Woolwich is a district in southeast London, England, located in the Royal Borough of Greenwich. The area is identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.Woolwich
formed part of Kent until 1889 when the County of London was created.It is notable as a river crossing point, having the Woolwich
Ferry (and the lesser-known Woolwich
foot tunnel) to North Woolwich
, and as the one-time home of the Woolwich
remained a small Kentish village until it started to become a leading military and industrial town. It was home to the Woolwich Dock
yard (founded in 1512), the Royal Arsenal
(dating back to 1471), the Royal Military Academy (1741) and the Royal Horse Artillery (1793); the town still retains an army base at the Royal Artillery Barracks
(although 16 Regiment Royal Artillery left in 2007, Woolwich
Barracks still house the Royal Artillery Band and more recently Second Battalion Princess of Wales' Royal Regiment and Kings Troop Royal Horse Artillery), and the Royal Artillery Museum, Firepower.
Arsenal Football Club were founded in Woolwich
in 1886 by workers at the Arsenal – the club were initially known as Dial Square, then Royal Arsenal
and then became Woolwich
Arsenal in 1891. They moved to Arsenal Stadium, Highbury in north London in 1913, and dropped the Woolwich
prefix the following year.
In 1889, Woolwich
became part of London, with the formation of London County Council. In 1900 Woolwich
, Eltham and Plumstead became the Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich
until the current Borough of Greenwich came into being in April 1965 following implementation of the London Government Act 1963 and subsequently became Royal Borough in the Queen's Diamond Jubilee year, 2012.