St Georges Row, SW1V

Road in/near Pimlico, existed between 1785 and 1955

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
54.167.47.248 
Too much info? Click here to declutter the page
Antelope · Apollo Victoria Theatre · Arches Lane · Atterbury Street · Balvaird Place · Belgrave Road · Bessborough Gardens · Bessborough Place · Bessborough Street · Blandel Bridge · Bloomfield Terrace · Boscobel Place · Buckingham Palace Road · Buckingham Palace Road · Bulleid Way · Burton Court · Burton Mews · Cadogan Gate S.W 1 · Carriage Drive North · Causton Street · Cavalry Square · Cavalry Square · Chapter Chambers · Chapter Street · Charlwood Place · Charlwood Street · Chelsea Bridge Road · Chelsea Bridge · Chelsea Bridge · Chelsea Embankment · Chelsea Pensioners Club · Chesham Close · Chester Row · Chester Square · Chichester Street · Churchill Gardens Road · Churchill Gardens · Churton Place · Churton Street · Clarendon Street · Claverton Street · Clover Mews · Coburg Close · Crown Reach Riverside Walk · Dalkeith Court · Dells Mews · Denbigh Mews · Denbigh Street · Dolphin Square East Side · Dolphin Square West Side · Dolphin Square West · Drummond Gate · Duke of York Square · Duncan House · East Road · Eaton Close · Ebury Bridge Road · Ebury Bridge · Ebury Farm · Ebury Mews · Ebury Square · Ebury Street · Ebury Strreet · Eccleston Bridge · Eccleston Bridge · Eccleston Square Mews · Egerton House · Elizabeth Bridge · Elverton Street · Embankment Gardens · Emery Hill Street · Erasmus Street · Esterbrooke Street · Franklins Row · Frobisher House · Garden Terrace · Gatliff Road · Gillingham Row · Glasgow Terrace · Grosvenor Cottages · Grosvenor Road · Grosvenor Road · Herrick Street · Holbein Place · Howard Building · Hugh Street · Johnson’s Place · Joseph Conrad House · Keyes House · King’s Scholars’ Passage · King’s Scholars’ Passage · Lambeth Bridge · Lindsay Square · Little Ben · Lupus Street · Lutyens House · Lyall Mews West · Millbank Tower · Millbank · Moreton Place · Moreton Street · Moreton Terrace Mews North · Neat House Place · Neate House · Nelson House · Nine Elms Lane · Ollin Street · Ormonde Place · Oswald Building · Overbridge · Passmore Street · Paxton Terrace · Peabody Avenue · Peabody Avenue · Phipps Mews · Pimilco Walk · Pimlico · Pimlico Academy · Pimlico Road · Ponsonby Place · Ponsonby Terrace · Postal area SW3 · Postal zone SW1V 3** · Postal zone SW1V 4** · Pulford Street · Rampayne Street · Ranelagh Gardens · Ranelagh Grove · Ranelagh Road · Regency Street · River Westbourne outflow · Rivermill · Riverside Walk · Rootstein Hopkins Parade Ground: Chelsea College of Art and Desi · Rose and Crown · Saint George’s Drive · Sedding Street · Showing every photo/image so far featured · Sloane Court East · Sloane Court East · Sloane Court West · Sloane Square · Sloane Square · St Barnabas Mews · St George’s Square · St Georges Drive · St Georges Row · St James the Less · St Saviours Hall · Stillington Street · Tachbrook Mews · Tachbrook Street · Taste Wine 4 LTD · Tate Britain · Terminus Place · Terminus Place · Terminus Place · The Arcade · The Bridge · Thorndike Street · Thorney Street · Tothill Fields Bridewell · Turpentine Lane · Vauxhall Bridge Road · Vauxhall Bridge · Vauxhall Bridge · Victoria · Victoria Bus Station · Victoria Subway · Victoria Tower Gardens · Village Courtyard · Vincent Street · Walcott Street · Warwick Square Mews · Warwick Square · Warwick Way · West Eaton Place Mews · West Mews · West Road · West Road · Westminster Cathedral · Westminster Cathedral Choir School · Westminster Under School · Westmoreland Terrace · Whittaker Street · Willow Place
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Road · Pimlico · SW1V ·
MARCH
18
2019

St Georges Row was built as Monster Row circa 1785, and renamed in 1833.

The Monster Tea Gardens (1820)
Credit: Old and New London
The ground between Victoria Station and the river occupies the site of the old manor of Neyte, which belonged to the Abbey of Westminster until confiscated by Henry VIII in 1536. It was a favourite residence of the Abbots, and here also lived John of Gaunt, and here John, son of Richard, Duke of York, was born in 1448. In 1592 the manor became a farm and passed with the Ebury Estate into the possession of the Grosvenor family.

The manor-house stood on the later St George’s Row, and in Pepys’ time was a popular pleasure-garden. Between the Willow Walk (Warwick Street) and the river were the Neat House Gardens, which supplied a large part of London with vegetables. The name lingered until the present century among the houses on the river-bank, and is still commemorated by Neat House Buildings in Ranelagh Road. The whole area was low-lying and swampy, and the neighbourhood of Eccleston Square was occupied by a vast osier bed.

