Westbourne Green

Suburb, existing between 1745 and now

 HOME  ARTICLE  MAP  FULLSCREEN  STREETS  RECENT  BLOG  HELP  CONTACT 
Click here to log in on Facebook Advanced
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302017Fullscreen map
Suburb · Westbourne Green · W2 · Contributed by The Underground Map
APRIL
14
2017
Westbourne Green in 2013

The story of the building of a suburb.

Westbourne Green had only a few houses by 1745, mostly south of the point where Harrow Road had a junction with Westbourne Green Lane (also known as Black Lion Lane) running northward from the Uxbridge Road. A footpath later called Bishop’s Walk (eventually Bishop’s Bridge Road) provided a short cut to Paddington Green. The Red Lion, where Harrow Road bridged the Westbourne, and another inn were recorded in 1730. The second inn was probably one called the Jolly Gardeners in 1760 and the Three Jolly Gardeners in 1770, near the Harrow Road junction, where it probably made way for the Spotted Dog.

The early 19th-century village contained five notable residences: Westbourne Place, west of Black Lion Lane at its junction with Harrow Road, and, from south to north on the east side of Harrow Road, Desborough Lodge, Westbourne Farm, Bridge House, and Westbourne Manor House. Bridge House was built c. 1805 by the architect John White, owner of Westbourne Farm.

Westbourne Green had a very refined air in 1795 and was still considered a beautiful rural place in 1820. The Grand Junction canal, passing north of the village between the grounds of Westbourne Farm and Bridge House, was a scenic enhancement, later used to attract expensive building to the area. Although housing was spreading along Black Lion Lane, it had not reached Westbourne Green by 1828, when a house later called Elm Lodge stood north-west of Westbourne Manor House. There was also a short row, later called Belsize Villas, alone to the west on the south side of Harrow Road at Orme’s Green, by 1830. The main addition was at the southern end of the village, opposite Bishop’s Walk, where Pickering Terrace (later part of Porchester Road), backed by a double row called Pickering Place, formed a compact block of cottages amid the fields.

The cutting of the G.W.R. line across the middle of Westbourne Green was begun in 1836, necessitating a slight northward realignment of Harrow Road east of its junction with Black Lion Lane, where a turnpike gate was moved. Since the railway obstructed the Paddington green end of Bishop’s Walk, the footpath was replaced by Bishop’s Road, soon extended westward as Westbourne Grove. (Although no large houses were demolished, the railway passed close to Westbourne Park, from which Lord Hill moved out. By 1840 several new roads were projected, including Westbourne Grove. Houses had been built there by 1842, when the Lock hospital, giving its name to the Lock bridge where Harrow Road crossed the canal, stood opposite Westbourne Manor House to the north. The centre of the area, however, along Harrow Road and on either side of the railway, remained empty.

Housing spread in the 1840s, mainly south of the railway. The eastern end of Bishop’s Road was built up and at first called Westbourne Place, where the publisher George Smith was visited by Charlotte Bronte in 1848 and 1849. Further north, residential growth was curtailed by the G.W.R. depots and sidings. Immediately to the west, where the Paddington Estate straddled the Westbourne, roads were laid out, with bridges over the railway to link them with Harrow Road. Holy Trinity church was finished in 1846 and Orsett Terrace, Gloucester Crescent (later the northernmost part of Gloucester Terrace), and Porchester Square had been planned by 1851. No. 37 Gloucester Gardens, Bishop’s Road, was the London home of the architect Decimus Burton by 1855. Most of the area between Bishop’s Road and the railway had been filled by 1855, except the site of Penny’s House, which was to be taken in 1871 for Royal Oak station.

A builder, William Scantlebury, erected much of the neighbourhood around Orsett Terrace and Gloucester Crescent, where he took leases in 1849-50 and 1852 respectively. John Scantlebury of Porchester Terrace North built part of Porchester Square, where many plots were subleased by George Wyatt between 1853 and 1855.

