Hayes (Middlesex)

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Suburb · Hayes (Middlesex) · UB3 ·
September
14
2013

Hayes is a suburban development situated 13 miles west of Charing Cross, developed in the late 19th and 20th centuries as an industrial locality to which residential districts were later added in order to house factory workers.

St Mary's Church, Hayes, Hillingdon, London
Credit: Andy Fishburne
Until the end of the 19th century, Hayes was primarily an agricultural and brickmaking area. However, because of its location on the Grand Junction Canal (later called the Grand Union) and the Great Western Railway it had a number of advantages as an industrial location in the late 19th century. It was because of this proximity that the Hayes Development Company offered sites on the north side of the railway, adjacent to the canal.

Hayes has always been heavily involved with industry, both local and international, and is (or has been) the home of EMI, Nestlé and H. J. Heinz Company. Past companies include Fairey Aviation (later merged with Westland), and HMV.

During the First World War the EMI factories produced aircraft. Charles Richard Fairey was seconded there for a short time, before setting up his own company, Fairey Aviation, which relocated in 1918 to a large new factory across the railway in North Hyde Road. Over 4,500 aircraft were subsequently produced here but Fairey needed an airfield to test these aircraft and in 1928 secured a site in nearby Heathrow. This became the Great West Aerodrome, but was requisitioned by the Air Ministry in 1944, and initially developed as a heavy bomber base intended for Boeing B-29 Superfortresses but when Second World War ended in 1945, it was taken over by the Ministry of Aviation and became Heathrow Airport.
The Nestlé company located its major chocolate and instant coffee works on the canal, adjacent to the railway east of the station, and it was for many years the company's UK headquarters.

It was in Hayes in the Central Research Laboratories (generally known as "CRL") that Isaac Shoenberg developed (1934) the all-electronic 405-line television system (called the Marconi-EMI system, used by the BBC from 1936 until closedown of the Crystal Palace 405-line transmissions in 1985).

Alan Blumlein carried out his research into binaural sound and stereo gramophone recording here. Trains at Hayes Station (1935) and Walking & Talking are two notable films Blumlein shot in order to demonstrate stereo sound on film. These films are held at the Hayes EMI archive.

In 1939, working alongside the electrical firms A.C. Cossor and Pye, a 60 MHz radar was developed, and from 1941 to 1943 the H2S radar system.


From the early 1970s to 2003 McAlpine Helicopters Limited and Operational Support Services Limited (later renamed McAlpine Aviation Services Limited) operated from two purpose-built helicopter hangars in Swallowfield Way industrial estate, as the company operated on land already owned by the Sir Robert McAlpine. The land on the other side of the Grand Union Canal is called Stockley Park and its buildings were intentionally positioned to allow safe passage for helicopters into the heliport in case of an emergency. Fortunately, this was never used.

Since development, industry has been pre-eminent in Hayes. The provision of adequate housing did not begin until after World War I, with the creation of dwellings of the garden suburb type.

George Orwell, who adopted this pseudonym while living there, lived and worked in 1932-3 as a schoolmaster at The Hawthorns High School for Boys, situated on Church Road. The school has since closed. Despite returning several times, Orwell was characteristically acerbic about his time in Hayes.

