City Road, EC1Y

Buildings in this area date from the nineteenth century or before

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Road · Clerkenwell · EC1Y ·
JANUARY
1
2000

City Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.





CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY



The Underground Map   
Added: 20 Sep 2020 13:01 GMT   

Pepys starts diary
On 1 January 1659, Samuel Pepys started his famous daily diary and maintained it for ten years. The diary has become perhaps the most extensive source of information on this critical period of English history. Pepys never considered that his diary would be read by others. The original diary consisted of six volumes written in Shelton shorthand, which he had learned as an undergraduate on scholarship at Magdalene College, Cambridge. This shorthand was introduced in 1626, and was the same system Isaac Newton used when writing.

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Marion James   
Added: 12 Mar 2021 17:43 GMT   

26 Edith Street Haggerston
On Monday 11th October 1880 Charlotte Alice Haynes was born at 26 Edith Street Haggerston the home address of her parents her father Francis Haynes a Gilder by trade and her mother Charlotte Alice Haynes and her two older siblings Francis & George who all welcomed the new born baby girl into the world as they lived in part of the small Victorian terraced house which was shared by another family had an outlook view onto the world of the Imperial Gas Works site - a very grey drab reality of the life they were living as an East End working class family - 26 Edith Street no longer stands in 2021 - the small rundown polluted terrace houses of Edith Street are long since gone along with the Gas Companies buildings to be replaced with green open parkland that is popular in 21st century by the trendy residents of today - Charlotte Alice Haynes (1880-1973) is the wife of my Great Grand Uncle Henry Pickett (1878-1930) As I research my family history I slowly begin to understand the life my descendants had to live and the hardships that they went through to survive - London is my home and there are many areas of this great city I find many of my descendants living working and dying in - I am yet to find the golden chalice! But in all truthfulness my family history is so much more than hobby its an understanding of who I am as I gather their stories. Did Charlotte Alice Pickett nee Haynes go on to live a wonderful life - no I do not think so as she became a widow in 1930 worked in a canteen and never remarried living her life in and around Haggerston & Hackney until her death in 1973 with her final resting place at Manor Park Cemetery - I think Charlotte most likely excepted her lot in life like many women from her day, having been born in the Victorian era where the woman had less choice and standing in society, which is a sad state of affairs - So I will endeavour to write about Charlotte and the many other women in my family history to give them the voice of a life they so richly deserve to be recorded !

Edith Street was well situated for the new public transport of two railway stations in 1880 :- Haggerston Railway Station opened in 1867 & Cambridge Heath Railway Station opened in 1872


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Jeff Owen   
Added: 20 Mar 2021 16:18 GMT   

Owen’s School
Owen Street is the site of Owen’s Boys’ School. The last school was built in 1881 and was demolished in the early 1990s to make way for the development which stand there today. It was a ’Direct Grant’ grammar school and was founded in 1613 by Dame Alice Owen. What is now ’Owen’s Fields’ was the playground between the old school and the new girls’ school (known then as ’Dames Alice Owen’s School’ or simply ’DAOS’). The boys’ school had the top two floors of that building for their science labs. The school moved to Potters Bar in Hertfordshire in 1971 and is now one of the top State comprehensive schools in the country. The old building remained in use as an accountancy college and taxi-drivers’ ’knowledge’ school until it was demolished. The new building is now part of City and Islington College. Owen’s was a fine school. I should know because I attended there from 1961 to 1968.

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Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

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Lived here
margaret clark   
Added: 15 Oct 2021 22:23 GMT   

Margaret’s address when she married in 1938
^, Josepine House, Stepney is the address of my mother on her marriage certificate 1938. Her name was Margaret Irene Clark. Her father Basil Clark was a warehouse grocer.

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Comment
   
Added: 6 Nov 2021 15:03 GMT   

Old Nichol Street, E2
Information about my grandfather’s tobacconist shop

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Steven Shepherd   
Added: 4 Feb 2021 14:20 GMT   

Our House
I and my three brothers were born at 178 Pitfield Street. All of my Mothers Family (ADAMS) Lived in the area. There was an area behind the house where the Hoxton Stall holders would keep the barrows. The house was classed as a slum but was a large house with a basement. The basement had 2 rooms that must have been unchanged for many years it contained a ’copper’ used to boil and clean clothes and bedlinen and a large ’range’ a cast iron coal/log fired oven. Coal was delivered through a ’coal hole’ in the street which dropped through to the basement. The front of the house used to be a shop but unused while we lived there. I have many more happy memories of the house too many to put here.

