Phoenix Primary School

School in/near Bermondsey

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School · Bermondsey · SE1 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JUNE
8
2018

Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.

Phoenix Primary School is a mixed school in Southwark.

Total school capacity: 915.
Enrolment (2018): 547.
Girls enrolled (2018): 260.
Boys enrolled (2018): 290.
Has Nursery Classes.
It has a website at: http://www.mayflowerfederation.org.uk.



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Post by Melissa London: Trafalgar Avenue, SE15

The ARP Report giving details of the damage caused by a V2 Rocket on the 14 February 1945:- This very serious Rocket Attack occurred when the V2 struck Waite Street and the junction of Trafalgar Avenue Following details obtained from Camberwell ARP records : A LRR penetrated a 3 storey houses at the SW angle of Trafalgar Av with Waite Street, forming a crater at ground level about 40 feet across by 10 foot deep. Blast caused the complete demolishing of 12 4 storey ’neo Greek’ type of terrace houses of poor construction erected about 90 years previously. Damage beyond repair to about 25 similar properties adjoining the crater and damage calling for first aid repairs to properties within a s radius of about 200 yards of the crater. Rescue operations were concerned with the release of 10 trapped casualties which were found by dogs. Initial

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’Scarface’ killer was working in Watford and about to commit his third murder
’Scarface’ killer was working in Watford and about to commit his third murder

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17517643.mane-driza-found-guilty-of-his-fifth-murder/?ref=rss

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It’s all systems go at Tottenham this week as the club prepare their new 62,062-seater stadium ahead of the first of two test events to be held there in front of increasing attendances.
It’s all systems go at Tottenham this week as the club prepare their new 62,062-seater stadium ahead of the first of two test events to be held there in front of increasing attendances.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/tottenham/new-tottenham-stadium-finishing-touches-applied-1bn-venue-first-test-event-a4097866.html

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Dimitar Berbatov's brilliant response to Phil Jones and his Man Utd 5-a-side team selection
Dimitar Berbatov's brilliant response to Phil Jones and his Man Utd 5-a-side team selection

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/manchesterunited/dimitar-berbatov-s-brilliant-response-to-phil-jones-and-his-man-utd-5aside-team-selection-a4096296.html

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https://www.standard.co.uk/news/transport/tfl-set-for-742m-loss-thanks-to-bus-subsidies-a4096581.html

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Drama club secure performance at the National Theatre’s youth theatre festival
A drama agency is set to perform in a festival to showcase their talents in a bid to be accepted into The National Theatre.

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17511475.act2-academy-in-highams-park-to-perform-at-national-theatre-connections-youth-theatre-festival/?ref=rss

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Arsenal's loss is Sevilla's gain as star talent scout Monchi snubs Unai Emery reunion to return home
There will be no reunion between Monchi and Unai Emery at Arsenal. The north London club had hoped to pair the sporting director with his former right-hand man, but after leaving Roma, the 50-year-old has returned ’home’ to Sevilla instead.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/arsenal/arsenal-loss-sevilla-gain-monchi-snubs-emery-reunion-returns-home-a4095086.html

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Lionel Messi thanks Real Betis fans for standing ovation after Barcelona hat-trick
Lionel Messi was applauded by thousands of Real Betis fans after his wonderful third goal for Barcelona at the Benito Villamarin on Sunday night.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/barcelona/barcelona-lionel-messi-hat-trick-thanks-real-betis-fans-standing-ovation-a4094111.html

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New Tottenham stadium: Spurs freeze 2019-20 season ticket prices
Tottenham have confirmed season-ticket prices have been frozen for next season, the first full campaign in their new stadium.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/tottenham/new-tottenham-stadium-spurs-freeze-2019-2020-season-ticket-prices-a4094681.html

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Man jailed for aggravated attack by pushing victim into glass cabinet
A man has been jailed for six years and six months after attacking his victim in his own home.

