St Mary’s Church

Church in/near Hampstead, existing between 1816 and now

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Church · Hampstead · NW3 · Contributed by The Underground Map

St Mary’s Chapel, now known as St Mary’s Church, is a Grade II* listed Roman Catholic church.

St Mary’s was the first Catholic church to be built in Hampstead after the English Reformation of the 16th century. The Abbé Jean-Jacques Morel, a refugee from the French Revolution, was its first pastor. The little chapel was completed in less than a year and opened its doors to worshippers for the first time in August 1816.

By this time with the final defeat of Napoleon, the majority of French refugees in Hampstead had returned to France and the congregation numbered about a hundred on a regular basis although these numbers were increased in the summer months by itinerant Irish hay-makers who worked in the fields around the village. Education was a priority for the Abbé Morel and he undertook the religious education of both boys and young women at several private Catholic schools in Hampstead. Sometime after the building of the chapel in Holly Place, two schools, one for boys and the other for girls, were set up next to the presbytery and was supported by subscriptions from wealthier parishioners.

St Mary’s Church is located near the top of the hill at Holly Place on Holly Walk, nestled in a row of Georgian houses between Church Row and Mount Vernon. No taller than houses numbered 4 and 5 to either side, the Church’s distinctive façade with bell tower and statue of Virgin and Child was designed by architect William Wardell as the first addition to the original building at the time the law was changed to allow bells to be rung from Catholic churches in 1852.

The sanctuary is decorated with tile mosaics and the painting of the Assumption of Our Lady was a gift from one of the founders of the chapel, George Armstrong, on behalf of his only daughter Frances Hall. This painting can be seen in the earliest photograph of the interior dating from 1878.

In the 19th century a school was built behind the church but demolished in 1907, the land being used to build the present day sanctuary and side chapels. Considerable repairs were made to the presbytery (rectory) in 1978 so that the upstairs now houses the pastor and downstairs a parish centre. The church was closed during 1990 for major building repairs removing the ceiling to reveal the roof timbers that adorn the church today.

St Dorothy’s Convent is nearby at 99 Frognal. Previously it was home to one of St Mary’s more notable parishioners General Charles de Gaulle who lived there with his family for about a year during the Second World War. The Sisters of St Dorothy’s organise CCD classes for children of the parish who are not attending Catholic schools. South of the Church, the buildings now at numbers 1 and 2 Holly Walk were part of the St Vincent’s Convent and Orphanage in the 1800s
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I am trying to find any information out about 3 Erskine Road. NW3. I have just come across an old identity card which was my Grandmothers, dated 1946 , this being where she then lived. If anyone can give me any information about this area then, or old photographs, that would be really good.Assignment Helper
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I didn’t come from Shirland Mews, but stayed there when my father was visiting friends, sometime in the mid to late forties. As I was only a very young child I don’t remember too much. I seem to think there were the old stables or garages with the living accommodation above. My Mother came from Malvern Road which I think was near Shirland Mews. I remember a little old shop which had a "milk cow outside". So I was told, it was attached to the front of the shop and you put some money in and the milk would be dispensed into your container. Not too sure if it was still in use then. Just wonder if anyone else remembers it.yz5Irene Whitby..maiden name crighton
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I lived at 2 Rudall Crescent until myself and my family moved out in 1999. I once met a lady in a art fair up the road who was selling old photos of the area and was very knowledgeable about the area history, collecting photos over the years. She told me that before the current houses were built, there was a large manor house , enclosed by a large area of land. She told me there had been a fire there. Im trying to piece together the story and find out what was on the land before the crescent was built. This website is very interesting. Brenda Jackson
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Her brother George Samuel Williamson lived at 95 Pembroke Road with his fwife Emily and children in the 1881 Census

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The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.


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Hampstead though now considered an integral part of London, has retained much of its village charm.

Hampstead is on a steep hill and the tube station platforms are the deepest on the London Underground network, at 58.5 metres below ground level. It has the deepest lift shaft on the Underground.

Although early records of Hampstead itself can be found in a grant by King Ethelred the Unready to the monastery of St. Peter's at Westminster (AD 986) and it is referred to in the Domesday Book (1086), the history of Hampstead is generally traced back to the 17th century.

