Hopton’s Almshouses

Estate in/near Southwark, existing between 1752 and now

Aberdour Street · Addle Hill · Aldwych · Alice Street · All Hallows Bread Street · All Hallows’ Church · Alsatia · Anchor Terrace · Angel Place · Aquinas Street · Archie Street · Arundel Street · Avon Place · Avondale Pavement · Ayres Street · Bank · Bank End · Bankside way · Bankside · Barge House Street · Barnham Street · Bartholomew Street · Baylis Road · Bear Gardens · Belvedere Building · Belvedere Buildings · Bermondsey Square · Bermondsey Street · Bevington Path · Black Eagle Yard · Black Friars Road · Black Swan Yard · Blackfriars · Blackfriars Bridge railway station · Blackfriars Bridge · Blackfriars Road railway station · Blackfriars Road · Blackfriars Road · Bluelion Place · Borough · Borough Market · Boyfield Street · Brewery Square · Bricklayers Arms Flyover · Bridge Walk · Brockham Street · Brunswick Court · Budge Row · Burge Street · Burrell Street · Burrows Mews · Bursar Street · Bushbaby Close · Cannon Street · Cannon Street · Cannon Street · Cannon Street · Cardinal Cap Alley · Cathedral Street · Chapel Court · Charlie Chaplin Walk · Chartes House · Chettle Close · City Walk · Clink St Studios · Clink Street · Cobourg Road Estate · Cobourg Road · Cole Street · Collinson Walk · Colombo Street · Crayford House · Crucifix Lane · Deans Court · Decima Street · Deverell Street · Devereux Court · Dickens Square · Dolben Street · Doon Street · Dowgate Hill · Dunsterville Way · Elephant Castle Super Bowl · Embankment · Emerson Street · Empire Square South · English Grounds · Enterprise House · Fair Street · Falcon Point Piazza · Farringdon Road · Farringdon Road · Fenning Street · Flat Iron Square · Floors Lincoln House · Future site of the Globe Theatre · Gay Street · George Inn Yard · Globe Street · Grange House · Gray Street · Great Dover Street · Great Guildford Business Square · Great Suffolk Street · Green Dragon Court · Green Walk · Griggs Place · Griggs Road · Guinness Court · Hamlet Way · Hankey Place · Hanseatic Walk · Harbledown House · Hardwidge Street · Hartley Buildings · Hatch End Millenium Bridge · Hatchers Mews · Holland Street · Holyrood Street · Hopton Street · Hopton's Almshouses · Howard Street · Hoxton Square · Hulme Place · Hunter Close · Inner Temple Gardens · Invicta Plaza · Ireland Yard · Joan Street · Johanna Street · Junction Approach · Kipling Street · Kirby Grove · Lamb Walk · Lansdowne Place · Lant Street · Larnaca Works · Law Street · Leathermarket Street · Lockyer Estate · Loncroft Road · London and South Western Railway Depot · London Bridge · London Bridge · London Bridge · Long Lane · Lower Marsh · Lower Road · Magdalen Street · Magpie Alley · Maiden Lane · Maidstone Buildings Mews · Maltings Place · Manciple Street · Mansell Street · Mansion House · Mansion House · Market Yard Mews · Mason Close · Mason Street · Meakin Estate · Melbourne Place · Melior Place · Melior Street · Merrick Square · Meymott Street · Middle Yard · Millennium Bridge · Milroy Walk · Mint Street · Mitre Road · Montague Close · More London Place · More London Riverside · Morgans Lane · Mudchute Kitchen Frizzante · Mudchute Park and Farm · Mulvaney Way · Murphy Street · Murphy Street · Nebraska Street · Necropolis Station · Nelson Square · New Globe Walk · Newhams Row · Newington Court · Nicholson Street · Norfolk Street · Old Barge House Alley · Old Canal Mews · Old Vic · Otford House · Oxford Drive · Oxo Tower Wharf Barge House Street · Oystergate Walk · Pardoner Street · Paris Garden · Park Street · Peabody Square · Perkins Square · Pickfords Wharf · Pilgrimage Street · Pontypool Place · Pope Street · Porlock Street · Porter Street · Potters Fields · Price’s Street · Prioress Street · Queen Street · Queen Street · Queen’s Head Yard · Queenhithe · Redcross Way · Rennie Street · Rich Industrial Estate · Riverside Walk · Rose Alley · Rothsay Street · Royal Oak Yard · Saint Andrew’s Hill · Samford Street · Sawyer Street · Scoresby Street · Scovell Crescent · Shand Street · Shorter Street · Shorter Street · Snowsfields · Soho Wharf · Southbank Centre Square · Southbank · Southwalk Street · Southwark · Southwark Bridge · Southwark Street · Spurgeon Street · St Benet Sherehog · St James Garlickhythe · St John the Evangelist Friday Street · St Mary Aldermary · St Mary Magdalen Old Fish Street · St Mary Mounthaw · St Michael Paternoster Royal · St Michael Queenhithe · St Mildred · St Nicholas Cole Abbey · St Paul’s · St Paul’s Churchyard · St Thomas the Apostle · Stamford · Staple Street · Station Approach · Sterry Street · Stevens Street · Stoney Street · Strand Lane · Sudrey Street · Sugar Quay Walk · Sumner Street · Swan Court · Swan Street · Tabard Street · Talbot Yard · Tallis Street · Tanner Street · Tanswell Street · Tate Modern · Temple · Temple Bar · The Grain Stores · The Jam Factory · The Leather Market · The Leathermarket · The Ring · The Tanneries · The Terrace · The Tunnel · Thrale Street · Tooley Street · Toulmin Street · Tower Bridge Road · Tower Bridge · Trinity Church Square · Trinity Street · Tulip House · Tweezer’s Alley · Tyers Gate · Ufford Street · Union Street · Victoria Embankment · Vine Lane · Vintage Yard · Water Street · Waterloo · Waterloo Bridge · Waterloo Bridge · Weavers Lane · Webb Street · Webber Row · Weston Street · White Hart Yard · Whites Grounds Estate · Whites Grounds · Whittlesey Street · Wilds Rents · Winchester Square · Winchester Walk · Winchester Walk · Windmill Walk · Wood’s Place · York Road Curve · Young Vic · Zoar Street
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Estate · Southwark · SE1 ·
Hopton Street has had almshouses since 1752.