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17507148.man-jailed-for-six-years-for-aggravated-attack-on-man-in-rochford-road-loughton/?ref=rss

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Everton vs Chelsea line ups: Predicted XIs and team news for Premier League clash at Goodison Park
Gonzalo Higuain could return to contention for Chelsea’s Premier League trip to Everton after missing the Europa League win at Dynamo Kiev.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/chelsea/everton-vs-chelsea-line-ups-predicted-xis-and-team-news-for-premier-league-clash-at-goodison-park-a4093836.html

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Calls for more social prescribing in the capital
Calls for more social prescribing in the capital

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17504884.calls-for-more-social-prescribing-in-the-capital/?ref=rss

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Declan Rice is on the threshold of a long England career, says Mark Noble
EXCLUSIVE COLUMN

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/westham/declan-rice-is-on-the-threshold-of-a-long-england-career-says-mark-noble-a4092896.html

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Brexit odds: Second referendum chances slashed by bookmakers after Commons vote
Follow our latest Brexit updates here

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/brexit-odds-second-referendum-chances-slashed-by-bookmakers-after-commons-vote-a4092221.html

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Ikea announces opening date for its new Bromley High Street studio

Ikea has announced the opening date for its newest planning studio in Bromley.


https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17500324.ikea-announces-opening-date-for-new-bromley-high-street-studio/?ref=rss

VIEW THE BERMONDSEY AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE BERMONDSEY AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE BERMONDSEY AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE BERMONDSEY AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE BERMONDSEY AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Bermondsey

What's in a name?

Though Bermondsey's name may derive from Beornmund's island (whoever the Anglo-Saxon Beornmund was, is another matter), but Bermondsey is likely to have been a higher, drier spot in an otherwise marshy area, rather than a real island.

The area first appears in a letter from Pope Constantine (708-715), in which he grants privileges to a monastery at Vermundesei, then in the hands of the abbot of Medeshamstede, as Peterborough was known at the time.

Bermondsey appears in Domesday Book. It was then held by King William, though a small part was in the hands of Robert, Count of Mortain, the king's half brother, and younger brother of Odo of Bayeux, then Earl of Kent.

Bermondsey Abbey was founded as a Cluniac priory in 1082, and was dedicated to St Saviour. Monks from the abbey began the development of the area, cultivating the land and embanking the riverside. They turned an adjacent tidal inlet at the mouth of the River Neckinger into a dock, named St Saviour's Dock after their abbey. The Knights Templar also owned land here and gave their names to one of the most distinctive streets in London, Shad Thames (a corruption of 'St John at Thames'). Other ecclesiastical properties stood nearby at Tooley (a corruption of 'St Olave's') Street, located in the Archbishop of Canterbury's manor of Southwark, where wealthy citizens and clerics had their houses, including the priors of Lewes and St Augustine's, Canterbury, and the abbot of Battle.

As it developed over the centuries, Bermondsey underwent some striking changes. After the Great Fire of London, it was settled by the well-to-do and took on the character of a garden suburb especially along the lines of Grange Road, as Bermondsey Street became more urbanised. A pleasure garden was founded there in the 17th century, commemorated by the Cherry Garden Pier. Samuel Pepys visited 'Jamaica House' at Cherry Gardens in 1664 and recorded in his diary that he had left it "singing finely".

Though not many buildings survive from this era, one notable exception is the church of St Mary Magdalen in Bermondsey Street, completed in 1690 (although a church has been recorded on this site from the 13th Century). This church came through both 19th-century redevelopment and The Blitz unscathed. It is not just an unusual survivor for Bermondsey; buildings of this era are relative rarities in Inner London in general.

In the 18th century, the discovery of a spring from the river Neckinger in the area led to Bermondsey becoming a spa leisure resort, as the area between Grange and Jamaica Roads called Spa Road commemorates.

It was from the Bermondsey riverside that the painter J.M.W. Turner executed his famous painting of The Fighting Temeraire Tugged to her Last Berth to be Broken Up (1839), depicting the veteran warship being towed to Rotherhithe to be scrapped.

