Amersham Workhouse

Workhouse in/near Amersham, existed between 1838 and 1930

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Workhouse · Amersham · HP7 · Contributed by The Underground Map
Union Workhouse, Amersham (1910)
Credit: George Ward/Amersham Museum

The Amersham Workhouse was situated on the site of Amersham Hospital.

The Union Workhouse was designed by Sir George Gilbert Scott who also designed the Albert Memorial in Hyde Park and St Pancras Station in London. It was built in 1838 and served a number of local parishes and provided basic care of the elderly and those unable to work.

It was built following the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834 which obliged parishes to form a "union" to build a workhouse. The Amersham Union included the parishes of Chesham, Beaconsfield, the Chalfonts and Penn. Typically, a Union Workhouse was built in the largest town of the Union. In Amersham’s case this should have been Chesham, but Amersham was chosen.

The Union Workhouse replaced the many work houses around the parishes, with the "inmates" being moved from their local towns, sometimes leaving them for the first time in their lives. Owing to the location of the "union" Workhouse, Whielden Street was for a time known as Union Street. The name reverted to Whielden Street (named after a previous land owner) in 1930 when Bucks County Council took over the site replacing the Union. Life in the Union Workhouse was tough, the inmates having to wear uniforms, work hard and were forced to church on Sundays. Men, women and children were housed in separate wards. There was also an infirmary and tramps and vagrants wards.

It was originally the Workhouse for the Amersham Union of Parishes and then became Amersham Hospital.

The building is now Gilbert Scott Court.

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The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
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The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
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The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.


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Amersham is a market town 27 miles north west of London, in the Chiltern Hills, England. It is part of the London commuter belt.

Amersham is split into two distinct areas: Old Amersham, set in the valley of the River Misbourne, which contains the 13th century parish church of St. Mary's and several old pubs and coaching inns; and Amersham-on-the-Hill, which grew rapidly around the railway station in the early part of the 20th century.

Records date back to pre-Anglo-Saxon times, when it was known as Egmondesham.

In 1200 Geoffrey, Earl of Essex obtained a charter for Amersham allowing him to hold a Friday market and a fair on 7 and 8 September. In 1613 a new charter was granted to Edward, Earl of Bedford, changing the market day to Tuesday and establishing a statute fair on 19 September.

The area of the town now known as Amersham on the Hill was referred to as Amersham Common until after the arrival of the Metropolitan Line in 1892. After this date growth of the new area of the town gradually accelerated, with much work being done by the architect John Kennard). It is now known locally as the Top Town.

Amersham is linked to London by the Metropolitan Line of London Underground and is the last station on the Metropolitan main line. Much of this line is shared with the mainline railway service, which runs from Marylebone to Aylesbury.

The construction of the railway line was controversial at the time and objections from local landowners prevented its construction until 1892.

Amersham:   Amersham is a market town 27 miles north west of London, in the Chiltern Hills, England. It is part of the London commuter belt.
Market Square:   Amersham’s Market Square took up the eastern end of the High Street.
Tescos Roundabout, HP7:   Tescos Roundabout is the colloquial name for the junction of The Broadway and the A355.

