The Fascination of Chelsea

The Fascination of Chelsea was a book published in 1902.

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
54.235.4.196 
Too much info? Click here to declutter the page
Adrian Mews · Albert Bridge · Albion Riverside Building · Albion Riverside · Alexander Square · Alpha Place · Althea Street · Anderson Street · Ann Lane · Antiquarius · Ashburnham Road · Ashcombe Street · Azteca · Battersea Bridge · Battersea Bridge Road · Battersea Bridge · Battersea Bridge · Battersea Park Children’s Zoo · Battersea Park · Beaufort House · Beaufort Street · Beaufort Street · Beaufort Street · Billing Road · Billing Street · Blacklands Terrace · Blantyre Street · Bloomfield Terrace · Bolton Gardens Mews · Bramerton Street · Bray Place · Bridge Studios · Bridges Place · Britten Street · Broughton Road · Builders Arms · Bull’s Gardens · Burnaby Street · Burnsall Street · Burton Court · Bury Walk · Byam Street · Bywater Street · Cadogan Gate S.W 1 · Cadogan Pier · Cadogan Square · Cadogan Street · Cale Street · Callow Street · Camera Place · Carlyle Square · Carmichael Close · Carriage Drive East · Carriage Drive North · Carriage Drive North · Carriage Drive South · Carriage Drive West · Cathcart Road · Cavalry Square · Cavaye Place · Caversham Street · Chapel Walk · Charles II Place · Chelsea · Chelsea Bridge Road · Chelsea Bridge · Chelsea Cloisters · Chelsea Crescent · Chelsea Embankment · Chelsea Embankment · Chelsea Manor Gardens · Chelsea Manor Street · Chelsea Manor Studios · Chelsea Park Gardens · Chelsea Pensioners Club · Chelsea Potter · Chelsea Reach · Chelsea Square · Chelsea Studios · Chelsea Towers · Chelsea Wharf · Cheltenham Terrace · Cheylesmore House · Cheyne Court · Cheyne Mews · Cheyne Place · Cheyne Row · Cheyne Walk · Cheyne Walk · Cheyne Walk · Chipperfield House Sutton Estate · Christchurch Street · Christchurch Terrace · Clabon Mews · Clover Mews · Colebrook Court · Coleherne Mews · Coleherne Road · Condray Place · Coulson Street · Cranbury Road · Cremorne Gardens · Cremorne Road · Crescent Place · Cresswell Gardens · Cresswell Place · Cross Keys · Culford Gardens · Damer Terrace · Danube Street · Danvers Street · Dartrey Tower · De Morgan Road · Denyer Street · Dilke Street · Donne Place · Dovehouse Street · Draycott Avenue · Draycott Place · Draycott Terrace · Drayton Gardens · Dudmaston Mews · Duke Of York Square · East Road · East Road · East Terrace · Ebury Bridge Road · Edith Grove · Edith Terrace · Edith Yard Edith Grove · Egerton Terrace · Elbe Street · Elm Park Gardens · Elm Park Lane · Elm Park Mansions · Elm Park Road · Elm Place · Elswick Street · Elystan Place · Elystan Street · Embankment Gardens · Ensor Mews · Esher House · Ethelburga Street · Evelyn Gardens · Farrier Walk · Fawcett Street · Fernshaw Close · Fernshaw Road · Finborough Road · First Street · Flood Street · Flood Walk · Foulis Terrace · Franklins Row · Fulham Road · Fulham Road · Furness Road · Gatliff Road · Gertrude Street · Gilstead Road · Gilston Road · Glebe Place · Glenrosa Street · Glynde Mews · Godfrey Street · Greaves Tower · Grosvenor Road · Grove Cottages · Gunter Grove · Gurney Road · Halsey Street · Hamble Street · Harcourt Terrace · Harley Gardens · Hasker Street · Hazlebury Road · Heliport Estate · Henty Close · Hester Road 8 · Hilary Close · Hobury Street · Holly Mews · Hollywood Mews · Hollywood