In 1827, Cubitt raised the level of the district by depositing the earth excavated from St. Katharine’s Docks, and houses and squares were gradually completed.

The Monster tavern and garden, later the Monster pub and in the Row, was a name which was probably a corruption of monastery.The Monster was, for many years, the start of a line of horse-drawn buses known as the "Monster" buses.

St Georges Row was largely obliterated in a Luftwaffe raid on 17 April 1941. It became known to the people who lived through it as, simply, ’The Wednesday’. 148 people were killed that night in Pimlico and 564 injured. The Monster Tavern was destroyed.

The Abbots Manor Estate replaced St Georges Row in the 1950s.

Main source

Citations and sources

Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations

Links and further reading

Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
A wander through London, street by street

VIEW THE PIMLICO AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE PIMLICO AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE PIMLICO AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE PIMLICO AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE PIMLICO AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 Read blog
We have featured this location on a blog entry.
Please note that our blog will open in a new window.

Pimlico

Pimlico is known for its garden squares and Regency architecture.

In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the Manor of Ebury was divided up and leased by the Crown to servants or favourites. In 1623, James I sold the freehold of Ebury - the land was sold on several more times until it came into the possession of heiress Mary Davies in 1666.

Mary’s dowry not only included modern-day Pimlico and Belgravia, but also most of what is now Mayfair and Knightsbridge. She was much pursued and in 1677 at the age of twelve she married Sir Thomas Grosvenor. The Grosvenors were a family of Norman descent long seated at Eaton Hall in Cheshire who until this auspicious marriage were only of local consequence in the county of Cheshire. Through the development and good management of this land, the Grosvenors acquired enormous wealth.

At some point in the late seventeenth or early eighteenth century, the area ceased to be known as Ebury (or ’The Five Fields’) and gained the name by which it is now known. According to folklore, it received its name from Ben Pimlico, famous for his nut-brown ale. His tea-gardens were near Hoxton, and the road to them from here was termed Pimlico Path, so that what is now called Pimlico was so named from the popularity of the Hoxton resort.

By the nineteenth century, and as a result of an increase in demand for property in the previously unfashionable West End of London following the Great Plague of London and the Great Fire of London, Pimlico had become ripe for development. In 1825, Thomas Cubitt was contracted by Lord Grosvenor to develop Pimlico. The land up to this time had been marshy but was reclaimed using soil excavated during the construction of St Katharine Docks.

Cubitt developed Pimlico as a grid of handsome white stucco terraces. The largest and most opulent houses were built along St George’s Drive and Belgrave Road, the two principal streets, and Eccleston, Warwick and St George’s Squares. Lupus Street contained similarly grand houses, as well as shops and, until the early twentieth century, a hospital for women and children. Smaller-scale properties, typically of three storeys, line the side streets. An 1877 newspaper article described Pimlico as "genteel, sacred to professional men… not rich enough to luxuriate in Belgravia proper, but rich enough to live in private houses." Its inhabitants were "more lively than in Kensington… and yet a cut above Chelsea, which is only commercial."

Although the area was dominated by the well-to-do middle and upper-middle classes as late as Booth’s 1889 Map of London Poverty, parts of Pimlico are said to have declined significantly by the 1890s. When Rev Gerald Olivier moved to the neighbourhood in 1912 with his family, including the young Laurence Olivier, to minister to the parishioners of St Saviour, it was part of a venture to west London ’slums’ that had previously taken the family to the depths of Notting Hill.

Through the late nineteenth century, Pimlico saw the construction of several Peabody Estates, charitable housing projects designed to provide affordable, quality homes.

Proximity to the Houses of Parliament made Pimlico a centre of political activity. Prior to 1928, the Labour Party and Trades Union Congress shared offices on Eccleston Square, and it was here in 1926 that the General Strike was organised.

In the mid-1930s Pimlico saw a second wave of development with the construction of Dolphin Square, a self-contained ’city’ of 1250 up-market flats built on the site formerly occupied by Cubitt’s building works. Completed in 1937, it quickly became popular with MPs and public servants. It was home to fascist Oswald Mosley until his arrest in 1940, and the headquarters of the Free French for much of the Second World War.

Pimlico survived the war with its essential character intact, although parts sustained significant bomb damage. Through the 1950s these areas were the focus of large-scale redevelopment as the Churchill Gardens and Lillington and Longmoore Gardens estates, and many of the larger Victorian houses were converted to hotels and other uses.

To provide affordable and efficient heating to the residents of the new post-war developments, Pimlico became one of the few places in the UK to have a district heating system installed.

In 1953, the Second Duke of Westminster sold the part of the Grosvenor estate on which Pimlico is built.

Pimlico was connected to the underground in 1972 as a late addition to the Victoria Line. Following the designation of a conservation area in 1968 (extended in 1973 and again in 1990), the area has seen extensive regeneration. Successive waves of development have given Pimlico an interesting social mix, combining exclusive restaurants and residences with Westminster City Council run facilities.

Notable residents of Pimlico have included politician Winston Churchill, designer Laura Ashley, philosopher Swami Vivekananda, actor Laurence Olivier, illustrator and author Aubrey Beardsley, Kenyan nationalist Jomo Kenyatta and inventor of lawn tennis Major Walter Wingfield.
Print-friendly version of this page

Maps


Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.