Southwark

Underground station, existing between 1999 and now

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Underground station · Southwark · SE1 ·
MARCH
31
2013

Southwark is the area immediately south of London Bridge, opposite the City of London.


Southwark is on a previously marshy area south of the River Thames. Recent excavation has revealed prehistoric activity including evidence of early ploughing, burial mounds and ritual activity. The area was originally a series of islands in the River Thames. This formed the best place to bridge the Thames and the area became an important part of Londinium owing its importance to its position as the endpoint of the Roman London Bridge. Two Roman roads, Stane Street and Watling Street, met at Southwark in what is now Borough High Street.

At some point the Bridge fell or was pulled down. Southwark and the city seem to have become largely deserted during the Early Middle Ages. Archaeologically, evidence of settlement is replaced by a largely featureless soil called the Dark Earth which probably (although this is contested) represents an urban area abandoned.

Southwark appears to recover only during the time of King Alfred and his successors. Sometime in and around 886 AD the Bridge was rebuilt and the City and Southwark restored. Southwark was called ’Suddringa Geworc’ which means the ’defensive works of the men of Surrey’. It was probably fortified to defend the bridge and hence the re-emerging City of London to the north. This defensive role is highlighted by the use of the Bridge as a defense against King Swein, his son King Cnut and in 1066, against King William the Conqueror. He failed to force the Bridge during the Norman conquest of England, but Southwark was devastated.

Much of Southwark was originally owned by the church - the greatest reminder of monastic London is Southwark Cathedral, originally the priory of St Mary Overy.

During the Middle Ages, Southwark remained outside of the control of the City and was a haven for criminals and free traders, who would sell goods and conduct trades outside the regulation of the City Livery Companies. An important market - later to become known as the Borough Market - was established there some time in the 13th century. The area was renowned for its inns, especially The Tabard, from which Chaucer’s pilgrims set off on their journey in The Canterbury Tales.

After many decades’ petitioning, in 1550, Southwark was incorporated into the City of London as ’The Ward of Bridge Without’. It became the entertainment district for London, and it was also the red-light area. In 1599, William Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre was built on the South Bank in Southwark, though it burned down in 1613. A modern replica, also called the Globe, has been built near the original site. Southwark was also a favorite area for entertainment like bull and bear-baiting. There was also a famous fair in Southwark which took place near the Church of St. George the Martyr. William Hogarth depicted this fair in his engraving of Southwark Fair (1733).

In 1844 the railway reached Southwark with the opening of London Bridge station.

In 1861 the Great Fire of Southwark destroyed a large number of buildings between Tooley Street and the Thames, including those around Hays Wharf, where Hays Galleria was later built, and blocks to the west almost as far as St Olave’s Church.

In 1899 Southwark was incorporated along with Newington and Walworth into the Metropolitan Borough of Southwark, and in 1965 this was incorporated with the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell and Metropolitan Borough of Bermondsey into the London Borough of Southwark.

Southwark tube station was opened on 20 November 1999 as part of the Jubilee Line Extension.

The original plan for the Extension did not include a station between those at Waterloo and London Bridge; Southwark station was added after lobbying by the local council. Although it is close to Waterloo, not near the Bankside attractions it was intended to serve, and its only rail interchange is to London Waterloo East mainline station; the passenger usage matches those of other minor central stations. It does however get over double the traffic of nearby Borough station and around triple Lambeth North.