By the mid-19th century parts of Bermondsey, especially along the riverside had become a notorious slum — with the arrival of industrial plants, docks and immigrant housing. The area around St Saviour's Dock, known as Jacob's Island, was one of the worst in London. It was immortalised by Charles Dickens's novel Oliver Twist, in which the principal villain Bill Sikes meets a nasty end in the mud of 'Folly Ditch' an area which was known as Hickmans Folly — the scene of an attack by Spring Heeled Jack in 1845 — surrounding Jacob's Island. Dickens provides a vivid description of what it was like:

<CITE>... crazy wooden galleries common to the backs of half a dozen houses, with holes from which to look upon the slime beneath; windows, broken and patched, with poles thrust out, on which to dry the linen that is never there; rooms so small, so filthy, so confined, that the air would seem to be too tainted even for the dirt and squalor which they shelter; wooden chambers thrusting themselves out above the mud and threatening to fall into it — as some have done; dirt-besmeared walls and decaying foundations, every repulsive lineament of poverty, every loathsome indication of filth, rot, and garbage: all these ornament the banks of Jacob's Island.</CITE>

Bermondsey Town Hall was built on Spa Road in 1881. The area was extensively redeveloped during the 19th century and early 20th century with the expansion of the river trade and the arrival of the railways. London's first passenger railway terminus was built by the London to Greenwich Railway in 1836 at London Bridge. The first section to be used was between the Spa Road Station and Deptford High Street. This local station had closed by 1915.

The industrial boom of the 19th century was an extension of Bermondsey's manufacturing role in earlier eras. As in the East End, industries that were deemed too noisome to be carried on within the narrow confines of the City of London had been located here — one such that came to dominate central Bermondsey, away from the riverfront, was the processing and trading of leather and hides. Many buildings from this era survive around Leathermarket Street including the huge Leather, Hide and Wool Exchange (now residential and small work spaces). Hepburn and Gale's tannery (disused as of early 2007) on Long Lane is also a substantial survivor of the leather trade.

Peek, Frean and Co was established in 1857 at Dockhead, Bermondsey by James Peek and George Hender Frean. They moved to a larger plant in Clements Road in 1866, leading to the nickname 'Biscuit Town' for Bermondsey, where they continued baking until the brand was discontinued in 1989. Wee Willie Harris (usually credited as the first British rock and roll player) came from Bermondsey. He was known as Britain's Wild man of Rock N' Roll). He also worked in Peak Freans.

To the east of Tower Bridge, Bermondsey's 3½ miles of riverside were lined with warehouses and wharves, of which the best known is Butler's Wharf. They suffered severe damage in World War II bombing and became redundant in the 1960s following the collapse of the river trade. After standing derelict for some years, many of the wharves were redeveloped under the aegis of the London Docklands Development Corporation during the 1980s. They have now been converted into a mixture of residential and commercial accommodations and have become some of the most upmarket and expensive properties in London. In 1997, US President Bill Clinton and Prime Minister Tony Blair visited the area to dine at the Pont de la Tour restaurant at Butler's Wharf.

Millwall F.C. moved to a new stadium on Coldblow Lane in 1910, having previously played in Millwall, but have kept their original name despite playing at the opposite side of the River Thames to the Millwall area. They played at The Den until 1993, when they relocated to the New Den nearby. A public sports centre is also included in their stadium.

Reorganisation of lines and closure of stations left Bermondsey's transport links with the rest of London poorer in the late twentieth century. This was remedied in 2000 with the opening of Bermondsey tube station on the London Underground's Jubilee Line Extension and the rebranded East London Line forms part of the new London Overground system reopening direct links with the City and north London.

Bermondsey tube station was designed by Ian Ritchie Architects and was originally intended to have a multi-storey office building sitting on top.
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Engraved map. Hand coloured.
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Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
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London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
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London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

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Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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