Mitcham

Bus/tram stop, existing between 1855 and now

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18.204.227.117 
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Bus/tram stop · Mitcham · CR4 ·
APRIL
7
2014

Mitcham is in south west London, and the name simply means big settlement.

Lavendar - upon which Mitcham came to fame.
Before the Romans and Saxons were present, there was a Celtic settlement in the area, with evidence of a hill fort in the Pollards Hill area. The discovery of Roman-era graves and a well on the site of the Mitcham gas works evince Roman settlement. The Saxon graveyard, located on the North bank of the Wandle is the largest discovered to date, and many of the finds therein are on display in the British Museum. The area is a possible location for the Battle of Merton, 871, in which King Ethelred of Wessex was either mortally wounded or killed outright. The Church of England parish church of St Peter and St Paul dates from the Saxon era. Although it was mostly rebuilt in 1819–21, the current building retains the original Saxon tower. The Domesday Book of 1086 lists Mitcham as Michelham, a small farming community, with 250 people living in two hamlets; Mitcham, an area known today as Upper Mitcham; and Whitford, today known as the Lower Green area.

During her reign Queen Elizabeth I made at least five visits to the area. John Donne and Sir Walter Raleigh also had residences here in this era. It was at this time that Mitcham became gentrified, as due to the abundance of lavender fields, Mitcham became renowned for its soothing air. The air also led people to settle in the area during times of plague.

There were many lavender fields in Mitcham, and peppermint and lavender oils were also distilled. In 1749 two local physic gardeners, John Potter and William Moore, founded a company to make and market toiletries made from locally-grown herbs and flowers. Lavender features on Merton Council's coat of arms and the badge of the local football team, Tooting & Mitcham United F.C., as well as in the name of a local council ward, Lavender Field.

Mitcham was industrialised first along the banks of the Wandle, where snuff, copper, flour, iron and dye were all worked. Mitcham, along with nearby Merton Abbey, became the calico cloth printing centres of England by 1750. Asprey, suppliers of luxury goods made from various materials, was founded in Mitcham as a silk-printing business in 1781. William Morris opened a factory on the River Wandle at Merton Abbey. Merton Abbey Mills were the Liberty silk-printing works. It is now a craft village and its waterwheel has been preserved.

The activity along the Wandle led to the building of the Surrey Iron Railway, the world's first public railway, in 1803. The decline and failure of the railway in the 1840s also heralded a change in industry, as horticulture gradually gave way to manufacturing, with paint, varnish, linoleum and firework manufacturers moving into the area. The work provided and migratory patterns eventually resulted in a doubling of the population between the years 1900 and 1910.

Mitcham train station opened on 22 October 1855. The route was operated as a conventional railway until it was closed by Railtrack on 31 May 1997, for conversion to tram operation. Station Court, on the north of the tram line and east of London Road A217, was one of the SIR's original station buildings, used as a merchant's home, making it one of the oldest railway buildings in the world. The wall of the Ram Brewery on York Road has a plaque commemorating this.

Social housing schemes in the 1930s included New Close, aimed at housing people made homeless by a factory explosion in 1933 and Sunshine Way, for housing the poor from inner London. This industry made Mitcham a target for German bombing during World War II. During this time Mitcham also returned to its agricultural roots, with Mitcham Common being farmed to help with the war effort.

Post war, the areas of Eastfields, Phipps Bridge and Pollards Hill were rebuilt to provide cheaper more affordable housing. The largest council housing project in Mitcham is Phipps Bridge estate. Further expansion of the housing estates in Eastfields, Phipps Bridge and Pollards Hill occurred after 1965. In Mitcham Cricket Green, the area lays reasonable, although not definitive, claim to having the world's oldest cricket ground in continual use, and the world's oldest club in Mitcham Cricket Club.


Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence

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Lavendar - upon which Mitcham came to fame.
User unknown/public domain

THE STREETS OF MITCHAM
Abbeyfield Close, CR4 Abbeyfield Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Albert Road, CR4 Albert Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Appleton Square, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Armfield Cres, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Armfield Crescent, CR4 Armfield Crescent is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Ashbourne Road, CR4 Ashbourne Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Ashtree Avenue, CR4 Ashtree Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Aventine Avenue, CR4 Aventine Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Baker Lane, CR4 Baker Lane is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Bank Avenue, CR4 Bank Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Barnard Road, CR4 Barnard Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Barnfield Avenue, CR4 Barnfield Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Baron Grove, CR4 Baron Grove is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Batsworth Road, CR4 Batsworth Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Beaulieu Close, CR4 Beaulieu Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Beckway Road, SW16 Beckway Road is one of the streets of London in the SW16 postal area.
Bedfont Close, CR4 Bedfont Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Beecholme Avenue, CR4 Beecholme Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Belgrave Road, CR4 Belgrave Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Belgrave Walk, CR4 Belgrave Walk is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Benedict Road, CR4 Benedict Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Bennetts Close, CR4 Bennetts Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Biggin Avenue, CR4 Biggin Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Birches Close, CR4 Birches Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Blake Road, CR4 Blake Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Bolstead Road, CR4 Bolstead Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Bond Road, CR4 Bond Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Bordergate, CR4 Bordergate is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Borough Road, CR4 Borough Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Boundary Business Court 92-94, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Boundary Business Court, CR4 Boundary Business Court is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Bourne Drive, CR4 Bourne Drive is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Brailsford Close, CR4 Brailsford Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Bramcote Avenue, CR4 Bramcote Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Bramcote Court, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Bramcote Parade, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Brenley Close, CR4 Brenley Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Brickfield Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Broadway Gardens, CR4 Broadway Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Brookfields Avenue, CR4 Brookfields Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Bruce Road, CR4 Bruce Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Burghley Place, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Burley Close, SW16 Burley Close is a road in the SW16 postcode area
Byards Croft, SW16 Byards Croft is a road in the SW16 postcode area
Caesars Walk, CR4 Caesars Walk is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Cairns Avenue, SW16 A street within the CR4 postcode
Cairns Place, SW16 A street within the SW16 postcode
Caithness Road, CR4 Caithness Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Cambridge Road, CR4 Cambridge Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Cameron Square, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Camomile Avenue, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Camwal Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Canons Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Carew Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Carlingford Gardens, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Cecil Place, CR4 Cecil Place is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Cedars Avenue, CR4 Cedars Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Chalkley Close, CR4 Chalkley Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Chantry Way, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Chart Close, CR4 Chart Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Chatsworth Place, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Chilmark Road, SW16 Chilmark Road is one of the streets of London in the SW16 postal area.
Church Path, CR4 Church Path is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Church Place, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Church Road, CR4 Church Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Church Walk, SW16 Church Walk is a road in the SW16 postcode area
Clarendon Grove, CR4 Clarendon Grove is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Clay Avenue, CR4 Clay Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Clay Avenue, SW16 Clay Avenue is a road in the SW16 postcode area
Cobham Court, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Cold Blows, CR4 Cold Blows is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Collingwood Road, CR4 Collingwood Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Commonside Eastreet, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Commonside W, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Commonside West, CR4 Commonside West is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Commonside Westreet, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Cotton Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Cranmer Farm Close, CR4 Cranmer Farm Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Cranmer Road, CR4 Cranmer Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Crescent Grove, CR4 Crescent Grove is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Cricket Green, CR4 Cricket Green is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Crossways Road, CR4 Crossways Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Crowley Mews, SW16 A street within the SW16 postcode
Crusoe Road, CR4 Crusoe Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Dalton Avenue, CR4 Dalton Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Dalton Mews, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
De’Arn Gardens, CR4 De’Arn Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Deer Park Gardens, CR4 Deer Park Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Denham Crescent, CR4 Denham Crescent is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Denis Reeve Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Dennis Reeve Close, CR4 Dennis Reeve Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Donne Place, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Dorset Road, CR4 Dorset Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Dovedale Rise, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Downe Road, CR4 Downe Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Ebenezer Walk, SW16 A street within the SW16 postcode
