Bloomsbury

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Suburb · Bloomsbury · WC1N ·
October
24
2013

Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Russell family in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area.

Brunswick Square, Bloomsbury. Leafy squares characterise the Bloomsbury district of London. Brunswick Square was originally part of the recreation grounds of the Foundling Hospital.
Credit: Stephen McKay
The earliest record of what would become Bloomsbury is the 1086 Domesday Book, which records that the area had vineyards and 'wood for 100 pigs'. But it is not until 1201 that the name Bloomsbury is first noted, when William de Blemond, a Norman landowner, acquired the land.

The name Bloomsbury is a development from Blemondisberi – the bury, or manor, of Blemond. An 1878 publication, Old and New London: Volume 4, mentions the idea that the area was named after a village called Lomesbury which formerly stood where Bloomsbury Square is now, though this piece of folk etymology is now discredited.

At the end of the 14th century Edward III acquired Blemond's manor, and passed it on to the Carthusian monks of the London Charterhouse, who kept the area mostly rural.

In the 16th century, with the Dissolution of the Monasteries, Henry VIII took the land back into the possession of the Crown, and granted it to Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton.

In the early 1660s, the Earl of Southampton constructed what eventually became Bloomsbury Square. The area was laid out mainly in the 18th century, largely by landowners such as Wriothesley Russell, 3rd Duke of Bedford, who built Bloomsbury Market, which opened in 1730. The major development of the squares that we see today started in about 1800 when Francis Russell, 5th Duke of Bedford removed Bedford House and developed the land to the north with Russell Square as its centrepiece.

Historically, Bloomsbury is associated with the arts, education, and medicine. The area gives its name to the Bloomsbury Group of artists, the most famous of whom was Virginia Woolf, who met in private homes in the area in the early 1900s, and to the lesser known Bloomsbury Gang of Whigs formed in 1765 by John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford.

The publisher Faber & Faber used to be located in Queen Square, though at the time T. S. Eliot was editor the offices were in Tavistock Square. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded in John Millais's parents' house on Gower Street in 1848.

The Bloomsbury Festival was launched in 2006 when local resident Roma Backhouse was commissioned to mark the re-opening of the Brunswick Centre, a residential and shopping area. The free festival is a celebration of the local area, partnering with galleries, libraries and museums, and achieved charitable status at the end of 2012.


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Brunswick Square, Bloomsbury. Leafy squares characterise the Bloomsbury district of London. Brunswick Square was originally part of the recreation grounds of the Foundling Hospital.
Stephen McKay

