Adelaide Road, NW3

Road in/near Belsize Park, existing between 1837 and now

(51.54332 -0.16455, 51.543 -0.164) 
MAP YEAR:175018001810182018301860190019502023Show map without markers
ZOOM:14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 18 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 18
TIP: Adjust the MAP YEAR and ZOOM to tweak historical maps
Road · Belsize Park · NW3 ·

Adelaide Road was begun in 1837 as William IV’s reign drew to a close.

Queen Adelaide was the consort of King William IV, whom he married in a vain attempt to provide an heir to the throne.

Eton College had owned the land hereabouts but, as late as 1811, there were still only six houses on their entire estate.

The first proposals to develop the estate were made in the early 1820s, encouraged by the building boom nearby, especially around Regent’s Park to the south.

On the advice of its London solicitor, Eton College appointed John Shaw, the developer of St John’s Wood, as surveyor and in 1826 obtained an Act to grant 99-year building leases. Shaw refrained from drawing up a scheme for the whole estate because the market for such projects had collapsed.

Throughout the 1830s Eton considered ambitious plans for the southern part of the estate- for a giant mausoleum at Primrose Hill, a cemetery full of classical buildings, and a botanical garden. But in 1842 the hill was acquired for public recreation.

John Shaw the younger (1803-70), who had succeeded his father as surveyor in 1832, insisted on linking the Eton estate with St John’s Wood. Early building was concentrated on Adelaide Road, which was driven through to Avenue Road and Finchley Road.

There was a separate Adelaide Road North which became part of Adelaide Road in 1861.

Main source: A History of the County of Middlesex | British History Online
Further citations and sources

Click here to explore another London street
We now have 565 completed street histories and 46935 partial histories
Find streets or residential blocks within the M25 by clicking STREETS


Lived here
Cassandra Green   
Added: 11 Sep 2020 14:34 GMT   

Rudall Crescent, NW3 (- 1999)
I lived at 2 Rudall Crescent until myself and my family moved out in 1999. I once met a lady in a art fair up the road who was selling old photos of the area and was very knowledgeable about the area history, collecting photos over the years. She told me that before the current houses were built, there was a large manor house , enclosed by a large area of land. She told me there had been a fire there. Im trying to piece together the story and find out what was on the land before the crescent was built. This website is very interesting.

Lived here
Added: 22 Sep 2022 18:30 GMT   

Well Walk, NW3 (1817 - 1818)
The home of Benthy, the Postman, with whom poet John Keats and his brother Tom lodged from early 1817 to Dec., 1818. They occupied the first floor up. Here Tom died Dec. 1, 1818. It was next door to the Welles Tavern then called ’The Green Man’."

From collected papers and photos re: No. 1 Well Walk at the library of Harvard University.

Source: No. 1, Well Walk, Hampstead. | HOLLIS for


James Preston   
Added: 28 Apr 2021 09:06 GMT   

Was this the location of Rosslyn House prep school? I have a photograph of the Rosslyn House cricket team dated 1910 which features my grandfather (Alan Westbury Preston). He would have been 12 years old at the time. All the boys on the photo have been named. If this is the location of the school then it appears that the date of demolition is incorrect.

Graham Margetson   
Added: 9 Feb 2021 14:33 GMT   

I lived at 4 Arkwright Road before it was the school
My parents lived at 4 Arkwright Road. Mrs Goodwin actually owned the house and my parents rented rooms from her.

Born here
Added: 16 Nov 2022 12:39 GMT   

The Pearce family lived in Gardnor Road
The Pearce family moved into Gardnor Road around 1900 after living in Fairfax walk, my Great grandfather, wife and there children are recorded living in number 4 Gardnor road in the 1911 census, yet I have been told my grand father was born in number 4 in 1902, generations of the Pearce continue living in number 4 as well other houses in the road up until the 1980’s



Christine D Elliott   
Added: 20 Mar 2023 15:52 GMT   

The Blute Family
My grandparents, Frederick William Blute & Alice Elizabeth Blute nee: Warnham lived at 89 Blockhouse Street Deptford from around 1917.They had six children. 1. Alice Maragret Blute (my mother) 2. Frederick William Blute 3. Charles Adrian Blute 4. Violet Lillian Blute 5. Donald Blute 6. Stanley Vincent Blute (Lived 15 months). I lived there with my family from 1954 (Birth) until 1965 when we were re-housed for regeneration to the area.
I attended Ilderton Road School.
Very happy memories of that time.


Pearl Foster   
Added: 20 Mar 2023 12:22 GMT   

Dukes Place, EC3A
Until his death in 1767, Daniel Nunes de Lara worked from his home in Dukes Street as a Pastry Cook. It was not until much later the street was renamed Dukes Place. Daniel and his family attended the nearby Bevis Marks synagogue for Sephardic Jews. The Ashkenazi Great Synagogue was established in Duke Street, which meant Daniel’s business perfectly situated for his occupation as it allowed him to cater for both congregations.

