Boyle Street, W1S

Road in/near Oxford Circus, existing between 1718 and now

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12 Bar Club · 25 Park Lane · Achilles Way · Adam And Eve · Adam and Eve Court · Adam and Eve Inn · Adams Row · Admiral Court · Admiral Duncan · Air Street · Air Street · Albemarle Street · Aldburgh Mews · All Bar One · All Bar One · All Souls Church · An Omnibus Ride to Piccadilly Circus · Apartment 58 · Ape and Bird · Apollo Theatre · Archer Street · Archibald Mews · Argyll Arms · Argyll Street · Avery Row · Babmaes Street · Bainbridge Street · Bainbridge Street · Balls Brothers · Bar Termini · Barley Mow · Barlow Place · Be@One · Beak Street · Bear Street · Bellenden Road Business Centre · Berkeley Square · Berners Street · Binney Street · Blenheim Street · Blocks Cafe · Blue Posts · Blue Posts · Bonbonniere · Bond Street · Bonds · Bourne & Hollingsworth · Boyle Street · Brewer Street · Bricklayers Arms · Broadwick Street · Brook Street · Brook Street · Brown Hart Gardens · Bruton Lane · Bulstrode Street · Burger & Lobster · Burlington Gardens · Burlington Gardens · Bury Street · Buses outside the National Gallery · Byron Hamburgers · C1 Mint Business Park · Cambridge Circus · Carlisle Arms · Carlisle Walk · Carlton Gardens · Carlton House Terrace · Carnaby Street · Catherine Wheel Yard · Cavendish Place · Cavendish Square · Cecil Court · Chandos Street · Charing Cross · Cirque Du Soir · Clarence · Clarges Mews · Clifford Street · Club 49 · Coach And Horses · Coach And Horses · Coach And Horses · Coach And Horses Yard · Coach Horses Yard · Cock Tavern · Comptons Of Soho · Conduit Avenue · Conduit Street · Conduit Street · Cork Street · Coventry Street · Cranbourn Street · Crown · Culross Street · Curzon Square · Davies Mews · Davies Street · Davies Street · Davis Street · De Hems · Dean’s Mews · Dering Street · Devonshire Arms · Dog & Duck · Dominion Theatre · Dorchester Ride · Down Street · Drama · Duke Of Argyll · Duke Of Wellington · Duke Of York · Duke Of York · Eastcastle Street · Edwards Mews · Elmhurstreet Villas · Evelyn Yard · Falconberg Mews · Finos Wine Cellar · Finsbury LB · Flaxman Court · Flichcroft Street · Foubert’s Place · Garlic & Shots · Gee’s Court · Gigis Mayfair · Gilbert Street · Glasshouse Stores · Golden Lion · Goslett Yard · Graphic Bar · Great Castle Street · Great Castle Street · Great Marlborough Street · Great Windmill Street · Greek Court · Greek Street · Green Man · Green Park · Grosvenor Square · Hanover Square · Hanover Square · Hanover Street · Harewood Place · Haunch Of Venison Yard · Hay’s Mews · Haymarket · Heddon Street · Henry Holland · Henry’s Cafe Bar Piccadilly · Hills Place · Hinde Street · Hobhouse Court · Holles Street · Hopkins Street · Horse and Dolphin Yard · Horse Guards Parade · Hudsons House · International House · Iron Duke · Irving Street · Jamies Italian · Jason Court · Jermyn Street · John Prince’s Street · John Princes Street · John Street · Kemp’s Court · Kendall Place · Kings Arms · Kings Arms · Lamb And Flag · Lancashire Court · Langham House · Leicester Arms · Leicester Square · Leicester Square · Les Cousins · Little Titchfield Street · London Borough Of Southwark · London Hippodrome · Lovers’ Walk · Lumley Street · Lyndhurstreet Grove · Lyric · Maddox Club And Restaurant · Maddox Street · Mandeville Place · Manette Street · Market Place Bar · Market Tavern · Marlborough Head · Marquis Of Granby · Marylebone