Monument station is interlinked with nearby Bank station with London Underground and Docklands Light Railway stations that form a public transport complex spanning the length of
in the City of London.
Monument station, named after the Monument to the Great Fire of London
, opened in 1
884 and is served by the District and Circle lines. The stations have been linked as an interchange since 1
933. The station complex is the ninth-busiest on the London Underground network.
The Metropolitan Railway (MR) and Metropolitan District Railway (MDR) had, by 1
876, built most of the Inner Circle (now the Circle line), reaching Aldgate
and Mansion House
respectively. The companies were in dispute over the completion of the route as the MDR was struggling financially and the MR was concerned that completion would affect its revenues through increased competition from the MDR in the City area. City financiers keen to see the line completed, established the Metropolitan Inner Circle Completion Railway in 1
874 to link Mansion House
. Forced into action, the MR bought out the company and it and the MDR began construction of the final section of the Inner Circle in 1
879. The new section of railway included two new stations: Tower of London
tube station and another located close to the Monument.
The station at Monument opened with the name Eastcheap
on 6 October 1
884, after the nearby street, and was renamed The Monument
884. Initially, trains from both companies served the station on the Inner Circle service but other operational patterns have been used. The Inner Circle service achieved a separate identity as the Circle line in 1
949 although its trains were still provided by the District or Metropolitan Lines.