Road · Holmead Road · Hortensia Road · Hyde Lane · Ifield Road · Imperial Crescent · Imperial Crescent · Ives Street · Ixworth Place · Joubert Mansions · Jubilee Place · Justice Walk · Kilkie Street · King’s Road · King’s Road · Kings Road · Kings Road · Kingswater Place · Lamont Road · Langford Road · Langton Street · Lawrence Street · Lennox Gardens Mews · Lennox Gardens · Lewis Estate · Limerston Street · Lincoln Street · Lindrop Street · London House · Lordship Place · Lucan Place · Mallord Street · Maltings Place · Manresa Road · Marinefield Road · Markham Square · Markham Street · Marlborough Street · Maskelyne Close · Metropolitan Borough of Battersea · Milborne Grove · Milmans Street · Milner Street · Moore Street · Moravian Place · Mossop Street · Mulberry Walk · Munro Terrace · Netherton Grove · Nightingale Place · Oakley Gardens · Oakley Street · Old Church Street · Ormonde Gate · Ovington Square · Ovington Street · Owen Close · Paradise Walk · Park Walk · Park Walk · Paultons Square · Paultons Street · Pavilion Road · Pearscroft Court · Pearscroft Road · Petyt Place · Petyward · Phene Street · Pier House · Plaza · Pond House · Pond Place · Pont St Mews · Pont Street Mews · Porters Lodge · Priory Walk · Queens Elm Parade · Querrin Street · Radnor Walk · Raffles Club · Ralston Street · Ramsay Mews · Ranelagh Gardens · Ranelagh Grove · Ransomes Dock Business Centre 35-37 · Ransomes Dock Business Centre · Ransomes Dock · Rawlings Street · Redburn Street · Redcliffe Mews · Redcliffe Place · Redcliffe Road · Redcliffe Square · Redcliffe Street · Rich Lane · Riley Street · Riley’s · River Westbourne outflow · Riverside · Robinson Street · Rosebury Road · Rosemoor Street · Rosenau Road · Rosetti Studios · Rossetti Studios · Royal Avenue · Royal Hospital Road · Selwood Place · Shalcomb Street · Shawfield Street · Slaidburn Street · Sloane Avenue · Sloane Court East · Sloane Court West · Smith Street · Smith Terrace · Snowbury Road · South Parade · South Walk · Sprimont Place · St Andrews Church · St Catherine’s Mews · St Loo Avenue · St Lukes Church Hall · St Lukes Street · St. Leonard’s Terrace · St. Loo Avenue · Stadium Street · Stamford Gate · Stephendale Road · Stevendale Road · Stewarts Grove · Swan Walk · Sydney Street · Tedworth Gardens · Tedworth Square · Terrace Walk · Terrace Walk · Tetcott Road · The Boltons · The Boltons · The Bridge · The Cadogan Arms · The Coopers Arms · The Courtyard · The Gateways · The Ivy Chelsea Garden · The Little Boltons · The Phene · The Phoenix Pub and Dining Room · The Pig’s Ear · The Plaza · The Surprise · The Sydney Arms · The Vale · Thorndike Close · Tite Street · Townmead Business Centre · Townmead Road · Trafalgar · Tregunter Road · Trident Place · Tryon Street · Tynemouth Street · Upcerne Road · Upper Cheyne Row · Upper Whistler Walk · Uverdale Road · Walnut Tree Walk · Walpole Street · Walton Street · Wandon Road · Wandsworth Bridge Road · Watermans Quay · Watermeadow Lane · Watford Close · Wellington Buildings · Wellington Square · West Road · West Road · West Road · Westgate Terrace · Wharfedale Street · Whistler Walk · Whitehead’s Grove · Whitehead’s Grove · Whiteheads Grove · William Morris Way · Wiltshire Close · Woodfall Street · World’s End Passage · Worlds End Place · Yeomans Row
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Article · Chelsea · SW3 ·
APRIL
12
2018

