FP 231, DA7

Road maybe built in the Edwardian era. Most of the urban landscape is interwar

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Alberta Road · Alderman Close · Alfriston Close · Ambleside Road · Appledore Avenue · Arnside Road · Ashen Drive · Barnehurst · Barnehurst Avenue · Barnehurst Avenue · Barnehurst Close · Barnehurst Golf Club · Barnehurst Road · Bascombe Grove · Bath Road · Beckton Place · Becton Place · Beechcroft Avenue · Belmont Road · Beverley Road · Bexleyheath School · Bexleyheath School · Birchington Close · Bowmans Road · Bowness Road · Braemar Avenue · Braeside Crescent · Brantwood Road · Briarfield Close · Brindley Close · Brook Vale · Broomhill Road · Brummel Close · Bullman Close · Carnet Close · Cartmel Road · Castleton Avenue · Chapel Road · Chastilian Road · Cheviot Close · Chieveley Road · Chiltern Close · Clive Avenue · Colyers Close · Colyers Lane Primary School · Coniston Close · Coniston Road · Cotswold Close · Courtleet Drive · Dale Road · Dalmeny Road · Dartford Road Allotments · Denton Road · Denver Road · Derwent Crescent · Dorothy Evans Close · Downbank Avenue · East Holme · Eastleigh Road · Edendale Road · Edendale Road · Ennerdale Road · Epsom Close · Erith Road · Erith Road · Eskdale Road · Eversley Avenue · Eversley Cross · Fairford Avenue · Falstaff Close · FP 231 · Francis Avenue · Galloway Drive · Garden Avenue · Garrard Close · Gloucester Road · Goals Bexleyheath · Graham Road · Grasmere Road · Grove Road · Haslemere Road · Havelock Road · Heath Lane Upper · Heath Lane Upper · Heath Lane · Heath Road · Heath Way · Heather Drive · heatherbank Close · Heathlands Rise · Heathlee Road · Heathview Avenue · Heathway · Helen Close · Heversham Road · Hilary Close · Hill Brow · Hillcrest Road · Hillingdon Road · Hillside Road · Holly Gardens · Holmsdale Grove · Holmsdale Grove · Homer Close · Hornbeam Lane · Hurstwood Avenue · Hyde Road · Inglewood Road · James Road · Jolly Millers · Keswick Road · Knole Road · Laburnum Avenue · Lane End · Langdale Crescent · Lavernock Road · Leysdown Avenue · Lingwood · Lyndhurst Close · Lyndhurst Road · Manor Way · Marcus Road · Martens Avenue (1934) · Martens Avenue · Martens Close · Martens Grove Park · Mason Close · Mayplace Close · Mayplace primary School · Mayplace Road East · Melrose Avenue · Mera Drive · Merewood Road · Midfield Avenue · Miller Close · Mount Road · North Road · North Street · Northall Road · Northumberland Way · Nursery Avenue · Oakwood Drive · Old Bexley Lane · Old Manor Way · Palmar Crescent · Palmar Road · Park Grove (1934) · Parkside Avenue · Pelham Road · Phoenix Sports Club · Pinnacle Hill North · Pinnacle Hill · Quantock Road · Randolph Close · Ridge Way · Risedale Road · Rochester Way · Ross Road · Royston Road · Rudland Road · Russell Close · Rydal Drive · Rydal Drive · Saltcote Close · Seaton Road · Shepherds Lane · Shepherds Lane · Sherbrook Close · Sherbrooke Close · Silecroft Road · Silverdale Road · Somerset Road · Spring Vale · Springfield Road · St. Audrey Avenue · Station Road · Stephen Road · Stonefield Close · Sullivan Close · Swallow Close · Swan Lane · Swanbridge Road · Taunton Close · The Chase · The Green · The Red Barn · The Yacht · Thirlmere Road · Three Corners · Travellers Home · Trolley bus at Erith Road bus depot (1935) · Tudor Close · Valley Close · Venners Close · Waltham Close · Wentworth Drive · Wenvoe Avenue · West Heath Road · west Holme · Western Terrace · Westfield Road · Windermere Road · Windsor Drive · Woodside Close · Woodside Close · Woodside Road · Woodside Road · Woolbrook Road · Woolwich Road · Woolwich Road
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Road · Crayford · DA7 ·

FP 231 is a road in the DA7 postcode area

The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.