Dr Paul Flewers   
Added: 9 Mar 2023 18:12 GMT   

Some Brief Notes on Hawthorne Close / Hawthorne Street
My great-grandparents lived in the last house on the south side of Hawthorne Street, no 13, and my grandmother Alice Knopp and her brothers and sisters grew up there. Alice Knopp married Charles Flewers, from nearby Hayling Road, and moved to Richmond, Surrey, where I was born. Leonard Knopp married Esther Gutenberg and lived there until the street was demolished in the mid-1960s, moving on to Tottenham. Uncle Len worked in the fur trade, then ran a pet shop in, I think, the Kingsland Road.

From the back garden, one could see the almshouses in the Balls Pond Road. There was an ink factory at the end of the street, which I recall as rather malodorous.


Added: 7 Mar 2023 17:14 GMT   

Andover Road, N7 (1939 - 1957)
My aunt, Doris nee Curtis (aka Jo) and her husband John Hawkins (aka Jack) ran a small general stores at 92 Andover Road (N7). I have found details in the 1939 register but don’t know how long before that it was opened.He died in 1957. In the 1939 register he is noted as being an ARP warden for Islington warden


Added: 2 Mar 2023 13:50 GMT   

The Queens Head
Queens Head demolished and a NISA supermarket and flats built in its place.

Added: 28 Feb 2023 18:09 GMT   

6 Elia Street
When I was young I lived in 6 Elia Street. At the end of the garden there was a garage owned by Initial Laundries which ran from an access in Quick Street all the way up to the back of our garden. The fire exit to the garage was a window leading into our garden. 6 Elia Street was owned by Initial Laundry.

Added: 21 Feb 2023 11:39 GMT   

Error on 1800 map numbering for John Street
The 1800 map of Whitfield Street (17 zoom) has an error in the numbering shown on the map. The houses are numbered up the right hand side of John Street and Upper John Street to #47 and then are numbered down the left hand side until #81 BUT then continue from 52-61 instead of 82-91.

P Cash   
Added: 19 Feb 2023 08:03 GMT   

Occupants of 19-29 Woburn Place
The Industrial Tribunals (later changed to Employment Tribunals) moved (from its former location on Ebury Bridge Road to 19-29 Woburn Place sometime in the late 1980s (I believe).

19-29 Woburn Place had nine floors in total (one in the basement and two in its mansard roof and most of the building was occupied by the Tribunals

The ’Head Office’ of the tribunals, occupied space on the 7th, 6th and 2nd floors, whilst one of the largest of the regional offices (London North but later called London Central) occupied space in the basement, ground and first floor.

The expansive ground floor entrance had white marble flooring and a security desk. Behind (on evey floor) lay a square (& uncluttered) lobby space, which was flanked on either side by lifts. On the rear side was an elegant staircase, with white marble steps, brass inlays and a shiny brass handrail which spiralled around an open well. Both staircase, stairwell and lifts ran the full height of the building. On all floors from 1st upwards, staff toilets were tucked on either side of the staircase (behind the lifts).

Basement Floor - Tribunal hearing rooms, dormant files store and secure basement space for Head Office. Public toilets.

Geound Floor - The ’post’ roon sat next to the entrance in the northern side, the rest of which was occupied by the private offices of the full time Tribunal judiciary. Thw largest office belonged to the Regional Chair and was situated on the far corner (overlooking Tavistock Square) The secretary to the Regional Chair occupied a small office next door.
The south side of this floor was occupied by the large open plan General Office for the administration, a staff kitchen & rest room and the private offices of the Regional Secretary (office manager) and their deputy.

First Dloor - Tribunal hearing rooms; separate public waiting rooms for Applicants & Respondents; two small rooms used by Counsel (on a ’whoever arrives first’ bases) and a small private rest room for use by tribunal lay members.

Second Floor - Tribunal Hearing Rooms; Tribunal Head Office - HR & Estate Depts & other tennants.

Third Floor - other tennants

Fourth Floor - other tennants

Fifth Floor - Other Tennants except for a large non-smoking room for staff, (which overlooked Tavistock Sqaure). It was seldom used, as a result of lacking any facities aside from a meagre collection of unwanted’ tatty seating. Next to it, (overlooking Tavistock Place) was a staff canteen.

Sixth Floor - Other tennants mostly except for a few offices on the northern side occupied by tribunal Head Office - IT Dept.