Trustees of the Well started advertising the medicinal qualities of the chalybeate waters (water impregnated with iron) in 1700. Although Hampstead Wells was initially successful, its popularity declined in the 1800s due to competition with other London spas. The spa was demolished in 1882, although a water fountain was left behind.

Hampstead started to expand following the opening of the North London Railway in the 1860s (now on the London Overground), and expanded further after the tube station opened in 1907.

6 Ellerdale Road:   6 Ellerdale Road is a house built by the Arts and Crafts movement architect Richard Norman Shaw for himself in the period 1874 to 1876.
An introduction to Hampstead by G.E. Mitton (1902):   This text originates from "The Fascination of Hampstead" by Geraldine Edith Mitton (published 1902)
Anna Freud Centre:   The Anna Freud Centre is a child mental health research, training and treatment centre.
Bracknell Way, NW3:   Bracknell Way is a small alleyway, usable only by pedestrians
Branch Hill Pond:   Branch Hill Pond which was fed from a spring which was also the main source of the Westbourne.
Bull and Bush:   The Old Bull and Bush is a Grade II listed public house near Hampstead Heath in London which gave its name to the music hall song ’Down at the old Bull and Bush’.
Devonshire House Preparatory School:   Devonshire House preparatory school is based in four large Victorian houses in Hampstead.
Everyman Cinema:   The Everyman, in Heath Street, Hampstead, opened as a cinema on 26 December 1933.
Fitzjohn’s Primary School:   Fitzjohn’s Primary School is a community primary school, established in 1953.
Freud Museum:   The Freud Museum is a museum dedicated to Sigmund Freud, who lived there with his family during the last year of his life.
Great Hollow Elm:   The Great Hollow Elm stood at the top of Hampstead Heath.
Hampstead:   Hampstead though now considered an integral part of London, has retained much of its village charm.
Hampstead Town:   This article first appeared in ’A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, Hampstead, Paddington’.
Hampstead tunnel:   Hampstead Tunnel, 1166 yards long, was built as part of the Hampstead Junction Railway, and opened on 2 January 1860.
Hare and Hounds:   The Hare and Hounds was the northernmost public house in Hampstead.
Keats House:   Keats House is a writer’s house museum in a house once occupied by the Romantic poet John Keats.
Netherhall House:   Netherhall House is a catered intercollegiate halls of residence for men, founded in 1952.
New West End:   New West End was created in the 1840s on the Finchley Road.
Pentameters Theatre:   The Pentameters Theatre was founded in 1968 and is 60-seat venue and is a fringe theatre, located above the Three Horseshoes public house in Hampstead.
Piecemeal building:   The infant River Westbourne crossed, what in 1900, was still a boggy field.
Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel:   The Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel is a place of worship and a member of the General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches, the umbrella organisation for British Unitarians.
Rosslyn House:   Rosslyn (Roslyn) House, which stood between Wedderburn and Lyndhurst Roads, was one of the last of the famous old Hampstead houses to be destroyed.
Shepherd’s Well:   Shepherd’s Well, whose flow was thought to be nearly as pure as distilled water, is the source of the River Tyburn.
Source of the Kilbourne:   The easternmost branch of the River Westbourne rises just south of the centre of Hampstead,
St John, Hampstead:   St John-at-Hampstead is a Church of England parish church dedicated to St John the Evangelist.
The Academy School:   The Academy School is an independent preparatory school for boys and girls aged between 6 and 13.
The Royal School, Hampstead:   The Royal School, Hampstead, was an independent girls’ day and boarding school. The school educated girls aged 3-16.
Two streams meet:   Somewhere beneath the basement of 16 Frognal, NW3 two tributaries of the River Westbourne meet.
University College School:   University College School, generally known as UCS, is an independent school charity situated in northwest London.
Whitestone Pond:   Whitestone Pond is the source of one of London’s lost rivers, the River Westbourne.

Hampstead station (1907):   Hampstead station pictured at its opening in 1907
Jack Straw's Castle (1907):   Jack Straw’s Castle Hotel, photographed in 1907.