xxx

St Mary's Church, Hayes, Hillingdon, London
Andy Fishburne

THE STREETS OF HAYES (MIDDLESEX)
Abbey Close, UB3 Abbey Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Abbotsford Way, UB3 Abbotsford Way is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Acacia Avenue, UB3 Acacia Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Addison Way, UB3 Addison Way is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Addison Way, UB4 Addison Way is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Adelphi Crescent, UB4 Adelphi Crescent is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Adelphi Cresent, UB4 Adelphi Cresent is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Adelphi Way, UB4 Adelphi Way is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Albion Road, UB3 Albion Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Almond Close, UB3 Almond Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Angel Lane, UB3 Angel Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Arcon Drive, UB4 Arcon Drive is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Ash Grove, UB3 Ash Grove is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Ashford Avenue, UB4 Ashford Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Avondale Drive, UB3 Avondale Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Ayles Road, UB4 Walter Ayles was the Labour MP for Southall (1945-1950); then for Hayes and Harlington (1950-1953).
Badgers Close, UB3 Badgers Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Balmoral Drive, UB4 Balmoral Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Beaconsfield Road, UB4 Beaconsfield Road is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Bedford Avenue, UB4 Bedford Avenue is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Beechwood Avenue, UB3 Beechwood Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Belmore Avenue, UB4 Belmore Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Berwick Avenue, UB4 Berwick Avenue is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Betam Road, UB3 Betam Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Bishops Road, UB3 Bishops Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Bishop’s Road, UB3 Bishop’s Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Blacklands Drive, UB4 Blacklands Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Blackpool Gardens, UB4 Blackpool Gardens is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Blake Close, UB4 Blake Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Blandford Waye, UB4 Blandford Waye is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Blyth Road, UB3 Blyth Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Botwell Common Road, UB3 Botwell Common Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Botwell Crescent, UB3 Botwell Crescent is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Bourne Avenue, UB3 Bourne Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Bourne Avenue, UB7 Bourne Avenue is a road in the UB7 postcode area
Bourne Circus, UB3 Bourne Circus is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Bourton Close, UB3 Bourton Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Bradenham Road, UB4 Bradenham Road is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Brent Road, UB4 Brent Road is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Broadmead Road, UB4 Broadmead Road is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Broadway Parade, UB3 Broadway Parade is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Brookside Road, UB4 Brookside Road is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Bullsbrook Road, UB4 Bullsbrook Road is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Burbage Close, UB3 Burbage Close is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Burnham Gardens, UB3 Burnham Gardens is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Burns Close, UB4 Burns Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Bury Avenue, UB4 Bury Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Byron Way, UB4 Byron Way is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Camden Avenue, UB4 Camden Avenue is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Carlyon Road, UB4 Carlyon Road is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Carnarvon Drive, UB3 Carnarvon Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
CAVALIER GARDENS, UB3 CAVALIER GARDENS is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Cedar Avenue, UB3 Cedar Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Central Avenue, UB3 Central Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Cerne Close, UB4 Cerne Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Chalfont Road, UB3 Chalfont Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Charvill Lane, UB10 Charvill Lane is a road in the UB10 postcode area
Charvill Lane, UB4 Charvill Lane is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Charville Lane, UB10 Charville Lane is a road in the UB10 postcode area
Chaucer Avenue, UB4 Chaucer Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Cheddar Waye, UB4 Cheddar Waye is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Cherry Grove, UB3 Cherry Grove is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Chesterfield Way, UB3 Chesterfield Way is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Chestnut Close, UB3 Chestnut Close is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Chiswick to Langley Special Road, UB3 Chiswick to Langley Special Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Church Close, UB4 Church Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Church Walk, UB3 Church Walk is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Clarendon Road, UB3 Clarendon Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Clayton Road, UB3 Clayton Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Clement Gardens, UB3 Clement Gardens is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Clevedon Gardens, UB3 Clevedon Gardens is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Clifford Gardens, UB3 Clifford Gardens is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Colbrook Close, UB3 Colbrook Close is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Cold Harbour Lane, UB3 Cold Harbour Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Coldharbour Lane, UB3 Coldharbour Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Coldharbour, UB3 Coldharbour is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Coleridge way, UB4 Coleridge way is a road in the UB4 postcode area
