St James’s

Suburb, existing between 1660 and now

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Suburb · St James’s · SW1Y ·
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2017

St James’s is an exclusive area in the West End of London.

Carlton House Terrace
St James’s was once part of the same royal park as Green Park and St James’s Park. In the 1660s, Charles II gave the right to develop the area to Henry Jermyn, 1st Earl of St Albans, who proceeded to develop it as a predominantly aristocratic residential area with a grid of streets centered on St James’s Square. Until the Second World War, St James’s remained one of the most exclusive residential enclaves in London. Famous residences in St James’s include St James’s Palace, Clarence House, Marlborough House, Lancaster House, Spencer House, Schomberg House and Bridgewater House.

St James’s is the home of many of the best known gentlemen’s clubs in London. The clubs found here are organisations of English high society. A variety of groups congregate here, such as royals, military officers, motoring enthusiasts, and other groups.

It is now a predominantly commercial area with some of the highest rents in London and, consequently, the world. The auction house Christie’s is based in King Street, and the surrounding streets contain a great many upmarket art and antique dealers.

Office space to rent in St James’s is the most expensive in the world, costing up to five times average rents in New York, Paris and Sydney.

The area is home to fine wine merchants including Berry Brothers and Rudd, at number 3 St James’s Street. Adjoining St James’s Street is Jermyn Street, famous for its many tailors. St James’s is home to some of the most famous cigar retailers in London. At 35 St James’s Street is Davidoff of London, 19 St James’s Street is home to J.J. Fox and 50 Jermyn St has Dunhill; this makes the area a Cuban cigar haven.

The iconic English shoemaker Wildsmith which designed the first ever loafer was located at 41 Duke Street, St, James’s. It is now currently located at 13 Savile Row.

The area has a good number of art galleries, covering a spectrum of tastes. The White Cube gallery, which represents Damien Hirst and Tracey Emin, had originally opened in Duke Street, St James’s, then moved to Hoxton Square. In September 2006, it opened a second gallery in St James’s at 25–26 Mason’s Yard, off Duke Street, on a plot previously occupied by an electricity sub-station. The gallery is the first free-standing building to be built in the St James’s area for more than 30 years.

Citations and sources

Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations
The free encyclopedia

