Charing Cross

Underground station, existing between 1864 and now

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Underground station · Charing Cross · WC2N · Contributed by The Underground Map
August
4
2013
Charing Cross Northern Line platform
Credit: Mikegr

Charing Cross denotes the junction of the Strand, Whitehall and Cockspur Street, just south of Trafalgar Square in central London. It gives its name to several local landmarks, including Charing Cross railway station, one of the main London rail termini.

Charing Cross is named after the now demolished Eleanor cross that stood there, in what was once the hamlet of Charing. It was where King Edward I placed a memorial to his wife, Eleanor of Castile.

It was one of twelve places where Eleanor's coffin rested overnight during the funeral procession from Lincolnshire to her final resting-place at Westminster. At each of these, Edward erected an Eleanor cross, of which only three now remain.

The original site of the cross has been occupied since 1675 by an equestrian statue of King Charles I. A Victorian replacement, in different style from the original, was later erected a short distance to the east outside the railway station.

Formerly, until 1931, Charing Cross also referred to the part of what is now Whitehall lying between Great Scotland Yard and Trafalgar Square. At least one property retains a Charing Cross postal address: Drummonds Bank, on the corner of Whitehall and The Mall, which is designated 49 Charing Cross (not to be confused with the separate Charing Cross Road).

Since the second half of the 18th century, Charing Cross has been seen by some as the exact centre of London, being the main point used for measuring distances from London.

The railway station opened in 1864, fronted on the Strand with the Charing Cross Hotel. The original station building was built on the site of the Hungerford Market by the South Eastern Railway, designed by Sir John Hawkshaw, with a single span wrought iron roof arching over the six platforms on its relatively cramped site.

Charing Cross tube station has entrances located in Trafalgar Square and The Strand. The station is served by the Northern and Bakerloo lines, originally separate tube stations called Strand and Trafalgar Square, and provides an interchange with the National Rail network. The station was served by the Jubilee Line between 1979 and 1999, acting as the southern terminus of the line during that period.


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VIEW THE CHARING CROSS AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHARING CROSS AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHARING CROSS AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHARING CROSS AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHARING CROSS AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Ackermann’s:   Rudolph Ackermann (20 April 1764 in Stollberg, Saxony – 30 March 1834 in Finchley) was an Anglo-German bookseller, inventor, lithographer, publisher and businessman.
Embankment:   Embankment underground station has been known by various names during its long history - including "Embankment".
Garrick Yard:   Garrick Yard, together with the more familiar Garrick Street to the northeast of here, both took their names from the Garrick Club which commemorates the famous 18th century actor, David Garrick.
Hungerford Stairs:   The Hungerford Stairs were the entrance point to Hungerford Market from the River Thames. They are now the site of Charing Cross railway Station.
Leicester Square:   Leicester Square, while indeed a square, is also the name for a tube station.
Northumberland House:   Northumberland House was a large Jacobean townhouse in London, which was the London residence of the Percy family, who were the Dukes of Northumberland.
On This Day in London: 1 November:   The first day of November was an important day for two London notables: William Shakespeare and W.H. Smith
Royal Opera House:   The foundation of the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden lies in the letters patent awarded by Charles II to Sir William Davenant in 1660, allowing Davenant to operate one of only two patent theatre companies (The Duke's Company) in London.
Shipley's Drawing School:   101 The Strand was an art school from 1750 until 1806.
The Adelphi:   The Adelphi is a small district surrounding the streets of Adelphi Terrace, Robert Street and John Adam Street.
Victoria Embankment Gardens:   


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Buses outside the National Gallery:   Buses outside the National Gallery in Trafalgar Square (1927).


