Malpas Road, RM9

Road in/near Becontree

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  FULLSCREEN  STREETS  RECENT  BLOG  HELP  CONTACT 
54.80.93.19 Advanced
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302018Fullscreen map
Road · Becontree · RM9 · Contributed by The Underground Map
November
29
2017



Malpas Road is a road in the RM9 postcode area



ADD A STORY TO MALPAS ROAD

Do you come from Malpas Road, RM9, or know it well? Tell your story here.
Ensure that contributions are kept civilised and are not abusive.
We store your comment's IP address and reserve the right to apply bans where community standards are violated.
Please enter your name:
Enter the information you wish to add to Malpas Road, RM9:
Please prove that you are a human by typing the text that you see in the picture below.
CAPTCHA Image
Refresh Image
You can completely dispense with this CAPTCHA palava by logging onto our Facebook app.
Contribution type:
 

If you authorise our The Undeground Map Facebook app by clicking the Facebook logo at the top right of the screen, you can add stories, photos and more to this location.
Note that the Undeground Map Facebook app does not post to Facebook on your behalf.
Chris
Chris   
Added: 24 Feb 2018 08:00 GMT   
IP: 86.165.40.59
2:1:75324
Post by Chris: Bell Water Gate, SE18

In the late â??50â??s and early 60â??s we went as children down the cut into the Thames.
Not knowing or understanding better webused to throw stones at floating johnies!
A piece of history like the paddle steamer ferries and looking in on the great mechanical machinery and returning shouting down the underground tunnel.PGk8l

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Aug 2018 16:20 GMT   
IP:
3:2:75324
Post by LDNnews: Roding Valley
Camberwell quadruple stabbing: boy critically ill as six arrested
Four boys aged between 15 and 16 stabbed in south London A boy is in a critical condition and another is seriously hurt after four teenagers were stabbed in south London, with six males arrested on suspicion of violent disorder and grievous bodily harm.Scotland Yard said the boys, aged between 15 and 16, were taken to south London hospitals after police were called to an incident outside Landor House in Camberwell shortly before 5.25pm on Thursday. Related: The radical lessons of a year reporting on knife crime Continue reading...

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/aug/17/south-london-quadr

Message truncated
Show whole message

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Aug 2018 13:20 GMT   
IP:
3:3:75324
Post by LDNnews: Bexleyheath

A big swastika symbol has been scrawled onto a pavement in Abbey Wood.


A big swastika symbol has been scrawled onto a pavement in Abbey Wood.


http://www.newsshopper.co.uk/news/16439091.swastika-graffiti-on-pavement-in-harrow-manorway/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Aug 2018 12:40 GMT   
IP:
3:4:75324
Post by LDNnews: East Ham
Jeremy Corbyn latest: Dame Margaret Hodge compares Labour investigation to treatment of Jews in Nazi Germany
Dame Margaret Hodge has likened a Labour Party disciplinary investigation into her conduct to the persecution faced by Jews in Nazi Germany.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/dame-margaret-hodge-compares-labour-investigation-to-treatment-of-jews-in-nazi-germany-a3913636.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Aug 2018 10:40 GMT   
IP:
3:5:75324
Post by LDNnews: Dagenham Heathway
Black cabbie claims he caught rickshaw drivers 'drinking on the job' in central London
A London black cabbie has accused two rickshaw drivers of drinking on the job in central London.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/black-cabbie-claims-he-caught-rickshaw-drivers-drinking-on-the-job-in-central-london-a3913411.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Aug 2018 10:40 GMT   
IP:
3:6:75324
Post by LDNnews: Dagenham East
Council cuts all-night support service helping Grenfell survivors
Council cuts all-night support service helping Grenfell survivors

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/council-cuts-allnight-support-service-helping-grenfell-survivors-a3913861.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Aug 2018 10:30 GMT   
IP:
3:7:75324
Post by LDNnews: Chigwell
Complaints about council are seventh-highest in London
Almost 170 complaints about Brent Council were forwarded to the local government ombudsman (LGO) last year, according to the latest figures.

