Clerkenwell

Suburb, existing until now

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Suburb · Clerkenwell · EC1V · Contributed by The Underground Map
August
11
2012
Click to enlarge image.
Clerkenwell Green and St James' Church
Credit: Nevilley

Clerkenwell took its name from the Clerks' Well in Farringdon Lane. In the Middle Ages, the London Parish clerks performed annual mystery plays there, based on biblical themes. Part of the well remains visible, incorporated into a 1980s building called Well Court.

In the 17th century South Clerkenwell became a fashionable place of residence. Oliver Cromwell owned a house on Clerkenwell Close, just off the Green. Several aristocrats had houses there, most notably the Duke of Northumberland, as did people such as Erasmus Smith.

Before Clerkenwell became a built-up area, it had a reputation as a resort a short walk out of the city, where Londoners could disport themselves at its spas, of which there were several, based on natural chalybeate springs, tea gardens and theatres. The present day Sadler's Wells has survived as heir to this tradition.

Clerkenwell was also the location of three prisons: the Clerkenwell Bridewell, Coldbath Fields Prison (later Clerkenwell Gaol) and the New Prison, later the Clerkenwell House of Detention, notorious as the scene of the Clerkenwell Outrage in 1867, an attempted prison break by Fenians who killed many in the tenement houses on Corporation Row in trying to blow a hole in the prison wall.

The Industrial Revolution changed the area greatly. It became a centre for breweries, distilleries and the printing industry. It gained a special reputation for the making of clocks and watches, which activity once employed many people from around the area. Flourishing craft workshops still carry on some of the traditional trades, such as jewellery-making. Clerkenwell is home to Witherby's, Europe's oldest printing company.

After the Second World War, Clerkenwell suffered from industrial decline and many of the premises occupied by the engineering, printing publishing and meat and food trades (the last mostly around Smithfield) fell empty. Several acclaimed council housing estates were commissioned by Finsbury Borough Council. Modernist architect and Russian émigré Berthold Lubetkin's listed Spa Green Estate, constructed 1943–1950, has recently been restored. The Finsbury Estate, constructed in 1968 to the designs of Joseph Emberton includes flats, since altered and re-clad.

A general revival and gentrification process began in the 1980s, and the area is now known for loft-living in some of the former industrial buildings. It also has young professionals, nightclubs and restaurants and is home to many professional offices as an overspill for the nearby City of London and West End.

Amongst other sectors, there is a notable concentration of design professions around Clerkenwell, and supporting industries such as high-end designer furniture showrooms.

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence

VIEW THE CLERKENWELL AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE CLERKENWELL AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE CLERKENWELL AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE CLERKENWELL AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE CLERKENWELL AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
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LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Barbican:   The Barbican is a residential estate built during the 1960s and the 1970s in the City of London.
Farringdon:   Farringdon station - the terminus for the very first underground railway in 1863 - is a London Underground and National Rail station in Clerkenwell, just north of the City of London in the London Borough of Islington. It will change significantly when it becomes an important interchange station between the two largest transport infrastructure programmes currently under way in London, the Thameslink Programme and Crossrail, both of which are scheduled for completion in 2018.
New River Head:   The New River Head is an area of great historic interest, having been in continuous use for the provision of fresh public water since the early 17th century.
St John's Gate:   St John's Gate is one of the few tangible remains from Clerkenwell's monastic past.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Albemarle Way, EC1V · Albion Courtyard, EC1M · Ashby Street, EC1V · Aylesbury Street, EC1R · Back Hill, EC1R · Backhill, EC1R · Bakers Row, EC1R · Bakers Yard, EC1R · Bartholomew Passage, EC1A · Bastwick Street, EC1V · Benjamin Street, EC1M · Berry Place, EC1V · Berry Street, EC1V · Bleeding Heart Yard, EC1N · Bowlin, EC1R · Bowling Green Lane, EC1R · Brewhouse Yard, EC1V · Briset Street, EC1M · Britton Street, EC1M · Broad Yard, EC1M · Buildings, EC1R · Carthusian Street, EC1M · Charterhouse Buildings, EC1M · Charterhouse Mews, EC1M · Charterhouse Square, EC1M · Charterhouse Street, EC1M · Charterhouse Street, EC1N · Clerkenwell Close, EC1R · Clerkenwell Green, EC1R · Clerkenwell Greennorth Holborn, EC1R · Clerkenwell Road, EC1M · Clerkenwell Road, EC1N · Clerkenwell Road, EC1R · Cloth Court, EC1A · Cloth Fair, EC1A · Cloth Street, EC1A · Coldbath Square, EC1R · Compton Street, EC1V · Cornwell House, EC1R · Cowcross Street, EC1M · Crawford Passage, EC1R · Dallington Street, EC1V · Davina House, EC1V · Eagle Court, EC1M · East Market Building, EC1A · East Passage, EC1A · Eyre St Hill, EC1R · Eyre Street Hill, EC1R · Farringdon Lane, EC1R · Farringdon Road, EC1M · Farringdon Road, EC1R · Farringdon Road, EC1V · Faulkners Alley, EC1M · Finsbury Estate, EC1R · Florin Court, EC1M · Gate House, EC1M · Glasshouse Yard, EC1A · Gloucester Way, EC1R · Goswell Road, EC1M · Goswell Road, EC1V · Grand Avenue, EC1A · Great Sutton Street, EC1V · Greenhills Rents, EC1M · Greville Street, EC1N · Grimthorpe House, EC1V · Hayne Street, EC1A · Haywards Place, EC1R · Jerusalem Passage, EC1V · Joseph Trotter Close, EC1R · King Square, EC1V · Kinghorn Street, EC1A · Kingsway Place, EC1R · Kirby Street, EC1N · Laystall Street, EC1R · Leo Yard, EC1V · Lindsey Street, EC1A · Long Lane, EC1A · Long Lane, EC1M · Meredith Street, EC1R · Middle Street, EC1A · Myddelton Street, EC1R · Newbury Street, EC1A · Northampton Road, EC1R · Northampton Square, EC1V · Northburgh Street, EC1V · Pardon Street, EC1V · Pear Tree Court, EC1R · Penny Bank Chambers, EC1M · Pensioners Court The Charterhouse, EC1M · Percival Street, EC1V · Peters Lane, EC1M · Preachers Court The Charterhouse, EC1M · Rawstorne Street, EC1V · Ray Street, EC1R · Rosoman Place, EC1R · Saffron Hill, EC1N · Sans Walk, EC1R · Sans Works, EC1R · Sebastian Street, EC1V · Sekforde Court, EC1V · Sekforde Street, EC1R · Seward Street, EC1V · Skinner Street, EC1R · Smokehouse Yard, EC1M · St Agnes Well, EC1V · St Cross Street, EC1M · St Cross Street, EC1N · St Jamess Walk, EC1R · St John Street, EC1M · St John Street, EC1V · St Johns House, EC1V · St Johns Lane, EC1M · St Johns Path, EC1M · St Johns Place, EC1M · St Johns Square, EC1M · St Johns Square, EC1V · Summers Street, EC1R · Sutton Road, EC1M · The Charterhouse, EC1M · Tompion House, EC1V · Topham Street, EC1R · Turnmill Street, EC1M · Vine Hill, EC1R · Warner Street, EC1R · Warner Yard, EC1R · West Market Building, EC1A · Woodbridge Street, EC1R · Wynyatt Street, EC1V ·


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Central London, north east.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
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Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
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John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
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Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
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Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
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Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
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London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
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The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
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Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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