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THE STREETS OF SOUTHWARK
Aberdour Street, SE1 Aberdour Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Alderney Mews, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Alice Street, SE1 Alice Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Archie Street, SE1 Archie Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Avondale Pavement, SE1 Avondale Pavement is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Bank End, SE1 Bank End is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Bankside way, SE19 Bankside way is a road in the SE19 postcode area
Bankside, SE1 Bankside is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Barge House Street, SE1 Barge House Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Barnham Street, SE1 Barnham Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Bartholomew Street, SE1 Bartholomew Street’s set of late Georgian houses date from 1819.
Bear Gardens, SE1 Bear Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Bell Yard Mews, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Bell Yaroad Mews, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Belvedere Building, SE1 Belvedere Building is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Benbow House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Bermondsey Exchange 179-181, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Bermondsey Square, SE1 Bermondsey Square is located on Tower Bridge Road, the former the site of Bermondsey Abbey.
Bermondsey Street, SE1 Bermondsey Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Bevington Path, SE1 Bevington Path is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Black Eagle Yard, SE1 Black Eagle Yard is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Black Friars Road, SE1 Black Friars Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Black Swan Yard, SE1 Black Swan Yard is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Blackfriars Bridge, SE1 Blackfriars Bridge is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Blackfriars Road, BL8 This is a street in the BL8 postcode area
Blackfriars Road, SE1 Blackfriars Road runs between St George’s Circus at the southern end and Blackfriars Bridge over the River Thames at the northern end, leading to the City of London.
Blue Fin Bldg, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Bluelion Place, SE1 Bluelion Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Borough Market, SE1 Borough Market is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Brewery Square, SE1 Brewery Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Bricklayers Arms Flyover, SE1 Bricklayers Arms Flyover is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Brinton Walk, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Brockham Street, SE1 Brockham Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Brunswick Court, SE1 Brunswick Court is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Burbage Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Burge Street, SE1 Burge Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Burrell Street, SE1 Burrell Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Burrows Mews, SE1 Burrows Mews is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Bursar Street, SE1 Bursar Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Bushbaby Close, SE1 Bushbaby Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Calico House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Canvey Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Cardinal Bourne Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Carmarthen Place, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Cathedral Street, SE1 Cathedral Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Cayenne Court, SE1 A street within the postcode
Cedar Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Charlie Chaplin Walk, SE1 Charlie Chaplin Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Chettle Close, SE1 Chettle Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
City Walk, SE1 City Walk is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Clink St Studios, SE1 Clink St Studios is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Clink Street, SE1 Clink Street is best known as the historic location of the Clink Prison.
Clink Wharf, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Cluny Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Coach House Mews, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Cobourg Road Estate, SE5 Cobourg Road Estate is a road in the SE5 postcode area
Cobourg Road, SE1 Cobourg Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Cole Street, SE1 Cole Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Colombo Street, SE1 Colombo Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Colour House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Columbo House 50-60, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Cottage, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Crucifix Lane, SE1 Crucifix Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Decima Street, SE1 Decima Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Decima Studios, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Deverell Street, SE1 Deverell Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Dickens Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Dickens Square, SE1 Dickens Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Dolben Street, SE1 Dolben Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Dorset House 27-45, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Dunsterville Way, SE1 Dunsterville Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Elephant Castle Super Bowl, SE1 Elephant Castle Super Bowl is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Elm Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Emerson Street, SE1 Emerson Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Empire Square East, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Empire Square, SE1 A street within the postcode
English Grounds, SE1 English Grounds is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Fair Street, SE1 Fair Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Falcon Point Piazza, SE1 Falcon Point Piazza is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Fenning Street, SE1 Fenning Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Fl, SE1 A street within the postcode
Flat Iron Square, SE1 Flat Iron Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Floor 8Nw, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Gallery Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Gatehouse Square, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
George Inn Yard, SE1 George Inn Yard is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Globe Street, SE1 Globe Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Graduate Place, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Great Dover Street, SE1 Great Dover Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Great Guildford Business Square, SE1 Great Guildford Business Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Green Dragon Court, SE1 Green Dragon Court is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Green Walk, SE1 Green Walk was originally one of two Green Walks in Southwark, the other being in Bankside.
Griggs Place, SE1 Griggs Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Griggs Road, E10 Griggs Road is a road in the E10 postcode area
Guinness Court, SE1 Guinness Court is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Guy Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Hamlet Way, SE1 Hamlet Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Hankey Place, SE1 Hankey Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Hardwidge Street, SE1 Hardwidge Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Hartley Buildings, SE1 Hartley Buildings is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Hatchers Mews, SE1 Hatchers Mews is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Holyrood Street, SE1 Holyrood Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Horsemongers Mews, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Horseshoe Wharf Apartments 6a, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Horseshoe Wharf Apartments, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Hoxton Square, SE13 A street within the SE1 postcode
Hunter Close, SE1 Hunter Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
in A Tree, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Invicta Plaza, SE1 Invicta Plaza is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Joan Street, SE1 Joan Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Kings Reach, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Kipling Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Kipling Street, SE1 Kipling Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Kirby Grove, SE1 Kirby Grove is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Lafone House 11-13, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Lamb Walk, SE1 Lamb Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Lansdowne Place, SE1 Lansdowne Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Larch Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Larnaca Works, SE1 Larnaca Works is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Law Street, SE1 Law Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Leathermarket Street, SE1 Leathermarket Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Lockyer Estate, SE1 Lockyer Estate is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Loncroft Road, SE5 Loncroft Road is a road in the SE5 postcode area
