Canon Row, SW1A

Road in/near Westminster, existing until now

Abbey Orchard Street · Abingdon Street · Ambassador’s Court · Artillery Place · Barton Street · Bennett’s Yard · Birdcage Walk · Birdcage Walk · Blue Bridge · Bridge Street · Broad Sanctuary · Broad Sanctuary · Bury Street · Canon Row · Canterbury Music Hall · Carlton Gardens · Carlton House Terrace · Carting Lane · Centaur Street · Charing Cross · Charing Cross · China Walk · Christ Church · Chubb Court · Coburg Close · Cowley Street · Dartmouth Street · Dean Bradley Street · Dean Farrar Street · Dean Stanley Street · Dean Trench Street · Deans Yard · Derby Gate · Doon Street · Elmhurstreet Villas · Elverton Street · Embankment · Emery Hill Street · Exeter Street · Florence Nightingale Museum · Garden Museum · Gayfere Street · Golden Jubilee Bridge · Great College Street · Great George Street · Great Peter Street · Great Smith Street · Haymarket · Heathcock Court · Hercules Road · Horse Guards Avenue · Horse Guards Parade · Horse Guards Road · Horseferry Road · Houses of Parliament at night · Howick Place · Hungerford Bridge · Hungerford Stairs · Johanna Street · Jubilee Gardens · King Charles Street · Lambeth Bridge (1865) · Lambeth Bridge · Lambeth Bridge · Lambeth North · Lambeth Road · Lambeth Walk · Lancaster Place · Little Cloisters · Little College Street · Little Deans Yard · Little George Street · London Aquarium · London Borough Of Southwark · Lord North Street · Lower Marsh · Lyndhurstreet Grove · Marsham Street · Matthew Parker Street · Millbank · Murphy Street · Murphy Street · Necropolis Station · New Palace Yard · Norfolk Row · North Court · Northumberland Avenue · Northumberland Avenue · Northumberland House · Old Palace Yard · Page Street · Palace Of Westminster · Pall Mall East · Parker Street looking east (1905) · Parliament Square · Parliament Square · Parliament Street · Pelican Estate · Pickering Place · Pickering Place · Post Office Way · Pratt Walk · Price’s Court · Queen Anne’s Gate · Richmond House Whitehall · Richmond Terrace · Romney Street · Rose and Crown Yard · Royal Society · Royal Society · Russell Court · Saint James’s Square · Saint James’s Street · Savoy Court · Savoy Hill · Savoy Street · Savoy Street · Savoy Way · Seaforth Place · Smith Square · Southbank Centre Square · Southbank · Spenser Street · Spring Gardens · St James’s Street · St James's Park · St James’s · St Margarets Street · St Vincents Centre · St. Ermin’s Hill · St. James’s Drive · St. James's Park · St. Margaret Street · St. Matthew Street · St. Thomas’s Square · Stable Yard Road · Station Approach · Steam Pump Lane · Storeys Gate · Storeys Gate · Strand (1890s) · Strand Underpass · Strand · Strand · Strand · Suffolk Place · The Queen’s Steps · The Queen’s Walk · The Queen’s Walk · The Queen’s Walk · The Sanctuary · The Strand · The Terrace · The Terrace · The Tunnel · Tothill Fields Bridewell · Tothill Street · Trafalgar Square · Tufton Street · Victoria Chambers · Victoria Embankment Gardens · Victoria Tower Gardens · Villiers Street · Watergate Walk · Waterloo · Waterloo Air Terminal (1953) · Waterloo Bridge · Waterloo Bridge · Waterloo Place · Westminster · Westminster Abbey · Westminster Bridge · Westminster Bridge · Westminster Central Hall · Westminster Mansions · Westminster Pier · Whitehall Gardens · Whitehall · York Road Curve
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Road · Westminster · SW1A ·
Canon Row is at least one thousand year’s old.

The definite origin of the name is unknown - either named after where the canons of St Stephen’s resided or a corruption of Channel Row, indicating a channel from the Thames.

It was in former days the site of several grand townhouses. John Stow states that among its inhabitants in his time were "divers noblemen and gentlemen".

Sussex House, home of Thomas Radclyffe, 3rd Earl of Sussex, was situated on Canon Row.

The current buildings in Canon Row include two Georgian buildings and the old police building, built in the early 20th century.

Source: Canon Row - Wikipedia

Citations, sources, links and further reading

Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
A wander through London, street by street
All-encompassing website
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
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Westminster - heart of government.

While the underground station dates from 1868, Westminster itself is almost as old as London itself. It has a large concentration of London’s historic and prestigious landmarks and visitor attractions, including the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral.

Historically part of the parish of St Margaret in the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex, the name Westminster was the ancient description for the area around Westminster Abbey – the West Minster, or monastery church, that gave the area its name – which has been the seat of the government of England (and later the British government) for almost a thousand years.

Westminster is the location of the Palace of Westminster, a UNESCO World Heritage Site which houses the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The area has been the seat of the government of England for almost a thousand years. Westminster is thus often used as a metonym for Parliament and the political community of the United Kingdom generally. The civil service is similarly referred to by the area it inhabits, Whitehall, and Westminster is consequently also used in reference to the ’Westminster System’, the parliamentary model of democratic government that has evolved in the United Kingdom.

The historic core of Westminster is the former Thorney Island on which Westminster Abbey was built. The Abbey became the traditional venue of the coronation of the kings and queens of England. The nearby Palace of Westminster came to be the principal royal residence after the Norman conquest of England in 1066, and later housed the developing Parliament and law courts of England. It can be said that London thus has developed two distinct focal points: an economic one in the City of London; and a political and cultural one in Westminster, where the Royal Court had its home. This division is still very apparent today.

The monarchy later moved to the Palace of Whitehall a little towards the north-east. The law courts have since moved to the Royal Courts of Justice, close to the border of the City of London.

The Westminster area formed part of the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex. The ancient parish was St Margaret; after 1727 split into the parishes of St Margaret and St John. The area around Westminster Abbey formed the extra-parochial Close of the Collegiate Church of St Peter surrounded by—but not part of—either parish. Until 1900 the local authority was the combined vestry of St Margaret and St John (also known as the Westminster District Board of Works from 1855 to 1887), which was based at Westminster City Hall on Caxton Street from 1883. The Liberty of Westminster, governed by the Westminster Court of Burgesses, also included St Martin in the Fields and several other parishes and places. Westminster had its own quarter sessions, but the Middlesex sessions also had jurisdiction. The area was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London in 1889 and the local government of Westminster was reformed in 1900 when the court of burgesses and parish vestries were abolished, to be replaced with a metropolitan borough council. The council was given city status, allowing it to be known as Westminster City Council.

The underground station was opened as Westminster Bridge on 24 December 1868 by the steam-operated Metropolitan District Railway (MDR) (now the District line) when the railway opened the first section of its line from South Kensington. It was originally the eastern terminus of the MDR and the station cutting ended at a concrete wall buffered by timber sleepers. The approach to the station from the west runs in cut and cover tunnel under the roadway of Broad Sanctuary and diagonally under Parliament Square. In Broad Sanctuary the tunnel is close to Westminster Abbey and St Margaret’s church and care was required to avoid undermining their foundations when excavating in the poor ground found there.

The station was completely rebuilt to incorporate new deep-level platforms for the Jubilee line when it was extended to the London Docklands in the 1990s. During the works, the level of the sub-surface platforms was lowered to enable ground level access to Portcullis House. This was achieved in small increments carried out when the line was closed at night.
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