earls of Southampton to the Dukes of Bedford.

The rest of the square was lined with terraced houses which were at first occupied by members of the aristocracy.

In the early 19th century, the Duke of Bedford moved out of Bedford House and it was demolished, becoming Bedford Place.

The writer Isaac D’Israeli lived at 6 Bedford Square from 1817 to 1829 and thus so did his son, the future Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli.

None of the original 17th-century buildings survive, but there are many 18th-century houses. In the 20th century most of the buildings became offices.

Bloomsbury Square’s garden contains a bronze statue of Charles James Fox, who was a fellow Whig of the Duke of Bedford. The garden, refurbished in 2003, is open to the public.

Citations and sources

Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations
The free encyclopedia

Links and further reading

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The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.



Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Russell family in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area.

The earliest record of what would become Bloomsbury is the 1086 Domesday Book, which records that the area had vineyards and 'wood for 100 pigs'. But it is not until 1201 that the name Bloomsbury is first noted, when William de Blemond, a Norman landowner, acquired the land.

The name Bloomsbury is a development from Blemondisberi – the bury, or manor, of Blemond. An 1878 publication, Old and New London: Volume 4, mentions the idea that the area was named after a village called Lomesbury which formerly stood where Bloomsbury Square is now, though this piece of folk etymology is now discredited.

At the end of the 14th century Edward III acquired Blemond's manor, and passed it on to the Carthusian monks of the London Charterhouse, who kept the area mostly rural.

In the 16th century, with the Dissolution of the Monasteries, Henry VIII took the land back into the possession of the Crown, and granted it to Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton.

In the early 1660s, the Earl of Southampton constructed what eventually became Bloomsbury Square. The area was laid out mainly in the 18th century, largely by landowners such as Wriothesley Russell, 3rd Duke of Bedford, who built Bloomsbury Market, which opened in 1730. The major development of the squares that we see today started in about 1800 when Francis Russell, 5th Duke of Bedford removed Bedford House and developed the land to the north with Russell Square as its centrepiece.

Historically, Bloomsbury is associated with the arts, education, and medicine. The area gives its name to the Bloomsbury Group of artists, the most famous of whom was Virginia Woolf, who met in private homes in the area in the early 1900s, and to the lesser known Bloomsbury Gang of Whigs formed in 1765 by John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford.

The publisher Faber & Faber used to be located in Queen Square, though at the time T. S. Eliot was editor the offices were in Tavistock Square. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded in John Millais's parents' house on Gower Street in 1848.

The Bloomsbury Festival was launched in 2006 when local resident Roma Backhouse was commissioned to mark the re-opening of the Brunswick Centre, a residential and shopping area. The free festival is a celebration of the local area, partnering with galleries, libraries and museums, and achieved charitable status at the end of 2012.
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Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

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