Canning Town is a district in the West Ham area of the London Borough of Newham.
Prior to the 19th century, the district was largely marshland, and accessible only by boat, or a toll bridge. In 1809, an Act of Parliament was passed for the construction of the Barking Road between the East India Docks and Barking. A five span iron bridge was constructed in 1810 to carry the road across the River Lea at Bow Creek. This bridge was damaged by a collision with a collier in March 1887 and replaced by the London County Council (LCC) in 1896. This bridge was in turn replaced in 1934, at a site to the north and today’s concrete flyover begun in smaller form in the 1960s, but successively modified to incorporate new road layouts for the upgraded A13 road and a feeder to the Limehouse Link tunnel, avoiding the Blackwall Tunnel. The abutments of the old iron bridge have now been utilised for the Jubilee footbridge, linking the area to Leamouth, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, on the western bank of the Lea.
The area is thought to be named for the first Viceroy of India, Charles John Canning, who suppressed the Indian Mutiny about the time the district expanded. The population increased rapidly after the North London Line was built from Stratford to North Woolwich, in 1846. This was built to carry coal and goods from the docks; and when the passenger station was first built it was known as Barking Road. Speculative builders constructed houses for the workers attracted by the new chemical industries established in the lower reaches of the River Lea, and for the nearby Thames Ironworks and Shipbuilding Company and Tate & Lyle refinery.
The opening of the Royal Victoria Dock in 1855 accelerated the development of the area creating employment and a need to house dock workers and their families. New settlements around the dock developed, starting with Hallsville, Canning Town and Woolwich, and later the areas now known as Custom House, Silvertown and West Silvertown. The new settlements lacked water supply and had no sewage system, leading to the spread of cholera and smallpox. The casual nature of employment at the docks meant poverty and squalid living conditions for many residents.
The industries around the dock were often unhealthy and dangerous. As trade unions and political activists fought for better living conditions and the dock area became the centre of numerous movements with Will Thorne, James Keir Hardie and other later becoming leading figures in the Labour Party. From the late 19th century, a large African mariner community was established in Canning Town as a result of new shipping links to the Caribbean and West Africa.
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Added: 26 Jul 2017 18:50 GMT
Expires: 9 Aug 2017 18:50 GMT
Post by LDNnews: Canning Town Baby Charlie Gard’s parents have agreed to hospice care Charlie Gard’s parents have decided that their terminally-ill baby son should spend his final days in a hospice.
Post by LDNnews: Canning Town A motorbike and a car collide in Worcester Park
Police were called to the scene of a collision involving a motorbike and a car early this morning on Central Road in Worcester Park.
Post by LDNnews: Canning Town West Ham close in on their fourth signing as Javier Hernandez arrives in London for his medical West Ham are closing in on the signing of Javier Hernandez following the Mexico striker's arrival in London for a medical.
Post by LDNnews: Canning Town 72-year old Croydon woman scammed out of thousands of pounds: Here is what to do if it happens to you
A 72-year-old Broad Green woman’s case in which she lost thousands of pounds to a bank card scam is now being used as a learning measure into how to avoid similar occurrences happening to others.
Post by LDNnews: Canning Town More misery! More cancellations! More strikes! Another chapter in the Southern Rail story
Yet another round of strike action involving Southern Rail has been announced in the seemingly endless industrial dispute over driver-only trains.
Post by LDNnews: Canning Town Scotland Yard to close half of London's police stations and investigate more crimes online Scotland Yard is to investigate more crimes on the telephone and online while closing half the capital's police stations in a bid to streamline the force and save cash.
Post by LDNnews: Bromley-by-Bow Antonio Conte has admitted Chelsea hoped to beat Manchester City to the signing of Kyle Walker this summer. Antonio Conte has admitted Chelsea hoped to beat Manchester City to the signing of Kyle Walker this summer.
Post by LDNnews: Stratford New softplay/cafe business could soon be coming to Croydon
For the past seven months, Sophie Reynolds has been looking for the perfect location to move her Little Lambs Softplay business.
Post by LDNnews: Island Gardens Campaigners plan protest ’noise ghettos’ created by concentrated flight paths at London City Airport Campaigners plan protest ’noise ghettos’ created by concentrated flight paths at London City Airport
Post by LDNnews: Stratford Jude Law backs push for scheme that wants to give free theatre tickets to Lewisham kids Jude Law backs push for scheme that wants to give free theatre tickets to Lewisham kids
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