Kingston Bridge

Bridge in/near Kingston, existing until now

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Bridge · Kingston · KT1 · Contributed by Scott Hatton
December
21
2016
A view of Kingston Bridge (1831)

Kingston Bridge is a road bridge carrying the A308 across the River Thames.

It joins the town centre of Kingston in the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, to Hampton Court Park, Bushy Park, and the village of Hampton Wick.

Until Putney Bridge was opened in 1729, Kingston Bridge was the only crossing of the river between London Bridge and Staines Bridge.

According to 16th century antiquarian John Leland, the bridge existed in the centuries when Anglo-Saxon England existed (after Roman Britain and before 1066). He wrote "And yn the old tyme the commune saying ys that the bridge where the commun passage was over the Tamise was lower on the ryver then it is now. And when men began the new town in the Saxons tymes they toke from the very clive of Comeparke Kingston Bridge was constructed in the 1190s.

In 1318 the bridge was described as being in a dangerous condition. The successive bridges contributed greatly to Kingston's success as a medieval market town.

The bridge's state of repair became increasingly problematic by the early 19th century. It had become increasingly dilapidated and its narrowness made passage difficult both for river and road traffic. Pressure mounted for it to be rebuilt but no agreement could be reached on who would be responsible or who would pay for it. The courts became involved in 1813 but were overtaken by events in January 1814, when part of the bridge collapsed due to a severe frost. The court ordered Kingston to repair the bridge from its own resources but a complete replacement was by that time clearly necessary.

In 1825 Kingston Corporation notified the City of London Corporation Navigation Committee that it intended to build a new bridge. An Act of Parliament was passed in the same year to authorise construction. The corporation planned to erect a cast-iron bridge, and an architectural competition was held with a prize of 100 guineas. The winner was John Burges Watson, with a design for a bridge of three equal arches. However, concerns over the rising cost of iron led to the abandonment of the scheme, and it was decided instead to build a stone bridge in the classical style to a design by Edward Lapidge, the County surveyor. The first stone was laid by the Earl of Liverpool at a ceremony on 7 November 1825 and the bridge was opened by the Duchess of Clarence (the future Queen Adelaide) on 17 July 1828.

The new bridge, about 100 feet upstream from its predecessor, was built of Portland stone: comprising five elliptical arches. The centre arch enclosed a 60-foot span, 19 feet in height, and the side arches 56 feet then 52 feet in span progressively from the centre. The abutments were terminated by towers or bastions, and the whole surmounted by a cornice and balustrade, with galleries projecting over the pier; which gave a bold relief to the general elevation. The length of the bridge was 382 feet by 27 feet in width.

Following a lengthy campaign which came to a conclusion in 1869, the bridge became free from tolls on 12 March 1870, and celebrations including a fireworks show were followed a few days later with the burning of the toll gates on Hampton Green. The narrowness of the road became a problem and in 1911 the engineering firm Mott & Hay was contracted to widen the bridge on the downstream side. The work was undertaken between 1912 and 1914 with the carriageway increased from 25 feet to 55 feet. A new façade of Portland Stone was designed to replicate the features of the original. The bridge was reopened in October 1914. It was widened again in 2000 to include two bicycle lanes, larger pavements and a bus lane.

The bridge was given protection as a Grade II* listed structure in 1951.

In 2005 it was carrying approximately 50,000 vehicles per day with up to 2,000 vehicles per hour in each direction during peak times.

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VIEW THE KINGSTON AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE KINGSTON AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE KINGSTON AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE KINGSTON AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE KINGSTON AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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Kingston

The Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames is the oldest of the Royal Boroughs in England and Wales, with great historical interest.