College Way, UB3 College Way is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Compton Road, UB3 Compton Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Constable Close, UB4 Constable Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Conway Drive, UB3 Conway Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Corfe Close, UB4 Corfe Close is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Cornelia Drive, UB4 Cornelia Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Cotmans Close, UB3 Cotmans Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Cranborne Waye, UB4 Cranborne Waye is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Cranmer Road, UB3 Cranmer Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Craven Close, UB4 Craven Close is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Cromwell Road, UB3 Cromwell Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Crossway, UB3 Crossway is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Crown Trading Centre, UB3 Crown Trading Centre is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Dale Drive, UB4 Dale Drive is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Dale Drive, UB4 Dale Drive is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Dalton Close, UB4 Dalton Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Damson Drive, UB3 Damson Drive is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Dawley Parade, UB3 Dawley Parade is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Dawley Road, UB3 Dawley Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Dawson Close, UB3 Dawson Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Delamere Road, UB4 Delamere Road is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Denbigh Drive, UB3 Denbigh Drive is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Derwent Drive, UB4 Derwent Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Devonshire Way, UB4 Devonshire Way is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Dorchester Waye, UB4 Dorchester Waye is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Dorset Avenue, UB4 Dorset Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Dorset Close, UB4 Dorset Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Drenon Square, UB3 Drenon Square is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Dunbar Close, UB4 Dunbar Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Dunedin Way, UB4 Dunedin Way is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
East Walk, UB3 East Walk is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
East Way, UB3 East Way is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Edmunds Close, UB4 Edmunds Close is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Eighth Avenue, UB3 Eighth Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Elm Close, UB3 Elm Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Elmlea Drive, UB3 Elmlea Drive is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Elystan Business Centre, UB4 Elystan Business Centre is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Evergreen Way, UB3 Evergreen Way is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Exmouth Road, UB4 Exmouth Road is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Fairdale Gardens, UB3 Fairdale Gardens is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Fairholme Crescent, UB4 Fairholme Crescent is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Fairholme Cresent, UB4 Fairholme Cresent is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Fifth Avenue, UB3 Fifth Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Findhorn Avenue, UB4 Findhorn Avenue is a road in the UB4 postcode area
First Avenue, UB3 First Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Forris Avenue, UB3 Forris Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Fourth Avenue, UB3 Fourth Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Fredora Avenue, UB4 Fredora Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Freemans Lane, UB3 Freemans Lane is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Frogmore Avenue, UB4 Frogmore Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Frogmore Gardens, UB4 Frogmore Gardens is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Frogmore Industrial Estate, UB3 Frogmore Industrial Estate is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Gade Close, UB3 Gade Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Gainsborough Road, UB4 Gainsborough Road is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Glebe Road, UB3 Glebe Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Gledwood Avenue, UB4 Gledwood Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Gledwood Crescent, UB4 Gledwood Crescent is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Gledwood Drive, UB4 Gledwood Drive is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Gledwood Gardens, UB4 Gledwood Gardens is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Gloucester Parade, UB3 Gloucester Parade is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Golden Crescent, UB3 Golden Crescent is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Golden Cresent, UB3 Golden Cresent is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Goshawk Gardens, UB4 Goshawk Gardens is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Grange Close, UB3 Grange Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Grange Road, UB3 Grange Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Greenway, UB4 Greenway is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Grosvenor Avenue, UB4 Grosvenor Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Guinness Close, UB3 Guinness Close is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Halsway, UB3 Halsway is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Hanover Circle, UB3 Hanover Circle is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Harrow View, UB3 Harrow View is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Hayes End Drive, UB4 Hayes End Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Hayes End Road, UB4 Hayes End Road is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Hayes Metro Centre, UB4 Hayes Metro Centre is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Hayes Park, UB4 Hayes Park is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Hayman Crescent, UB4 Hayman Crescent is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Hayman Cresent, UB4 Hayman Cresent is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Haystall Close, UB4 Haystall Close is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Heatherwood Drive, UB4 Heatherwood Drive is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Hemmen Lane, UB3 Hemmen Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Hermon Grove, UB3 Hermon Grove is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
HERNE CLOSE, UB3 HERNE CLOSE is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Hesa Road, UB3 Hesa Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Hitherbroom Road, UB3 Hitherbroom Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Hollywood Gardens, UB4 Hollywood Gardens is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
HOLMBURY GARDENS, UB3 HOLMBURY GARDENS is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Honeysuckle Close, UB4 Honeysuckle Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Hoppner Road, UB4 Hoppner Road is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Hughes Road, UB3 Hughes Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Hunters Grove, UB3 Hunters Grove is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Hurstfield Crescent, UB4 Hurstfield Crescent is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Johnsons Industrial Estate, UB3 Johnsons Industrial Estate is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Jonson Close, UB4 Jonson Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Juniper Way, UB3 Juniper Way is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Keats Close, UB4 Keats Close is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Kelf Grove, UB3 Kelf Grove is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Kendal Close, UB4 Kendal Close is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Kenilworth Gardens, UB4 Kenilworth Gardens is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Kenmore Crescent, UB4 Kenmore Crescent is a road in the UB4 postcode area