THE STREETS OF BLOOMSBURY
Alfred Mews, WC1E Alfred Mews is situated off Tottenham Court Road, running behind the gardens of North Crescent.
Alfred Place, WC1E Alfred Place was laid out by George Dance the Younger, surveyor for the City of London Corporation as an area of large town houses for the upper end of the housing market.
Argyle Street, WC1H Argyle Street was named after the former Argyle House.
Argyle Walk, WC1H Argyle Walk is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Bainbridge Street, WC1A Bainbridge Street is a road in the WC1A postcode area
Bainbridge Street, WC1B Bainbridge Street is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Barbon Close, WC1N Barbon Close is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Barter Street, WC1A Barter Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Bayley Street, WC1B Bayley Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bedford Avenue, WC1B Bedford Avenue is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bedford Place, WC1B Bedford Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bedford Square, WC1B Bedford Square was designed as a unified architectural composition in 1775-6 by Thomas Leverton.
Bedford Way, WC1B Bedford Way is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Bedford Way, WC1H Bedford Way is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Bernard Street, WC1N Bernard Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Bloomsbury Place, WC1A Bloomsbury Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Bloomsbury Place, WC1B Bloomsbury Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bloomsbury Square, WC1A The 4th Earl of Southampton was granted a building license for the construction of Bloomsbury Square in 1661.
Bloomsbury Street, WC1A Bloomsbury Street runs from Gower Street in the north to the junction of New Oxford Street and Shaftesbury Avenue in the south.
Bloomsbury Street, WC1B Bloomsbury Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bloomsbury Way, WC1A Bloomsbury Way is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Boswell Street, WC1N Boswell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Boswell Street, WC1X Boswell Street is a road in the WC1X postcode area
British Museum, WC1B British Museum is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Brunswick Centre, WC1N Brunswick Centre is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Brunswick Shopping Centre, WC1N Brunswick Shopping Centre is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Brunswick Square, WC1N Brunswick Square is the result of a sale of land by the Foundling Hospital.
Burton Street, WC1H Burton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Bury Place, WC1A Bury Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Byng Place, WC1E Byng Place is a road in the WC1E postcode area
Capper Street, WC1E Capper Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Cartwright Gardens, WC1H Cartwright Gardens is a crescent-shaped park and street located in Bloomsbury.
Centa Housebirkenhead Street, WC1H Centa Housebirkenhead Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Chenies Mews, WC1E Chenies Mews is a road in the WC1E postcode area
Chenies Street, WC1E Chenies Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Clare Court, WC1H Clare Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Coach Road, NW1 Coach Road is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Cockpit Yard, WC1N Cockpit Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Colonnade, WC1N Colonnade is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Compton Place, WC1H Compton Place is a road in the WC1H postcode area
Coram Street, WC1H Coram Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Coram Street, WC1N Coram Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Cosmo Place, WC1B Cosmo Place is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Cosmo Place, WC1N Cosmo Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Darwin Walk, WC1E Darwin Walk is a road in the WC1E postcode area
Dombey Street, WC1N Dombey Street is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Doughty Mews, WC1N Doughty Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Dyott Street, WC1A Dyott Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Emerald Street, WC1N Emerald Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Endsleigh Place, WC1H Endsleigh Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Endsleigh Street, WC1H Endsleigh Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Foundling Court, WC1N Foundling Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Galen Place, WC1A Galen Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Gilbert Place, WC1A Gilbert Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Gloucester Road, WC1N Gloucester Road is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Goodge Street, W1T Goodge Street is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Gordon Mansions, WC1E Gordon Mansions is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Gordon Square, WC1H The completion of Thomas Cubitt’s Gordon Square in 1860 marked the final development of Bloomsbury.
Gordon Street, WC1H Gordon Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Gower Court, WC1E Gower Court is a road in the WC1E postcode area
Gower Place, WC1E Gower Place runs from Gordon Street to Gower Street.
Great Court, WC1B Great Court is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Great James Street, WC1N Great James Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Great Ormond Street, WC1N Great Ormond Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Great Russell Street, WC1A Great Russell Street commemorates the marriage of the daughter of the 4th Earl of Southampton to William Russell in 1669.
Great Russell Street, WC1B Great Russell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Grenville Street, WC1N Grenville Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Guilford Street, WC1N Guilford Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Handel Street, WC1N Handel Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Harrison Street, WC1H Harrison Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Hastings Street, WC1H Hastings Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Henrietta Mews, WC1N Henrietta Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Herbrand Street, WC1N Herbrand Street is in the east of Bloomsbury, running south from Tavistock Place to Guilford Street.
Hunter Street, WC1N Hunter Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Huntley Street, WC1E Huntley Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
John Street, WC1N John Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Johns Mews, WC1N Johns Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Judd Street, WC1H Judd Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Kenton Street, WC1N Kenton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Keppel Street, WC1E Keppel Street links Store Street and Gower Street in the west to Malet Street in the east.
Kings Mews, WC1N Kings Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Kingsgate Est, N1 A street within the WC1B postcode
Kirk Street, WC1N Kirk Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Lamb’s Conduit Passage, WC1R This is a street in the WC1R postcode area
Lamb’s Conduit Street, WC1N This is a street in the WC1N postcode area
Lamb’s Mews, N1 Lamb’s Mews is a road in the N1 postcode area