The main town in the borough, Kingston upon Thames, has existed on the banks of the River Thames in south-west London for thousands of years, with the oldest relics being aged at around 300 000 years old. Many Roman relics have also been found in the surrounding areas.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Canbury Gardens:   
Hampton Wick Royal Cricket Club:   
The King's Field:   King George V donated the King's Field site to the National Playing Fields Association in June 1927 for use by local children.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
A308, KT1 · A308, KT2 · Acre Road, KT2 · Albany Mews, KT2 · Albany Park Road, KT2 · Albert Road, KT1 · Albert Road, KT2 · Aldersbrook Drive, KT2 · Alexandra Road, KT2 · Alfred Road, KT1 · Anglesea Road, KT1 · Anne Boelyn’s Walk, KT2 · Aragon Road, KT2 · Archdale Place, KT1 · Archer Crescent, KT2 · Arthur Road, KT2 · Ashdown Road, KT1 · Ashdown Road, WD23 · Aspen Close, KT1 · Avenue Road, KT1 · Bank Lane, KT2 · Barge Walk, KT1 · Barnfield Avenue, KT2 · Barnfield Gardens, KT2 · Baygrove Mews, KT1 · Beard Road, KT2 · Bearfield Road, KT2 · Beaufort Road, KT1 · Becketts Place, KT1 · Beechcroft Avenue, KT1 · Bennet Close, KT1 · Beresford Road, KT2 · Bertram Road, KT2 · Beverley Road, KT1 · Biggin Hill Close, KT2 · Birkenhead Avenue, KT2 · Bishop’s Hall, KT1 · Bloomfield Road, KT1 · Bockhampton Road, KT2 · Borough Road, KT2 · Bowness Crescent, KT2 · Bridle Close, KT1 · Brook Street, KT1 · Broomfield Hill, KT2 · Broomfield Hill, TW10 · Brunswick Road, KT2 · Burnell Avenue, TW10 · Burnham Street, KT2 · Burton Road, KT2 · Cambridge Road, KT1 · Camel Grove, KT2 · Camellia Lane, KT1 · Canbury Avenue, KT2 · Canbury Park Road, KT2 · Cardinal Avenue, KT2 · Castle Street, KT1 · Catherine Road, KT1 · Caversham Road, KT1 · Cedars Road, KT1 · Chatham Road, KT1 · Chesfield Road, KT2 · Chesham Road, KT2 · Chestnut Road, KT2 · Church Grove Passage, KT1 · Church Grove, KT1 · Church Road, KT1 · Clarence Street, KT1 · Clifton Road, KT2 · Cobham Road, KT1 · Cobham Road, KT2 · Coombe Park, KT2 · Cowleaze Road, KT2 · Cowper Road, KT2 · Cranleigh Gardens, KT2 · Crieff Court, KT1 · Cromwell Road, KT1 · Cromwell Road, KT2 · Dagmar Road, KT2 · Dark Hill, KT2 · Dark Hill, TW10 · David Twigg Close, KT2 · Deacon Road, KT2 · Debden Close, KT2 · Denmark Road, KT1 · Dickerage Road, KT1 · Dinton Road, KT2 · Dolphin Street, KT1 · Downhall Road, KT1 · Downhall Road, KT2 · Dudley Road, KT1 · Dukes Avenue, KT2 · Durlston Road, KT2 · Dysart Avenue, KT2 · Earle Gardens, KT2 · East Road, KT2 · Eastbury Road, KT2 · Eden Street, KT1 · Eden Walk, KT1 · Elm Grove, KT2 · Elm Road, KT2 · Elton Close, KT1 · Elton Road, KT2 · Fairfield East, KT1 · Fairfield North, KT1 · Fairfield Place, KT1 · Fairfield Road, KT1 · Fairfield South, KT1 · Fassett Road, KT1 · Fernhill Gardens, KT2 · Fife Road, KT1 · Florence Road, KT2 · Garth Close, KT2 · Garth Close, TW10 · Garth Road, KT2 · Geneva Road, KT1 · Gibbon Road, KT2 · Glamorgan Road, KT1 · Glenthorne Road, KT1 · Glenville Road, KT2 · Gloucester Road, KT1 · Gordon Road, KT2 · Grange Road, KT1 · Grosvenor Gardens, KT2 · Grove Close, KT1 · Grove Crescent, KT1 · Grove Footpath, KT1 · Grove Footpath, KT5 · Grove Lane, KT1 · Hampton Court Road, KT1 · Hardings Close, KT2 · Hardman Road, KT2 · Hatch Place, KT2 · Henry