KERSTIN CLOSE, UB3 KERSTIN CLOSE is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Kestrel Way, UB3 Kestrel Way is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Kingsbridge Way, UB4 Kingsbridge Way is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Kingshill Avenue, UB5 Kingshill Avenue is a road in the UB5 postcode area
Kingshill Close, UB4 Kingshill Close is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Kingsway, UB3 Kingsway is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Lancaster Walk, UB3 Lancaster Walk is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Lancaster Walk, W8 Lancaster Walk is a road in the W8 postcode area
Langdale Drive, UB4 Langdale Drive is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Langworth Drive, UB4 Langworth Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Lannock Road, UB3 Lannock Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Lansbury Drive, UB4 Lansbury Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Larch Crescent, UB4 Larch Crescent is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Lawrence Road, UB4 Lawrence Road is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Leamington Place, UB4 Leamington Place is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Leven Way, UB3 Leven Way is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Lilac Gardens, UB3 Lilac Gardens is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Lime Grove, UB3 Lime Grove is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Little Road, UB3 Little Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Long Wall, E15 Long Wall is a road in the E15 postcode area
Longford Close, UB4 Longford Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Longford Gardens, UB4 Longford Gardens is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Lothian Avenue, UB4 Lothian Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Lulworth Waye, UB4 Lulworth Waye is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Lych Gate Walk, UB3 Lych Gate Walk is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
M4, UB3 M4 is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Manor Pride, UB3 Manor Pride is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Manor Road, UB3 Manor Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Mansfield Drive, UB4 Mansfield Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Manton Close, UB3 Manton Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Maple Close, UB4 Maple Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Maple Road, UB4 Maple Road is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Maple Road, UB5 Maple Road is a road in the UB5 postcode area
Marlow Gardens, UB3 Marlow Gardens is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Marshall Drive, UB4 Marshall Drive is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Marvell Avenue, UB4 Marvell Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Maxwell Close, UB3 Maxwell Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Mead House Lane, UB4 Mead House Lane is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Meadow View Road, UB4 Meadow View Road is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Mellow Lane East, UB4 Mellow Lane East is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Melrose Close, UB4 Melrose Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Middleton Road, UB3 Middleton Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Mildred Avenue, UB3 Mildred Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Milton Close, UB4 Milton Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Minet Drive, UB3 Minet Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Minterne Waye, UB4 Minterne Waye is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Moray Avenue, UB3 Moray Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Morgans Lane, UB3 Morgans Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Mount Road, UB3 Mount Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Newman Road, UB3 Newman Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Newport Road, UB4 Newport Road is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Nield Road, UB3 Nield Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Nine Acres Close, UB3 Nine Acres Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Nine Acres Close, UB7 Nine Acres Close is a road in the UB7 postcode area
Ninth Avenue, UB3 Ninth Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Normandy Drive, UB3 Normandy Drive is a road in the UB3 postcode area
North Avenue, UB3 North Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
North Road, UB3 North Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Norwood Gardens, UB4 Norwood Gardens is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Orchard Road, UB3 Orchard Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Orwell Close, UB3 Orwell Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Owen Road, UB4 Owen Road is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Owen Road, UB5 Owen Road is a road in the UB5 postcode area
Park Lane, UB4 Park Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Park Parade, UB3 Park Parade is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Park Road, UB4 Park Road is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Parsonage Close, UB3 Parsonage Close is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Pasadena Close, UB3 Pasadena Close is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
PERCY GARDENS, UB4 PERCY GARDENS is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Pine Place, UB4 Pine Place is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Pinkwell Avenue, UB3 Pinkwell Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Pinkwell Lane, UB3 Pinkwell Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Poplar Place, UB3 Poplar Place is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Portland Road, UB4 Portland Road is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Precinct Road, UB3 Precinct Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Princes Park Avenue, UB3 Princes Park Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Princes Park Circle, UB3 Princes Park Circle is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Princes Park Close, UB3 Princes Park Close is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Princes Park Lane, UB3 Princes Park Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
PRINCES PARK PARADE, UB3 PRINCES PARK PARADE is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Printing House Lane, UB3 Printing House Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Provident Industrial Estate, UB3 Provident Industrial Estate is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Pump Lane Industrial Estate, UB3 Pump Lane Industrial Estate is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Pump Lane, HP5 Pump Lane is a road in the HP5 postcode area
Quebec Road, UB4 Quebec Road is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Raeburn Road, UB4 Raeburn Road is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Raleigh Avenue, UB4 Raleigh Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Raynton Close, UB4 Raynton Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Raynton Close, UB4 Raynton Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Raynton Drive, UB4 Raynton Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Rectory Road, UB3 Rectory Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Regents Close, UB4 Regents Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Reid Close, UB3 Reid Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Rigby Lane, UB11 Rigby Lane is a road in the UB11 postcode area