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MCNALLY    
Added: 17 May 2021 09:42 GMT   

Blackfriars (1959 - 1965)
I lived in Upper Ground from 1959 to 1964 I was 6 years old my parents Vince and Kitty run the Pub The Angel on the corner of Upper Ground and Bodies Bridge. I remember the ceiling of the cellar was very low and almost stretched the length of Bodies Bridge. The underground trains run directly underneath the pub. If you were down in the cellar when a train was coming it was quite frightening

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Martin Eaton    
Added: 14 Oct 2021 03:56 GMT   

Boundary Estate
Sunbury, Taplow House.

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STEPHEN JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:25 GMT   

Fellows Court, E2
my family moved into the tower block 13th floor (maisonette), in 1967 after our street Lenthall rd e8 was demolished, we were one of the first families in the new block. A number of families from our street were rehoused in this and the adjoining flats. Inside toilet and central heating, all very modern at the time, plus eventually a tarmac football pitch in the grounds,(the cage), with a goal painted by the kids on the brick wall of the railway.

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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 15:05 GMT   

A plague on all your houses
Aldgate station is built directly on top of a vast plague pit, where thousands of bodies are apparently buried. No-one knows quite how many.

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Tom   
Added: 21 May 2021 23:07 GMT   

Blackfriars
What is, or was, Bodies Bridge?

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Comment
   
Added: 21 Apr 2021 16:21 GMT   

Liverpool Street
the Bishopsgate station has existed since 1840 as a passenger station, but does not appear in the site’s cartography. Evidently, the 1860 map is in fact much earlier than that date.

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STEPHEN ARTHUR JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:12 GMT   

Lynedoch Street, E2
my father Arthur Jackson was born in lynedoch street in 1929 and lived with mm grandparents and siblings, until they were relocated to Pamela house Haggerston rd when the street was to be demolished

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Added: 3 Jun 2021 15:50 GMT   

All Bar One
The capitalisation is wrong

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
John Neill   
Added: 25 Nov 2021 11:30 GMT   

Sandringham Road, E10 (1937 - 1966)
I lived at No. 61 with my parents during these years. I went to Canterbury Road school (now Barclay Primary) and sang as a boy soprano (treble) in the church choir at St Andrew’s church, on the corner of Forest Glade.
Opposite us lived the Burgess family. Their son Russell also sang in my choir as a tenor. He later became a well-known musician and the choirmaster at Wandsworth Boys’ School.
Just at the end of WW2 a German rocket (V2) landed in the grounds of Whipps Cross Hospital, damaging many of the houses in Sandringham Road, including ours.

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Comment
Tim Stevenson   
Added: 16 Nov 2021 18:03 GMT   

Pub still open
The Bohemia survived the 2020/21 lockdowns and is still a thriving local social resource.

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Comment
STEPHEN JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:25 GMT   

Fellows Court, E2
my family moved into the tower block 13th floor (maisonette), in 1967 after our street Lenthall rd e8 was demolished, we were one of the first families in the new block. A number of families from our street were rehoused in this and the adjoining flats. Inside toilet and central heating, all very modern at the time, plus eventually a tarmac football pitch in the grounds,(the cage), with a goal painted by the kids on the brick wall of the railway.

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STEPHEN ARTHUR JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:12 GMT   

Lynedoch Street, E2
my father Arthur Jackson was born in lynedoch street in 1929 and lived with mm grandparents and siblings, until they were relocated to Pamela house Haggerston rd when the street was to be demolished

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Sir Walter Besant   
Added: 11 Nov 2021 18:47 GMT   

Sir Walter adds....
All the ground facing Wirtemberg Street at Chip and Cross Streets is being levelled for building and the old houses are disappearing fast. The small streets leading through into little Manor Street are very clean and tenanted by poor though respectable people, but little Manor Street is dirty, small, and narrow. Manor Street to Larkhall Rise is a wide fairly clean thoroughfare of mixed shops and houses which improves towards the north. The same may be said of Wirtemberg Street, which commences poorly, but from the Board School north is far better than at the Clapham end.

