Cremorne Gardens

Park in/near Chelsea, existing between 1846 and now

Adrian Mews · Albert Bridge · Albion Riverside Building · Albion Riverside · Alexander Square · Alpha Place · Althea Street · Althorpe Mews · Anderson Street · Ann Lane · Antiquarius · Archer House · Ashburnham Road · Ashcombe Street · Banbury Street · Battersea Bridge · Battersea Bridge Road · Battersea Bridge · Battersea Bridge · Beaufort Street · Beaufort Street · Beaufort Street · Bec · Billing Road · Billing Street · Blacklands Terrace · Blantyre Street · Bolton Gardens Mews · Bramerton Street · Bray Place · Bridge Studios · Bridges Place · Britannia Way · Britten Street · Broughton Road · Bull’s Gardens · Burnaby Street · Burnsall Street · Burton Court · Bury Walk · Byam Street · Bywater Street · Cadogan Gate S.W 1 · Cadogan Pier · Cadogan Square · Cadogan Street · Cale Street · Callow Street · Cambria Street · Camera Place · Carlyle Square · Carmichael Close · Cathcart Road · Cavalry Square · Cavaye Place · Caversham Street · Chapel Walk · Charles II Place · Chelsea · Chelsea Bridge · Chelsea Cloisters · Chelsea Crescent · Chelsea Embankment · Chelsea Embankment · Chelsea Harbour Drive · Chelsea Manor Gardens · Chelsea Manor Street · Chelsea Manor Studios · Chelsea Park Gardens · Chelsea Reach · Chelsea Square · Chelsea Studios · Chelsea Towers · Chelsea Wharf · Cheltenham Terrace · Cheylesmore House · Cheyne Court · Cheyne Mews · Cheyne Place · Cheyne Row · Cheyne Walk · Cheyne Walk · Cheyne Walk · Chipperfield House Sutton Estate · Christchurch Street · Christchurch Terrace · Clabon Mews · Clover Mews · Colebrook Court · Coleherne Mews · Coleherne Road · Condray Place · Coulson Street · Cranbury Road · Cremorne Gardens · Cremorne Road · Crescent Place · Cresswell Gardens · Cresswell Place · Culford Gardens · Damer Terrace · Dan Leno Walk · Danube Street · Danvers Street · Dartrey Tower · De Morgan Road · Denyer Street · Dilke Street · Donne Place · Dovehouse Street · Draycott Avenue · Draycott Place · Draycott Terrace · Drayton Gardens · Dudmaston Mews · Duke Of York Square · East Road · East Road · East Terrace · Eaton House · Ebury Bridge Road · Edith Grove · Edith Terrace · Edith Yard Edith Grove · Egerton Terrace · Elbe Street · Elm Park Gardens · Elm Park Lane · Elm Park Mansions · Elm Park Road · Elm Place · Elswick Street · Elystan Place · Elystan Street · Embankment Gardens · Esher House · Ethelburga Street · Evelyn Gardens · Farrier Walk · Fawcett Street · Fernshaw Close · Fernshaw Road · Finborough Road · First Street · Flood Street · Flood Walk · Foulis Terrace · Franklins Row · Fulham Road · Fulham Road · Fulmead Street · Furness Road · Gatliff Road · Gertrude Street · Gilstead Road · Gilston Road · Glebe Place · Glenrosa Street · Glynde Mews · Godfrey Street · Granfield Street · Greaves Tower · Grosvenor Road · Grove Cottages · Groveside Court · Gunter Grove · Gurney Road · Gwyn Close · Halsey Street · Hamble Street · Harbour Avenue · Harbour Avenue · Harcourt Terrace · Harley Gardens · Hasker Street · Hazlebury Road · Heliport Estate · Henning Street · Henty Close · Hester Road 8 · Hilary Close · Hobury Street · Holly Mews · Hollywood Mews · Hollywood Road · Holmead Road · Hortensia Road · Hyde Lane · Ifield Road · Imperial Crescent · Imperial Crescent · Imperial Square · Imperial Wharf · Ives Street · Ixworth Place · Joubert Mansions · Jubilee Place · Justice Walk · Kensington Canal · Kilkie Street · King’s Road · King’s Road · King’s Road · Kings Road · Kings Road · Kingswater Place · King’s Road · Lamont Road · Langford Road · Langton Street · Lawrence Street · Lennox Gardens Mews · Lennox Gardens · Lewis Estate · Limerston Street · Lincoln Street · Lindrop Street · London House · Lordship Place · Lots Road · Lucan Place · Mallord Street · Maltings Place · Manresa Road · Marinefield Road · Markham Square · Markham Street · Marlborough Street · Maskelyne Close · Maxwell Road · Milborne Grove · Milmans Street · Milner Street · Moore Street · Moravian Place · Mossop Street · Mulberry Walk · Munro Terrace · Netherton Grove · Nightingale Place · Oakley Gardens · Oakley Street · Octavia Street · Old Church Street · Old Garden House · Old School House · Ormonde Gate · Ovington Square · Ovington Street · Owen Close · Paradise Walk · Park Walk · Park Walk · Parkham Street · Paultons Square · Paultons Street · Pavilion Road · Pearscroft Court · Pearscroft Road · Peterborough Villas · Petworth Street · Petyt Place · Petyward · Phene Street · Pier House · Plaza · PO Box 14158 · Pond House · Pond Place · Pont St Mews · Pont Street Mews · Porters Lodge · Priory Walk · Queens Elm Parade · Querrin Street · Radnor Walk · Ralston Street · Ramsay Mews · Ranelagh Gardens · Ransomes Dock Business Centre 35-37 · Ransomes Dock Business Centre · Ransomes Dock · Rawlings Street · Redburn Street · Redcliffe Gardens · Redcliffe Mews · Redcliffe Place · Redcliffe Road · Redcliffe Square · Redcliffe Street · Restoration Square · Rich Lane · Riley Street · Riverside · Robinson Street · Rosebury Road · Rosemoor Street · Rosenau Crescent · Rosenau Road · Rosetti Studios · Rossetti Studios · Royal Avenue · Royal Hospital Road · Sands End · Seymour Walk · Shalcomb Street · Shawfield Street · Slaidburn Street · Sloane Avenue · Sloane Court West · Smith Street · Smith Terrace · Snowbury Road · South Parade · South Walk · Sprimont Place · St Andrews Church · St Catherine’s Mews · St Loo Avenue · St Lukes Church Hall · St Lukes Street · St. Leonard’s Terrace · St. Loo Avenue · Stadium Street · Stamford Gate · Stephendale Road · Stevendale Road · Stewarts Grove · Surrey Lane Estate · Swan Walk · Sydney Street · Tadema Road · Tedworth Gardens · Tedworth Square · Terrace Walk · Terrace Walk · Tetcott Road · Thames Avenue · Thames Towpath · The Boltons · The Boltons · The Boulevard · The Boulevard · The Bridge · The Courtyard · The Gateways · The Lanterns · The Little Boltons · The Plaza · The Quad · The Vale · Thorndike Close · Tite Street · Townmead Business Centre · Townmead Road · Tregunter Road · Trident Place · Trott Street · Tryon Street · Tynemouth Street · Unit 33 · Upcerne Road · Upper Cheyne Row · Upper Whistler Walk · Ursula Street · Uverdale Road · Vicarage Walk · Walnut Tree Walk · Walpole Street · Walton Street · Wandon Road · Wandsworth Bridge Road · Watermans Quay · Watermeadow Lane · Watford Close · Wellington Buildings · Wellington Square · Wendle Square · West Road · West Road · West Road · Westgate Terrace · Wharfedale Street · Whistler Walk · Whitehead’s Grove · Whitehead’s Grove · Whiteheads Grove · William Blake House · William Morris Way · Wiltshire Close · Woodfall Street · World’s End Passage · Worlds End Place · Yeomans Row
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Park · Chelsea · SW10 · Contributed by The Underground Map
Cremorne Gardens, with a vestige existing today, was in its prime between 1846 and 1877.