Crayford was combined with other local areas to form the London Borough of Bexley in 1965.

Crayford has a long and interesting history. The area was first mentioned in the Anglo Saxon Chronicle (c.891 - 924), which states that the Britons fought the Jutes at the Battle of Creganford in 457. The Domesday Book (1086) records that in Crayford "there is a church", implying that there was a well established settlement in the area by that time. The Norman Church of St Paulinus, which still stands on top of Crayford Hill overlooking the town, was built in 1100.

The original stimulus for settlement in the area was the fact that the River Cray could be forded at this point - and "Cray-ford" became the settlement’s name.

Crayford Manor House stands just to the north-west of St Paulinus Church, probably in roughly the same position as the first manor house, which was established in the 14th century. Crayford actually contained two manors, those of Howbury and Newbury.

Several large houses once stood in the area, including Oakwood, Shenstone and May Place. Little evidence remains of these, although part of the last house called May Place is now incorporated into the clubhouse of Barnehurst Golf Course.

The house was for many years the seat of the lord of the manor and between 1694 and 1707 was the home of Sir Cloudesley Shovell (1650 - 1707), Commander in Chief of the Navy who took part in the capture of Gibraltar in 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession. Three years later, after his ship the Association was wrecked off the Isles of Scilly, he was strangled for the rings he wore, by a fisherwoman.

The presence of the river in the town led to the growth of industries such as tanning and silk-making, which need a constant supply of free-flowing fresh water. The tannery has long since gone, but the silk-printing works of David Evans Ltd, established in 1843, remain in the town. Swaislands was another long-established local printing firm. It was taken over by GP & J Baker who closed the works only in 1961.

In the early years of the 19th century the huge armaments firm Vickers, originally from Sheffield, moved into the area. In the few short years of the First World War Vickers’ workforce grew from 300 to 14,000. Vickers built an estate, the Crayford Garden Suburb, to the east of the town to house the armaments workers. Whilst all that remains of the Vickers factory today is the clocktower, surrounded by modern retail development, the houses are still very much in evidence and are sought after as homes because of the quality of construction. This area, which borders on Dartford and the County of Kent, became known as Barnes Cray after a prominent local family (the Barnes).

Other industries in the area included barge building in Crayford Creek, brickmaking and motor-car production by the Siddeley Autocar Company, which had its registered works at Crayford in 1902.

After the First World War the production of armaments was reduced, but industry continued to thrive and the local community prospered on the trade brought to the area as a result of the influx of workers during the war. The Princesses Theatre, opened in 1916 on the riverside, was built specifically to entertain these workers but unfortunately burnt to the ground within six months. It was subsequently rebuilt to exactly the same specifications but presumably with improved fire-protection measures!

In 1920 Crayford became an urban district. As in most other local areas, the 1930s saw a period of busy housebuilding, although this was perhaps not as extensive in Crayford as it was elsewhere. Houses were built mostly by local builders such as New Ideal Homesteads and W.H. Wedlock.

The population in the urban district almost doubled in the 20 years to 1951, from 15,896 in 1931 to 27,950 in 1951.

Housebuilding was interrupted by the Second World War, which affected Crayford badly because the presence of the Royal Arsenal nearby (see Thamesmead) and of the armaments works in the town made Crayford an obvious target for enemy bombers.

The town of Crayford today revolves around the retail trade, and has a large Sainsbury’s hypermarket at its centre. It is home to a substantial commuter population, who travel to London and nearby business and retail centres such as Bexleyheath and the newly opened Bluewater shopping park near Dartford.
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South Essex and North Kent (1805)
Ordnance Survey First Series. The first completed map was of the county of Kent in 1801. The first use of the term Ordnance Survey in manuscript was in 1801, but it did not appear on an engraved map until 1810. William Mudge was the effective head from the start and actual head of the Survey from 1804 to 1820.
Reproduced from the 1805 Ordnance Survey map.

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

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