Lambs Conduit Passage, WC1R Lambs Conduit Passage is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Lambs Conduit Street, WC1N Lambs Conduit Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Lamp Office Court, WC1N Lamp Office Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Leigh Street, WC1H Leigh Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Little Russel Street, WC1A Little Russel Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Little Russell Street, WC1A Little Russell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Long Yard, WC1N Long Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Malet Place, WC1E Malet Place is a road in the WC1E postcode area
Malet Street, WC1E Sir Edward Malet was married to Lady Ermyntrude Sackville Russell, daughter of Francis Russell who owned much of the surrounding area.
Marchmont Street, WC1N Marchmont Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Mecklenburgh Place, WC1N Mecklenburgh Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Mecklenburgh Square, WC1N Mecklenburgh Square was originally laid out by S P Cockerell.
Mecklenburgh Street, WC1N This is a street in the WC1N postcode area
Medway Court, WC1H Medway Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Midhope Street, WC1H Midhope Street was once known as Wood Street.
Millman Place, WC1N Millman Place is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Millman Street, WC1N Millman Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Montague Street, WC1B Montague Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Mortimer Market, W1T Mortimer Market is a road in the W1T postcode area
Morwell Street, WC1B Morwell Street is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Neals Yard, WC1N Neals Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
New North Street, WC1N New North Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
North Cloisters, WC1E North Cloisters is a road in the WC1E postcode area
North Crescent, WC1E North Crescent is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
North Cresent, WC1E North Cresent is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
North Mews, WC1N North Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Northington Street, WC1N Northington Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Odonnell Court, WC1N Odonnell Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Glocester Street, WC1N Old Glocester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Gloucester Street, WC1N Old Gloucester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Glouster Street, WC1N Old Glouster Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Orde Hall Street, WC1N Orde Hall Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Ormond Close, WC1N Ormond Close is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Peabody Buildings, WC1N Peabody Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Percy Street, W1T Percy Street is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area.
Pied Bull Court, WC1A Pied Bull Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Pied Bull Yard, WC1A Pied Bull Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Powis Place, WC1N Powis Place is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Queen Annes Square, SE1 Queen Annes Square is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Queen Square, WC1N Queen Square was laid out by speculator Nicholas Barbon.
Queen’s Yard, W1T Queen’s Yard is a road in the W1T postcode area
Regent Square, WC1H Regent Square was laid out from 1822, with houses being built up to circa 1829.
Regent Square, WC1N Regent Square is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Richbell Place, WC1N Richbell Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Ridgmount Gardens, WC1E Ridgmount Gardens is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Ridgmount Street, WC1E Ridgmount Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Roger Street, WC1N Roger Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Rugby Chambers, WC1N Rugby Chambers is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Rugby Street, WC1N Rugby Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Russell Court, WC1H Russell Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Sandwich Street, WC1H Sandwich Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Seaford Street, WC1H Seaford Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Shops Brunswick Centre, WC1N Shops Brunswick Centre is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Sidmouth Street, WC1H Sidmouth Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Sidmouth Street, WC1X Sidmouth Street is a road in the WC1X postcode area
South Cloisters, WC1H South Cloisters is a road in the WC1H postcode area
Southampton Place, WC1A Southampton Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Southampton Row, WC1B Southampton Row is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Speedy Place, WC1H Speedy Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
St. Georges Road, SE1 A street within the WC1H postcode
Store Street, WC1E Store Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Streatham Street, WC1A Streatham Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Tankerton Street, WC1H Tankerton Street is a road in the WC1H postcode area
Tavistock House North, WC1H Tavistock House North is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Tavistock House South, WC1H Tavistock House South is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Tavistock Place, WC1H Tavistock Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Tavistock Place, WC1N Tavistock Place is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Tavistock Square, WC1H Tavistock Square was built by property developer James Burton and the master builder Thomas Cubitt for Francis Russell, 5th Duke of Bedford.
Thanet Street, WC1H Thanet Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Theobald’s Road, WC1R Theobald’s Road is a road in the WC1R postcode area
Theobalds Road, WC1X Theobalds Road is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Third Floor, WC1E Third Floor is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Thornhaugh Street, WC1H Thornhaugh Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Tonbridge Street, WC1H Tonbridge Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Torrington Place, WC1E Torrington Place was developed by James Sim in partnership with his two sons.
Torrington Square, WC1H Torrington Square was originally laid out as part of the Bedford Estate development in 1821-25, named after the father-in-law of the 6th Duke of Bedford.
University Street, WC1E University Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1E postal area.
Upper Woborn Place, WC1H Upper Woborn Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Upper Woburn Place, WC1H Upper Woburn Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Wakefield St, WC1N Wakefield St is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Wakefield Street, WC1H Wakefield Street is a road in the WC1H postcode area
Wakefield Street, WC1N Wakefield Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Westking Place, WC1H Westking Place runs north from Heathcote Street to Sidmouth Street.
Whidborne Street, WC1H Whidborne Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Witley Court, WC1N Witley Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Woburn Mews, WC1H Woburn Mews ran parallel between Woburn Place and Upper Bedford Place to the west of Woburn Place.
Woburn Place, WC1B Woburn Place is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Woburn Place, WC1H Woburn Place is situated on the Bedford estate, running north from the east of Russell Square to the east of Tavistock Square.
Woolf Mews, WC1H Woolf Mews is a road in the WC1H postcode area
Yorkshire Grey Roundabout, SE9 Yorkshire Grey Roundabout is a road in the SE9 postcode area