Links and further reading

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THE STREETS OF ST JAMES’S
Albany Courtyard, W1J The courtyard is named after Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, who in 1791 purchased Melbourne House which stood on this site.
Ambassador’s Court, SW1A Ambassador’s Court is a road in the SW1A postcode area
Angel Court, SW1Y Angel Court is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Apple Tree Yard, SW1Y Apple Tree Yard is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Arlington Street, SW1A Arlington Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Bennett Street, SW1A Bennett Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Buckingham Place, SW1A Buckingham Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Burlington Gardens, W1J Burlington Gardens is a road in the W1J postcode area
Bury Street, SW1Y Bury Street runs north-to-south from Jermyn Street to King Street, crossing Ryder Street.
Carlton House Terrace, SW1Y Carlton House Terrace consists of a pair of terraces - white stucco-faced houses on the south side of the street overlooking St. James’s Park.
Catherine Wheel Yard, SW1A Catherine Wheel Yard is a road in the SW1A postcode area
Charles Ii Street, SW1Y Charles Ii Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Cleveland Road, SW1A Cleveland Road is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Cleveland Row, SW1A Cleveland Row is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Conduit Street, W1B Conduit Street is a road in the W1B postcode area
Crown Passage, SW1Y Crown Passage is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Dalmeny Court, SW1Y Dalmeny Court is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Duke Of York Street, SW1Y Duke Of York Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Duke Street, SW1Y Duke Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Haymarket, SE10 A street within the SW1Y postcode
King Street, SW1Y King Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Lower Regent Street, SW1Y Lower Regent Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Marlborough Road, SW1A Marlborough Road is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Masons Yard, SW1Y Masons Yard is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Ormond Yard, SW1Y Ormond Yard is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Pall Mall, SW1Y Pall Mall is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Park Place, SW1A Park Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
Piccadilly Arcade, SW1Y Piccadilly Arcade is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Piccadilly Arcade, W1J Piccadilly Arcade is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Pickering Place, SW1A This is a street in the SW1A postcode area
Princes Arcade, SW1Y Princes Arcade is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Rose and Crown Yard, SW1Y Rose and Crown Yard is a road in the SW1Y postcode area
Royal Opera Arcade, SW1Y Royal Opera Arcade is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Russell Court, SW1A Russell Court is a road in the SW1A postcode area
Ryder Street, SW1Y Ryder Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Saint James’s Place, SW1A This is a street in the SW1A postcode area
Saint James’s Square, SW1Y This is a street in the SW1Y postcode area
Saint James’s Street, SW1A This is a street in the SW1A postcode area
St James Square, SW1Y St James Square is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
St Jamess Chambers, SW1Y St Jamess Chambers is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
St Jamess Place, SW1A St Jamess Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
St Jamess Square, SW1Y St James’s Square is the only square in district of St James’s.
St Jamess Street, SW1A St Jamess Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1A postal area.
St James’s Place, SW1A St James’s Place is a road in the SW1A postcode area
Stable Yard Road, SW1A Stable Yard Road is a road in the SW1A postcode area
The Mall, SW1Y The Mall is the processional route between Trafalgar Square and Buckingham Palace.
Waterloo Place, SW1Y Waterloo Place, a broad extension of Regent Street, is awash with statues and monuments that honour heroes and statesmen of the British Empire. It is framed by palatial buildings designed by John Nash, the famed Regency-era architect and Decimus Burton, his protégé.



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VIEW THE ST JAMES’S AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST JAMES’S AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST JAMES’S AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST JAMES’S AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE ST JAMES’S AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

St James’s

St James’s is an exclusive area in the West End of London.

St James’s was once part of the same royal park as Green Park and St James’s Park. In the 1660s, Charles II gave the right to develop the area to Henry Jermyn, 1st Earl of St Albans, who proceeded to develop it as a predominantly aristocratic residential area with a grid of streets centered on St James’s Square. Until the Second World War, St James’s remained one of the most exclusive residential enclaves in London. Famous residences in St James’s include St James’s Palace, Clarence House, Marlborough House, Lancaster House, Spencer House, Schomberg House and Bridgewater House.

St James’s is the home of many of the best known gentlemen’s clubs in London. The clubs found here are organisations of English high society. A variety of groups congregate here, such as royals, military officers, motoring enthusiasts, and other groups.

It is now a predominantly commercial area with some of the highest rents in London and, consequently, the world. The auction house Christie’s is based in King Street, and the surrounding streets contain a great many upmarket art and antique dealers.

Office space to rent in St James’s is the most expensive in the world, costing up to five times average rents in New York, Paris and Sydney.

The area is home to fine wine merchants including Berry Brothers and Rudd, at number 3 St James’s Street. Adjoining St James’s Street is Jermyn Street, famous for its many tailors. St James’s is home to some of the most famous cigar retailers in London. At 35 St James’s Street is Davidoff of London, 19 St James’s Street is home to J.J. Fox and 50 Jermyn St has Dunhill; this makes the area a Cuban cigar haven.

The iconic English shoemaker Wildsmith which designed the first ever loafer was located at 41 Duke Street, St, James’s. It is now currently located at 13 Savile Row.

The area has a good number of art galleries, covering a spectrum of tastes. The White Cube gallery, which represents Damien Hirst and Tracey Emin, had originally opened in Duke Street, St James’s, then moved to Hoxton Square. In September 2006, it opened a second gallery in St James’s at 25–26 Mason’s Yard, off Duke Street, on a plot previously occupied by an electricity sub-station. The gallery is the first free-standing building to be built in the St James’s area for more than 30 years.
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Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

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Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
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Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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