Halbutt Street, RM9

Road in/near Becontree, existing until now

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
34.229.175.129 
Academy Way · Academy Way · Academy Way · Adomar Road · Ager Avenue · Agnes Gardens · Aidan Close · Alibon Gardens · Alibon Road · Alibon Road · Alleyndale Road · Amidas Gardens · Aylmer Road · Ayloffe Road · Bainbridge Road · Barnmead Road · Basedale Road · Beacontree Avenue · Becontree · Becontree Avenue · Becontree Children’s Centre · Becontree Primary School · Benning Drive · Berengers Place · Berry Close · Berryman Close · Beverley Road · Bonham Road · Bosworth Road · Boxoll Road · Boyne Road · Bragg Close · Braintree Road · Brewood Road · Brewood Road · Brittain Road · Burford Close · Burnside Road · Bushgrove Road · Bushgrove Road · Bushway · Butler Road · Campden Way · Cannington Road · Carey Road · Charlecote Road · Cherry Gardens · Claridge Road · Clementhorpe Road · Connor Road · Coote Road · Cornshaw Road · Cornwallis Road · Croppath Road · Crossway · Davington Road · Davington Road · Donne Road · Dorothy Barley Infants’ School · Dorothy Barley Junior Academy · Dunbar Avenue · Dunbar Gardens · Dunkeld Road · Durell Road · Easebourne Road · Eastfield Gardens · Eastfield Road · Edgehill Gardens · Eliot Road · Elms Gardens · Exton Gardens · Fanshawe Crescent · Fellowship Close · Fitzstephen Road · Fitzstephen Road · Five Elms Primary School · Frizlands Lane · Gainsborough Road · Gainsborough Road · Gale Street · Garner Close · Glencoe Drive · Grafton Primary School · Greenside · Greenway · Groveway · Halbutt Gardens · Halbutt Street · Harris Road · Harrold Road · Haskard Road · Heath Road · Heathway · Heathway · Hedingham Road · Henry Green Primary School · Henshawe Road · Hitherfield Road · Hobart Road · Hogarth Road · Holden Close · Holden Close · Holgate Road · Homestead Road · Honour Gardens · Humphries Close · Hunsdon Close · Hunters Hall Primary School · Hunters Hall Road · Hunters Square · Ilchester Road · Inskip Road · Ivinghoe Road · Ivy Walk · Ivyhouse Road · Jordans Close · Kemp Road · Keppel Road · Kershaw Road · Kilsby Walk · Kingsmill Road · Kirklees Road · Lacey Drive · Lake Close · Lake Gardens · Lake Road · Lambley Road · Langdale Close · Lichfield Road · Lichfield Road · Lillechurch Road · Lindisfarne Road · Lindsey Road · Linkway · Listowel Road · Lockwell Road · Lodge Avenue · Longbridge Road · Longbridge Road · Lymington Road · Lynnett Road · Malpas Road · Manor Square · Margery Road · Markyate Road · Marlborough Road · Marlborough Road · Marston Avenue · Martin Gardens · Martin Road · Maxey Gardens · Maxey Road · Mayesbrook Road · Mayesbrook Road · Mayfield Road · Mayfield School · Meadow Walk · Milner Road · Monmouth Road · Morris Road · Naseby Road · Neasham Road · Neasham Road · Neville Road · Nicholas Road · Northfield Path · Northfield Road · Oglethorpe Road · Oglethorpe Road · Osborne Road · Osborne Square · Oxlow Lane · Oxlow Lane · Parsloes Avenue · Parsloes Avenue · Parsloes Park · Pasture Road · Pembroke Gardens · Peters Close · Pettits Place · Pettits Road · Porters Avenue · Porters Avenue · Powell Gardens · Ravensfield Close · Raydons Gardens · Raydons Road · Richard Alibon Primary School with ARP for Cognitive and Learning Difficulties : SEN Base · Robinson Road · Rockwell Road · Roding Primary School · Rogers Gardens · Rogers Road · Rowlands Road · Rugby Gardens · Rugby Road · Rusholme Avenue · Rusper Road · Saint Georges Road · Scholars Way · School Way · Seabrook Gardens · Sedgemoor Drive · Shortcrofts Road · Simmons Drive · Singleton Road · Southwood Primary School · Spinney Gardens · Springpond Road · St Georges Road · St Joseph’s Catholic Primary School · St Vincent’s Catholic Primary School · Standfield Road · Stansgate Road · Sterry Crescent · Sterry Road · Stonard Road · SW!TCH Borders · Terrace Walk · The St Teresa Catholic Primary School · The Sydney Russell School · Thicket Grove · Thompson Road · Trinity School · Trinity School · Uvedale Road · Valence Avenue · Valence Circus · Valence Park · Valence Primary School · Valence Wood Road · Verney Gardens · Verney Road · Vineries Close · Waldegrave Road · Walnut Tree Road · Wantz Road · Warrington Road · Waterside Close · Westfield Road · Weston Road · Weylond Road · Winding Way · Windsor Road · Winmill Road · Winterbourne Road · Witham Road · Wood Lane · Wood Lane · Wood Lane · Wren Gardens · Wren Road · Wroxall Road · Wykeham Avenue · Wythenshawe Road
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Road · Becontree · RM9 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JUNE
6
2018