Farther west building had already begun for William Kinnaird Jenkins, a lawyer who also acquired part of the Ladbroke estate from W. H. Jenkins and was responsible for laying out Kensal New Town. Houses were planned for W. K. Jenkins along both sides of Westbourne Grove, west of Pickering Place, in 1838 and along an extension of Westbourne Grove in 1840. They were detached villas, like those to be built for him in Newton Road in 1846, when he also had plans for Hereford Road. More land in Hereford Road was leased out by the Paddington Estate between 1853 and 1855, much of it for terraces by J. P. Waterson, a Bayswater builder, who assigned his interest in several sites to John Wicking Phillips. To the north, Westbourne Park and its grounds made way for large semidetached villas in Westbourne Park Road and, beside the railway, Westbourne Park Villas. No. 16 Westbourne Park Villas from 1863 to 1867 was the intermittent home of Thomas Hardy, who also lived briefly at no. 4 Celbridge Place (later Porchester Road) and in Newton Road. Fields survived between Westbourne Park Road and Newton Road in 1851 but had been covered with modest terraces by 1855, when St. Stephen’s church was being built.

Between the railway and the canal, the pace of building and the social pattern were more varied. The eastern part, where Delamere Terrace lined the canal and Warwick Crescent overlooked the pool, was begun as an extension of Little Venice. Leases for 13 houses in Westbourne Terrace Road were taken in 1847 by G. L. Taylor, architect of some of the grandest houses in Tyburnia and Maida Vale, who also built in Blomfield Terrace, along Harrow Road. Other lessees included William Buddle, for 19 houses in Blomfield Street (later Villas) and Delamere Terrace in 1851 and 12 in Warwick Crescent, where plots were assigned to him by G. L. Taylor in 1852. Early residents included Elizabeth Barrett Browning’s sister Arabel Barrett in Delamere Terrace; in order to be near her Robert Browning moved from lodgings at no. 1 Chichester Road and made his English home at no. 19 Warwick Crescent from 1862 until 1887.

Farther west, beyond Ranelagh (from 1938 Lord Hill’s) Road, building was slightly delayed by the survival until after 1855 of Desborough Lodge and Westbourne Farm. Brindley Street, Alfred Road, and their neighbours already formed densely packed terraces west of the Lock Bridge and Harrow Road. By 1861 Desborough Lodge and Westbourne Farm had made way for Clarendon, Woodchester and Cirencester Streets, whose small houses resembled those around Brindley Street rather than the stately terraces to the east.

North of the canal, the workhouse was built next to the Lock in 1846-7. Building, although not the imposing crescent planned in 1847, stretched from there along the south side of Harrow Road to Woodfield Road at Orme’s Green by 1855.

The 1860s saw housing, which had ended in 1855 at St. Stephen’s Church and Hereford Road, spread to the Kensington boundary.

North of the canal the site of Westbourne Manor House was built over from 1867 and Amberley Road with its timber wharves was built along the canal bank. The whole of Westbourne Green thus came to be built up.

Source: British History Online



Westbourne Green news feed:
Add a comment to the Westbourne Green news feed.
Ensure that contributions are kept civilised and are not abusive.
We store your comment's IP address and reserve the right to apply bans where community standards are violated.
Please enter your name:
Enter the information you wish to add to Westbourne Green:
Please prove that you are a human by typing the text that you see in the picture below.
CAPTCHA Image
Refresh Image
You can completely dispense with this CAPTCHA palava by logging onto our Facebook app.
Contribution type:
 

If you authorise our The Undeground Map Facebook app by clicking the Facebook logo at the top right of the screen, you can add stories, photos and more to this location.
Note that the Undeground Map Facebook app does not post to Facebook on your behalf.
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Oct 2017 14:00 GMT   
Expires: 31 Oct 2017 14:00 GMT   
IP:
1:1
Post by LDNnews: Royal Oak
Tube strike: London Underground drivers to be balloted over walkout
London Underground drivers are considering industrial action in a dispute over career progression.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-41648647
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Oct 2017 09:10 GMT   
Expires: 31 Oct 2017 09:10 GMT   
IP:
1:2
Post by LDNnews: Bayswater
Fernando Llorente explains how Tottenham can beat Real Madrid
Fernando Llorente is confident Tottenham can surprise Real Madrid in the Champions League and see few differences between the two teams.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/fernando-llorente-explains-how-tottenham-can-beat-real-madrid-a3660096.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Oct 2017 04:00 GMT   
Expires: 31 Oct 2017 04:00 GMT   
IP:
1:3
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
Fondue fun comes to Camden as The Cheese Bar embraces winter
As the cold sets in, The Cheese Bar is heating things up