Lane · Masons Arms · Masons Arms Mews · Mason’s Arms Mews · Mayfair · Mayfair Mews · Mews Yard · Mill Street · Molly Moggs Ale & Pie House · Morwell Street · Mount Row · Mount Street Mews · Mount Street · Nellie Dean · New Ambassadors Theatre · New Bond Street · New Burlington Place · New Burlington Street · Newport Court · Nordic Wine Bar · North Audley Canteen · O’Neill’s · O’Neills · Old Bond Street · Old Burlington Street · Old Cavendish Street · Old Coffee House · Old Compton Street · Orange Street · Orange Street · Orchard Court · Orchard Court · Orchard Street · Oxendon Street · Oxford Circus · Oxford Circus Avenue · Oxford Circus · Oxford Circus · Oxford Street · Oxford Street · Oxford Street · Oxford Street · Pall Mall East · Park Lane Hotel · Park Lane · Pelican Estate · Piccadilly Circus · Piccadilly Circus · Piccadilly Theatre · Piccadilly · Piccadilly · Piccadilly · Pickering Place · Pillars Of Hercules · Pitt’s Head Mews · PO Box 27369 · PO Box 31739 · PO Box 38451 · PO Box 45182 · PO Box 60052 · PO Box 6007 · PO Box 60076 · PO Box 60078 · PO Box 60084 · PO Box 60087 · PO Box 60093 · PO Box 60094 · PO Box 68501 · PO Box 68517 · PO Box 68526 · PO Box 68607 · PO Box 68642 · PO Box 74228 · Pollen Street · Portland Place · Prince Of Wales Theatre · Princes Street · Providence Court · Ramillies Place · Ramillies Street · Red Lion · Red Lion Yard · Reeves Mews · Regent Street · Rex Place · Riding House Street · Robert Adam Street · Rose and Crown Yard · Royal Society · Royal Society · Running Footman · Rupert Court · Rupert Street · Russell Court · Saint George Street · Saint Giles High Street · Saint James’s Place · Saint James’s Square · Saint James’s Street · Saint Martin’s Court · Salsa! · Sandgate Trading Estate · Savile Row · Sedley Place · Sedley Place · Shakespeare’s Head · Shampers Wine Bar · Shepherd Market · Shepherds Tavern · Slug & Lettuce · Soho · Soho Square · Sounding Alley · South Molton Lane · South Molton Street · Spread Eagle · Spring Gardens · St Anne’s Court · St George Street · St Georges Square · St James’ Tavern · St James’s · St James’s Place · St Martin’s Theatre · St. Anselm’s Place · St. James’s Drive · St. Thomas’s Square · Suffolk Place · Sun & 13 Cantons · Sutton Row · Swallow Place · Tenterden Street · The Angel · The Angel In The Fields · The Audley · The Blue Post · The Bok Bar · The Burlington Arms · The Champion · The Clachan · The Coachmakers Of Marylebone · The Cock & Lion · The Crown & Two Chairmen · The Finery · The Gallery · The George · The Glassblower · The Guinea · The John Snow · The Kings Arms · The Kings Head · The Life Goddess · The O’ Bar · The Phoenix · The Pontefract Castle · The Queen’s Head · The Running Horse · The Shaston Arms · The Ship · The Tottenham · The Toucan · The Wheatsheaf · The Wimpole · The Windmill · The Yard Bar · Three Greyhounds · Three Kings Yard · Three Kings’ Yard · Tilney Street · Tottenham Court Road · Tottenham Court Road (1927) · Trafalgar Square · Troy Club · Tudor Rose · University of Westminster · Upper John Street · Vinyl Bar · Walker’s Court · Wardour Mews · Wardour Street · Waterloo Place · Waxy O’Connors · Waxy’s Little Sister · Weighhouse Street · Wells Mews · Wells Street · Wells Street · Westreet Drive · White Horse · White Horse · Wilder Walk · Winsley Street · Woodstock Street · Wyld’s Great Globe · Ye Grapes
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Road · Oxford Circus · W1S ·