Halbutt Street is one of the oldest streets in the area.

Dagenham (’Daecca’s home’) was probably one of the earliest Saxon settlements in Essex: the name is first recorded in a charter of A.D. 687. From the 13th century onwards references to the parish, its farms and hamlets, are sufficiently numerous to suggest a flourishing community. In 1670 Dagenham contained 150 houses.

In the south of the parish the main west-east road from London to Tilbury entered as Ripple Side, known in the 16th century as Ripple Street, and now called Ripple Road. It turned north as Broad Street, formerly French Lane (mentioned in 1540) and then east past the Church Elm (1456), through Dagenham village, as Crown Street, formerly Dagenham Street (1441), and then south-east over Dagenham (or Dagenham Beam) Bridge. Joining that road at the village was one coming south from Becontree Heath. The northern part of this last road, now Rainham Road North, was formerly Spark Street (1540) and later Bull Lane. The southern part, now Rainham Road South, was known recently as Romford Road, but this does not seem to have been an ancient name.

The continuation of Broad Street, north of the Church Elm, was Halbutt Street, named from a farm recorded in 1339. This ran to Five Elms, where there was a small open green. Oxlow Lane, formerly Hokestrete (1456), ran east, from Halbutt Street to the Four Wants (1623), where it crossed Bull Lane.

At Five Elms, Halbutt Street joined Wood Lane (1563), coming from Barking, which ran north-east to Becontree Heath. Running west through Becontree Heath was Green Lane (1339), the road from Ilford to Hornchurch and Upminster. Whalebone Lane went north from Becontree Heath to Marks Gate and the forest, through Chadwell Heath, where it crossed the main road from London to Colchester, now High Road. Whalebone Lane took its name from whalebones set up at the cross-roads. The first known reference to the bones is in 1641, when it was stated that the rib of a whale had lately been placed at the cross-roads. A map of 1652 shows a whalebone in the middle of the road there. In the early 18th century it was stated that a bone fixed there had come from a whale taken in the Thames in 1658. This tradition is not disproved by the earlier references, for it is clear that several different bones are involved. In 1904 there were two whalebones overhanging the gates of Whalebone House, which stood on the north side of the High Road to the east of the cross-roads, and it was then stated that another pair, which had stood at the opposite corner of Whalebone Lane, had recently been removed. The pair from Whalebone House is now (1963) at Valence House.

In the extreme west of the parish, forming the boundary for part of its length, was Gale Street (1433), running north from Ripple Side to cross Wood Lane, and continuing as Bennetts Castle Lane, formerly Castle Alley (1600), to a junction with Green Lane. Chitty’s Lane, previously known as Bolimereslane (1307), Gotislane (1393), and Groves Street (1440), ran from Green Lane north to Chadwell Heath. At Marks Gate was Rose Lane, named from a medieval family. The road from Cockermouth southwards to the Thames, now Chequers Lane, was formerly the Marsh Way (1563), West Marsh Lane (1630), and Breach Lane (1752). Other marsh roads were Pooles Lane and Choats Manor Way. Workhouse Lane branched east of Halbutt Street, approximately on the line of the present Holgate Road.

