Ayres Street, SE1

Road in/near Borough, existing between the 1710s and now

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Road · Borough · SE1 ·
MARCH
30
2021

Ayres Street was formerly known as Whitecross Street.

Ayres Street changed name in tribute to Alice Ayres - also immortalised in Postman’s Park in the City. Ayres lost her life whilst saving three children from a fire in Union Street in 1885.

John Strype mentions Whitecross Street in his 1720 ’Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster’. He called it "a pretty clean Street, but ordinary Built and Inhabited." It is unknown how long before 1710 that the street was built.

The White Cross Cottages were built in 1890 by social reformer Octavia Hill and designed by Elijah Hoole, as model social housing. They include a hall with interior decoration by Walter Crane.

Octavia Hill - who also founded of the National Trust - campaigned for better living conditions for the poor. She had built thousands of homes by the time of her death. Hill operated on a '5% principle' - investment in such philanthropic ventures should provide a 5% return on capital. Surplus rental income was put into schemes including education and playgrounds and open spaces.

The properties were managed by a network of female volunteers (and later paid workers) who operated a system of weekly visits to collect the rent. Those visits allowed the women to perform a social work role in getting to know the family and help with issues such as finding employment.

The housing scheme grew enormously, and gradually moved from refurbishing existing properties to building new ones as well - including White Cross Cottages and also nearby Red Cross Cottages.

The dense grain of local small buildings was in part eroded after the Second World War. As redevelopment occurred, larger blocks, occupied by single uses, replaced the Georgian and Victorian houses, shops and warehouses. This is particularly evident in the area between Ayres Street and Southwark Bridge Road.



Ayres Street, with its distinctive streetlamps
(click image to enlarge)





Citation information: Southwark streets – The Underground Map
Further citations and sources


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


The Underground Map   
Added: 20 Sep 2020 13:01 GMT   

Pepys starts diary
On 1 January 1659, Samuel Pepys started his famous daily diary and maintained it for ten years. The diary has become perhaps the most extensive source of information on this critical period of English history. Pepys never considered that his diary would be read by others. The original diary consisted of six volumes written in Shelton shorthand, which he had learned as an undergraduate on scholarship at Magdalene College, Cambridge. This shorthand was introduced in 1626, and was the same system Isaac Newton used when writing.

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Comment
Bruce McTavish   
Added: 11 Mar 2021 11:37 GMT   

Kennington Road
Lambeth North station was opened as Kennington Road and then Westminster Bridge Road before settling on its final name. It has a wonderful Leslie Green design.

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Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

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Comment
Richard Lake   
Added: 28 Sep 2022 09:37 GMT   

Trade Union Official
John William Lake snr moved with his family to 22 De Laune Street in 1936. He was the London Branch Secretary for the Street Masons, Paviours and Road Makers Union. He had previously lived in Orange St now Copperfield St Southwark but had been forced to move because the landlord didn’t like him working from home and said it broke his lease.
John William snr died in 1940. His son John William Lake jnr also became a stone mason and at the end of World War two he was responsible for the engraving of the dates of WW2 onto the Cenotaph in Whitehall.

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 15:19 GMT   

Bus makes a leap
A number 78 double-decker bus driven by Albert Gunter was forced to jump an accidentally opening Tower Bridge.

He was awarded a £10 bonus.

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Comment
MCNALLY    
Added: 17 May 2021 09:42 GMT   

Blackfriars (1959 - 1965)
I lived in Upper Ground from 1959 to 1964 I was 6 years old my parents Vince and Kitty run the Pub The Angel on the corner of Upper Ground and Bodies Bridge. I remember the ceiling of the cellar was very low and almost stretched the length of Bodies Bridge. The underground trains run directly underneath the pub. If you were down in the cellar when a train was coming it was quite frightening

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Johna216   
Added: 9 Aug 2017 16:26 GMT   

Thanks!
I have recently started a web site, the info you provide on this site has helped me greatly. Thank you for all of your time & work. There can be no real freedom without the freedom to fail. by Erich Fromm. eeggefeceefb

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Johnshort   
Added: 7 Oct 2017 21:07 GMT   

Hurley Road, SE11
There were stables in the road mid way - also Danny reading had a coal delivery lorry.