Rigby Lane, UB3 Rigby Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Romney Road, UB4 Romney Road is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Rose Park Close, UB4 Rose Park Close is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Rosedale Avenue, UB3 Rosedale Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Ross Close, UB3 Ross Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Rosslyn Close, UB3 Rosslyn Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
ROSTREVER GARDENS, UB3 ROSTREVER GARDENS is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Saint Anselms Road, UB3 This is a street in the UB3 postcode area
Salcombe Way, UB4 Salcombe Way is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Saxony Parade, UB3 Saxony Parade is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Selan Gardens, UB4 Selan Gardens is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Seventh Avenue, UB3 Seventh Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Shaftesbury Waye, UB4 Shaftesbury Waye is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Shakespeare Avenue, UB4 Shakespeare Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Shelley Close, UB4 Shelley Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Sherborne Close, UB4 Sherborne Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Showers Way, UB3 Showers Way is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Silverdale Gardens, UB3 Silverdale Gardens is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Silverdale Road, UB3 Silverdale Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Sixth Avenue, UB3 Sixth Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Skate park, UB4 Skate park is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Skipton Drive, UB3 Skipton Drive is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Snowdon Crescent, UB3 Snowdon Crescent is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Speedway Industrial Estate, UB3 Speedway Industrial Estate is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Spencer Avenue, UB4 Spencer Avenue is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Springfield Road, UB4 Springfield Road is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
St Anselms Road, UB3 St Anselms Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
St Jeromes Grove, UB3 St Jeromes Grove is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
St Jerome’s Grove, UB3 St Jerome’s Grove is a road in the UB3 postcode area
St Marys Road, UB3 St Marys Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
St Mary’s Road, UB3 St Mary’s Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Stirling Road, UB3 Stirling Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Stormount Drive, UB3 Stormount Drive is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Stuart Crescent, UB3 Stuart Crescent is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Sturminster Close, UB4 Sturminster Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Swallowfield Way, UB3 Swallowfield Way is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Swanage Waye, UB4 Swanage Waye is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Sycamore Avenue, UB3 Sycamore Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
The Argent Centre, UB3 The Argent Centre is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
The Broadway, UB4 The Broadway is a road in the UB4 postcode area
The Elms, UB3 The Elms is a road in the UB3 postcode area
The Oaks, UB4 The Oaks is a road in the UB4 postcode area
The Parkway, UB3 The Parkway is a road in the UB3 postcode area
The Parkway, UB4 The Parkway is a road in the UB4 postcode area
The Square, UB3 The Square is a road in the UB3 postcode area
The Warren, UB4 The Warren is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Third Avenue, UB3 Third Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Tithe Close, UB4 Tithe Close lies off Gledwood Drive.
Tollgate Drive, UB4 Tollgate Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Townfield Road, UB3 Townfield Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Townfield Square, UB3 Townfield Square is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Trent Way, UB4 Trent Way is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Trevor Road, UB3 Trevor Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Tudor Road, UB3 Tudor Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
TUDOR SQUARE, UB3 TUDOR SQUARE is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Uk Cottages, UB3 Uk Cottages is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Ullswater Close, UB4 Ullswater Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Uxbridge Road, UB3 Uxbridge Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Uxbridge Road, UB4 Uxbridge Road is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Varcoe Gardens, UB3 Varcoe Gardens is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Victoria Close, UB3 Victoria Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Waltham Avenue, UB3 Waltham Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Warley Avenue, UB4 Warley Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Warley Road, UB4 Warley Road is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Warnford Industrial Estate, UB3 Warnford Industrial Estate is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Warwick Crescent, UB4 Warwick Crescent is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Weald Way, UB4 Weald Way is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Wentworth Crescent, UB3 Wentworth Crescent is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Wesley Road, UB3 Wesley Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
West Avenue, UB3 West Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
West Drayton Road, UB3 West Drayton Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
West Walk, UB3 West Walk is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Westacott, UB4 Westacott is a road in the UB4 postcode area
WESTCOMBE LODGE DRIVE, UB4 WESTCOMBE LODGE DRIVE is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Weymouth Road, UB4 Weymouth Road is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Wheatley Crescent, UB3 Wheatley Crescent is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Whittington Avenue, UB4 Whittington Avenue is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Willenhall Drive, UB3 Willenhall Drive is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Wilmar Close, UB4 Wilmar Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Wilstone Close, UB4 Wilstone Close is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Wimborne Avenue, UB4 Wimborne Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Windsor Gardens, UB3 Windsor Gardens is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Wood End Green Road, UB3 Wood End Green Road is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Woodrow Avenue, UB4 Woodrow Avenue is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Woodstock Gardens, UB4 Woodstock Gardens is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Wyatt Close, UB4 Wyatt Close is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Yeading Gardens, UB4 Yeading Gardens is a road in the UB4 postcode area
Yeading Lane, UB4 Yeading Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB4 postal area.
Yeading Lane, UB4 Yeading Lane is a street in Hayes