Edenvale Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Edenvale Road, CR4 Edenvale Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Edmund Road, CR4 Edmund Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Eldertree Place, CR4 Eldertree Place is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Eldertree Way, CR4 Eldertree Way is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Elmfield Avenue, CR4 Elmfield Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Elmhurst Avenue, CR4 Elmhurst Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Elmwood Road, CR4 Elmwood Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Esher Mews, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Esquiline Lane, CR4 Esquiline Lane is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Eveline Road, CR4 Eveline Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Fairgreen Parade, CR4 A street within the postcode
Farewell Place, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Feltham Road, CR4 Feltham Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Fernlea Avenue, CR4 Fernlea Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Fernlea Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Field Gate Lane, CR4 Field Gate Lane is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Figges Road, CR4 Figges Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Fir Tree Avenue, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Firtree Avenue, CR4 Firtree Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Fleming Mead, CR4 Fleming Mead is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Fleming Mead, SW17 Fleming Mead is a road in the SW17 postcode area
Fowler Road, CR4 Fowler Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Fox’s Path, CR4 Fox’s Path is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Foxs Path, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Foxton Grove, CR4 Foxton Grove is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Framfield Road, CR4 Framfield Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Friday Road, CR4 Friday Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Frimley Gardens, CR4 Frimley Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Furlong Avenue, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Gale Close, CR4 Gale Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Garden Avenue, CR4 Garden Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Gaston Road, CR4 Gaston Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Gilpin Close, CR4 Gilpin Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Glebe Avenue, CR4 Glebe Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Glebe Court, CR4 Glebe Court is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Glebe Path, CR4 Glebe Path is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Glebe Square, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Goodwin Close, CR4 Goodwin Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Gorringe Park Avenue, CR4 Gorringe Park^Avenue predates the rest of this area’s development by half a millennium.
Graham Avenue, CR4 Graham Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Graham Road, CR4 Graham Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Grange House, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Grenfell Road, CR4 Grenfell Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Guyatt Gardens, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Hadrian Mews, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Hadrian Mews, N7 Hadrian Mews is a road in the N7 postcode area
Hallowell Close, CR4 Hallowell Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Hallowfield Way, CR4 Hallowfield Way is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Hammond Avenue, CR4 Hammond Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Harbour Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Harwood Avenue, CR4 Harwood Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Haslemere Avenue, CR4 Haslemere Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Haslemere Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Hassocks Road, SW16 Hassocks Road is one of the streets of London in the SW16 postal area.
Hasty Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Hatfeild Close, CR4 Hatfeild Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Hatton Gardens, CR4 Hatton Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Hawkes Road, CR4 Hawkes Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Hawthorne Avenue, CR4 Hawthorne Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Hay Drive, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Heatherdene Close, CR4 Heatherdene Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Heatherdene Court, CR4 Heatherdene Court is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Heathfield Drive, CR4 Heathfield Drive is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Heaton Road, CR4 Heaton Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Hengelo Gardens, CR4 Hengelo Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Heyford Road, CR4 Heyford Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Hilary Avenue, CR4 Hilary Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Hill Path, SW16 Hill Path is a road in the SW16 postcode area
Hill Road, CR4 Hill Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Hill Road, SW16 Hill Road is a road in the SW16 postcode area
Hogarth Cres, SW19 A street within the SW19 postcode
Holborn Way, CR4 Holborn Way is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Homefield Gardens, CR4 Homefield Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Homefield Gardens, SW19 Homefield Gardens is a road in the SW19 postcode area
Horner Lane, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Hoylake Gardens, CR4 Hoylake Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Hoylake Gardens, SW16 Hoylake Gardens is a road in the SW16 postcode area
Illingworth Close, CR4 Illingworth Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Imperial Gardens, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Inglemere Road, CR4 A street within the SW17 postcode
Island Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Jeppo’s Lane, CR4 Jeppo’s Lane is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Jesmond Close, CR4 Jesmond Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Jolly Mews, SW16 A street within the SW16 postcode
Jonson Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Justin Plaza 2, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Kenmare Drive, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Kennedy Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Kennet Square, CR4 Kennet Square is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Kerlin View, SW16 A street within the CR4 postcode
King George VI Avenue, CR4 King George VI Avenue was named to commemorate the king’s coronation in 1937
Kings Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Kingsleigh Place, CR4 Kingsleigh Place is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Kingsmead Avenue, CR4 Kingsmead Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Kingsmead Avenue, SW16 Kingsmead Avenue is a road in the SW16 postcode area
Laburnam Road, CR4 Laburnam Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Laburnum Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Laings Avenue, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Laings Corner, CR4 A street within the postcode
