Chelsea Farm

Farm in/near Chelsea, existed between 1650 and 1785

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Farm · Chelsea · SW10 · Contributed by The Underground Map
December
27
2010
Chelsea Farm in the days of Countess Huntindon
Credit: Kensington and Chelsea Libraries

Chelsea Farm was established on the northern banks of the Thames on land previously open to common pasturage after the annual harvest.

Chelsea Farm was constructed in the 17th century and was used for market gardening, supplying central London.

The Earl of Huntingdon, in the middle of the eighteenth century, rebuilt Chelsea Farm as a house rather than a farm. It became the residence of the Countess of Huntington, a pious Methodist. Chelsea Farm was bought in 1778 by Thomas Dawson, who was created Viscount Cremorne in 1785. Cremorne House was built along with Ashburnham House and Ashburnham Cottage.

By the early 1800s the grounds extended north from the river Thames up to the King’s Road. The estate was famous for its elegant gardens, laid out by Nathaniel Richmond. After Lady Cremorne’s death (his second wife, who was the grand-daughter of William Penn, who founded Pennsylvania) there were no direct male heirs.

In 1825 the ‘Lammas’ rights of common grazing were abolished and in 1831 it was sold to Charles Random who established a ’National Sporting Club’, called the Stadium, in the grounds for ’the cultivation of skilful and manly exercise’ which included shooting, sailing, bathing, archery and fencing. The name lives on in Stadium Street. The venture failed and he was forced to surrender the property to his creditors.

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VIEW THE CHELSEA AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHELSEA AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHELSEA AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHELSEA AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHELSEA AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Chelsea

Chelsea is an affluent area, bounded to the south by the River Thames.

Its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, which is now in a pipe above Sloane Square tube station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square, along with parts of Belgravia. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and South Kensington, but it is safe to say that the area north of King’s Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea.

The word Chelsea originates from the Old English term for chalk and landing place on the river. The first record of the Manor of Chelsea precedes the Domesday Book and records the fact that Thurstan, governor of the King’s Palace during the reign of Edward the Confessor (1042–1066), gave the land to the Abbot and Convent of Westminster. Abbot Gervace subsequently assigned the manor to his mother, and it passed into private ownership. The modern-day Chelsea hosted the Synod of Chelsea in 787 AD.

Chelsea once had a reputation for the manufacture of Chelsea buns (made from a long strip of sweet dough tightly coiled, with currants trapped between the layers, and topped with sugar).

King Henry VIII acquired the manor of Chelsea from Lord Sandys in 1536; Chelsea Manor Street is still extant. Two of King Henry’s wives, Catherine Parr and Anne of Cleves, lived in the Manor House; Princess Elizabeth – the future Queen Elizabeth I – resided there; and Thomas More lived more or less next door at Beaufort House. In 1609 James I established a theological college on the site of the future Chelsea Royal Hospital, which Charles II founded in 1682.

By 1694, Chelsea – always a popular location for the wealthy, and once described as ’a village of palaces’ – had a population of 3000. Even so, Chelsea remained rural and served London to the east as a market garden, a trade that continued until the 19th-century development boom which caused the final absorption of the district into the metropolis.

Chelsea shone, brightly but briefly, in the 1960s Swinging London period and the early 1970s. The Swinging Sixties was defined on King’s Road, which runs the length of the area. The Western end of Chelsea featured boutiques Granny Takes a Trip and The Sweet Shop, the latter of which sold medieval silk velvet caftans, tabards and floor cushions, with many of the cultural cognoscenti of the time being customers, including Keith Richards, Twiggy and many others.

The exclusivity of Chelsea as a result of its high property prices has historically resulted in the term Sloane Ranger to be used to describe its residents. From 2011, Channel 4 broadcast a reality television show called Made in Chelsea, documenting the ’glitzy’ lives of several young people living in Chelsea. Moreover, Chelsea is home to one of the largest communities of Americans living outside of the United States, with 6.53% of Chelsea-residents being born in the United States.

