Monument

Underground station, existing between 1884 and now

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Underground station · City of London · EC3M ·
October
13
2013
Monument station is interlinked with nearby Bank station with London Underground and Docklands Light Railway stations that form a public transport complex spanning the length of King William Street in the City of London.

The Bank-Monument interchange
Monument station, named after the Monument to the Great Fire of London, opened in 1884 and is served by the District and Circle lines. The stations have been linked as an interchange since 1933. The station complex is the ninth-busiest on the London Underground network.

The Metropolitan Railway (MR) and Metropolitan District Railway (MDR) had, by 1876, built most of the Inner Circle (now the Circle line), reaching Aldgate and Mansion House respectively. The companies were in dispute over the completion of the route as the MDR was struggling financially and the MR was concerned that completion would affect its revenues through increased competition from the MDR in the City area. City financiers keen to see the line completed, established the Metropolitan Inner Circle Completion Railway in 1874 to link Mansion House to Aldgate. Forced into action, the MR bought out the company and it and the MDR began construction of the final section of the Inner Circle in 1879. The new section of railway included two new stations: Tower of London tube station and another located close to the Monument.

The station at Monument opened with the name Eastcheap on 6 October 1884, after the nearby street, and was renamed The Monument on 1 November 1884. Initially, trains from both companies served the station on the Inner Circle service but other operational patterns have been used. The Inner Circle service achieved a separate identity as the Circle line in 1949 although its trains were still provided by the District or Metropolitan Lines.

Citations and sources

Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations
The free encyclopedia

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