Lammas Avenue, CR4 Lammas Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Langdale Avenue, CR4 Langdale Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Langdale Parade, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Lansdell Road, CR4 Lansdell Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Lavender Avenue, CR4 Lavender Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Lavender Grove, CR4 Lavender Grove is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Leather Close, CR4 Leather Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Lewis Road, CR4 Lewis Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Lime Tree Place, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Linden Place, CR4 Linden Place is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Liongate Enterprise Park, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Lister Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Locks Lane, CR4 Locks Lane is a road in the CR4 postcode area
London Road, CR4 London Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Longfield Drive, CR4 Longfield Drive is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Love Lane, CR4 Love Lane is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Lower Green West, CR4 Lower Green West is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Lower Green Westreet, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Lowry Crescent, CR4 Lowry Crescent is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Lulworth Crescent, CR4 Lulworth Crescent is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Lyndhurst Avenue, SW16 Lyndhurst Avenue is one of the streets of London in the SW16 postal area.
Madeira Road, CR4 Madeira Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Majestic Way, CR4 Majestic Way is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Malvern Close, CR4 Malvern Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Manor Place, CR4 Manor Place is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Manor Road, CR4 Manor Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Manor Road, E13 Manor Road is a road in the E13 postcode area
Manor Road, N81 Manor Road is a road in the N81 postcode area
Manor Way, CR4 Manor Way is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Manor Way, SW16 Manor Way is a road in the SW16 postcode area
Manship Road, CR4 Manship Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Maple Close, CR4 Maple Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Marsh Avenue, CR4 Marsh Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Maytree Court, CR4 Maytree Court is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Melrose Avenue, CR4 Melrose Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Meopham Road, CR4 Meopham Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Meopham Road, SW16 Meopham Road is a road in the SW16 postcode area
Merlin Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Miles Road, CR4 Miles Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Milton Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Mitcham Garden Village, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Mitcham Industrial Estate, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Mitcham Park Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Mitcham Park, CR4 Mitcham Park is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Mitcham Road, CR4 Mitcham Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Monarch Parade, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Montrose Gardens, CR4 Montrose Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Moore Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Morden Gardens, CR4 Morden Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Morden Road, CR4 Morden Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Morland Close, CR4 Morland Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Mortimer Road, CR4 Mortimer Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Mortlake Drive, CR4 Mortlake Drive is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Mount Road, CR4 Mount Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Mulholland Close, CR4 Mulholland Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Oak Row, SW16 A street within the SW16 postcode
Oakleigh Way, CR4 Oakleigh Way is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Oakmead Place, CR4 Oakmead Place is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Oakwood Avenue, CR4 Oakwood Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Octavia Close, CR4 Octavia Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Octavia Close, SM4 Octavia Close is a road in the SM4 postcode area
Ormerod Gardens, CR4 Ormerod Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Oxford Close, CR4 Oxford Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Oxted Close, CR4 Oxted Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Pains Close, CR4 Pains Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Park Avenue Mews, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Park Avenue, CR4 Park Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Park View Drive, CR4 Park View Drive is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Parkview Drive, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Pear Tree Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Pearce Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Pearson Way, CR4 Pearson Way is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Pembroke Road, CR4 Pembroke Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Pentlands Close, CR4 Pentlands Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Phipp’s Bridge Road, CR4 Phipp’s Bridge Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Phipps Bridge Road, CR4 Phipps Bridge Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Phipps Bridge Road, SW19 Phipps Bridge Road is one of the streets of London in the SW19 postal area.
Phoenix Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Pitcairn Road, SW17 Pitcairn Road is a road in the SW17 postcode area
Plummer Lane, CR4 Plummer Lane is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Poplar Avenue, CR4 Poplar Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Portland Road, CR4 Portland Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Potter Close, CR4 Potter Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Preshaw Crescent, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Prince George’s Road, CR4 Prince George’s Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Proctor Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Puma Trade Park, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Queen Anne’s Gardens, CR4 Queen Anne’s Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Queen’s Road, CR4 Queen’s Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Raleigh Gardens, CR4 Raleigh Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Ravensbury Court, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Ravensbury Grove, CR4 Ravensbury Grove is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Ravensbury Lane, CR4 Ravensbury Lane is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Rawnsley Avenue, CR4 Rawnsley Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Regal Court, CR4 Regal Court is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Ridge Road, CR4 Ridge Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Riverside Drive, CR4 Riverside Drive is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Riverside Drive, SM4 Riverside Drive is a road in the SM4 postcode area