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Robert smitherman   
Added: 23 Aug 2017 11:01 GMT   

Saunders Street, SE11
I was born in a prefab on Saunders street SE11 in the 60’s, when I lived there, the road consisted of a few prefab houses, the road originally ran from Lollard street all the way thru to Fitzalan street. I went back there to have a look back in the early 90’s but all that is left of the road is about 20m of road and the road sign.

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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 15:05 GMT   

A plague on all your houses
Aldgate station is built directly on top of a vast plague pit, where thousands of bodies are apparently buried. No-one knows quite how many.

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Reply
Tom   
Added: 21 May 2021 23:07 GMT   

Blackfriars
What is, or was, Bodies Bridge?

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Comment
   
Added: 21 Apr 2021 16:21 GMT   

Liverpool Street
the Bishopsgate station has existed since 1840 as a passenger station, but does not appear in the site’s cartography. Evidently, the 1860 map is in fact much earlier than that date.

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Comment
   
Added: 27 Jul 2021 14:31 GMT   

correction
Chaucer did not write Pilgrims Progress. His stories were called the Canterbury Tales

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Born here
sam   
Added: 31 Dec 2021 00:54 GMT   

Burdett Street, SE1
I was on 2nd July 1952, in Burdett chambers (which is also known as Burdett buildings)on Burdett street

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Added: 3 Jun 2021 15:50 GMT   

All Bar One
The capitalisation is wrong

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Comment
Richard Lake   
Added: 28 Sep 2022 09:37 GMT   

Trade Union Official
John William Lake snr moved with his family to 22 De Laune Street in 1936. He was the London Branch Secretary for the Street Masons, Paviours and Road Makers Union. He had previously lived in Orange St now Copperfield St Southwark but had been forced to move because the landlord didn’t like him working from home and said it broke his lease.
John William snr died in 1940. His son John William Lake jnr also became a stone mason and at the end of World War two he was responsible for the engraving of the dates of WW2 onto the Cenotaph in Whitehall.

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Lived here
Julie   
Added: 22 Sep 2022 18:30 GMT   

Well Walk, NW3 (1817 - 1818)
The home of Benthy, the Postman, with whom poet John Keats and his brother Tom lodged from early 1817 to Dec., 1818. They occupied the first floor up. Here Tom died Dec. 1, 1818. It was next door to the Welles Tavern then called ’The Green Man’."

From collected papers and photos re: No. 1 Well Walk at the library of Harvard University.

Source: No. 1, Well Walk, Hampstead. | HOLLIS for

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Comment
   
Added: 4 Sep 2022 15:42 GMT   

Superman 2
I worked here in 1977. The scene in the prison laundry in Superman 2 was filmed here.

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TUM   
Added: 27 Aug 2022 10:22 GMT   

The Underground Map
Michael Faraday successfully demonstrated the first electrical transformer at the Royal Institute, London.

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 15:19 GMT   

Bus makes a leap
A number 78 double-decker bus driven by Albert Gunter was forced to jump an accidentally opening Tower Bridge.

He was awarded a £10 bonus.

Reply

Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 12:44 GMT   

The world’s first underground train
The very first underground train left Paddington on the new Metropolitan Railway bound for Farringdon Street.

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 12:41 GMT   

Baker Street
Baker Street station opened on the Metropolitan Railway - the world’s first underground line.

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 12:17 GMT   

TV comes to Olympia
Over 7000 people queued to see the first high definition television pictures on sets at the Olympia Radio Show. The pictures were transmitted by the BBC from Alexandra Palace, introduced by Leslie Mitchell, their first announcer.

