Nokes Estate

Agricultural/Land Estate in/near Kensington, existed between 1593 and 1860

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Agricultural/Land Estate · Kensington · SW7 · Contributed by The Underground Map
August
5
2017


Nokes Estate was an agricultural estate in the Earl’s Court area, formerly known as Wattsfield.

Since at least the sixteenth century this area, reckoned as seventeen but in fact nearer eighteen and a quarter acres, had been known as Wattsfield.

Essentially, it included part of Earls Court Lane (now Earls Court Road) and Barrow’s Walk (now Marloes Road) and contained an orchard and several fields on which Abingdon Villas, Scarsdale Villas and neighbouring roads were later built .

In 1593 it was owned by Robert Fenn and remained in that family until Sir Robert Fenn sold it, with its advantage of a westward abutment on Earl’s Court Lane, to William Arnold in 1652. The Arnolds kept it until 1673, when it was bought by John Greene, and it remained with representatives of the Greene family until at least 1755.

Rocque’s mid-century map shows Barrows Walk bounding its eastern side, on the present line of Marloes Road.

By 1810 the owner was Samuel Hutchins, who in that year bought the enfranchisement from Lord Kensington for £1,125. It was at that time divided into four closes, as is shown on Starling’s map of 1822, where the western half appears as one orchard and the eastern half as three closes, seemingly of pasture. As well as Earl’s Court Lane and the former Barrow’s Walk to west and east, Starling shows on the south side of Wattsfield the eastern half of what is now Stratford Road as a cart-track to the south-east corner of the orchard. In 1843 all four parts were described as ‘market garden’, and are so shown on Daw’s map of 1846.

After Samuel Hutchins’s death in 1844 his widow had had the hedges grubbed up and all thrown into one. Whether or not the change hints at thoughts of a building enterprise (although 1846 was not to be propitious for that in London), a tenancy was given to the Atwood family of market gardeners and it was four years later, with building activity in London on the increase, that the land was turned over to bricks and mortar.

Some time shortly before August 1850 a William Nokes negotiated to buy Wattsfield from Samuel Hutchins’s widow Sarah and her trustee.

Who and what he was is not known except that he was aged about 58, Essex-born and (it would seem) closely related to the Nokes family that was prominent as farmers, millers and Congregationalists at Upminster, where his sons James Wright Nokes and George Nokes had been born.

He was already a debtor, probably for some £2,709, of the London and County Bank, to whom he proposed the loan to him of the purchase price by rather puzzling means that purported at once to secure the loan and liquidate his existing indebtedness. The Bank obtained two surveyors’ reports on the land, and agreed to advance £11,000. It was lent, however, not to William Nokes but to his son George, aged about twenty-five, with whom the agreement with the Hutchinses was evidently concluded.

George Nokes’s elder brother James Wright Nokes, who came to share the family’s interest in the property, was a timber merchant, and by 1856 George Nokes also had a timber merchant’s business in St. Pancras: in legal instruments he called himself builder, brickmaker or gentleman.

From 1853 to 1859 he seems to have lived at Abingdon House, just off this estate, with his father and brother.

Development was carried out by his son, George Nokes, and also to a lesser extent, James Wright Nokes.

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VIEW THE KENSINGTON AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE KENSINGTON AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE KENSINGTON AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE KENSINGTON AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE KENSINGTON AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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North Kensington

North Kensington lies either side of Ladbroke Grove, W10.

North Kensington was rural until the 19th century when it was developed as an suburb with quite large homes. By the 1880s, too many houses had been built for the upper-middle class towards whom the area was aimed. Large houses were divided into low cost flats which often degenerated into slums, as documented in the photographs of Roger Mayne.

During the 1980s, the area started to be gentrified although areas in the north west of the district at Ladbroke Grove and Westbourne Park remain deprived and run down to this day.

Waves of immigrants have arrived for at least a century including, but certainly not limited to, the Spanish, the Irish, the Jews, the West Indians, the Portuguese, the Moroccans and many from the Horn of Africa and Eastern Europe. This constant renewal of the population makes the area one of the most cosmopolitan in London.