London Bridge, EC4R London Bridge is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
London Bridge, SE1 London Bridge is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Long Lane, SE1 Long Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Lower Road, SE1 Lower Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Magdalen Street, SE1 Magdalen Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Maiden Lane, SE1 Maiden Lane is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Maltings Place, SE1 Maltings Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Manciple Street, SE1 Manciple Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Market Yard Mews, SE1 Market Yard Mews is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Mason Close, SE1 Mason Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Mason Street, SE1 Mason Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Mead, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Meakin Estate, SE1 Meakin Estate is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Melior Place, SE1 Melior Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Melior Street, SE1 Melior Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Merrick Square, SE1 Merrick Square is a garden square in Newington.
Meymott Street, SE1 Meymott Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Middle Yard, SE1 Middle Yard is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Milroy Walk, SE1 Milroy Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
More London Place, SE1 More London Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
More London Riverside, SE1 More London Riverside is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Morgans Lane, SE1 Morgans Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Mulvaney Way, SE1 Mulvaney Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Nebraska Street, SE1 Nebraska Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
New Globe Walk, SE1 New Globe Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Newhams Row, SE1 Newhams Row is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Newington Court, SE1 Newington Court is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Nicholson Street, SE1 Nicholson Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Nw, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
O Ltd, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Oxford Drive, SE1 Oxford Drive is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Oxo Tower Wharf Barge House Street, SE1 Oxo Tower Wharf Barge House Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Pardoner Street, SE1 Pardoner Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Paris Garden, SE1 Paris Garden is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Park Street, SE1 Park Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Peabody Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Perkins Square, SE1 Perkins Square is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Pickfords Wharf, SE1 Pickfords Wharf is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Pilgrimage Street, SE1 Pilgrimage Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Pope Street, SE1 Pope Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Porlock Street, SE1 Porlock Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Porter Street, SE1 Porter Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Potier Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Potters Fields, SE1 Potters Fields is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Preston Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Prioress Street, SE1 Prioress Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Rankin House 139-143, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Rennie Street, SE1 Rennie Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Rephidim Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Resource Centre, E1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Rich Industrial Estate, SE1 Rich Industrial Estate is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Richer House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Riverside Walk, SE1 Riverside Walk is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Robinson Road, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Rochester Walk, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Rose Alley, SE1 Rose Alley is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Rothsay Street, SE1 Rothsay Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Royal Oak Yard, SE1 Royal Oak Yard is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Scoresby Street, SE1 Scoresby Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Shand Street, SE1 Shand Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Ship & Mermaid Row, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Snowsfields, SE1 Snowsfields is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Soho Wharf, SE1 Soho Wharf is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Southall Place, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Southwalk Street, SE1 Southwalk Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Spurgeon Street, SE1 Spurgeon Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
St. Thomas Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Staple Street, SE1 Staple Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Sterry Street, SE1 Sterry Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Stevens Street, SE1 Stevens Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Stoney Street, SE1 Stoney Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Studios, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Sugar Quay Walk, EC3N Sugar Quay Walk is a road in the EC3N postcode area
Sumner Street, SE1 Sumner Street runs from Great Guildford Street to Southwark Bridge Road.
Swan Court, SE1 Swan Court is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Swan Mead, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Swan Street, SE1 Swan Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Sycamore Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Tabard Garden Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Tabard Street, SE1 Tabard Street was the old road to Kent and called Kent Street until 1877.
Tabaroad Garden Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Tabaroad Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Tanner Street, SE1 Tanner Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
The Blue Fin Building, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
The Glass House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
The Grain Store, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
The Grain Stores, SE1 The Grain Stores is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
The Jam Factory, SE1 The Jam Factory is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
The Leather Market, SE1 The Leather Market is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
The Leathermarket, SE1 The Leathermarket is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
The Tanneries, SE1 The Tanneries is a road in the SE1 postcode area
The Terrace, SE1 The Terrace is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Thrale Street, SE1 Thrale Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Tooley Street, SE1 Tooley Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Tooley Street, SE1P A street within the SE1 postcode
Tower Bridge Road, SE1 Tower Bridge Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Tower Bridge, SE1 Tower Bridge is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Trinity Church Square, SE1 Trinity Church Square is a garden square in Newington.
Trinity Street, SE1 Trinity Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Trowbray House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Two, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Tyers Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Tyers Gate, SE1 Tyers Gate is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Victor Wharf, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Vine Lane, SE1 Vine Lane is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Vintage Yard, SE1 Vintage Yard is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Vogans Mill Wharf, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Weavers Lane, SE1 Weavers Lane is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Webb Street, SE1 Webb Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Weston Street, SE1 Weston Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Whites Grounds Estate, SE1 Whites Grounds Estate is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Whites Grounds, SE1 Whites Grounds is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Wilds Rents, SE1 Wilds Rents is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Winchester Square, SE1 Winchester Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Winchester Walk, SE1 Winchester Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Winchester Walk, SW15 A street within the SE1 postcode
Winchester Wharf, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Wood’s Place, SE1 Wood’s Place is a road in the SE1 postcode area