VIEW THE BLOOMSBURY AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE BLOOMSBURY AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE BLOOMSBURY AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE BLOOMSBURY AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE BLOOMSBURY AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Bloomsbury

Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Russell family in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area.

The earliest record of what would become Bloomsbury is the 1086 Domesday Book, which records that the area had vineyards and 'wood for 100 pigs'. But it is not until 1201 that the name Bloomsbury is first noted, when William de Blemond, a Norman landowner, acquired the land.

The name Bloomsbury is a development from Blemondisberi – the bury, or manor, of Blemond. An 1878 publication, Old and New London: Volume 4, mentions the idea that the area was named after a village called Lomesbury which formerly stood where Bloomsbury Square is now, though this piece of folk etymology is now discredited.

At the end of the 14th century Edward III acquired Blemond's manor, and passed it on to the Carthusian monks of the London Charterhouse, who kept the area mostly rural.

In the 16th century, with the Dissolution of the Monasteries, Henry VIII took the land back into the possession of the Crown, and granted it to Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton.

In the early 1660s, the Earl of Southampton constructed what eventually became Bloomsbury Square. The area was laid out mainly in the 18th century, largely by landowners such as Wriothesley Russell, 3rd Duke of Bedford, who built Bloomsbury Market, which opened in 1730. The major development of the squares that we see today started in about 1800 when Francis Russell, 5th Duke of Bedford removed Bedford House and developed the land to the north with Russell Square as its centrepiece.

Historically, Bloomsbury is associated with the arts, education, and medicine. The area gives its name to the Bloomsbury Group of artists, the most famous of whom was Virginia Woolf, who met in private homes in the area in the early 1900s, and to the lesser known Bloomsbury Gang of Whigs formed in 1765 by John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford.

The publisher Faber & Faber used to be located in Queen Square, though at the time T. S. Eliot was editor the offices were in Tavistock Square. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded in John Millais's parents' house on Gower Street in 1848.

The Bloomsbury Festival was launched in 2006 when local resident Roma Backhouse was commissioned to mark the re-opening of the Brunswick Centre, a residential and shopping area. The free festival is a celebration of the local area, partnering with galleries, libraries and museums, and achieved charitable status at the end of 2012.
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