The Notting Hill carnival was first staged in 1964 as a way for the local Afro-Caribbean communities to celebrate their own cultures and traditions. After some rough times in the 1970s and 1980s when it became associated with social protest, violence and huge controversy over policing tactics, this is now Europe’s largest carnival/festival event and a major event in the London calendar. It is staged every August over the Bank holiday weekend.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Cromwell Curve:   The Cromwell Curve was a short section of railway line between Gloucester Road and High Street Kensington stations.
Earl's Court:   Earls Court is a district in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.
Kensington:   Kensington is a district of West London, England within the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, located west of Charing Cross.
Kensington Palace:   Kensington Palace is a royal residence set in Kensington Gardens. It has been a residence of the British Royal Family since the 17th century.
Kensington School:   The Kensington Proprietary Grammar School was an educational establishment founded in 1830 that is perhaps best remembered for being one of the founders of the Football Association in 1863.
St Mary Abbot’s:   St Mary Abbot’s Hospital operated from 1871 to 1992. From 1846 to 1869 the site housed the Kensington Parish Workhouse.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Corner of Abingdon Road and Scarsdale Villas:   This view shows Tyler the chemists during the 1960s.
Sheep in Kensington Gardens:   It was the practice to keep sheep in the Gardens to maintain the grass.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
A4, W1J · Abingdon Mansions, W8 · Abingdon Road, W8 · Abingdon Villas, W8 · Adam And Eve Mews, W8 · Airlie Gardens, W8 · Albert Mews, SW7 · Albert Place, W8 · Allen Street, W8 · Alma Studios, W8 · Ambassador’s Court, SW1A · Ansdell Street, W8 · Ansdell Terrace, W8 · Argyll Road, W8 · Ashburn Gardens, SW7 · Ashburn Place, SW7 · Astwood Mews, SW7 · Aubrey Road, W8 · Aubrey Walk, W8 · Barkston Gardens, SW5 · Beatrice Place, W8 · Bedford Gardens, W8 · Berkeley Gardens, W8 · Bina Gardens, SW5 · Blithfield Street, W8 · Bolton Gardens, SW5 · Bramham Gardens, SW5 · Cambridge Place, W8 · Campden Grove, W8 · Campden Hill Court, W8 · Campden Hill Road, W8 · Campden Hill Square, W11 · Campden Hill Square, W8 · Campden Hill, W8 · Campden Street, W8 · Chantry Square, W8 · Cheniston Gardens, W8 · Colbeck Mews, SW7 · Collingham Gardens, SW5 · Collingham Place, SW5 · Collingham Road, SW5 · Cope Place, W8 · Cornwall Gardens Walk, SW7 · Cornwall Gardens, SW7 · Cottesmore Court, W8 · Cottesmore Gardens, W8 · Courtfield Gardens, SW5 · Courtfield Road, SW7 · Cromwell Road, SW5 · De Vere Gardens, W8 · De Vere Mews, W8 · Devonshire Place, W8 · Douro Place, W8 · Drayson Mews Holland Street, W8 · Drayson Mews, W8 · Duchess of Bedford’s Walk, W8 · Earl’s Terrace, W8 · Earls Court Gardens, SW5 · Earls Court Road, W8 · Earls Walk, W8 · Earl’s Court Road, SW5 · Edwardes Place, W8 · Edwardes Square Studios, W8 · Edwardes Square, W8 · Eldon Road, W8 · Emperor’s Gate, SW7 · Emperors Gate, SW7 · Essex Villas, W8 · Gledhow Gardens, SW5 · Gloucester Arcade, SW7 · Gloucester Walk, W8 · Gordon Place, W8 · Gregory Place, W8 · Grenville Place, SW7 · Harrington Gardens, SW7 · Hesper Mews, SW5 · Hillsleigh Road, W8 · Hogarth Place, SW5 · Hogarth Road, SW5 · Holland Street, W8 · Holland Walk, W11 · Holland Walk, W8 · Hornton Place, W8 · Hornton Street, W8 · Inverness Gardens, W8 · Iverna Gardens, W8 · Kelso Place, W8 · Kensington Apartment, W8 · Kensington Church Court, W8 · Kensington Church Street, W8 · Kensington Church Walk, W8 · Kensington Court Gardens · Kensington Court Place, W8 · Kensington Palace, W8 · Kensington Road, W8 · Kenway Road, SW5 · Knaresborough Place, SW5 · Kynance Mews, SW7 · Kynance Place, SW7 · Lancer Square, W8 · Launceston Place, SW7 · Launceston Place, W8 · Laverton Place, SW5 · Lexham Gardens, SW5 · Lexham Gardens, W8 · Lexham Mews, W8 · Logan Place, W8 · Marloes Road, SW5 · Marloes Road, W8 · Marlogs Road, W8 · McLeod’s Mews, SW7 · Melon Place, W8 · North Courtyard, N19 · Observatory Gardens, W8 · Old Court Place, W8 · Old Manor Yard, SW5 · Osten Mews, SW7 · Palace Avenue, W8 · Palace Gardens Mews, W8 · Palace Gardens Terrace, W8 · Palace Gate, W8 · Palace Green, W8 · Palace Place Mansions, W8 · Peel Street, W8 · Pembroke Gardens Close, W8 · Pembroke Gardens, W8 · Pembroke Mews, W8 · Pembroke Place, W8 · Pembroke Square, W8 · Pembroke Studios, W8 · Pembroke Villas, W8 · Pembroke Walk, W8 · Pennant Mews, W8 · Phillimore Gardens, W8 · Phillimore Place, W8 · Phillimore Walk, W8 · Pitt Street, W8 · Prince Of Wales Terrace, W8 · Radley Mews, W8 · Saint Mary Abbot’s Place, W8 · Scarsdale Place, W8 · Scarsdale Villas, W8 · Sheffield Terrace, W8 · Sheldrake Place, W8 · South Courtyard, N19 · South Edwardes Square, W8 · South End Row, W8 · South End, W8 · St Albans Grove, W8 · St James House, W8 · St Margarets Lane, W8 · St Mary Abbots Hall, W8 · St Mary Abbots Place, W8 · St Mary Abbots Vicarage, W8 · St. Mary Abbot’s Place, W8 · St. Mary’s Gate, W8 · St. Mary’s Place, W8 · Stafford Terrace, W8 · Stanford Road, W8 · Stone Hall Gardens, W8 · Stratford Road, W8 · Sunningdale Gardens, W8 · Thackeray Street, W8 · The Broad Walk, SW7 · The Broad Walk, W8 · The Broadwalk, W2 · Thornwood Gardens, W8 · Tor Court, W8 · Tor Gardens, W8 · Upper Phillimore Gardens, W8 · Vicarage Court, W8 · Vicarage Gardens, W8 · Vicarage Gate, W8 · Victoria Grove, W8 · Victoria Road, W8 · Warwick Chambers, W8 · Wetherby Gardens, SW5 · Wrights Lane, W8 · Wycombe Square, W8 · Wynnstay Gardens, W8 · York Passage, W8 · Young Street, W8 ·


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Maps


Inner West London (1932) FREE DOWNLOAD
1930s map covering East Acton, Holland Park, Kensington, Notting Hill, Olympia, Shepherds Bush and Westbourne Park,
George Philip & Son, Ltd./London Geographical Society, 1932

Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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