The Fascination of Chelsea was a book published in 1902.


It was written by Geraldine E. Mitton. It was part of the "Fascination of London" series edited by Walter Besant and published posthumously in 1902 following his death the previous year.

The original publishers were Adam & Charles Black (London).

The Spectator published the following contemporary review: "The Fascination of London : Chelsea. By G. E. Mitten. Edited by Sir W. Besant. (A. and C. Black. ls. 6d. net.)—This volitme, one of four on the same scale and with substantially the same author; ship, Mr. Mitten collaborating with Sir W. Besant, or having his work supervised by him, is an earnest of the great work on the Metropolis which Sir W. Besant contemplated. Each parish was to be perambulated and made the subject of a small book, Chelsea being chosen as a specimen, with . Hampstead, Westminster, and the Strand district. This is a very pleasant little book, the work of.a competent observer, who knows what to look for and how to deal with what be finds. Of course there are omissions. Perhaps one might say that the Chelsea of this little book is too exclusively genteel. There is a riverside population of whom much that is curious might be told. Possibly we are to have a special volume dealing with the Thames. There is a useful map."

==========

PREFATORY NOTE

The name Chelsea, according to Faulkner and Lysons, only began to be used in the early part of the eighteenth century. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the place was known as Chelsey, and before that time as Chelceth or Chelchith. The very earliest record is in a charter of King Edward the Confessor, where it is spelt Cealchyth. In Doomsday Book it is noted as Cercehede and Chelched. The word is derived variously. Newcourt ascribes it to the Saxon word ceald, or cele, signifying cold, combined with the Saxon hyth, or hyd, a port or haven. Norden believes it to be due to the word "chesel" (ceosol, or cesol), a bank "which the sea casteth up of sand or pebble-stones, thereof called Cheselsey, briefly Chelsey, as is Chelsey (Winchelsea?) in Sussex." Skinner agrees with him substantially, deriving the principal part of the word from banks of sand, and the ea or ey from land situated near the water; yet he admits it is written in ancient records Cealchyth—"chalky haven." Lysons asserts that if local circumstances allowed it he would have derived it from "hills of chalk." Yet, as there is neither hill nor chalk in the parish, this derivation cannot be regarded as satisfactory. The difficulty of the more generally received interpretation—viz., shelves of gravel near the water—is that the ancient spelling of the name did undoubtedly end in hith or heth, and not in ea or ey.

BOUNDARIES

The dividing line which separated the old parish of Chelsea from the City of Westminster was determined by a brook called the Westbourne, which took its rise near West End in Hampstead. It flowed through Bayswater and into Hyde Park. It supplied the water of the Serpentine, which we owe to the fondness of Queen Caroline for landscape gardening. This well-known piece of water was afterwards supplied from the Chelsea waterworks. The Westbourne stream then crossed Knightsbridge, and from this point formed the eastern boundary of St. Luke’s parish, Chelsea. The only vestige of the rivulet now remaining is to be seen at its southern extremity, where, having become a mere sewer, it empties itself into the Thames about 300 yards above the bridge. The name survives in Westbourne Park and Westbourne Street. The boundary line of the present borough of Chelsea is slightly different; it follows the eastern side of Lowndes Square, and thence goes down Lowndes Street, Chesham Street, and zigzags through Eaton Place and Terrace, Cliveden Place, and Westbourne Street, breaking off from the last-named at Whitaker Street, thence down Holbein Place, a bit of Pimlico, and Bridge Road to the river.

In a map of Chelsea made in 1664 by James Hamilton, the course of the original rivulet is clearly shown. The northern boundary of Chelsea begins at Knightsbridge. The north-western, that between Chelsea and Kensington, runs down Basil and Walton Streets, and turns into the Fulham Road at its junction with the Marlborough Road. It follows the course of the Fulham Road to Stamford Bridge, near Chelsea Station. The western boundary, as well as the eastern, had its origin in a stream which rose to the north-west of Notting Hill. Its site is now occupied by the railway-line (West London extension); the boundary runs on the western side of this until it joins an arm of Chelsea Creek, from which point the Creek forms the dividing line to the river.

The parish of Chelsea, thus defined, is roughly triangular in shape, and is divided by the King’s Road into two nearly equal triangles.

An outlying piece of land at Kensal Town belonged to Chelsea parish, but is not included in the borough.

The population in 1801 was 12,079. In the year 1902 (the latest return) it is reckoned at 73,842.

Bowack, in an account of Chelsea in 1705, estimates the inhabited houses at 300; they are now computed at 8,641.