Seventh Floor - Other tenants in the northern side. The southern (front) side held the private offices of several senior managers (Secretariat, IT & Finance), private office of the Chief Accuntant; an office for two private secretaries and a stationary cupboard. On the rear side was a small kitchen; the private office of the Chief Executive and the private office of the President of the Tribunals for England & Wales. (From 1995 onwards, this became a conference room as the President was based elsewhere. The far end of this side contained an open plan office for Head Office staff - Secretariat, Finance & HR (staff training team) depts.

Eighth Floor - other tennants.

The Employment Tribunals (Regional & Head Offices) relocated to Vitory House, Kingsway in April 2005.



Hall School The Hall School is an independent boys’ preparatory school in Belsize Park.
St Mary’s Town and Country School St. Mary’s Town and Country School was an independent, non-denominational, co-educational progressive day and boarding school.
The Load of Hay The Load of Hay was established by 1721.
Winchester Hotel Winchester Hotel was situated at 21a Winchester Road, NW3

Adamson Road, NW3 Adamson Road is named after either a contractor or architect to Eton College.
Ainger Road, NW3 Ainger Road lies along the boundary of St John’s Hampstead, a parish which saw rapid development in the nineteenth century.
Bray Tower, NW3 Bray Tower is located on Fellows Road.
Briary Close, NW3 Briary Close is a street in Hampstead.
Brocas Close, NW3 Brocas Close is a street in Hampstead.
Chalcot Gardens, NW3 Chalcot Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Chamberlain Street, NW1 Chamberlain Street is a street in Camden Town.
Constable House, NW3 Constable House can be found on Adelaide Road.
Conybeare, NW3 Conybeare is a street in Hampstead.
Crossfield Road, NW3 Crossfield Road is a street in Hampstead.
Eaton Avenue, NW3 Eaton Avenue is a location in London.
Elizabeth Mews, NW3 Elizabeth Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Elliott Square, NW3 Elliott Square is a street in Hampstead.
Elsworthy Road, NW3 Elsworthy Road is a street in Hampstead.
Elsworthy Terrace, NW3 Elsworthy Terrace is a road in the NW3 postcode area
England’s Lane, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Erskine Mews, NW3 Erskine Mews is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Erskine Road, NW1 Erskine Road is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Eton Avenue, NW3 Eton Avenue runs parallel with Adelaide Road, two blocks north.
Eton Court, NW3 Eton Court is a street in Hampstead.
Eton Garages, NW3 Eton Garages is a street in Hampstead.
Eton Road, NW3 Eton Road is a street in Hampstead.
Eton Villas, NW3 Eton Villas is a street in Hampstead.
Fellow Road, NW3 Fellow Road is a location in London.
Fellowes Road, NW3 Fellowes Road is a location in London.
Fellows Road, NW3 Fellows Road is a street in Hampstead.
Harley Road, NW3 Harley Road is a street in Hampstead.
Hawtrey Road, NW3 Hawtrey Road is a street in Hampstead.
Hillview, NW3 Hillview is a street in Hampstead.
Hornby Close, NW3 Hornby Close is a street in Hampstead.
Huson Close, NW3 Huson Close is a street in Hampstead.
King Henry’s Road, NW3 King Henry’s Road is a road in the NW3 postcode area
King Henry’s Road, NW3 King Henry’s Road is a street in Hampstead.
King’s College Road, NW3 King?s College Road is a street in Hampstead.
Kings College Road, NW3 Kings College Road is a location in London.
Lambolle Place, NW3 Lambolle Place is a street in Hampstead.
Lambolle Road, NW3 Lambolle Road is a street in Hampstead.
Lancaster Drive, NW3 Lancaster Drive is a street in Hampstead.
Lancaster Gardens, NW3 Lancaster Gardens is a location in London.
Lancaster Grove, NW3 Lancaster Grove is a street in Hampstead.
Lancaster Stables, NW3 Lancaster Stables is a street in Hampstead.
Lower Merton Rise, NW3 Lower Merton Rise is a street in Hampstead.
Meadowbank, NW3 Meadowbank, blocks of flats on a street of the same name, were created as part of the Whitton council estate in 1970/71.
Melrose Apartments, NW3 Melrose Apartments is a block on Winchester Road.
Merton Rise, NW3 Merton Rise is a location in London.
Oppidans Mews, NW3 Oppidans Mews was the very road to be laid out in the original development of the area.
Oppidans Road, NW3 Oppidans Road was built by George Pownall in 1868.
Primrose Gardens, NW3 Primrose Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Primrose Hill Court, NW3 Primrose Hill Court is a block on King Henry’s Road.
Primrose Hill Road, NW1 Primrose Hill Road is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Primrose Hill Road, NW3 Primrose Hill Road is a street in Hampstead.
Primrose Mews, NW1 Primrose Mews is a street in Camden Town.
Provost Road, NW3 Provost Road is a street in Hampstead.
Quickswood, NW3 Quickswood is a street in Hampstead.
Sharples Hall Street, NW1 This is a street in the NW1 postcode area
Sharpleshall Street, NW1 Sharpleshall Street is a street in Camden Town.
St Georges Mews, NW3 St Georges Mews is a street in Camden Town.
St Georges Terrace, NW1 St Georges Terrace is a street in Camden Town.
Stanbury Court, NW3 Stanbury Court can be found on Haverstock Hill.
Steele’s Road, NW3 Steele?s Road is a street in Hampstead.
Steeles Mews South, NW3 Steele’s Mews North lies opposite its southern namesake.
Steele’s Mews South, NW3 Steele’s Mews South runs off Steele’s Road, behind Haverstock Hill.
Strathray Gardens, NW3 Strathray Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Tobin Close, NW3 Tobin Close is a street in Hampstead.
Visage Apartments, NW3 Visage Apartments is a block on Winchester Road.
Wadham Gardens, NW3 Wadham Gardens is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Winchester Road, NW3 Winchester Road is named after the first Provost of Eton, William Waynflete Bishop of Winchester.