From Anglo-Saxon times, the tract of land on the northern banks of the Thames was divided into individually owned ‘lots’, and open to common pasturage after the annual harvest.

Later, in the 17th Century, Chelsea Farm was constructed and the area was used for market gardening plots, supplying central London. In 1778, Lord Cremorne bought Chelsea Farm and Cremorne House was built along with Ashburnham House and Ashburnham Cottage.

Fifty years later in 1825 the ‘Lammas’ rights of common grazing were abolished on the ‘Lots’. In 1830 Charles Random de Berenger, a colourful character implicated in financial fraud during the Napoleonic War, purchased Cremorne House. He was a keen sportsman and opened a sports club know as Cremorne Stadium for ‘skilful and manly exercise’ including shooting, sailing, archery and fencing.

In 1846, De Berenger’s Cremorne Stadium was transformed into a pleasure garden which became a popular and noisy place of entertainment. The entertainment included a diverse range of activities including concerts, fireworks, balloon ascents, galas and theatre.

In 1850 under the ownership of Thomas Bartlett Simpson, the twelve acres were increased to include the grounds of Ashburnham House which held flower shows and other exhibitions.

When Simpson retired in 1861 Edward Tyrrell Smith took on the management. His attractions included a woman who undertook to cross the Thames on a tightrope some hundred metres above the river. She got two thirds of the way across, but the rope was sabotaged and she was lucky to survive with her life.

John Baum became the lessee in 1870. Under his stewardship a new theatre was built. Over the course of their life however, the pleasure gardens became notorious for prostitution and vice. Increasing public clamour for their abolition was spearheaded locally by the Chelsea Vestry. The gardens eventually closed in 1877 after the lease on the land lapsed.

Today only a vestige survives as a small park on the river at the southern end of Cheyne Walk, just east of Lots Road power station. It is largely paved over, and there is little to suggest the grand scale of the original gardens, though it still has two attached jetties, an echo of the landing stages where visitors to the original pleasure gardens would arrive by boat.

Source: Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea

Citations, sources, links and further reading

Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
All-encompassing website
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.

The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.



Chelsea is an affluent area, bounded to the south by the River Thames.

Its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, which is now in a pipe above Sloane Square tube station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square, along with parts of Belgravia. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and South Kensington, but it is safe to say that the area north of King’s Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea.

The word Chelsea originates from the Old English term for chalk and landing place on the river. The first record of the Manor of Chelsea precedes the Domesday Book and records the fact that Thurstan, governor of the King’s Palace during the reign of Edward the Confessor (1042–1066), gave the land to the Abbot and Convent of Westminster. Abbot Gervace subsequently assigned the manor to his mother, and it passed into private ownership. The modern-day Chelsea hosted the Synod of Chelsea in 787 AD.

Chelsea once had a reputation for the manufacture of Chelsea buns (made from a long strip of sweet dough tightly coiled, with currants trapped between the layers, and topped with sugar).

King Henry VIII acquired the manor of Chelsea from Lord Sandys in 1536; Chelsea Manor Street is still extant. Two of King Henry’s wives, Catherine Parr and Anne of Cleves, lived in the Manor House; Princess Elizabeth – the future Queen Elizabeth I – resided there; and Thomas More lived more or less next door at Beaufort House. In 1609 James I established a theological college on the site of the future Chelsea Royal Hospital, which Charles II founded in 1682.

By 1694, Chelsea – always a popular location for the wealthy, and once described as ’a village of palaces’ – had a population of 3000. Even so, Chelsea remained rural and served London to the east as a market garden, a trade that continued until the 19th-century development boom which caused the final absorption of the district into the metropolis.

Chelsea shone, brightly but briefly, in the 1960s Swinging London period and the early 1970s. The Swinging Sixties was defined on King’s Road, which runs the length of the area. The Western end of Chelsea featured boutiques Granny Takes a Trip and The Sweet Shop, the latter of which sold medieval silk velvet caftans, tabards and floor cushions, with many of the cultural cognoscenti of the time being customers, including Keith Richards, Twiggy and many others.

The exclusivity of Chelsea as a result of its high property prices has historically resulted in the term Sloane Ranger to be used to describe its residents. From 2011, Channel 4 broadcast a reality television show called Made in Chelsea, documenting the ’glitzy’ lives of several young people living in Chelsea. Moreover, Chelsea is home to one of the largest communities of Americans living outside of the United States, with 6.53% of Chelsea-residents being born in the United States.
Print-friendly version of this page

View copyright notice