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/16438805.ombudsman-receives-168-brent-council-complaints/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Aug 2018 10:20 GMT   
IP:
3:8:75324
Post by LDNnews: Buckhurst Hill
Chelsea vs Arsenal: Maurizio Sarri and Unai Emery head to head - formations, tactics and football philosophy in focus
Chelsea and Arsenal underwent change in the summer as both sides replaced their previous managers with Maurizio Sarri and Unai Emery, who have since ushered in new playing styles at their respective clubs.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/chelsea-vs-arsenal-maurizio-sarri-unai-emery-head-to-head-formations-tactics-football-philosophy-a3913581.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Aug 2018 03:40 GMT   
IP:
3:9:75324
Post by LDNnews: Becontree
Peterloo: London festival film to premiere - in Manchester
Mike Leigh’s film Peterloo will have the London Film Festival’s first premiere outside the capital.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-45208446

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Aug 2018 03:40 GMT   
IP:
3:10:75324
Post by LDNnews: Barkingside
Queen’s ’homeopathy physician’ killed cycling in London
Dr Peter Fisher, 67, was fatally injured in a crash with a lorry in High Holborn on Wednesday.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-45209846

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Aug 2018 03:40 GMT   
IP:
3:11:75324
Post by LDNnews: Barking
Six arrests after four men stabbed in Camberwell
Supt Annmarie Cowley describes the attack in Camberwell as "beyond comprehension".

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-45213136

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Aug 2018 01:00 GMT   
IP:
3:12:75324
Post by LDNnews: Roding Valley

Corbyn faces fresh questions over his links to terrorists


Jeremy Corbyn last night faced fresh questions about his links to terrorists as it emerged he shared a platform with the world’s first female plane hijacker, Leila Khaled, at an event in London in May 2002.


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6069013/Corbyn-faces-fresh-questions-links-terrorists-pictures-emerge-plane-hijacker.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ito=1490&ns_campaign=1490
’ target=’new’>
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6069013/Corbyn-faces-fresh-questions-links-terrorists-pictures-emerge-plane-hijacker.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ito=1490&ns_campaign=1490


LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Aug 2018 20:20 GMT   
IP:
3:13:75324
Post by LDNnews: Barkingside
Pervert caught taking pictures up women's skirts outside Buckingham Place walks free
A 57-year-old married man who was caught taking upskirt photos of women outside Buckingham Palace has been spared a jail sentence.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/a-57yearold-married-man-who-was-caught-taking-upskirt-photos-of-women-outside-buckingham-palace-has-a3913371.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Aug 2018 20:20 GMT   
IP:
3:14:75324
Post by LDNnews: Barking
Ben Stokes case: Co-defendant Ryan Hale says he should have been treated as assault victim
One of the two men knocked unconscious by England cricketer Ben Stokes has spoken out for the first time since the trial to say he should have been treated as an assault victim.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/ben-stokes-case-codefendant-ryan-hale-speaks-out-to-say-he-should-have-been-treated-as-assault-a3913406.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Aug 2018 16:00 GMT   
IP:
3:15:75324
Post by LDNnews: Roding Valley
Doctor who worked for the Queen killed while cycling in London
Homeopathic physician Peter Fisher, 67, was involved in a collision with a truckA doctor who worked for the Queen has been killed in a traffic collision in London.Peter Fisher, 67, was riding his bicycle through central London on Wednesday when he was involved in a collision with a truck. Police confirmed a 67-year-old cyclist had died at the scene. Continue reading...

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/aug/16/queen-doctor-peter-fisher-killed-cycling-london

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Aug 2018 13:00 GMT   
IP:
3:16:75324
Post by LDNnews: Bexleyheath
Video: Police appeal to find driver after petrol stolen from garage in Erith

CCTV footage of a man suspected of stealing petrol has been released by Bexley police in an attempt to locate him.


http://www.newsshopper.co.uk/news/16435457.police-appeal-to-find-driver-as-petrol-stolen-from-garage-in-erith/?ref=rss

VIEW THE BECONTREE AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE BECONTREE AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE BECONTREE AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE BECONTREE AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE BECONTREE AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Becontree

The Becontree Estate remains the largest public housing development in the world.