VIEW THE HAYES (MIDDLESEX) AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAYES (MIDDLESEX) AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAYES (MIDDLESEX) AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAYES (MIDDLESEX) AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE HAYES (MIDDLESEX) AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Hayes (Middlesex)

Hayes is a suburban development situated 13 miles west of Charing Cross, developed in the late 19th and 20th centuries as an industrial locality to which residential districts were later added in order to house factory workers.

Until the end of the 19th century, Hayes was primarily an agricultural and brickmaking area. However, because of its location on the Grand Junction Canal (later called the Grand Union) and the Great Western Railway it had a number of advantages as an industrial location in the late 19th century. It was because of this proximity that the Hayes Development Company offered sites on the north side of the railway, adjacent to the canal.

Hayes has always been heavily involved with industry, both local and international, and is (or has been) the home of EMI, Nestlé and H. J. Heinz Company. Past companies include Fairey Aviation (later merged with Westland), and HMV.

During the First World War the EMI factories produced aircraft. Charles Richard Fairey was seconded there for a short time, before setting up his own company, Fairey Aviation, which relocated in 1918 to a large new factory across the railway in North Hyde Road. Over 4,500 aircraft were subsequently produced here but Fairey needed an airfield to test these aircraft and in 1928 secured a site in nearby Heathrow. This became the Great West Aerodrome, but was requisitioned by the Air Ministry in 1944, and initially developed as a heavy bomber base intended for Boeing B-29 Superfortresses but when Second World War ended in 1945, it was taken over by the Ministry of Aviation and became Heathrow Airport.
The Nestlé company located its major chocolate and instant coffee works on the canal, adjacent to the railway east of the station, and it was for many years the company's UK headquarters.

It was in Hayes in the Central Research Laboratories (generally known as "CRL") that Isaac Shoenberg developed (1934) the all-electronic 405-line television system (called the Marconi-EMI system, used by the BBC from 1936 until closedown of the Crystal Palace 405-line transmissions in 1985).

Alan Blumlein carried out his research into binaural sound and stereo gramophone recording here. Trains at Hayes Station (1935) and Walking & Talking are two notable films Blumlein shot in order to demonstrate stereo sound on film. These films are held at the Hayes EMI archive.

In 1939, working alongside the electrical firms A.C. Cossor and Pye, a 60 MHz radar was developed, and from 1941 to 1943 the H2S radar system.


From the early 1970s to 2003 McAlpine Helicopters Limited and Operational Support Services Limited (later renamed McAlpine Aviation Services Limited) operated from two purpose-built helicopter hangars in Swallowfield Way industrial estate, as the company operated on land already owned by the Sir Robert McAlpine. The land on the other side of the Grand Union Canal is called Stockley Park and its buildings were intentionally positioned to allow safe passage for helicopters into the heliport in case of an emergency. Fortunately, this was never used.

Since development, industry has been pre-eminent in Hayes. The provision of adequate housing did not begin until after World War I, with the creation of dwellings of the garden suburb type.

George Orwell, who adopted this pseudonym while living there, lived and worked in 1932-3 as a schoolmaster at The Hawthorns High School for Boys, situated on Church Road. The school has since closed. Despite returning several times, Orwell was characteristically acerbic about his time in Hayes.
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