Before the days of state provision for the old, infirm or poor, it was common for wealthy individuals to bequeath money or property to the local parish or to set up independent institutions to assist those in need locally. Many ancient parishes have such institutions and many almshouses still survive.

Hoptons Almshouses were founded from a trust set up by the will of Charles Hopton and provided accommodation for 26 residents, financial grants and fuel.

It is unusual to find one founded as early as 1752 still in its original form, carrying out its original function, so close to London.

This photo was taken in 1957. The modern view of these almshouses would take in the huge NEO Bankside development behind which has dramatically altered the atmosphere of the courtyard.

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence

Citations, sources, links and further reading

Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
A wander through London, street by street
All-encompassing website
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page

The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.



Southwark is the area immediately south of London Bridge, opposite the City of London.

Southwark is on a previously marshy area south of the River Thames. Recent excavation has revealed prehistoric activity including evidence of early ploughing, burial mounds and ritual activity. The area was originally a series of islands in the River Thames. This formed the best place to bridge the Thames and the area became an important part of Londinium owing its importance to its position as the endpoint of the Roman London Bridge. Two Roman roads, Stane Street and Watling Street, met at Southwark in what is now Borough High Street.

At some point the Bridge fell or was pulled down. Southwark and the city seem to have become largely deserted during the Early Middle Ages. Archaeologically, evidence of settlement is replaced by a largely featureless soil called the Dark Earth which probably (although this is contested) represents an urban area abandoned.

Southwark appears to recover only during the time of King Alfred and his successors. Sometime in and around 886 AD the Bridge was rebuilt and the City and Southwark restored. Southwark was called ’Suddringa Geworc’ which means the ’defensive works of the men of Surrey’. It was probably fortified to defend the bridge and hence the re-emerging City of London to the north. This defensive role is highlighted by the use of the Bridge as a defense against King Swein, his son King Cnut and in 1066, against King William the Conqueror. He failed to force the Bridge during the Norman conquest of England, but Southwark was devastated.

Much of Southwark was originally owned by the church - the greatest reminder of monastic London is Southwark Cathedral, originally the priory of St Mary Overy.

During the Middle Ages, Southwark remained outside of the control of the City and was a haven for criminals and free traders, who would sell goods and conduct trades outside the regulation of the City Livery Companies. An important market - later to become known as the Borough Market - was established there some time in the 13th century. The area was renowned for its inns, especially The Tabard, from which Chaucer’s pilgrims set off on their journey in The Canterbury Tales.

After many decades’ petitioning, in 1550, Southwark was incorporated into the City of London as ’The Ward of Bridge Without’. It became the entertainment district for London, and it was also the red-light area. In 1599, William Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre was built on the South Bank in Southwark, though it burned down in 1613. A modern replica, also called the Globe, has been built near the original site. Southwark was also a favorite area for entertainment like bull and bear-baiting. There was also a famous fair in Southwark which took place near the Church of St. George the Martyr. William Hogarth depicted this fair in his engraving of Southwark Fair (1733).

In 1844 the railway reached Southwark with the opening of London Bridge station.

In 1861 the Great Fire of Southwark destroyed a large number of buildings between Tooley Street and the Thames, including those around Hays Wharf, where Hays Galleria was later built, and blocks to the west almost as far as St Olave’s Church.

In 1899 Southwark was incorporated along with Newington and Walworth into the Metropolitan Borough of Southwark, and in 1965 this was incorporated with the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell and Metropolitan Borough of Bermondsey into the London Borough of Southwark.

Southwark tube station was opened on 20 November 1999 as part of the Jubilee Line Extension.

The original plan for the Extension did not include a station between those at Waterloo and London Bridge; Southwark station was added after lobbying by the local council. Although it is close to Waterloo, not near the Bankside attractions it was intended to serve, and its only rail interchange is to London Waterloo East mainline station; the passenger usage matches those of other minor central stations. It does however get over double the traffic of nearby Borough station and around triple Lambeth North.
Print-friendly version of this page

View copyright notice