HISTORY.

The first recorded instance of the mention of Chelsea is about 785, when Pope Adrian sent legates to England for the purpose of reforming the religion, and they held a synod at Cealchythe.

In the reign of Edward the Confessor Thurstan gave Chilchelle or Chilcheya, which he held of the King, to Westminster Abbey. This gift was confirmed by a charter which is in the Saxon language, and is still preserved in the British Museum. Gervace, Abbot of Westminster, natural son of King Stephen, aliened the Manor of Chelchithe; he bestowed it upon his mother, Dameta, to be held by her in fee, paying annually to the church at Westminster the sum of L4. In Edward III.’s reign one Robert de Heyle leased the Manor of Chelsith to the Abbot and Convent of Westminster during his own lifetime, for which they were to make certain payments: "L20 per annum, to provide him daily with two white loaves, two flagons of convent ale, and once a year a robe of Esquier’s silk." The manor at that time was valued at L25 16s. 6d. The Dean and Chapter of Westminster hold among their records several court rolls of the Manor of Chelsea during the reigns of Edward III. and Richard II. With the exception that one Simon Bayle seems to have been lessee of the Manor House in 1455, we know nothing definite of it until the reign of Henry VII., after which the records are tolerably clear. It was then held by Sir Reginald Bray, and from him it descended to his niece Margaret, who married Lord Sandys. Lord Sandys gave or sold it to Henry VIII., and it formed part of the jointure of Queen Catherine Parr, who resided there for some time with her fourth husband, Lord Seymour.

Afterwards it appears to have been granted to the Duke of Northumberland, who was beheaded in 1553 for his attempt to place Lady Jane Grey on the throne. The Duchess of Northumberland held it for her life, and at her death it was granted to John Caryl, who only held it for a few months before parting with it to John Bassett, "notwithstanding which," says Lysons, "Lady Anne of Cleves, in the account of her funeral, is said to have died at the King and Quene’s majestys’ Place of Chelsey beside London in the same year."

Queen Elizabeth gave it to the Earl of Somerset’s widow for life, and at her death it was granted to John Stanhope, afterwards first Lord Stanhope, subject to a yearly rent-charge. It is probable that he soon surrendered it, for we find it shortly after granted by Queen Elizabeth to Katherine, Lady Howard, wife of the Lord Admiral. Then it was held by the Howards for several generations, confirmed by successive grants, firstly to Margaret, Countess of Nottingham, and then to James Howard, son of the Earl of Nottingham, who had the right to hold it for forty years after the decease of his mother. She, however, survived him, and in 1639 James, Duke of Hamilton, purchased her interest in it, and entered into possession. He only held it until the time of the Commonwealth, when it was seized and sold; but it seems that the purchasers, Thomas Smithby and Robert Austin, only bought it to hold in trust for the heirs of Hamilton, for in 1657 Anne, daughter and coheiress of the Duke of Hamilton, and her husband, Lord Douglas, sold it to Charles Cheyne. He bought it with part of the large dower brought him by his wife, Lady Jane Cheyne, as is recorded on her tombstone in Chelsea Church. Sir Hans Sloane in 1712 purchased it from the then Lord Cheyne. He left two daughters, who married respectively Lord Cadogan and George Stanley. As the Stanleys died out in the second generation, their share reverted by will to the Cadogans, in whom it is still vested.

Links and further reading

Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
All-encompassing website


Ann Fraser
Ann Fraser   
Added: 19 Apr 2018 13:26 GMT   
IP: 88.98.205.32
2:1:9999
Post by Ann Fraser: Broughton Street, SW8

I have been doing some family research and have found 4 plus addresses family lived in from 1901 onwards, 43 Broughton Street 1901 census, Edward P Pritchard, Wife Harriet and children Helen, Frederick, Alice & Albert. Also in 1920 Edward & Harriet Pritchard also registered Alfred & Alice Mantell. 60 Broughton St 1920 Helen Harriet and Alfred De La Porte (Helen Pritchard). Also Alice Pritchard shown born 1888 in Montifore Street and later at No. 40 Broughton Street. Plus 1A Emu Road Emily & Frederick Pritchard and daughter Peggy (Margaret Helen Pritchard). Emily was there until 1977 when she died. The area was known as Park Town. I used to live in North Street, SW4 in the 1980s, now over in Wandsworth.


LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Apr 2019 01:30 GMT   
IP:
3:2:9999
Post by LDNnews: Sloane Square
Kelly Brook stands out from the crowd in bold neon hoodie
Kelly Brook opted for a more laid-back look as she strolled through London after presenting on Heart radio on Monday.

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-6952507/Kelly-Brook-stands-crowd-bold-neon-hoodie.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490&ito=1490

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 Apr 2019 14:40 GMT   
IP:
3:3:9999
Post by LDNnews: South Kensington
TfL chief 'will not quit' over diluted warnings to Mayor on Crossrail fiasco
City Hall today defended London’s transport commissioner after he was urged to consider resigning in the wake of the Crossrail fiasco.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/transport/tfl-chief-will-not-quit-over-diluted-warnings-to-mayor-on-crossrail-fiasco-a4123821.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 Apr 2019 06:20 GMT   
IP:
3:4:9999
Post by LDNnews: Sloane Square
Greta Thunberg: Teen tells UK politicians ’listen to climate scientists’
Teenage activist Greta Thunberg, who will meet UK politicians, also praises climate change protesters.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-48017083

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 Apr 2019 15:40 GMT   
IP:
3:5:9999
Post by LDNnews: South Kensington
Moussa Sissoko to miss Tottenham's Champions League semi-final first leg against Ajax
Tottenham’s Champions League hopes have been hit with a huge blow with the news that Moussa Sissoko looks likely to miss the semi-final first leg against Ajax.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/tottenham/moussa-sissoko-to-miss-tottenhams-champions-league-semifinal-first-leg-against-ajax-a4123191.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 22 Apr 2019 05:40 GMT   
IP:
3:6:9999
Post by LDNnews: Sloane Square
Extinction Rebellion: Climate protesters ’making a difference’
Teenage activist Greta Thunberg addresses thousands of Extinction Rebellion protesters in London.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-48003955

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 21 Apr 2019 06:20 GMT   
IP:
3:7:9999
Post by LDNnews: South Kensington
Lyra McKee death: Two men aged 18 and 19 arrested under Terrorism Act in connection with murder of journalist
Two men have been arrested under the Terrorism Act in connection with the murder of journalist Lyra McKee.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/lyra-mckee-death-two-men-aged-18-and-19-arrested-under-terrorism-act-in-connection-with-murder-of-a4122291.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 21 Apr 2019 03:30 GMT   
IP:
3:8:9999
Post by LDNnews: Sloane Square
John Singleton in intensive care after suffering a stroke
John Singleton’s family have said the Oscar-nominated director is in intensive care after suffering a stroke.

https://www.standard.co.uk/home/standard-showbiz/john-singleton-in-intensive-care-after-suffering-a-stroke-a4122571.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 20 Apr 2019 15:40 GMT   
IP:
3:9:9999
Post by LDNnews: South Kensington
Tottenham boss Mauricio Pochettino accepts referee's 'mistake' after Spurs are denied penalty at Man City
Mauricio Pochettino accepted the referee’s decision not to award his side a penalty in the defeat at Manchester City despite declaring "all of humanity" could see the "mistake".

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/tottenham/tottenham-boss-mauricio-pochettino-accepts-referees-mistake-after-spurs-are-denied-penalty-at-man-a4122481.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 20 Apr 2019 01:40 GMT   
IP:
3:10:9999
Post by LDNnews: Sloane Square
Climate protests: How do police control demonstrations?
Nearly 400 Extinction Rebellion protesters have been arrested

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-47965614

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Apr 2019 15:27 GMT   
IP:
3:11:9999
Post by LDNnews: Aldwych
The Memorial Gates are a war memorial located at the Hyde Park Corner end of Constitution Hill in London.
The Memorial Gates are a war memorial located at the Hyde Park Corner end of Constitution Hill in London.