The Load of Hay The Load of Hay was established by 1721.
Winchester Hotel Winchester Hotel was situated at 21a Winchester Road, NW3

Click here to explore another London street
We now have 557 completed street histories and 46943 partial histories

Belsize Park

The Manor of Belsize dates back to 1317, with the name is derived from French bel assis meaning 'well situated'.

Belsize Manor was built by Daniel O'Neill for his wife, the Countess of Chesterfield, in the 17th century. Urbanisation took place largely between 1852 and 1878, by which time it extended to Haverstock Hill. After World War I, the construction of blocks of flats began, and now a great many of the larger houses are also converted into flats.

Belsize Park underground station was opened on 22 June 1907 by the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway as an intermediate station on its line from Charing Cross to Hampstead. It is served by three lifts and there are 219 steps. The station was designed by Leslie Green and has his familiar facade of ox-blood faience with four round arched windows. It remained largely untouched until the late 1980s when the lifts were replaced and a new ticketing system installed.

It was during the 1930s that Belsize Park contributed most to the artistic and intellectual life of Hampstead. Artists associated with the Mall studios included Dame Barbara Hepworth from 1927 to 1939, her first husband John Skeaping and second Ben Nicholson from 1931 to 1939, and Henry Moore, who lived at no. 11A Parkhill Road from 1929 to 1940. They were members of Unit One, a group of artists and architects founded in 1933 by Paul Nash (1889-1946), who lived at no. 3 Eldon Grove from 1936 to 1939. Sir Herbert Read, the poet and art critic, who lived in 1934-5 at the Mall studios, which he described as a 'nest of gentle artists', published the group's manifesto, a theory of modern style.

Another centre was no. 37 Belsize Park Gardens, meeting place of MARS, an architectural group, and home of Jack Pritchard, who founded Isokon, a firm making modern furniture designed by people like Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer, refugees who brought a European dimension to the abstract design movement in the arts. Others included Piet Mondrian, the Dutch painter, who stayed with the Pritchards before moving to no. 60 Parkhill Road (1938-41). Pritchard also commissioned Wells Coates in 1934 to build the Isokon or Lawn Road flats, partly to house artistic refugees, on a site which he owned. Built in concrete in a functional style, the flats came to be recognized as 'a milestone in the introduction of the modern idiom into London'.

In World War II, a large underground air-raid shelter was built here and its entrance can still be seen near the tube station at Downside Crescent. The area on Haverstock Hill north of Belsize Park underground station up to Hampstead Town Hall and including part of a primary school near the Royal Free Hospital was heavily bombed.

Belsize Park these days is a lively area with many restaurants, pubs and cafés along Haverstock Hill and also England's Lane.

Glossary: A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, edited by C R Elrington.

Click here to see map view of nearby Creative Commons images
Click here to see Creative Commons images near to this postcode
Click here to see Creative Commons images tagged with this road (if applicable)
Royal Free Hospital
TUM image id: 1469364080
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Belsize Avenue in Belsize Park
TUM image id: 1550088979
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Wedderburn Road, NW3
TUM image id: 1452676133
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
St. Mary’s Town & Country School logo as a woven badge

Belsize Avenue in Belsize Park
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Houses in Eton Avenue (2011)
Credit: Geograph/Mike Quinn
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Many of the roads around NW3 and NW5 were built with a particular lack of naming imagination. Many an x Mews North matches a near-identical x Mews South

View of a House and its Estate in Belsize, Middlesex (1696) London and its smoke is visible on the left horizon
Credit: Jan Siberechts/Tate Britain

Print-friendly version of this page

  Contact us · Copyright policy · Privacy policy