Christobel Warren-Jones
Christobel Warren-Jones   
Added: 26 Feb 2018 13:50 GMT   
IP: 143.159.49.39
2:1:65
Post by Christobel Warren-Jones: Hurley Road, SE11

Hurley Road was off Kennington Lane, just west of Renfrew Raod, not where indicated on this map. My Dad was born at number 4 in 1912. It no longer exists but the name is remembered in Hurley House, Hurley Clinic and Hurley Pre-School

Johnshort
Johnshort   
Added: 7 Oct 2017 21:07 GMT   
IP: 10.9.55.126
2:2:65
Post by Johnshort: Hurley Road, SE11

There were stables in the road mid way also Danny reading had coal delivery lorry.n

peter hiller
peter hiller   
Added: 13 Sep 2017 11:07 GMT   
IP: 81.141.12.149
2:3:65
Post by peter hiller: Sancroft Street, SE11

what is the history of tresco house 2 sancroft street ,it looks older than a 1990s site

Robert smitherman
Robert smitherman   
Added: 23 Aug 2017 11:01 GMT   
IP: 2.220.194.137
2:4:65
Post by Robert smitherman: Saunders Street, SE11

I was born in a prefab on Saunders street SE11 in the 60’s, when I lived there, the road consisted of a few prefab houses, the road originally ran from Lollard street all the way thru to Fitzalan street. I went back there to have a look back in the early 90’s but all that is left of the road is about 20m of road and the road sign.

VIEW THE SOUTHWARK AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOUTHWARK AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOUTHWARK AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOUTHWARK AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE SOUTHWARK AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Southwark

Southwark is the area immediately south of London Bridge, opposite the City of London.

Southwark is on a previously marshy area south of the River Thames. Recent excavation has revealed prehistoric activity including evidence of early ploughing, burial mounds and ritual activity. The area was originally a series of islands in the River Thames. This formed the best place to bridge the Thames and the area became an important part of Londinium owing its importance to its position as the endpoint of the Roman London Bridge. Two Roman roads, Stane Street and Watling Street, met at Southwark in what is now Borough High Street.

At some point the Bridge fell or was pulled down. Southwark and the city seem to have become largely deserted during the Early Middle Ages. Archaeologically, evidence of settlement is replaced by a largely featureless soil called the Dark Earth which probably (although this is contested) represents an urban area abandoned.

Southwark appears to recover only during the time of King Alfred and his successors. Sometime in and around 886 AD the Bridge was rebuilt and the City and Southwark restored. Southwark was called ’Suddringa Geworc’ which means the ’defensive works of the men of Surrey’. It was probably fortified to defend the bridge and hence the re-emerging City of London to the north. This defensive role is highlighted by the use of the Bridge as a defense against King Swein, his son King Cnut and in 1066, against King William the Conqueror. He failed to force the Bridge during the Norman conquest of England, but Southwark was devastated.

Much of Southwark was originally owned by the church - the greatest reminder of monastic London is Southwark Cathedral, originally the priory of St Mary Overy.

During the Middle Ages, Southwark remained outside of the control of the City and was a haven for criminals and free traders, who would sell goods and conduct trades outside the regulation of the City Livery Companies. An important market - later to become known as the Borough Market - was established there some time in the 13th century. The area was renowned for its inns, especially The Tabard, from which Chaucer’s pilgrims set off on their journey in The Canterbury Tales.

After many decades’ petitioning, in 1550, Southwark was incorporated into the City of London as ’The Ward of Bridge Without’. It became the entertainment district for London, and it was also the red-light area. In 1599, William Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre was built on the South Bank in Southwark, though it burned down in 1613. A modern replica, also called the Globe, has been built near the original site. Southwark was also a favorite area for entertainment like bull and bear-baiting. There was also a famous fair in Southwark which took place near the Church of St. George the Martyr. William Hogarth depicted this fair in his engraving of Southwark Fair (1733).

In 1844 the railway reached Southwark with the opening of London Bridge station.

In 1861 the Great Fire of Southwark destroyed a large number of buildings between Tooley Street and the Thames, including those around Hays Wharf, where Hays Galleria was later built, and blocks to the west almost as far as St Olave’s Church.

In 1899 Southwark was incorporated along with Newington and Walworth into the Metropolitan Borough of Southwark, and in 1965 this was incorporated with the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell and Metropolitan Borough of Bermondsey into the London Borough of Southwark.

Southwark tube station was opened on 20 November 1999 as part of the Jubilee Line Extension.

The original plan for the Extension did not include a station between those at Waterloo and London Bridge; Southwark station was added after lobbying by the local council. Although it is close to Waterloo, not near the Bankside attractions it was intended to serve, and its only rail interchange is to London Waterloo East mainline station; the passenger usage matches those of other minor central stations. It does however get over double the traffic of nearby Borough station and around triple Lambeth North.
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