The Becontree Estate was developed between 1921 and 1932 by the London County Council as a large council estate of 27,000 homes, intended as ’homes for heroes’ after World War I. It has a current population of over 100,000 and is named after the ancient Becontree hundred, which historically covered the area.

The very first house completed, in Chittys Lane, is recognisable by a blue council plate embedded in the wall. Parallel to Chittys Lane runs Valence Avenue, which is wider than the rest of the streets in the district because a temporary railway ran down the centre of the avenue during the construction of the estate - it was built especially for the building work, connecting railway sidings at Goodmayes and a wharf on the river Thames with the worksites.

At the time people marvelled at having indoor toilets and a private garden, although the sash windows were extremely draughty, there was no insulation in the attics, and during the winter months very few people could afford enough coal to heat the bedrooms. The toilet, bath tap and a tap in the kitchen over a copper boiler which was used for both washing clothes and heating bath water were all fed from a reservoir tank in the attic which invariably froze on winter mornings leaving the toilets unusable. One curious clause in the contract of tenancy stipulated that children born to parents living in Dagenham could not be housed on the estate themselves when the time came for them to establish their own homes.

Over the 15-year period of the building of the estate, the school-aged population rose rapidly to 25,000 while there were only 4 secondary schools nearby: three in Chadwell Heath and one at Becontree Heath, which meant that many children could not attend school. The first secondary school to be built was Green Lane in 1923, but it later became a primary school.

There was no town centre as is generally understood in a typical UK community. The new estate was to have large public houses few and far between, rather than smaller ones close together as in London.

Privet hedges (referred to as evers) were planted along the pavements at the end of every front garden and during the spring and summer months a squad of gardeners were employed to keep them in regulation height. Although the estate regulations stipulated that the gardens must be maintained in order, more than a few degenerated into virtual jungles. However, to encourage the application of this rule, prizes were awarded for the best kept gardens.

The houses were gas lit until after the Second World War and the old appliances remained in place after the electric fittings were installed; that is why the lights in the rooms were always ’off-centre’ except in the kitchen where the lamp was on the wall near the copper boiler. Gas street lighting was only replaced by electric lamps in 1957/58.