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Canvey Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
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Chaloner Court, SE1 Chaloner Court is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Chancel Street, SE1 Chancel Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Chapel Court, SE1 Chapel Court has hosted The Blue-Eyed Maid pub since 1613.
Chapel Place, SE1 Chapel Place largely followed the modern route of Hankey Place.
Clennam Street, SE1 Clennam Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Clink Street, SE1 Clink Street is best known as the historic location of the Clink Prison.
Clink Wharf, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Cole Street, SE1 Cole Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Collingwood Street, SE1 Collingwood Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Collinson Walk, SE1 Collinson Walk is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Copperfield Street, SE1 Copperfield Street was named after the novel David Copperfield by Charles Dickens, by association with nearby Dickens Square.
Crosby Row, SE1 Crosby Row is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Disney Place, SE1 Disney Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Disney Street, SE1 Disney Street is a location in London.
Doyce Street, SE1 Doyce Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Duke St Hill, SE1 Duke St Hill is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Duke Street Hill, SE1 Duke Street Hill is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
East Building 1, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Emerson Street, SE1 Emerson Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Empire Square East, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Empire Square South, SE1 Empire Square South is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Empire Square West, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Europoint House, SW8 Europoint House is a location in London.
Ewer Street, SE1 Ewer Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Gaitskell Way, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Gallery Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Gambia Street, SE1 Gambia Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Gare Apartments, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Gatehouse Square, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Gay Street, SE1 Gay Street is a road in the SW15 postcode area
Glasshill Street, SE1 Glasshill Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Godfree Court, SE1 Godfree Court is a block in Southwark.
Grande Vitesse Industrial Centre, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Great Guildford Business Square, SE1 Great Guildford Business Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Great Guildford Street, SE1 Great Guildford Street runs north-south in Southwark.
Great Maze Pond, SE1 Great Maze Pond is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Great Suffolk Street, SE1 Great Suffolk Street was at one time called Dirty Lane.
Green Dragon Court, SE1 Green Dragon Court ran off Bedale Street.
Halfmoon Yard, SE1 Halfmoon Yard lay off Borough High Street,
Hankey Place, SE1 Hankey Place seems to date from the 1950s, replacing Chapel Place.
Harbledown House, SE1 Harbledown House is a building on Manciple Street
Hart Yard, E3 Hart Yard is a location in London.
Holland Street, SE1 Today’s Holland Street was originally part of a street called Gravel Lane.
Hopton Street, SE1 Hopton Street was known as Green Walk until the late nineteenth century.
Horseshoe Wharf Apartments, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Hulme Place, SE1 Hulme Place is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Isaac Way, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Junction Approach, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Kentish Buildings, SE1 Kentish Buildings is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
King James Court, SE1 King James Court is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
King James Street, SE1 King James Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
King’s Place, SE1 King’s Place lies off of Borough High Street.
Kings Bench Street, SE1 Kings Bench Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Kings Head Yard, SE1 Kings Head Yard is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Lagare Apartments, SE1 Lagare Apartments is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Lancaster Street, SE1 Lancaster Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Langdale House, SE1 Residential block
Lant Street, SE1 Lant Street derives its name from the Lant family who inherited the estates known as Southwark Olace.
Lavington Street, SE1 Lavington Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Layton’s Buildings, SE1 Layton’s Buildings lay off Borough High Street.
Layton’s Grove, SE1 Layton’s Grove was situated off Borough High Street.
Little Dorrit Court, SE1 Little Dorrit’s Court, North of Marshalsea Road, is named after the Dickens character.
Loman Street, SE1 Loman Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
London Bridge Street, SE1 London Bridge Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
London Bridge Walk, London Bridge Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Madison Apartments, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Maiden Lane, SE1 Maiden Lane is a road in the SE1 postcode area
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Mermaid Court, SE1 Mermaid Court is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Merrow Street, SE1 Merrow Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Mint Street, SE1 Mint Street, an ancient Southwark street, (now) runs off Marchelsea Road.
Montague Close, SE1 Montague Close is a street close to London Bridge.
Nebraska Street, SE1 Nebraska Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Nelson Square, SE1 Nelson Square is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Newcomen Street, SE1 Newcomen Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
O’Meara Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Oystergate Walk, SE1 Oystergate Walk is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Park Street, SE1 Park Street runs one block south of Bankside.
Partners Ltd, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Peckham High Street, SE1 Peckham High Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Pepper Street, SE1 Pepper Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Perkins Square, SE1 Perkins Square is a road in the SE1 postcode area
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Redcross Way, SE1 Redcross Way was previously called Red Cross Street.
Richer House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
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Rochester Walk, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
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Shard Arcade, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
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St Alphege House, SE1 Residential block
St Thomas Street, SE1 St Thomas Street is an extremely old thoroughfare.
St. Georges Cottages, SE1 St. Georges Cottages is a location in London.
Staple Street, SE1 Staple Street connects Long Lane with Manciple Street.
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Surrey Row, SE1 Surrey Row is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Surrey Rowe, SE1 Surrey Rowe is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Swan Street, SE1 Swan Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
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Tennis Street, SE1 Tennis Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
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NEARBY PUBS
All bar one This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Bankside house This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Barrow boy & banker This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Belushis & st christophers village This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Blue eyed maid This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Bunch of grapes This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Charles dickens This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Dover Castle This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Katzenjammers This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Lord clyde This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Mar i terra This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Old thameside inn This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Rose & crown This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Royal oak This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Ruse This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Ship This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Slug and lettuce This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
St christopher’s This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Anchor The Anchor is a pub on the south bank of the River Thames, close to Southwark Cathedral and London Bridge station.
The boot & flogger This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The brittania This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The duke of york This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The george inn This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The gladstone This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The globe tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The goldsmith This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The heeltap This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The kings arms public house This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The libertine This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The lord nelson This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The market porter This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The miller This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The mudlark This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The mug house This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The old school yard This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The rake This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The southwark tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The union jack nolia gallary This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Trinity This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Vinopolis city of wine This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
White hart This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