OTHER LOCATIONS NEAR HERE
Adrian Mews · Albert Bridge · Alpha Place · Althea Street · Ann Lane · Ashburnham Community School · Ashcombe Street · Battersea Bridge · Battersea Bridge · Beaufort Street · Beaufort Street · Bolton Gardens Mews · Bramerton Street · Bull’s Gardens · Burton Court · Byam Street · Bywater Street · Cadogan Gate S.W 1 · Callow Street · Cameron House School · Carlyle Square · Cathcart Road · Cavalry Square · Caversham Street · Chapel Walk · Charles II Place · Chelsea · Chelsea Community Hospital School · Chelsea Academy · Chelsea Bridge · Chelsea Embankment · Chelsea Embankment · Chelsea Harbour Drive · Chelsea Manor Gardens · Chelsea Open Air Nursery School · Chelsea Square · Cheyne Children’s Centre · Cheyne Mews · Cheyne Walk · Christ Church CofE Primary School · Circle n6 · Clover Mews · Coleherne House · Coleherne Mews · Courtyard AP Academy · Cremorne Gardens · Cresswell Gardens · Damer Terrace · Danube Street · Danvers Street · De Morgan Road · Donne Place · Draycott Terrace · Dudmaston Mews · East Road · East Road · East Terrace · Ebury Bridge Road · Edith Terrace · Egerton Crescent · Elm Park Lane · Elm Park Road · Elm Place · Elswick Street · Embankment Gardens · Evelyn Gardens · Farrier Walk · Foulis Terrace · Franklins Row · Frederick Hugh House · Garden House School · Gatliff Road · Glenrosa Street · Goodwin’s Field · Grosvenor Road · Grove Cottages · Gurney Road · Gwyn Close · Hamble Street · Harbour Avenue · Harbour Avenue · Harcourt Terrace · Hasker Street · Hilary Close · Hill House International Junior School · Hilton Doubletree · Holly Mews · Hollywood Mews · Holmead Road · Imperial Crescent · Imperial Crescent · Imperial Wharf · Institute of Cancer Research · Justice Walk · Kensington and Chelsea College · Kensington Canal · Kilkie Street · King’s Road · King’s Road · Knightsbridge School · L’Ecole des Petits School · Langford Primary School · Langford Road · Lennox Gardens Mews · Limerston Street · Lindrop Street · Lordship Place · Lots Road · Marlborough Primary School · Marlborough Street · Milborne Grove · Milmans Street · Moore Street · Moravian Place · Mulberry Walk · Oratory Roman Catholic Primary School · Ormonde Gate · Owen Close · Park Walk Primary School · Park Walk · Paultons Street · Pearscroft Court · Petyt Place · Petyward · Pont Street Mews · Priory Walk · Querrin Street · Ralston Street · Ramsay Mews · Ranelagh Gardens · Ray’s Playhouse Ltd. · Redburn Street · Redcliffe Gardens · Redcliffe Mews · Redcliffe Road · Redcliffe School · Redcliffe Square · Rich Lane · Riley Street · Rosemoor Street · Royal Avenue · Saint Thomas More Language College · Sands End · Servite RC Primary School · Seymour Walk · Shawfield Street · Slaidburn Street · Sloane Court West · South Parade · South Walk · Sprimont Place · St Catherine’s Mews · St. Leonard’s Terrace · St. Loo Avenue · Stamford Gate · Sussex House School · Swan Walk · Tadema Road · Tedworth Gardens · Terrace Walk · Thames Avenue · Thames Towpath · The Boltons · The Boltons · The Fascination of Chelsea: North of the King’s Road · The Fascination of Chelsea: Ranelagh Gardens · The Fascination of Chelsea: South of the King’s Road · The Fascination of Chelsea: The Royal Hospital · The Hampshire School · The Little Boltons · Tregunter Road · Trident Place · Upper Cheyne Row · Upper Whistler Walk · Violet Melchett Children’s Centre · Walnut Tree Walk · Walton Street · Wandon Road · West Road · West Road · West Road · Westgate Terrace · Wharfedale Street · Whitehead’s Grove · Whitehead’s Grove · World’s End Passage ·
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Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
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London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
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The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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