Becontree station was originally opened as Gale Street Halt in 1926 by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway on the existing route from Fenchurch Street to Southend. The station was renamed and completely rebuilt in 1932 with an additional pair of platforms to serve the electric District Railway local service.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Alamiyah School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 9.
Becontree:   The Becontree Estate remains the largest public housing development in the world.
Becontree Children’s Centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Becontree Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Dorothy Barley Junior Academy:   Academy sponsor led (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 7 and 11.
Five Elms Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Goresbrook School:   Free schools (All through) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 18.
Grafton Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Henry Green Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Jo Richardson Community School:   Community school (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 19. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Mayesbrook Park School:   Pupil referral unit which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 16.
Mayfield School:   Foundation school (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Parsloes Park:   
Parsloes Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Roding Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Scrattons Farm:   Scrattons Farm Housing Estate was erected in 1939.
Southwood Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Joseph’s Catholic Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Vincent’s Catholic Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
SW!TCH Borders:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 14 and 16.
The James Cambell Primary School:   Academy sponsor led (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
The St Teresa Catholic Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
The Sydney Russell School:   Academy converter (All through) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Valence House Museum:   
Valence Park:   
Valence Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
A124, RM8 · Academy Way, E17 · Academy Way, RM8 · Academy Way, RM9 · Adomar Road, RM8 · Ager Avenue, RM8 · Agnes Gardens, RM8 · Aidan Close, RM8 · Alleyndale Road, RM8 · Amesbury Road, RM9 · Amidas Gardens, RM9 · Arden Crescent, RM9 · Aylmer Road, RM8 · Ayloffe Road, RM9 · Babington Road, RM8 · Bainbridge Road, RM9 · Barnmead Road, RM9 · Baron Road, RM8 · Barton Road, RM8 · Basedale Road, RM9 · Beacontree Avenue, E17 · Becontree Avenue, RM8 · Bennett’s Castle Lane, RM8 · Benning Drive, RM8 · Bentry Road, RM8 · Berengers Place, RM9 · Berryman Close, RM8 · Beverley Road, RM9 · Blithbury Road, RM9 · Blomville Road, RM8 · Bonham Gardens, RM8 · Bonham Road, RM8 · Boulton Road, RM8 · Bowes Road, RM8 · Boxoll Road, RM9 · Bragg Close, RM9 · Brett Gardens, RM9 · Brewood Road, RM8 · Brewood Road, RM9 · Brittain Road, RM8 · Bromhall Road, RM8 · Bromhall Road, RM9 · Burford Close, RM8 · Burnside Road, RM8 · Bushgrove Road, RM8 · Bushgrove Road, RM9 · Bushway, RM8 · Butler Road, RM8 · Campden Crescent, RM8 · Campden Way, RM8 · Cannington Road, RM9 · Carey Road, RM9 · Chadway, RM8 · Charlecote Road, RM8 · Cherry Gardens, RM9 · Christopher Gardens, RM9 · Claridge Road, RM8 · Clementhorpe Road, RM9 · Connor Road, RM9 · Coote Road, RM8 · Cornshaw Road, RM8 · Cornwallis Road, RM9 · Cornworthy Road, RM8 · Cotesmore Gardens, RM8 · Cotman Mews, RM8 · Crossway, RM8 · David Road, RM8 · Davington Road, RM8 · Davington Road, RM9 · Donne Road, RM8 · Dronfield Gardens, RM8 · Dunkeld Road, RM8 · Durell Road, RM9 · Easebourne Road, RM8 · Eliot Road, RM9 · Elms Gardens, RM9 · Elstow Road, RM9 · Exton Gardens, RM8 · Fanshawe Crescent, RM9 · Farmway, RM8 · Fellowship Close, RM8 · Fieldway, RM8 · Fitzstephen Road, RM8 · Fitzstephen Road, RM9 · Flamstead Road, RM9 · Freshwater Road, RM6 · Freshwater Road, RM8 · Fuller Road, RM8 · Gainsborough Road, RM8 · Gainsborough Road, RM9 · Gale Street, RM9 · Garner Close, RM8 · Goresbrook Road, RM9 · Grafton Road, RM8 · Green Lane, RM8 · Greenfield Gardens, RM9 · Greenfield Road, RM9 · Greenside, RM8 · Greenway, RM8 · Groveway, RM8 · Halbutt Gardens, RM9 · Hammonds Close, RM8 · Harris Road, RM9 · Harrold Road, RM8 · Harrold Road, RM9 · Haskard Road, RM9 · Haydon Road, RM8 · Hedgemans Way, RM9 · Hedingham Road, RM8 · Henshawe Road, RM8 · Hepworth Gardens, IG11 · Hepworth Gardens, RM8 · Hewett Road, RM8 · Heynes Road, RM8 · Highgrove Road, RM8 · Hitherfield Road, RM8 · Hobart Road, RM9 · Hogarth Road, RM8 · Holden Close, IG3 · Holden Close, RM8 · Holden Close, RM9 · Homestead Road, RM8 · Honour Gardens, RM8 · Humphries Close, RM9 · Hunsdon Close, RM9 · Ilchester Road, RM8 · Inskip Road, RM8 · Ivinghoe Road, RM8 · Ivy Walk, RM9 · Ivyhouse Road, RM9 · Julia Gardens, IG11 · Kemp Road, RM8 · Keppel Road, RM9 · Kilsby Walk, RM9 · Kingsmill Road, RM9 · Kirklees Road, RM8 · Lacey Drive, RM8 · Lake Close, RM8 · Lambley Road, RM9 · Langdale Close, RM8 · Langley Crescent, RM9 · Levine Gardens, IG11 · Lichfield Road, RM8 · Lichfield Road, RM9 · Lillechurch Road, RM8 · Lindisfarne Road, RM8 · Lindsey Road, RM8 · Linkway, RM8 · Lodge Avenue, IG11 · Longbridge Road, RM8 · Longbridge Road, RM9 · Lullington Road, RM9 · Lymington Road, RM8 · Lynnett Road, RM8 · Malpas Road, RM9 · Manor Square, RM8 · Margery Road, RM8 · Markyate Road, RM8 · Marlborough Road, RM8 · Marlborough Road, RM9 · Martin Gardens, RM8 · Martin Road, RM8 · Maxey Gardens, RM9 · Maxey Road, RM9 · Mayesbrook Road, RM8 · Mayesbrook Road, RM9 · Mayfield Road, RM8 · Meadow Walk, RM9 · Milner Road, RM8 · Monmouth Road, RM9 · Morris Road, RM8 · Morrison Road, IG11 · Neasham Road, RM8 · Neasham Road, RM9 · Neville Road, RM8 · Nicholas Road, RM8 · Northfield Path, RM9 · Northfield Road, RM9 · Nuneaton Road, RM9 · Osborne Road, RM9 · Osborne Square, RM9 · Oxlow Lane, RM9 · Parsloes Avenue, RM8 · Parsloes Avenue, RM9 · Pasture Road, RM9 · Peters Close, RM8 · Polesworth Road, RM9 · Porters Avenue, RM8 · Porters Avenue, RM9 · Ravensfield Close, RM9 · Raydons Gardens, RM9 · Raydons Road, RM9 · Richard Ryan Place, RM9 · Romsey Road, RM9 · Rothwell Gardens, RM9 · Rothwell Road, RM9 · Rowlands Road, RM8 · Rowney Gardens, RM9 · Rowney Road, RM9 · Rugby Gardens, RM9 · Rugby Road, RM9 · Rusper Road, RM9 · Rutland Gardens, RM8 · Saint Georges Road, RM9 · Scholars Way, RM8 · School Way, RM8 · Scottes Lane, RM8 · Scrattons Terrace, IG11 · Seabrook Gardens, RM8 · Seton Gardens, RM9 · Shaw Avenue, IG11 · Shaw Avenue, RM9 · Shaw Gardens, IG11 · Sheldon Road, RM9 · Sheppey Gardens, RM9 · Shipton Close, RM8 · Shortcrofts Road, RM9 · Simmons Drive, RM8 · Singleton Road, RM9 · Sparks Close, RM8 · Spinney Gardens, RM9 · Springpond Road, RM9 · St Georges Road, RM9 · Stanhope Road, RM8 · Stevens Road, RM8 · Stonard Road, RM8 · Stone Close, RM8 · Studley Road, RM9 · Tallow Close, RM9 · Temple Gardens, RM8 · Terrace Walk, RM9 · Thetford Road, RM9 · Thicket Grove, RM9 · Tremelo Green, RM8 · Urswick Gardens, RM9 · Urswick Road, RM9 · Valence Avenue, RM8 · Valence Circus, RM8 · Valence Wood Road, RM8 · Verney Gardens, RM9 · Verney Road, RM9 · Vincent Road, RM9 · Waldegrave Road, RM8 · Walnut Tree Road, RM8 · Warrington Road, RM8 · Warrington Square, RM8 · Waterbeach Road, RM9 · Waterside Close, IG11 · Waterside Close, RM8 · Westfield Road, RM9 · Weston Road, RM9 · Weylond Road, RM8 · Winding Way, RM8 · Windsor Road, RM8 · Winmill Road, RM8 · Winterbourne Road, RM8 · Wood Lane, RM10 · Wood Lane, RM8 · Wood Lane, RM9 · Wren Gardens, RM9 · Wren Road, RM9 · Wroxall Road, RM9 · Wykeham Avenue, RM9 · Wykeham Green, RM9 ·
Print-friendly version of this page

What is Malpas Road, RM9 like as a place to live?

Data from placeilive.com/

Links

Becontree
Facebook Page
Edith’s Streets
A wander through London, street by street
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Time Out
Listings magazine

Maps


South Essex and North Kent (1805)
Ordnance Survey First Series. The first completed map was of the county of Kent in 1801. The first use of the term Ordnance Survey in manuscript was in 1801, but it did not appear on an engraved map until 1810. William Mudge was the effective head from the start and actual head of the Survey from 1804 to 1820.
Reproduced from the 1805 Ordnance Survey map.

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.