Roan Gardens, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Rock Close, CR4 Rock Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Rodney Road, CR4 Rodney Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Rose Avenue, CR4 Rose Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Rosemead Avenue, CR4 Rosemead Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Rowan Close, SW16 Rowan Close is a road in the SW16 postcode area
Rowan Close, SW16 A street within the SW16 postcode
Rowan Cres, SW16 A street within the SW16 postcode
Rowan Crescent, CR4 Rowan Crescent is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Rowan Road, SW16 Rowan Road predates suburban development in the area.
Runes Close, CR4 Runes Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Russell Road, CR4 Russell Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Rutter Gardens, CR4 Rutter Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Rutter Gardens, SM4 Rutter Gardens is a road in the SM4 postcode area
Sadler Close, CR4 Sadler Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Saint Barnabas Road, CR4 This is a street in the CR4 postcode area
Saint James’ Road, CR4 This is a street in the CR4 postcode area
Sandy Lane, CR4 Sandy Lane is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Seaton Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Seely Road, SW16 Seely Road is a road in the SW16 postcode area
Sheldrick Close, SW19 Sheldrick Close is one of the streets of London in the SW19 postal area.
Sibthorp Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Sibthorpe Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
silbury avenue, CR4 silbury avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Slade Way, CR4 Slade Way is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Spring Grove, CR4 Spring Grove is a road in the CR4 postcode area
St Barnabas Road, CR4 St Barnabas Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
St Georges Road, CR4 St Georges Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
St James Road, CR4 St James Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
St Marks Road, CR4 St Marks Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
St. Barnabas Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Stainbank Road, CR4 Stainbank Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Stanford Way, SW16 Stanford Way is one of the streets of London in the SW16 postal area.
Stanley Gardens, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Stanley Road, CR4 Stanley Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Steers Mead, CR4 Steers Mead is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Stepney Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Streatham Road, CR4 Streatham Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Streatham Road, SW16 Streatham Road is one of the streets of London in the SW16 postal area.
Stuart Place, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Summerhill Way, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Sunnymead Avenue, CR4 Sunnymead Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Sunshine Way, CR4 Sunshine Way is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Swains Road, CR4 Swains Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Sycamore Gardens, CR4 Sycamore Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Tamworth Lane, CR4 Tamworth Lane is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Tamworth Park, CR4 Tamworth Park is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Taplow Court, CR4 Taplow Court is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Taylor Road, CR4 Taylor Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
The Beeches, CR4 The Beeches is a road in the CR4 postcode area
The Close, CR4 The Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
The Driftway, CR4 The Driftway is a road in the CR4 postcode area
The Generator Business Centre, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Thirsk Road, CR4 Thirsk Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Thornville Grove, CR4 Thornville Grove is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Thornville Grove, SW19 Thornville Grove is a road in the SW19 postcode area
Thrupp Close, CR4 Thrupp Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Tide Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Tomblin Mews, SW16 A street within the SW16 postcode
Tonstall Road, CR4 Tonstall Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Tramway Path, CR4 Tramway Path is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Tudor Place, CR4 Tudor Place is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Turner Avenue, CR4 Turner Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Tynemouth Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Tyrrell Square, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Uckfield Grove, CR4 Uckfield Grove is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Unit 2-4/339 London Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Upper Green East, CR4 Upper Green East is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Upper Green Eastreet, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Upper Green West, CR4 Upper Green West is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Upper Green Westreet, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Vale Industrial Park, SW16 A street within the SW16 postcode
Varley Way, CR4 Varley Way is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Veals Mead, CR4 Veals Mead is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Venus Mews, CR4 Venus Mews is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Veronica Gardens, SW16 Veronica Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW16 postal area.
Vicarage Gardens, CR4 Vicarage Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Victoria Road, CR4 Victoria Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Waldo Place, CR4 Waldo Place is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Walnut Tree Avenue, CR4 Walnut Tree Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Walsingham Road, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
Warminster Way, CR4 Warminster Way is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Wessex Terrace, CR4 Wessex Terrace is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Western Road, CR4 Western Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Westfield Road, CR4 Westfield Road is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Wheatstone Close, CR4 A street within the CR4 postcode
White Bridge Avenue, CR4 White Bridge Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Whitford Gardens, CR4 Whitford Gardens is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Wilkins Close, CR4 Wilkins Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Wilson Avenue, CR4 Wilson Avenue is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Windermere Road, SW16 Windermere Road is one of the streets of London in the SW16 postal area.
Woodland Way, CR4 Woodland Way is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Woodside Way, CR4 Woodside Way is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Woodstock Way, CR4 Woodstock Way is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Woodstock Way, SW16 Woodstock Way is a road in the SW16 postcode area
Worcester Close, CR4 Worcester Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area
Worthington Close, CR4 Worthington Close is a road in the CR4 postcode area