Acres End, HP7 · Ash Grove, HP6 · Ashdown Way, HP6 · Ashleigh Close, HP7 · Batchelors Way, HP7 · Beech Grove, HP7 · Belvedere Close, HP6 · Bensheim Way, HP6 · Berry Field Park, HP6 · Birch Close, HP6 · Birch Gardens, HP7 · Black Acre Close, HP7 · Blackhorse Close, HP6 · Blackhorse Crescent, HP6 · Bramble Lane, HP7 · Bridge Place, HP6 · Briery Way, HP6 · Broadway, HP7 · Brudenell Close, HP6 · Bury Farm, HP7 · Butlers Close, HP6 · Canterbury Close, HP7 · Cedar Grove, HP7 · Centenary Way, HP6 · Chequers Hill, HP7 · Chesham Road, HP6 · Chestnut Close, HP6 · Chestnut Lane, HP6 · Chichester Row, HP6 · Chiltern Parade, HP6 · Clare Park, HP7 · Copperkins Lane, HP6 · Courtyard Close, HP6 · Dane Close, HP7 · Deans Close, HP6 · Devonshire Avenue, HP6 · Devonshire Close, HP6 · Duncombe Close, HP6 · Eagle Close, HP6 · Ely Close, HP7 · Fieldway, HP7 · First Avenue, HP7 · Forge End, HP7 · Garden End, HP6 · Grimsdell’s Lane, HP6 · Grove Road, HP6 · Hardwicke Gardens, HP6 · Hazell Park, HP7 · Hervines Court, HP6 · Hervines Road, HP6 · High Coppice, HP7 · High View Place, HP7 · Highland Road, HP7 · Highmoor, HP7 · Highover Park, HP7 · Hill Avenue, HP6 · Hillside Gardens, HP7 · Hillway, HP7 · Hundred Acres Lane, HP7 · Hyrons Close, HP6 · Hyrons Lane, HP6 · Kennard’s Court, HP6 · King George V Road, HP6 · Kirkham Way, HP6 · Lane Wood Close, HP7 · Latimer Road, HP6 · Lexham Gardens, HP6 · Leywood Close, HP7 · Lime Tree Walk, HP7 · Lincoln Park, HP7 · Little Reeves Avenue, HP7 · Lollards Close, HP6 · London Road East, HP7 · London Road West, HP7 · London Road, HP7 · Longfield Drive, HP6 · Longfield Drive, HP7 · Longwood Lane, HP7 · Meadow Bank Close, HP7 · Meadow Drive, HP6 · Millshot Drive, HP7 · Mitchell Walk, HP6 · Mortens Wood, HP7 · Mulberry Close, HP7 · New Road, HP6 · North Road, HP6 · Nursery Close, HP7 · Oakfield Close, HP6 · Old Farm Lane, HP7 · Orchard End Avenue, HP7 · Orchard Lane, HP6 · Parchment Close, HP6 · Park Place, HP6 · Park Road, HP6 · Parkfield Avenue, HP6 · PFP, HP7 · Piggotts End, HP7 · Piggotts Orchard, HP7 · Pineapple Road, HP7 · Pines Close, HP6 · Plantation Road, HP6 · Plantation Way, HP6 · Pomeroy Close, HP7 · Popes Close, HP6 · Quarrendon Road, HP7 · Quill Hall Lane, HP6 · Raans Road, HP6 · Rectory Drive, HP7 · Rectory Hill, HP6 · Rectory Hill, HP7 · Rectory Way, HP7 · Redding Drive, HP6 · Rickmansworth Road, HP6 · Roundwood Road, HP6 · Ruckles Way, HP7 · Salisbury Close, HP7 · Saxon Close, HP6 · Scholars Way, HP6 · Sheepfold Lane, HP7 · Shortway, HP6 · South Road, HP6 · Springett Place, HP6 · Springfields, HP6 · St Michaels Square, HP6 · Stanley Hill Avenue, HP7 · Stanley Hill, HP6 · Stanley Hill, HP7 · Station Road, HP6 · Station Road, HP7 · Stubbs End Close, HP6 · Sycamore Close, HP6 · Sycamore Road, HP6 · Tall Oaks, HP6 · The Drive, HP7 · The Gowers, HP6 · The Meadows, HP7 · The Penningtons, HP6 · The Ridgeway, HP7 · The Rise, HP7 · Tudor Park, HP6 · Washington Row, HP7 · Weedon Lane, HP6 · Weller Close, HP6 · Weller Road, HP6 · West Acres, HP7 · Westanley Avenue, HP7 · Westmount Avenue, HP7 · Whielden Street, HP7 · White Lion Close, HP7 · Willow Lane, HP7 · Windmill Wood, HP6 · Woodfield Park, HP6 · Woodside Close, HP6 · Woodside Road, HP6 · York Close, HP7 ·

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