St Stephen’s Church

Place of Interest in/near Belsize Park, existing between 1870 and now

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Place of Interest · Belsize Park · NW3 · Contributed by The Underground Map
October
6
2015


St. Stephen’s is a former church building, sited on Rosslyn Hill at its junction with Pond Street, a steep slope adjacent to the Royal Free Hospital.

It was designed in the Neo Gothic style by Samuel Sanders Teulon and he considered it the best of the 114 churches he designed, calling it his "mighty church" – it was also the most expensive of them. He accepted the commission to design it after Sir Thomas Maryon Wilson, Lord of the Manor of Hampstead, offered Hampstead Green to be the site for a new church in 1864. From 1864 to 1867 funds were raised (the projected cost was estimated as £7,500; the final sum was actually £27,000).

Work began in January 1869, with the foundation stone being laid May that year and consecration by John Jackson the Bishop of London occurring on 31 December. It was fully complete by 1870, but was continually prone to subsidence due to its hilly site.

It held up to 1200 worshippers at its peak.

By the later 1960s concerns had been raised on structural grounds and, with maintenance costs rising and its congregation declining, it was closed for worship in 1977.

It was saved from demolition to provide a car park for the hospital or being split into flats by being made a Grade I listed building in the late 1970s. However, it went into slow decay, with squatters, whilst discussions for a new used for it dragged on.

A lease on it was awarded to the St Stephen’s Restoration and Preservation Trust in 1999 and, after this body raised over £4 million from English Heritage, the Heritage Lottery Fund, local businesses and individual donors, it has restored it to a usable condition in three phases.

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VIEW THE BELSIZE PARK AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE BELSIZE PARK AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE BELSIZE PARK AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE BELSIZE PARK AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE BELSIZE PARK AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Belsize Park

The Manor of Belsize dates back to 1317, with the name is derived from French bel assis meaning 'well situated'.

Belsize Manor was built by Daniel O'Neill for his wife, the Countess of Chesterfield, in the 17th century. Urbanisation took place largely between 1852 and 1878, by which time it extended to Haverstock Hill. After World War I, the construction of blocks of flats began, and now a great many of the larger houses are also converted into flats.

Belsize Park underground station was opened on 22 June 1907 by the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway as an intermediate station on its line from Charing Cross to Hampstead. It is served by three lifts and there are 219 steps. The station was designed by Leslie Green and has his familiar facade of ox-blood faience with four round arched windows. It remained largely untouched until the late 1980s when the lifts were replaced and a new ticketing system installed.

It was during the 1930s that Belsize Park contributed most to the artistic and intellectual life of Hampstead. Artists associated with the Mall studios included Dame Barbara Hepworth from 1927 to 1939, her first husband John Skeaping and second Ben Nicholson from 1931 to 1939, and Henry Moore, who lived at no. 11A Parkhill Road from 1929 to 1940. They were members of Unit One, a group of artists and architects founded in 1933 by Paul Nash (1889-1946), who lived at no. 3 Eldon Grove from 1936 to 1939. Sir Herbert Read, the poet and art critic, who lived in 1934-5 at the Mall studios, which he described as a 'nest of gentle artists', published the group's manifesto, a theory of modern style.

Another centre was no. 37 Belsize Park Gardens, meeting place of MARS, an architectural group, and home of Jack Pritchard, who founded Isokon, a firm making modern furniture designed by people like Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer, refugees who brought a European dimension to the abstract design movement in the arts. Others included Piet Mondrian, the Dutch painter, who stayed with the Pritchards before moving to no. 60 Parkhill Road (1938-41). Pritchard also commissioned Wells Coates in 1934 to build the Isokon or Lawn Road flats, partly to house artistic refugees, on a site which he owned. Built in concrete in a functional style, the flats came to be recognized as 'a milestone in the introduction of the modern idiom into London'.

In World War II, a large underground air-raid shelter was built here and its entrance can still be seen near the tube station at Downside Crescent. The area on Haverstock Hill north of Belsize Park underground station up to Hampstead Town Hall and including part of a primary school near the Royal Free Hospital was heavily bombed.

Belsize Park these days is a lively area with many restaurants, pubs and cafés along Haverstock Hill and also England's Lane.

Glossary: A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, edited by C R Elrington.



LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Belsize Park:   The Manor of Belsize dates back to 1317, with the name is derived from French bel assis meaning 'well situated'.
Fine Arts College:   Fine Arts College is an Independent school and sixth form founded in 1978 by artists Candida Cave and Nicholas Cochrane.
Gospel Oak:   Gospel Oak is an inner suburb of north London below Hampstead Heath.
Hall School:   The Hall School is an independent boys’ preparatory school in Belsize Park.
Hampstead Heath:   Hampstead Heath railway station has been part of the London Overground since 11 November 2007.
Isokon Building:   The Isokon building is a concrete block of 34 flats designed by architect Wells Coates for Molly and Jack Pritchard, as an experiment in communal living.
Keats House:   Keats House is a writer’s house museum in a house once occupied by the Romantic poet John Keats.
Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead:   The Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead was a Metropolitan borough of the County of London from 1900 to 1965, when it was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras and the Metropolitan Borough of Holborn to form the London Borough of Camden.
Pax Lodge:   Pax Lodge is the World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS) World Centre.
Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel:   The Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel is a place of worship and a member of the General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches, the umbrella organisation for British Unitarians.
Royal Free Hospital:   Since 1975, the Royal Free Hospital has been located in Hampstead.
South End Green:   South End Green is the focus of a distinct Hampstead community.
St. Mary’s Town and Country School:   St. Mary’s Town and Country School was an independent, non-denominational, co-educational progressive day and boarding school.
The Academy School:   The Academy School is an independent preparatory school for boys and girls aged between 6 and 13.
The Load of Hay:   The Load of Hay was established by 1721.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
, NW3 · Adamson Road, NW3 · Adelaide Road, NW3 · Akenside Road, NW3 · Antrim Grove, NW3 · Antrim Mansions, NW3 · Antrim Road, NW3 · Aspern Grove, NW3 · Baynes Mews, NW3 · Belsize Avenue, NW3 · Belsize Court Garages, NW3 · Belsize Court, NW3 · Belsize Crescent, NW3 · Belsize Cresent, NW3 · Belsize Grove, NW3 · Belsize Lane, NW3 · Belsize Park Gardens, NW3 · Belsize Park Mews, NW3 · Belsize Park, NW3 · Belsize Place, NW3 · Belsize Square, NW3 · Belsize Terrace, NW3 · Briary Close, NW3 · Brocas Close, NW3 · Buckland Crescent, NW3 · Carlingford Road, NW3 · Chalcot Gardens, NW3 · College Crescent, NW3 · College Cresent, NW3 · Connaught Mews, NW3 · Conybeare, NW3 · Crossfield Road, NW3 · Daleham Gardens, NW3 · Daleham Mews, NW3 · Denning Road, NW3 · Downshire Hill, NW3 · Downside Crescent, NW3 · Dunboyne Road, NW3 · Elizabeth Mews, NW3 · Englands Lane, NW3 · Eton Avenue, NW3 · Eton College Road, NW3 · Eton Court, NW3 · Eton Garages, NW3 · Eton Hall, NW3 · Eton Rise, NW3 · Eton Road, NW3 · Eton Villas, NW3 · Fellows Road, NW3 · Fitzjohn’s Avenue, NW3 · Fitzjohns Avenue, NW3 · Fountain Mews, NW3 · Garnett Road, NW3 · Glenilla Road, NW3 · Glenloch Road, NW3 · Glenmore Road, NW3 · Gordon House Road, NW3 · Hampstead Green, NW3 · Hampstead Hill Gardens, NW3 · Haverstock Hill, NW3 · Hawtrey Road, NW3 · Heath Hurst Road, NW3 · Hillfield Court · Hillfield Court, NW3 · Hillfield Mansions, NW3 · Hornby Close, NW3 · Howitt Close, NW3 · Howitt Road, NW3 · Huson Close, NW3 · Keats Grove, NW3 · Kemplay Road, NW3 · King?s College Road, NW3 · Kingsford Street, NW5 · Lamble Street, NW5 · Lambolle Place, NW3 · Lambolle Road, NW3 · Lancaster Drive, NW3 · Lancaster Grove, NW3 · Lancaster Stables, NW3 · Lawn Road, NW3 · Lowlands, NW3 · Lyndhurst Gardens, NW3 · Lyndhurst Terrace, NW3 · Maitland Park Road, NW3 · Maitland Park Villas, NW3 · Mansfield Road, NW3 · Mansfield Road, NW5 · Martys Yard, NW3 · Maryon Mews, NW3 · McCrone Mews, NW3 · Midland Crescent, NW3 · Northways Parade, NW3 · Ormonde Court, NW3 · Ornan Road, NW3 · Park End, NW3 · Parkhill Road, NW3 · Perceval Avenue, NW3 · Pilgrims Lane, NW3 · Pilgrims Place, NW3 · Pond Street, NW3 · Primrose Gardens, NW3 · Princess Mews, NW3 · Provost Road, NW3 · Quickswood, NW3 · Rosslyn Hill, NW3 · Rosslyn Mews, NW3 · Rowland Hill Street, NW3 · Shepherd’s Path, NW3 · South End Close, NW3 · South End Road, NW3 · South Hill Park Gardens, NW3 · South Hill Park, NW3 · St Crispins Close, NW3 · St. Crispin?s Close, NW3 · Stanbury Court, NW3 · Steele?s Mews South, NW3 · Steele?s Road, NW3 · Strathray Gardens, NW3 · Sumpter Close, NW3 · Tasker Road, NW3 · Thurlow Road, NW3 · Tobin Close, NW3 · Tranley Mews, NW3 · Tudor Close, NW3 · Upper Park Road, NW3 · Wandsworth Place, NW3 · Waterhouse Close, NW3 · Wedderburn Road, NW3 · Willow Road, NW3 · Wood Field, NW3 · Woodland Walk, NW3 ·


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Maps


John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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