Macaulay Avenue, KT2 · Herbert Road, KT1 · High Street, KT1 · Hollybush Road, KT2 · Home Park Terrace, KT1 · Horace Road, KT1 · Hornchurch Close, KT2 · Horsley Drive, KT2 · Isabella Place, KT2 · Jack Goodchild Way, KT1 · Jack Goodchild Way, KT3 · Jemmett Close, KT2 · Jubilee Close, KT1 · Kelvedon Close, KT2 · Kensington Gardens, KT1 · Kent Road, KT1 · Kestrel Close, KT2 · Kings Road, KT2 · Kingsgate Road, KT2 · Kingston Bridge, KT1 · Kingston Hall Road, KT1 · Kingston Road, KT1 · Knights Park, KT1 · Lady Booth Road, KT1 · Lammas Road, KT2 · Lancaster Close, KT2 · Lancaster Gardens, KT2 · Latchmere Lane, KT2 · Latchmere Road, KT2 · Lexington Place, KT1 · Lingfield Avenue, KT1 · Log Steps, KT2 · London Road, KT2 · Lovekyn Close, KT2 · Lower Ham Road, KT2 · Lower Kings Road, KT2 · Lower Teddington Road, KT1 · Lowther Road, KT2 · Manston Grove, KT2 · Marina Place, KT1 · Market Place, KT1 · May Bate Avenue, KT2 · Mill Place, KT1 · Mill Street, KT1 · Milner Road, KT1 · Minerva Road, KT2 · New Road, KT2 · Norbiton Avenue, KT1 · Normansfield Avenue, KT1 · Northweald Lane, KT2 · Old London Road, KT2 · Orchard Road, KT1 · Orchard Walk, KT2 · Osborne Road, KT2 · Palace Road, KT1 · Palmer Crescent, KT1 · Park Farm Road, KT2 · Park Gardens, KT2 · Park Road, KT1 · Park Road, KT2 · Parkfields Road, KT2 · Penrhyn Gardens, KT1 · Penrhyn Road, KT1 · Portland Road, KT1 · Portsmouth Road, KT1 · Princes Road, KT2 · Queen Elizabeth Road, KT2 · Queens Promenade, KT1 · Queens Road, KT2 · Ram Passage, KT1 · Rayleigh Court, KT2 · Richmond Park Road, KT2 · Richmond Road, KT2 · Riverside Close, KT1 · Rosewood Court, KT2 · Salamander Close, KT2 · Samuel Gray Gardens, KT2 · Sandy Lane, KT1 · Saxon Road, KT2 · Scope Way, KT1 · Seven Kings Way, KT2 · Seymour Road, KT1 · Shortlands Road, KT2 · Skerne Road, KT2 · Sopwith Close, KT2 · Sopwith Way, KT2 · Southsea Road, KT1 · Springfield Road, KT1 · St Agathas Drive, KT2 · St Albans Rd, KT2 · St George’s Road, KT2 · St James’ Court, KT1 · St James’ Road, KT1 · St John’s Road, KT1 · St. Albans Road, KT2 · St. George’s Industrial Estate, KT2 · Stable Close, KT2 · Station Road, KT1 · Staunton Road, KT2 · Steadfast Road, KT1 · Studland Road, KT2 · Surbiton Crescent, KT1 · Surbiton Hall Close, KT1 · Surbiton Road, KT1 · Surbiton Road,Bridle Close, KT1 · Sury Basin, KT2 · Tangmere Grove, KT2 · Tapping Close, KT2 · Thames Path, KT1 · Thames Path, KT2 · Thames Side, KT1 · The Albany, KT2 · The Bittoms, KT1 · The Keep, KT2 · The Tamsin Trail, KT2 · Thorpe Road, KT2 · Three Bridges Path, KT1 · Tudor Drive, KT2 · Tudor Road, KT2 · Ullswater Close, KT2 · Ullswater Crescent, KT2 · Union Street, KT1 · Upper Park Road, KT2 · Upper Teddington Road, KT1 · Uxbridge Road, KT1 · Uxbridge Road, KT6 · Vicarage Road, KT1 · Vineyard Close, KT1 · Wadbrook Street, KT1 · Walter Street, KT2 · Warwick Road, KT1 · Watersplash Close, KT1 · Wheatfield Way, KT1 · Willoughby Road, KT2 · Wilmer Close, KT2 · Wingfield Road, KT2 · Wittering Close, KT2 · Wolsey Drive, KT2 · Wood Street, KT1 · Woodbines Avenue, KT1 · Woodcote Close, KT2 · Woodlands Avenue, KT2 · Woodside Road, KT2 · Wyndham Road, KT2 · Yeovilton Place, KT2 · York Road, KT2 ·

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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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