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Borough

Borough tube station is a London Underground station in the London Borough of Southwark. It is on the Northern Line, between Elephant and Castle and London Bridge stations.

The Borough (of Southwark) is an area of the London Borough of Southwark situated 1.5 miles east south-east of Charing Cross.

The area has been called The Borough since the 1550s, to contrast it with the neighbouring City, in later years to distinguish it from the larger Metropolitan Borough of Southwark and now to distinguish it from the much larger London Borough of Southwark.

Much of the area around the Tate Modern gallery and the Globe Theatre is now referred to by the historic name of Bankside.

In common with much of the South Bank, The Borough has seen extensive regeneration in the last decade. Declining light industry and factories have given way to residential development, shops, restaurants, galleries and bars. The area is in easy walking distance of the City and the West End.

The Borough is generally an area of mixed development, with council estates, office developments, social housing and gated communities side by side with each other.

Borough station was opened on 18 December 1890 as part of the first deep-level tube railway, the City and South London Railway, and was rebuilt in the 1920s when the tunnels were enlarged.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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Bank station
Credit: IG/steven.maddison
TUM image id: 1653840363
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Postal area SE1
TUM image id: 1483541461
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Hopton Street, Borough, 1977.
TUM image id: 1557142131
Licence: CC BY 2.0
The Ring, Blackfriars Road, SE1 (1925) Although established as a boxing venue in 1910, the building dated from 1783 as the Surrey Congregational Chapel by the Reverend Rowland Hill - who reportedly opted for the unusual, circular design so that there would be no corners in which the devil could hide. The person responsible for overseeing the chapel’s conversion was Dick Burge, a former English middleweight champion from Cheltenham. The former place of worship was then a warehouse. Dick and his wife Bella Burge enlisted the help of local homeless people to clean out the building and transform it into a state fit for presenting boxing to the public. The Ring opened on 14 May 1910, with the Blackfriars arena soon staging events four to five times a week, and the name from the circular shape of the building. The term "boxing ring" is not derived from the name of the building, contrary to local legend, but - still from the capital - instead from the London Prize Ring Rules in 1743, which specified a small circle in the centre of the fight area where the boxers met at the start of each round. The term ’ringside seat’ dates from the 1860s.
TUM image id: 1509724629
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In the neighbourhood...

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Postal area SE1
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Georg Giese from Danzig, 34-year-old German merchant at the Steelyard, painted in London by Hans Holbein in 1532
Credit: Hans Holbein
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Walbrook Wharf is an operating freight wharf located in the City of London adjacent to Cannon Street station.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Wagstaff Buildings, Sumner Road, Bankside, c. 1920.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Hopton Street, Borough, 1977.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Tate Modern viewed from Thames pleasure boat (2003)
Credit: Christine Matthews
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The Southwark Street estate was opened in 1876. Originally there were 12 blocks, with 22 flats in each one. In the 1960s two blocks in the centre of the estate were demolished as part of a modernisation programme, which created a space for the construction of a children’s play area. In the 1990s a block near the estate boundary was pulled down, and some adjoining land was purchased. This enabled the building of new blocks with a frontage to Great Guildford Street, which include some shop units.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Southwark Cathedral
Credit: IG/aleks london diary
Licence: CC BY 2.0


"London Bridge from the Old Swan" by the Irish painter Hubert Pugh (1780) Shooting the tidal rapids at old London Bridge was dangerous; many passengers preferred to get off at the Old Swan, and walk. Immediately across the river in the painting is St Saviour’s Church, now Southwark Cathedral.
Credit: Hubert Pugh (Bank of England Museum)
Licence:


The Anchor, Bankside
Credit: IG/meolafrancesco
Licence: CC BY 2.0


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