 

Mitcham

Mitcham is in south west London, and the name simply means big settlement.

Before the Romans and Saxons were present, there was a Celtic settlement in the area, with evidence of a hill fort in the Pollards Hill area. The discovery of Roman-era graves and a well on the site of the Mitcham gas works evince Roman settlement. The Saxon graveyard, located on the North bank of the Wandle is the largest discovered to date, and many of the finds therein are on display in the British Museum. The area is a possible location for the Battle of Merton, 871, in which King Ethelred of Wessex was either mortally wounded or killed outright. The Church of England parish church of St Peter and St Paul dates from the Saxon era. Although it was mostly rebuilt in 1819–21, the current building retains the original Saxon tower. The Domesday Book of 1086 lists Mitcham as Michelham, a small farming community, with 250 people living in two hamlets; Mitcham, an area known today as Upper Mitcham; and Whitford, today known as the Lower Green area.

During her reign Queen Elizabeth I made at least five visits to the area. John Donne and Sir Walter Raleigh also had residences here in this era. It was at this time that Mitcham became gentrified, as due to the abundance of lavender fields, Mitcham became renowned for its soothing air. The air also led people to settle in the area during times of plague.

There were many lavender fields in Mitcham, and peppermint and lavender oils were also distilled. In 1749 two local physic gardeners, John Potter and William Moore, founded a company to make and market toiletries made from locally-grown herbs and flowers. Lavender features on Merton Council's coat of arms and the badge of the local football team, Tooting & Mitcham United F.C., as well as in the name of a local council ward, Lavender Field.

Mitcham was industrialised first along the banks of the Wandle, where snuff, copper, flour, iron and dye were all worked. Mitcham, along with nearby Merton Abbey, became the calico cloth printing centres of England by 1750. Asprey, suppliers of luxury goods made from various materials, was founded in Mitcham as a silk-printing business in 1781. William Morris opened a factory on the River Wandle at Merton Abbey. Merton Abbey Mills were the Liberty silk-printing works. It is now a craft village and its waterwheel has been preserved.

The activity along the Wandle led to the building of the Surrey Iron Railway, the world's first public railway, in 1803. The decline and failure of the railway in the 1840s also heralded a change in industry, as horticulture gradually gave way to manufacturing, with paint, varnish, linoleum and firework manufacturers moving into the area. The work provided and migratory patterns eventually resulted in a doubling of the population between the years 1900 and 1910.

Mitcham train station opened on 22 October 1855. The route was operated as a conventional railway until it was closed by Railtrack on 31 May 1997, for conversion to tram operation. Station Court, on the north of the tram line and east of London Road A217, was one of the SIR's original station buildings, used as a merchant's home, making it one of the oldest railway buildings in the world. The wall of the Ram Brewery on York Road has a plaque commemorating this.

Social housing schemes in the 1930s included New Close, aimed at housing people made homeless by a factory explosion in 1933 and Sunshine Way, for housing the poor from inner London. This industry made Mitcham a target for German bombing during World War II. During this time Mitcham also returned to its agricultural roots, with Mitcham Common being farmed to help with the war effort.

Post war, the areas of Eastfields, Phipps Bridge and Pollards Hill were rebuilt to provide cheaper more affordable housing. The largest council housing project in Mitcham is Phipps Bridge estate. Further expansion of the housing estates in Eastfields, Phipps Bridge and Pollards Hill occurred after 1965. In Mitcham Cricket Green, the area lays reasonable, although not definitive, claim to having the world's oldest cricket ground in continual use, and the world's oldest club in Mitcham Cricket Club.
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