Underground station, existing between 1890 and now

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Underground station · Stockwell · SW4 · Contributed by The Underground Map
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On 22 July 2005, Jean Charles de Menezes, a Brazilian electrician living in London, was shot dead by plainclothes police officers at Stockwell station. This incident came a day after the failed 21 July 2005 London bombings occurred on Tube trains and a bus in London; however, it later emerged that it was a case of mistaken identity on the part of the police and that Menezes had nothing to do with the attacks. In the immediate aftermath of the shooting a small shrine to Jean Charles de Menezes was created by mourners outside the station, this has since evolved into a permanent memorial mosaic.

Stockwell probably got the second half of its name from a local well; the other half is from stoc, which was Old English for a tree trunk or post. From the thirteenth to the start of the nineteenth century, Stockwell was a rural manor at the edge of London. It included market gardens and John Tradescant's botanical garden – commemorated in Tradescant Road, which was built over it in 1880, and in a memorial outside St Stephen's church. In the nineteenth century it developed as an elegant middle class suburb. Residents included the artist Arthur Rackham, who was born in South Lambeth Road in 1867, moving with his family to Albert Square when he was 15.

Stockwell station was opened on 4 November 1890 by the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII), as the most southerly station on the City & South London Railway (C&SLR) - London's first deep level tube railway. Passenger services began just over one month later on 18 December 1890.

Its social and architectural fortunes in the twentieth century were more mixed. The area immediately around Stockwell tube station was extensively rebuilt following the Second World War, and the original domed tube station was replaced first in the 1920s, then again with the opening of the Victoria line in 1971.

The area also has much social housing; the main estates are Lansdowne Green, Stockwell park, Studley, Spurgeon, Mursell and Stockwell Gardens. However, many remnants of the area's nineteenth century grandeur can be found in the side and back streets of Stockwell, notably in the Stockwell Park Conservation Area, mostly built between 1825 and 1840 and centred on Stockwell Park Road, Stockwell Park Crescent, Durand Gardens, and Albert Square.

Stockwell and neighbouring South Lambeth are home to one of the UK's biggest Portuguese communities, known as 'Little Portugal'. Most of the local Portuguese people originate from Madeira and Lisbon and have established many cafes, restaurants, bakeries, neighbourhood associations and delicatessens. Stockwell is also home to many people of Caribbean and West African origin. They are also well represented in the local population, and cafés, grocers, barbers' shops and salons run by people from these communities are scattered around Stockwell.

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The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
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The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.


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Stockwell station (1930):   Clapham Road in 1930, showing Stockwell station. Binfield Road runs off to the right.

Albert Square, SW8 · Aldebert Terrace, SW8 · Alvanley House, SW9 · Angell Road, SW9 · Aytoun Place, SW9 · Aytoun Road, SW9 · Barrington Road, SW9 · Belinda Road, SW9 · Binfield Road, SW4 · Bramah Green, SW9 · Brixton Road, SW9 · Broomgrove Road, SW9 · Burnley Road, SW9 · Burton Road, SW9 · Caldwell Street, SW9 · Cancell Road, SW9 · Canterbury Crescent, SW9 · Canterbury Cresent, SW9 · Chryssell Road, SW9 · Clapham Road, SW8 · Clapham Road, SW9 · Coldha, SW9 · Cowley Road, SW9 · Cranmer Road, SW9 · Crossford Street, SW9 · Crowhurst Close, SW9 · Dairy Mews, SW9 · Durand Gardens, SW9 · Evandale Road, SW9 · Evesham Walk, SW9 · Fitzgerald House, SW9 · Foxley Square, SW9 · Frederick Crescent, SW9 · Frederick Cresent, SW9 · Gosling Way, SW9 · Grantham Road, SW9 · Gresham Road, SW9 · Groveway, SW9 · Guildford Road, KT16 · Guildford Road, SW8 · Guinness Trust Estate, SW9 · Hackford Road, SW9 · Hackford Walk, SW9 · Hampson Way, SW8 · Hartington Road, SW8 · Hillyard Street, SW9 · Holland Grove, SW9 · Jeffreys Road, SW4 · Kay Road, SW9 · Kimberley Road, SW9 · Knowle Close, SW9 · Lansdowne Way, SW8 · Lauderdale House, SW9 · Lingham Street, SW9 · Lorn Road, SW9 · Lothian Road, SW9 · Loughborough Road, SW9 · Market Row, SW9 · Mayflower Road, SW9 · Morat Street, SW9 · Mowll Street, SW9 · Offley Road, SW9 · Overton Road, SW9 · Paradise Road, SW4 · Patmos Road, SW9 · Peckford Place, SW9 · Prima Road, SW9 · Ramsey House, SW9 · Rathgar Road, SW9 · Rhodesia Road, SW9 · Ridgway Road, SW9 · Robsart Street, SW9 · Rumsey Road, SW9 · Russell Grove, SW9 · Sidney Road, SW9 · South Island Place, SW9 · St Jamess Crescent, SW9 · St Johns Crescent, SW9 · St Martins Road, SW9 · St Michaels Road, SW9 · Station Avenue, SW9 · Stockwell Gardens, SW9 · Stockwell Green, SW9 · Stockwell Park Crescent, SW9 · Stockwell Park Cresent, SW9 · Stockwell Park Road, SW9 · Stockwell Road, SW9 · Studley Road, SW4 · Styles Gardens, SW9 · Sussex Walk, SW9 · The Stableyard, SW9 · Turberville House, SW9 · Urlwin Walk, SW9 · Vassall Road, SW9 · Wickwood Street, SE5 · Wiltshire Road, SW9 · Winchester House Kennington Park, SW9 · Winchester House, SW9 · Wynne Road, SW9 ·



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Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
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London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
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The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
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London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

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