https://www.standard.co.uk/goingout/restaurants/fondue-fun-comes-to-camden-as-the-cheese-bar-embraces-winter-a3660141.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Oct 2017 00:30 GMT   
Expires: 31 Oct 2017 00:30 GMT   
IP:
1:4
Post by LDNnews: Royal Oak
The sun shone red and the sky took on tones of orange and sepia in parts of Britain as air and dust swept in from southern Europe. The Met Office said the unusual effect was caused by Ophelia, the hurricane now downgraded to a violent storm Continue reading...
The sun shone red and the sky took on tones of orange and sepia in parts of Britain as air and dust swept in from southern Europe. The Met Office said the unusual effect was caused by Ophelia, the hurricane now downgraded to a violent storm Continue reading...

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/gallery/2017/oct/16/red-skies-over-london-in-pictures
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 19:30 GMT   
Expires: 30 Oct 2017 19:30 GMT   
IP:
1:5
Post by LDNnews: Edgware Road
Two new London Overground stations being considered for Old Oak
A FIVE-WEEK consultation has begun on plans for two potential new London Overground stations linking to the Elizabeth line (Crossrail) and High Speed .

http://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/15599544.Two_new_London_Overground_stations_being_considered_for_Old_Oak/?ref=rss
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 14:00 GMT   
Expires: 30 Oct 2017 14:00 GMT   
IP:
1:6
Post by LDNnews: Royal Oak
’Not practical’ for Met Police to investigate all crime
A senior officer says the Met Police is prioritising work because of pressure on resources.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-41633205
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 09:10 GMT   
Expires: 30 Oct 2017 09:10 GMT   
IP:
1:7
Post by LDNnews: Bayswater
Romelu Lukaku: Manchester United try to win big games so I will soon score against the big sides
Manchester United striker Romelu Lukaku has brushed off criticism over his poor record against the top sides.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/romelu-lukaku-manchester-united-try-to-win-big-games-so-i-will-soon-score-against-the-big-sides-a3659241.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 03:20 GMT   
Expires: 30 Oct 2017 03:20 GMT   
IP:
1:8
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
Teenager 'screamed in pain' as heroic bystanders rushed to his aid after 'acid attack' in south London
Heroic bystanders spoke of the moment a young man "screamed in pain" as they fought to wash a corrosive substance from his eyes following a suspected acid attack in south London.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/teenager-screamed-in-pain-as-heroic-bystanders-rushed-to-his-aid-after-acid-attack-in-south-london-a3659126.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 00:50 GMT   
Expires: 30 Oct 2017 00:50 GMT   
IP:
1:9
Post by LDNnews: Royal Oak
Forged IDs: Landlord laws ’fuelling black market’
Criminal gangs are selling fake documents to illegal immigrants trying to rent in London.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-41593684
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Oct 2017 15:30 GMT   
Expires: 29 Oct 2017 15:30 GMT   
IP:
1:10
Post by LDNnews: Royal Oak
Lily Cole attends the BFI London Film Festival
She recently chopped off her gorgeous ginger locks for the Little Princess trust a charity which provide real hair wigs for children with cancer. And Lily, 29, looked sensational as she debuted her new look.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-4980910/Model-Lily-Cole-looks-sensational-quirky-panelled-dress.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Oct 2017 09:50 GMT   
Expires: 29 Oct 2017 09:50 GMT   
IP:
1:11
Post by LDNnews: Bayswater
Former Chelsea player George Weah and VP Boakai look set to contest Liberia presidential run-off
Liberian former soccer star George Weah and Vice President Joseph Boakai were comfortably ahead in partial presidential election results announced on Saturday, and look set to contest a run-off next month.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/former-chelsea-player-george-weah-and-vp-boakai-look-set-to-contest-liberia-presidential-runoff-a3658926.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Oct 2017 04:00 GMT   
Expires: 29 Oct 2017 04:00 GMT   
IP:
1:12
Post by LDNnews: St Johns Wood
'If I was white it wouldn't happen': Rail worker reduced to tears by racist abuse after being called 'suicide bomber' by passenger
A railway worker has told how he fell victim to racist abuse seven times in seven months including being branded a "p**i" and a "suicide bomber".