Source: London: South of the Thames - Chapter XX by Sir Walter Besant (1912)

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Comment
   
Added: 6 Nov 2021 15:03 GMT   

Old Nichol Street, E2
Information about my grandfather’s tobacconist shop

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Comment
tom   
Added: 3 Nov 2021 05:16 GMT   

I met
someone here 6 years ago

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Fion Anderson   
Added: 2 Nov 2021 12:55 GMT   

Elstree not Borehamwood
Home of the UK film industry

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Bunhill Fields Bunhill Fields was in use as a burial ground from 1665 until 1854.
Courtyard Theatre The Courtyard is a theatre housed in the former Passmore Edwards Free Library.
Honourable Artillery Company Museum The Honourable Artillery Company Museum opened in 1987.
St Luke’s Hospital for Lunatics St Luke’s Hospital for Lunatics was founded in London in 1751 for the treatment of incurable pauper lunatics by a group of philanthropists.
Tenter Ground Tenter Ground harks back to the seventeenth century when this patch of land was surrounded by weavers’ houses and workshops and used to wash and stretch their fabrics on ’tenters’ to dry.
Wesley’s Chapel Wesley’s Chapel - originally the City Road Chapel - is a Methodist church built under the direction of John Wesley.
Whitefield’s Tabernacle Whitefield’s Tabernacle is a former church at the corner of Tabernacle Street and Leonard Street.