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Adam Street, WC2R · Adelaide Street, WC2N · Adelphi Terrace, WC2N · Agar Street, WC2N · Archway Mall, N19 · Bear Street, WC2H · Bedforbury, WC2N · Bedford Chambers, WC2E · Bedford Street, WC2E · Bedford Street, WC2R · Bedfordbury, WC2N · Bow St Covent Garden, WC2E · Brydges Place, WC2N · Buckingham Street, WC2N · Burleigh Street, WC2E · Cannon Street, WC2N · Carriage Hall, WC2E · Carting Lane, WC2R · Catherine Street, WC2B · Cecil Court, WC2N · Central Arcade, WC2E · Chandos Place, WC2N · Charing Cross Mansions, WC2H · Charing Cross Road, WC2H · Charing Cross, SW1A · Clare Market, WC2E · Covent Garden Piazza, WC2E · Covent Garden, WC2E · Cranbourn Street, WC2H · Craven Passage, WC2N · Craven Street, WC2N · Downing Street, SW1A · Duncannon Street, WC2N · Durham House Street, WC2N · Embankment Place, WC2N · Exeter Street, WC2E · Exeter Street, WC2R · Floral Street, WC2E · Garrick Street, WC2E · George Court, WC2N · Golden Jubilee Bridge, SE1 · Golden Jubilee Bridge, SW1A · Golden Jubilee Bridge, WC2N · Goodwins Court, WC2N · Great Newport Street, WC2H · Great Scotland Yard, SW1A · Hanover Place, WC2E · Heathcock Court, WC2R · Henrietta Street, WC2E · Hop Gardens, WC2N · Horse Guards Avenue, SW1A · Horse Guards Parade, SW1A · Horse Guards Road, SW1A · Hungerford House, WC2N · Irving Street, WC2H · Ivybridge Lane, WC2R · James Street, WC2E · John Adam Street, WC2N · Jubilee Hall Jubilee Market, WC2E · Jubilee Market Hall Tavistock Court, WC2E · Jubilee Market, WC2E · King Street, WC2E · Langley Court, WC2E · Litchfield Street, WC2H · Little Newport Street, WC2H · Maiden Lane, WC2E · Maple Leaf Walk, SW11 · May’s Court, WC2N · New Row, WC2N · Newport Court, WC2H · Newport Place, WC2H · Northumberland Avenue, SW1A · Northumberland Avenue, WC2N · Northumberland Street, WC2N · Orange Street, WC2H · Richmond Terrace, SW1A · Robert Street, WC2N · Rose Street, WC2E · Russell Chambers, WC2E · Russell Street, WC2B · Russell Street, WC2E · Saint Martin’s Lane, WC2N · Saint Martin’s Court, WC2H · Saint Martin’s Place, WC2N · Savoy Court, WC2R · Savoy Place, WC2N · Savoy Place, WC2R · Savoy Way, WC2R · Slingsby Place, WC2E · Southampton Street, WC2E · Southampton Street, WC2R · Spring Gardens, SW1A · St Martins Court, WC2N · St Martins Lane, WC2H · St Martins Lane, WC2N · St Martins Place, WC2H · St Martins Place, WC2N · Tavistock Street, WC2E · The Arches, WC2N · The Gallery, E20 · The Market Piazza, WC2E · The Market The Piazza, WC2E · The Market, WC2E · The National Gallery, WC2N · The Piazza, WC2E · The Terrace, SW1A · Trafalgar Square, SW1Y · Upper Saint Martin’s Lane, WC2H · Upper St Martin’s Lane, WC2H · Upper St Martins Lane, WC2H · Victoria Embankment Gardens, WC2N · Victoria Embankment, SW1A · Victoria Embankment, WC2N · Villiers Street, WC2N · Warwick House Street, SW1Y · Watergate Walk, WC2N · Wellington Street, WC2E · Wellington Terrace, W2 · Whitehall Court, SW1A · Whitehall Gardens, SW1A · Whitehall Place, SW1A · Whitehall, SW1A · William IV Street, WC2N · York Buildings, WC2N · York Place, WC2N ·

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What is Charing Cross like as a place to live?

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Hidden London
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Maps


Central London, north east (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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