Boyle Street was built on a piece of land called the Ten Acres to discharge some Boyle family debts.

The Boyle family were the Earls of Burlington who held land rather than had money.

Jabez Collier, a lawyer, suggested that part of the Ten Acres, also known as Crabtree Field, which the Burlingtons used as a garden should be given over to building leases. In January 1718, Lord Burlington submitted a Bill in the House of Lords to permit him to grant building leases of the part of the Ten Acres lying behind Burlington-House Garden. On this piece of ground were built Boyle Street, Cork Street, Clifford Street, Old Burlington Street and some houses in New Bond Street.

The street runs east-west from the junction of the Coach and Horses Yard and Old Burlington Street, to Savile Row. Although mainly offices now, the street once had houses and the Burlington Charity Schoolhouse, built about 1720.

Main source

Citations and sources

Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations

Links and further reading

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The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.


Oxford Circus

Oxford Circus, designed by John Nash in 1811.

Oxford Circus, the busy intersection of Oxford Street and Regent Street, was constructed in the beginning of the 19th century, and was designed by John Nash. Regent Street had been commissioned by Prince Regent, who was later to become King George IV, as a grand scheme to connect the Princes home at Carlton House with his newly acquired property at Regents Park. Nash designed a wide boulevard with a sweeping curve that became a clear dividing line between the less respectable Soho and the fashionable squares and streets of Mayfair. Born from the concept of Nash’s layout of the New Street in 1812, frontage alignments remain, with the rebuilt listed architecture of 1920s buildings.

The surrounding area contains important elements of the Nash heritage. All frontages on the Circus are Grade II Listed. The entire of Regent Street is also listed and sits within a conservation area.

The circus is served by Oxford Circus tube station, which is directly beneath the junction itself.

Oxford Circus station has entrances on all four corners of the intersection. The station is an interchange between the Central, Victoria and Bakerloo lines. It is the fourth busiest station on the network and the busiest without connection to the National Rail service. It opened on the Central London Railway on 30 July 1900, with the Baker Street and Waterloo Railway's platforms opening on 10 March 1906. The two companies had separate surface buildings and lift shafts. The station buildings, which remain today as exits from the station, were constructed on very confined plots on either side of Argyll Street on the south side of Oxford Street, just to the east of the circus itself. The stations were originally built as entirely separate, but connecting passages were swiftly provided at platform level. The surviving Central London Railway building to the east of Argyll Street is the best surviving example of the stations designed by Harry Bell Measures, and the Bakerloo line building to the west is a classic Leslie Green structure. Both station buildings are Grade II listed.

Almost from the outset, overcrowding has been a constant problem at the station and it has seen numerous improvements to its facilities and below-ground arrangements to deal with this difficulty. After much discussion between the then two separate operators, a major reconstruction began in 1912. This saw a new ticket hall, dealing with both lines, built in the basement of the Bakerloo station, the Bakerloo lifts removed, and new deep-level escalators opened down to the Bakerloo line level. Access to the Central line was by way of existing deep-level subways. The new works came into use on 9 May 1914 with the CLR lifts still available for passengers. By 1923 even this rearrangement was unable to cope, so a second rebuilding commenced. This saw a second set of escalators built directly down to the Central line, the CLR station building becoming an exit only. Then, on 2 October 1928, a third escalator leading to the Bakerloo platforms was opened. Unusually, lifts came back into prominence at an Underground station when, in 1942, a set of high-speed lifts came into use, largely used as an exit route from the Central line platforms directly to the Argyll Street exit building.

The Victoria line opened on 7 March 1969. To handle the additional passenger loads, a new ticket hall was constructed directly under the road junction. To excavate the new ticket hall below the roadway, traffic was diverted for five years (August 1963 to Easter 1968) on to a temporary bridge-like structure known as the 'umbrella' covering the Regent Street/Oxford Street intersection. Services tunnels were constructed to carry water mains and telecom cables past the new ticket hall. Construction of the Victoria line station tunnels with their platforms, the new escalator shafts and the linking passages to the Central line platforms was carried out from access shafts sunk from nearby Cavendish Square, Upper Regent Street and Argyll Street. To this day, traffic passing through the Oxford Circus intersection literally travels over the roof of the ticket office.
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Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

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