https://www.theundergroundmap.com/article.html?id=2758

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Apr 2019 06:20 GMT   
IP:
3:12:9999
Post by LDNnews: South Kensington
Assad family cash frozen after dictator's niece found living in London
Assad family cash frozen after dictator's niece found living in London

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/assad-family-cash-frozen-after-dictators-niece-found-living-in-london-a4121211.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 19 Apr 2019 01:30 GMT   
IP:
3:13:9999
Post by LDNnews: Sloane Square
Kate Beckinsale dons Georges Chakra mini-dress on Tonight Show in NYC
Aside from her 25-year-old toyboy, the 45-year-old SAG Award nominee was in New York visiting her daughter Lily Sheen

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/article-6934579/Kate-Beckinsale-dons-Georges-Chakra-mini-dress-Tonight-NYC.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490&ito=1490

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Apr 2019 06:30 GMT   
IP:
3:14:9999
Post by LDNnews: South Kensington
Brexiteer rallies for support for Bercow no confidence motion
A Tory Brexiteer is rallying support for a no confidence motion in Speaker John Bercow.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/brexiteer-rallies-for-support-for-bercow-no-confidence-motion-a4120656.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 18 Apr 2019 06:20 GMT   
IP:
3:15:9999
Post by LDNnews: Sloane Square
Man stabbed to death in Stoke Newington street
Despite treatment from emergency crews, the man was pronounced dead at the scene.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-47970188

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 17 Apr 2019 04:40 GMT   
IP:
3:16:9999
Post by LDNnews: South Kensington
Sir Elton John V&A donation earns singer his own gallery
London’s V&A is renaming one of its galleries after the star and his husband made a "significant" donation.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-47947885

VIEW THE CHELSEA AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHELSEA AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHELSEA AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHELSEA AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE CHELSEA AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Chelsea

Chelsea is an affluent area, bounded to the south by the River Thames.

Its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, which is now in a pipe above Sloane Square tube station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square, along with parts of Belgravia. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and South Kensington, but it is safe to say that the area north of King’s Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea.

The word Chelsea originates from the Old English term for chalk and landing place on the river. The first record of the Manor of Chelsea precedes the Domesday Book and records the fact that Thurstan, governor of the King’s Palace during the reign of Edward the Confessor (1042–1066), gave the land to the Abbot and Convent of Westminster. Abbot Gervace subsequently assigned the manor to his mother, and it passed into private ownership. The modern-day Chelsea hosted the Synod of Chelsea in 787 AD.

Chelsea once had a reputation for the manufacture of Chelsea buns (made from a long strip of sweet dough tightly coiled, with currants trapped between the layers, and topped with sugar).

King Henry VIII acquired the manor of Chelsea from Lord Sandys in 1536; Chelsea Manor Street is still extant. Two of King Henry’s wives, Catherine Parr and Anne of Cleves, lived in the Manor House; Princess Elizabeth – the future Queen Elizabeth I – resided there; and Thomas More lived more or less next door at Beaufort House. In 1609 James I established a theological college on the site of the future Chelsea Royal Hospital, which Charles II founded in 1682.

By 1694, Chelsea – always a popular location for the wealthy, and once described as ’a village of palaces’ – had a population of 3000. Even so, Chelsea remained rural and served London to the east as a market garden, a trade that continued until the 19th-century development boom which caused the final absorption of the district into the metropolis.

Chelsea shone, brightly but briefly, in the 1960s Swinging London period and the early 1970s. The Swinging Sixties was defined on King’s Road, which runs the length of the area. The Western end of Chelsea featured boutiques Granny Takes a Trip and The Sweet Shop, the latter of which sold medieval silk velvet caftans, tabards and floor cushions, with many of the cultural cognoscenti of the time being customers, including Keith Richards, Twiggy and many others.

The exclusivity of Chelsea as a result of its high property prices has historically resulted in the term Sloane Ranger to be used to describe its residents. From 2011, Channel 4 broadcast a reality television show called Made in Chelsea, documenting the ’glitzy’ lives of several young people living in Chelsea. Moreover, Chelsea is home to one of the largest communities of Americans living outside of the United States, with 6.53% of Chelsea-residents being born in the United States.
Print-friendly version of this page

Maps


Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.