, NW3 · Arkwright Road, NW3 · Avenue Mansions, NW3 · Back Lane, NW3 · Back Lane, NW9 · Birchwood Drive, NW3 · Bracknell Gardens, NW3 · Bracknell Way, NW3 · Branch Hill, NW3 · Cannon Lane, NW3 · Cannon Place, NW3 · Carlingford Road, NW3 · Carnegie House, NW3 · Chesterford Gardens, NW3 · Christ Church, NW3 · Christchurch Hill, NW3 · Church Row, NW3 · Coach House Yard, NW3 · Columbas Drive, NW3 · Croft Way, NW3 · Croftway, NW3 · Denning Road, NW3 · Downshire Hill, NW3 · East Heath Road, · East Heath Road, NW3 · Ellerdale Close, NW3 · Ellerdale Road, NW3 · Elm Row, NW3 · Falcon Lodge, NW3 · Ferncroft Avenue, NW3 · Finchley Road, NW6 · Firecrest Drive, NW3 · Fitzjohn's Avenue, NW3 · Flask Cottages, NW3 · Flask Walk, NW3 · Fortune Green Road, NW3 · Frognal Close, NW3 · Frognal Gardens, NW3 · Frognal Lane, NW3 · Frognal Rise, NW3 · Frognal Way, NW3 · Frognal, NW3 · Frognal, NW3 · Gainsborough Gardens, NW3 · Gardnor Road, NW3 · Gayton Crescent, NW3 · Gayton Road, NW3 · Grange Gardens, NW3 · Greenaway Gardens, NW3 · Greenhill, NW3 · Grove Place, NW3 · Hampstead Grove, NW3 · Hampstead High Street, NW3 · Hampstead Hill Gardens, NW3 · Hampstead Square, NW3 · Heath Brow, NW3 · Heath Drive, NW3 · Heath Hurst Road, NW3 · Heath Side, NW3 · Heath Street, NW3 · Heath Villas, NW3 · Heysham Lane, NW3 · Holford Road, NW3 · Holly Berry Lane, NW3 · Holly Bush Vale, NW3 · Holly Hill, NW3 · Holly Mount, NW3 · Holly Walk, NW3 · Judges’ Walk, NW3 · Keats Grove, NW3 · Kemplay Road, NW3 · Kidderpore Avenue, NW3 · Kidderpore Gardens, NW3 · Lakis Close, NW3 · Langland Gardens, NW3 · Lindfield Gardens, NW3 · Lower Terrace, NW3 · Lyndhurst Road, NW3 · Lyndhurst Terrace, NW3 · Mansion Gardens, NW3 · Maresfield Gardens, NW3 · Mount Vernon, NW3 · Netherhall Gardens, NW3 · Netherhall Way, NW3 · New End Square, NW3 · New End, NW3 · Nutley Terrace, NW3 · Oak Hill Park Mews, NW3 · Oak Hill Park Mews, NW3 · Oak Hill Park, NW3 · Oak Hill Way, NW3 · Oakhill Avenue, NW3 · Old Brewery Mews, NW3 · Oriel Court, NW3 · Oriel Place, NW3 · Palace Court, NW3 · Perrin’s Lane, NW3 · Perrins Court, NW3 · Perrins Walk, NW3 · Pilgrim’s Lane, NW3 · Pilgrim’s Place, NW3 · Pilgrims Lane, NW3 · Pilgrims Place, NW3 · Prince Arthur Mews, NW3 · Prince Arthur Road, NW3 · Redington Gardens, NW3 · Redington Road, NW3 · Rosecroft Avenue, NW3 · Rosslyn Hill, NW3 · Rosslyn Mews, NW3 · Rudall Crescent, NW3 · Shepherd’s Path, NW3 · Shepherd's Path, NW3 · Shepherds Walk, NW3 · Spaniards Road, NW3 · Spedan Close, NW3 · Streatley Place, NW3 · Studholme Court, NW3 · Telegraph Hill, NW3 · Templewood Avenue, NW3 · Templewood Gardens, NW3 · The Gables, NW3 · The Mount, NW3 · The Wells House, NW3 · Thurlow Road, NW3 · Upper Terrace, NW3 · Vale of Health, NW3 · Vane Close, NW3 · Village Mount, NW3 · Well Road, NW3 · Well Walk, NW3 · Whitestone Lane, NW3 · Willoughby Road, NW3 · Willow Road, NW3 · Windmill Hill, NW3 · Yorkshire Grey Place, NW3 ·

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The Fascination of Hampstead
By G. E. Mitton (1902)
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John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
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The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

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