Wadham Gardens, NW3

Buildings in this area date from the nineteenth century or before

Acacia Road · Adamson Road · Ainger Road · Alban House · Albert Terrace · Alexandra Road · Allitsen Road · Anna Freud Centre · Antrim Mansions · Antrim Road · Aquila Street · Avenue Close · Avenue Road · Avenue Road · Belsize Park Gardens · Belsize Square · Benevolent Institution for the Relief of Aged and Infirm Tailors · Blenheim Road · Boundary Road · Boydell Court · Briary Close · Bridge Approach · Brocas Close · Broxwood Way · Buckland Crescent · Canfield Place · Central Avenue · Central School of Speech and Drama · Chalcot Crescent · Chalcot Gardens · Chalcot Square · Chalk Farm · Chalk Farm Parade · Charlbert Street · Charles Lane · College Crescent · College Cresent · Crossfield Road · Dobson Close · Dorman Way · Eamont Street · Elizabeth Mews · Elsworthy Road · Elsworthy Road · Elsworthy Terrace · Elton Place · England’s Lane · Englands Lane · Erskine Mews · Erskine Road · Eton Avenue · Eton College Road · Eton Court · Eton Garages · Eton Hall · Eton Rise · Eton Road · Eton Villas · Fairfax Mansions · Fairfax Place · Fairfax Road · Fairfax Road · Fellows Road · Finchley Road · Finchley Road · Finchley Road · Fine Arts College · Goldhurst Open Space · Goldhurst Terrace · Goldhurst Terrace · Hall School · Hampstead Theatre · Harben Parade · Harben Road · Harley Road · Haverstock School · Henstridge Place · Hornby Close · Huson Close · Jade Terrace · King Henry’s Road · King’s College Road · Kingsmill Terrace · Lambolle Place · Lambolle Road · Lancaster Drive · Lancaster Grove · Lancaster Stables · Langford Place · Loudoun Road · Maitland Park Road · Maitland Park Villas · Marlborough Hill · Marlborough Place · Marston Close · Meadowbank · Middle Field · Modbury Gardens · Naseby Close · New College Parade · Noel House · Norfolk Road · Northways Parade · Oppidans Mews · Oppidans Road · Ordnance Hill · Ormonde Court · Ormonde Terrace · Primrose Gardens · Primrose Hill Road · Prince Albert Road · Prince of Wales Road · Provost Road · Queen’s Grove · Queen’s Terrace · Queensmead · Quickswood · Radlett Place · Regency Parade · Regent’s Park Road · Regents Mews · Rossetti Mews · Rosslyn Mansions · Rudgwick Terrace · Saint Edmund’s Terrace · Saint George’s Terrace · Saint John’s Wood Terrace · Sharples Hall Street · South Hampstead High School · Springfield Road · St Edmund’s Terrace · St Edmund’s Terrace · St James’s Close · St John’s Wood Park · St John’s Wood Terrace · St John's Wood · St Johns Court · St Stephen’s Close · St. Mary’s Town and Country School · Stanbury Court · Steele’s Mews South · Steele’s Road · Strathray Gardens · Swiss Cottage · Swiss Terrace · Tatham Place · The Marlowes · Titchfield Road · Tobin Close · Townshend Estate · Townshend Road · Trinity Walk · Wadham Gardens · Waverley Place · Wells Rise · Winchester Road · Woronzow Road
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Road · Swiss Cottage · NW3 ·
Wadham Gardens is a road in the NW3 postcode area


Swiss Cottage

Swiss Cottage is named after an inn called The Swiss Tavern that was built in 1804 in the style of a Swiss chalet and on the site of a former tollgate keeper’s cottage.

The district formed part of the ancient parish of Hampstead. It developed following the Finchley Road Act 1826, which authorised construction of Finchley New Road and Avenue Road, with The Swiss Tavern located at the junction of the new roads. The neighbourhood around Finchley Road and Avenue Road was redeveloped in 1937 and 1938 with the opening of an Odeon cinema and the Regency Lodge flats. After World War II, local authority housing was constructed by the London County Council in the area.

Local amenities include an Odeon Cinema, Sir Basil Spence’s Grade II-listed Swiss Cottage Central Library and the Hampstead Theatre. Swiss Cottage is the location of the Royal Central School of Speech and Drama that occasionally performs at the Embassy Theatre. Swiss Cottage Leisure Centre reopened in early 2006 after redevelopment; it now has two swimming pools, a gym and a climbing wall. Many of the area’s cityscapes and London street scenes, particularly of Swiss Cottage, Adamson Rd, Eton Ave and Belsize Park were represented by the Camden Town Group painter Robert Bevan and his wife, the Polish painter Stanislawa de Karlowska. They lived at 14 Adamson Road.

Swiss Cottage station was opened in 1868 as the northern terminus of the Metropolitan and St. John’s Wood Railway, the first northward branch extension from Baker Street of the Metropolitan Railway (now the Metropolitan line). From here, starting in 1879, the line was subsequently extended further to Watford, Amersham, Chesham and Uxbridge.

The current station was opened on 20 November 1939 on a new section of deep-level tunnel constructed between Baker Street and Finchley Road stations when the Metropolitan line’s services on its Stanmore branch were transferred to the Bakerloo line.

The new station initially operated as part of a combined station with the Metropolitan line’s adjacent sub-surface Swiss Cottage station (platforms 1 and 2 were Metropolitan line and 3 and 4 were Bakerloo line), but the Metropolitan line station was closed on 17 August 1940. The Bakerloo line station was subsequently transferred along with the rest of the Stanmore branch to the Jubilee line when it opened on 1 May 1979.
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