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/rail-worker-tells-how-he-fell-victim-to-racist-abuse-seven-times-in-seven-months-including-being-a3658556.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Oct 2017 00:50 GMT   
Expires: 29 Oct 2017 00:50 GMT   
IP:
1:13
Post by LDNnews: Royal Oak
Thames search for man seen falling from Tower Bridge
Several people reported seeing the man fall from the central London bridge on Friday afternoon.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-41621949
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 14 Oct 2017 14:30 GMT   
Expires: 28 Oct 2017 14:30 GMT   
IP:
1:14
Post by LDNnews: Royal Oak
Katie Price attends same charity event as ex Kieran Hayler
Katie Price attends same charity event as ex Kieran Hayler

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-4979340/Katie-Price-Kieran-Hayler-wedding-ring-boxing-event.html?ITO=1490&ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 14 Oct 2017 09:10 GMT   
Expires: 28 Oct 2017 09:10 GMT   
IP:
1:15
Post by LDNnews: Bayswater
The European cities leading the way in car-free living in a bid to tackle toxic air pollution
A look at European cities, as London pollution expert calls for capital to be rid of cars

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/transport/the-european-cities-leading-the-way-in-carfree-living-in-a-bid-to-tackle-toxic-air-pollution-a3658216.html
LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Oct 2017 18:00 GMT   
Expires: 31 Oct 2017 18:00 GMT   
IP:
2:16
Post by LDNnews: Harrow & Wealdstone
Mayor and London Assembly member clash over Uber decision
The Mayor of London’s has defended Transport for London’s decision to ban Uber from the capital, despite concerns that it could cost Londoners millions of pounds.

http://www.harrowtimes.co.uk/news/15601474.Mayor_and_London_Assembly_member_clash_over_Uber_decision/?ref=rss
VIEW THE WESTBOURNE GREEN AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE WESTBOURNE GREEN AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE WESTBOURNE GREEN AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE WESTBOURNE GREEN AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE WESTBOURNE GREEN AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

 
 Upload an image
You can add an image to this location if you are logged into our Facebook app.
 Add new information to this location
You can add text to this location if you are logged into our Facebook app.
 
 Log on via Facebook
You can use a Facebook id to add material to this website.

The Underground Map

The Underground Map is a website dedicated to some of the more obscure pieces of London Town (as well as some of the more well-known places).

The Underground Map project is creating a decade-by-decade series of historical maps of the area which lies within London's M25 ring.

From the 1800s until the 1950s, you can see how London grew from a city which only reached as far as Park Lane into the post war megapolis we know today.

Find the streets of London by clicking STREETS above or explore the maps by clicking MAP.

The Underground Map works best if you log in using Facebook.




LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Bridge House:   Canal side house in Westbourne Park
Desborough Lodge:   Desborough Lodge was a house which was one of five grand houses in the village of Westbourne Green.
Duke of Cornwall (The Ledbury):   The Duke of Cornwall pub morphed into the uber-trendy "The Ledbury" restaurant.
Kilburn Aqueduct:   Some way from the area now called Kilburn, the Kilburn Aqueduct of the Grand Union Canal spanned the River Westbourne.
Queen's Cinema:   This cinema was situated at the top of Queensway, on the corner of Bishop's Bridge Road.
Red Lion Bridge:   Harrow Road once spanned the River Westbourne at this point.
River Westbourne:   The Westbourne is one of the lost rivers of London.
Royal Oak:   Royal Oak is a station on the Hammersmith and City Line, between Westbourne Park and Paddington stations, and is the least used station on the Hammersmith and City line.
Spotted Dog:   The Spotted Dog public house was one of the earliest buildings in Westbourne Green.
Warwick Avenue:   Warwick Avenue tube station is a London Underground station near Little Venice in north-west London. The station is on the Bakerloo Line, between Paddington and Maida Vale stations.
Westbourne Farm:   An old farm with a theatrical connection.
Westbourne House:   Two hundred years ago, the biggest house hereabouts...
Westbourne Manor:   The Manor of Westbourne