Dagenham village in 1653 consisted of a single street — Crown Street — with buildings along most of the north side, some on the south side, including the church, and a few others at the junction of the road to Rainham. It was little bigger in 1805 and its growth was slow throughout the 19th century, even after the opening of the railway. In 1963, although surrounded by the modern town, the old village retained its shape and something of its character. Many of the houses, however, were unoccupied, and the whole area was awaiting redevelopment. The oldest surviving building, apart from the church, stands opposite to it on the north side of Crown Street. This is the Cross Keys Inn, a timber-framed hall house with gabled and formerly jettied cross wings, probably dating from the 15th century. In 1670 this belonged to the Comyns family, who were prominent in Dagenham and Romford. It became an inn, the Queen’s Head, about 1700, and received its present name before 1785. One of the rooms has 17th-century panelling. To the east of the inn the vicarage, a timber-framed building of early-17th-century origin, stands in its own garden. Farther east, the small houses and cottages on both sides of the narrow street leading to Rainham Road are mostly brick buildings of the 18th and early 19th centuries; a few are of timberframed construction. Nearly all are in poor repair and several, including two 18th-century brick houses of some architectural character (Nos. 33 and 35), are empty and derelict. Many old buildings in the village have been demolished during the past 80 years, among them George House, west of the church, which has been traced back to 1540. On the north side of Crown Street Comyn’s almshouses, largely rebuilt in the 19th century, still survive.

The urban development has for the most part preserved the lines and the names of the old roads. Among the important new roads are Heathway, which runs south from Becontree Heath to the Tilbury Road, Parsloes Avenue, running south-east from Wood Lane, and Valence Avenue, from Wood Lane north to Chadwell Heath. In north Dagenham, Whalebone Lane was extended northwards from Marks Gate to link up with Romford Road, leading to Chigwell Row.

Source: Dagenham: Introduction and manors | British History Online

Citations, sources, links and further reading

A wander through London, street by street
All-encompassing website
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Facebook Page

VIEW THE BECONTREE AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE BECONTREE AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE BECONTREE AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE BECONTREE AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE BECONTREE AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Becontree

The Becontree Estate remains the largest public housing development in the world.

The Becontree Estate was developed between 1921 and 1932 by the London County Council as a large council estate of 27,000 homes, intended as ’homes for heroes’ after World War I. It has a current population of over 100,000 and is named after the ancient Becontree hundred, which historically covered the area.

The very first house completed, in Chittys Lane, is recognisable by a blue council plate embedded in the wall. Parallel to Chittys Lane runs Valence Avenue, which is wider than the rest of the streets in the district because a temporary railway ran down the centre of the avenue during the construction of the estate - it was built especially for the building work, connecting railway sidings at Goodmayes and a wharf on the river Thames with the worksites.

At the time people marvelled at having indoor toilets and a private garden, although the sash windows were extremely draughty, there was no insulation in the attics, and during the winter months very few people could afford enough coal to heat the bedrooms. The toilet, bath tap and a tap in the kitchen over a copper boiler which was used for both washing clothes and heating bath water were all fed from a reservoir tank in the attic which invariably froze on winter mornings leaving the toilets unusable. One curious clause in the contract of tenancy stipulated that children born to parents living in Dagenham could not be housed on the estate themselves when the time came for them to establish their own homes.

Over the 15-year period of the building of the estate, the school-aged population rose rapidly to 25,000 while there were only 4 secondary schools nearby: three in Chadwell Heath and one at Becontree Heath, which meant that many children could not attend school. The first secondary school to be built was Green Lane in 1923, but it later became a primary school.

There was no town centre as is generally understood in a typical UK community. The new estate was to have large public houses few and far between, rather than smaller ones close together as in London.

Privet hedges (referred to as evers) were planted along the pavements at the end of every front garden and during the spring and summer months a squad of gardeners were employed to keep them in regulation height. Although the estate regulations stipulated that the gardens must be maintained in order, more than a few degenerated into virtual jungles. However, to encourage the application of this rule, prizes were awarded for the best kept gardens.

The houses were gas lit until after the Second World War and the old appliances remained in place after the electric fittings were installed; that is why the lights in the rooms were always ’off-centre’ except in the kitchen where the lamp was on the wall near the copper boiler. Gas street lighting was only replaced by electric lamps in 1957/58.

Becontree station was originally opened as Gale Street Halt in 1926 by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway on the existing route from Fenchurch Street to Southend. The station was renamed and completely rebuilt in 1932 with an additional pair of platforms to serve the electric District Railway local service.
Print-friendly version of this page

Maps


Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.