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Westbourne Lodge:   Westbourne Lodge appeared in one of the earliest photographs in London.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Admiral Walk, W9 · Aldsworth Close, W9 · Alexander Mews, W2 · Alexander Street, W2 · Alfred Road, W2 · Amberley Road, W9 · Artesian Road, W2 · Barnwood Close, W9 · Bishop's Bridge Road, W2 · Blomfield Mews, W2 · Blomfield Villas, W2 · Bourne Terrace, W2 · Bridstow Place, W2 · Bristol Gardens, W9 · Burdett Mews, W2 · Caradoc Close, W2 · Celbridge Mews, W2 · Charfield Court, W9 · Chepstow Road, W2 · Chichester Road, W2 · Cirencester Street, W2 · Clearwell Drive, W9 · Cleveland Gardens, W2 · Clifton Villas, W9 · Courtnell Street, W2 · Delamere Terrace, W2 · Desborough Close, W2 · Downfield Close, W9 · Dudley Street, W2 · Elnathan Mews, W9 · Formosa Street, W9 · Gaydon House, W2 · Gloucester Gardens, W2 · Great Western Road, W2 · Hallfield Estate, W2 · Hatherley Grove, W2 · Hunter Lodge, W9 · Kildare Terrace, W2 · Ledbury Road, W2 · Lister Lodge, W9 · Lord Hills Road, W2 · Marylebone Flyover, W2 · Moorhouse Road, W2 · Newton Road, W2 · Northumberland Place, W2 · Orsett Mews, W2 · Orsett Terrace, W2 · Paddington Green, W2 · Pembroke House, W2 · Pickering Mews, W2 · Pindock Mews, W9 · Porchester Road, W2 · Porchester Square, W2 · Porchester Terrace North, W2 · Princethorpe House, W2 · Ranelagh Bridge, W2 · Redan House, W2 · Rowington Close, W2 · Senior Street, W2 · Sevington Street, W9 · Shrewsbury Road, W2 · St Stephens Gardens, W2 · St Stephens Mews, W2 · St Stephen’s Gardens, W2 · Surrendale Place, W9 · Sutherland Place, W2 · Talbot Road, W2 · Torquay Street, W2 · Warwick Avenue, W9 · Warwick Court, W9 · Warwick Place, W9 · Westbourne Gardens, W2 · Westbourne Grove Terrace, W2 · Westbourne Grove, W2 · Westbourne Park Road, W2 · Westbourne Park Villas, W2 · Westbourne Terrace Road, W2 · Westway, W2 · Woodchester Square, W2 ·


USING THIS MATERIAL IN OTHER ARTICLES


COMMENTS

Print-friendly version of this page

What is Westbourne Green like as a place to live?

Data from placeilive.com/

Links

Warwick Avenue
Facebook Page
Queensway
Facebook Page
Paddington
Facebook Page
Notting Hill Gate
Facebook Page
Maida Vale
Facebook Page
Bayswater
Facebook Page
Royal Oak
Facebook Page
The Notting Hill & North Kensington Photo Archive
Facebook group
Born in W10
Facebook group
Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.

Maps


Inner West London (1932) FREE DOWNLOAD
1930s map covering East Acton, Holland Park, Kensington, Notting Hill, Olympia, Shepherds Bush and Westbourne Park,
George Philip & Son, Ltd./London Geographical Society, 1932

Central London, north west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, north west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 


COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or – from the available evidence – are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.