NEARBY STREETS
Anchor Yard, EC1Y Anchor Yard is named after a former inn here of this name.
Appold Street, EC2A Appold Street runs north-south on the City of London side of Liverpool Street station.
Bache’s Street, N1 This is a street in the N1 postcode area
Baldwin Street, EC1V Baldwin Street was named after Richard Baldwin, Treasurer at St Bartholomew’s Hospital when the street was built in 1811.
Banner Street, EC1Y Banner Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Bartholomew Square, EC1V This is a street in the EC1V postcode area
Bath Place, EC2A Bath Place leads off of Rivington Street.
Bath Street, EC1V Bath Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Beech Street, EC1Y Beech Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Blackall Street, EC2A Blackall Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Bonhill Street, EC2A Bonhill Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Boot Street, N1 Boot Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Bornhill Street, EC2A Bornhill Street is a location in London.
Braithwaite House, EC1Y Residential block
Brunswick Place, EC1V Brunswick Place is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Bunhill Fields, EC1Y Bunhill Fields is a road in the EC1Y postcode area
Bunhill Row, EC1Y Bunhill Row is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Chapel Place, EC2A Chapel Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Charles Square, N1 Charles Square is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Charlotte Road, EC2A Charlotte Road is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Chequer Street, EC1Y Chequer Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Cherry Tree Walk, EC1Y Cherry Tree Walk is a road in the EC1Y postcode area
Chiswell Street, EC2Y Chiswell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Chiswell Street, SE5 Chiswell Street is a location in London.
Christina Street, EC2A Christina Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Christopher Street, EC2A Christopher Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
City Lofts, EC2A City Lofts is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Clere Street, EC2A Clere Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Clifton Street, EC2A Clifton Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Coronet Street, N1 Coronet Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Corsham Street, N1 Corsham Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cowper Street, EC2A Cowper Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Cranwood Street, EC1V Cranwood Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Cripplegate Street, EC1Y Cripplegate Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Crown Place, EC2A Crown Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Curtain Place, EC2A Curtain Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Curtain Road, EC2A Curtain Road was the first location of a place called a ’theatre’ - in the sense of a location where acting is performed.
Dingley Road, EC1V Dingley Road is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Dufferin Avenue, EC1Y Dufferin Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Dufferin Street, EC1Y Dufferin Street runs between Bunhill Row and Whitecross Street.
Earl Street, EC2A Earl Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Epworth Street, EC2A Epworth Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Errol Street, EC1Y Errol Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Exchange Square, EC2A Exchange Square is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Fann Street, EC1Y Fann Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Featherstone Street, EC1Y Featherstone Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Finsbury Court, EC2A Finsbury Court was obliterated in a redevelopment programme taking in Finsbury Pavement.
Finsbury Square, EC2A Finsbury Square is a 0.7-hectare square in central London which includes a six-rink grass bowling green.
Finsbury Street, EC2A Finsbury Street is a road in the EC2Y postcode area
Fortune Street, EC1Y Fortune Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Galway Street, EC1V Galway Street was named for the Earl of Galway.
Gambier House, EC1V Residential block
Garden Walk, EC2A Garden Walk is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Garrett Street, EC1Y Garrett Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Gatesborough Street, EC2A Gatesborough Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Godfrey House, EC1V Godfrey House is on the St Lukes Estate.
Golden Lane, EC1Y Golden Lane connects Old Street and Beech Street.
Great Eastern Street, EC2A Great Eastern Street was laid out in 1872-6
Hearn Street, EC2A Hearn Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Helmet Row, EC1V Helmet Row is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Hewett Street, EC2A Hewett Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Holywell Centre, EC2A Holywell Centre is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Holywell Lane, EC2A Holywell Lane runs west from Shoreditch High Street and runs on to Curtain Road.
Holywell Row, EC2A Holywell Row is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Hoxton Market, N1 Hoxton Market is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Hoxton Square, N1 Hoxton Square is a garden square laid out in 1683
Ironmonger Row, EC1V Ironmonger Row is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Karma Yoga House, EC1V A street within the N1 postcode
Kiffen Street, EC2A Kiffen Street links Leonard Street to Clere Street.
Lamb’s Passage, EC1Y Lamb’s Passage was formerly Great Swordbearers (Sword Bearers) Alley.
Leonard Circus, EC2A Leonard Circus is a location in London.
Leonard Street, EC2A Leonard Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Lizard Street, EC1V Lizard Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Lomax Cocoon, EC2A A street within the EC2A postcode
Luke Street, EC2A Luke Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Mallow Street, EC1Y Mallow Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Mark Street, EC2A Mark Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Martha’s Buildings, EC1Y Martha’s Buildings is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Mill House, EC2A Residential block
Mills Court, EC2A Mills Court is a location in London.
Milton Court, EC2Y Milton Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Mitchell Street, EC1V Mitchell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Mora Street, EC1V Mora Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Murton Street, EC1V Murton Street dates from about 1829.
New North Place, EC2A New North Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Norman Street, EC1V Norman Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Old Street, EC1Y Old Street runs west to east from Goswell Road in Clerkenwell to a crossroads in Shoreditch.
Oliver’s Yard, EC2A Oliver’s Yard is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Paul Street, EC2A Paul Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Peerless Street, EC1V Peerless Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Phipp Street, EC2A Phipp Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Pindar Street, EC2A Pindar Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Primrose Street, EC2A Primrose Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Primrose Street, EC2A Primrose Street is a location in London.
Provost & East Building, Provost & East Building lies within the postcode.
Quaker Court, EC1Y Quaker Court is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Radnor Street, EC1V Radnor Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Ravey Street, EC2A Ravey Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Rivington Street, EC2A Rivington Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Roscoe Street, EC1Y Roscoe Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Rufus Street, N1 Rufus Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Scrutton Street, EC2A Scrutton Street is the eastern extension of Epworth Street.
Silicon Way, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Singer Street, EC1V Singer Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Singer Street, EC1V Singer Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Snowden Street, EC2A Snowden Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Square Studio, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Standard Place, EC2A Standard Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Sun Street Passage, EC2A Sun Street Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Sun Street, EC2M Sun Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Symister Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Tabernacle Street, EC2A Tabernacle Street was where George Whitefield’s ’Tabernacle’ was built by his supporters after he separated from Wesley in 1741.
The Broadgate Tower, EC2A A street within the EC2A postcode
The Sutton Estate, EC1Y The Sutton Estate is a road in the N1 postcode area
Tilney Court, EC1Y Tilney Court lies off of Old Street.
Vandy Street, EC2A Vandy Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Victoria House, EC1V A street within the EC1V postcode
Victoria House, EC2A Victoria House is a location in London.
Vince Street, EC1V Vince Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Warwick Yard, EC1Y Warwick Yard is a road in the EC1Y postcode area
Waterloo Street, EC1V Waterloo Street once ran from Lever Street to Radnor Street.
Whitecross Street, EC1Y Whitecross Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Willow Court, EC2A Willow Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Willow Street, EC2A Willow Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Wilson Street, EC2A Wilson Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Worship Mews, EC2A Worship Mews is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Worship Street, EC2A Worship Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Young’s Buildings, EC1Y Young’s Buildings was named after Francis Young, a local 18th century property owner
Zeus House 16-30, EC2A A street within the EC2A postcode

NEARBY PUBS
Addiscombe Line This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Artillery Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Bavarian Beerhouse This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Be at One Limited This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Bill’s Restaurant This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Casita This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Charlie Wright’s International This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
East Village This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Far Rockaway This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Honourable Artillery Company This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Iambic Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Love’s Company, Unit 1 This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Masque Haunt This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
McQueen This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Ninetyeight Bar and Lounge This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Old Kings Head The Old Kings Head is located at 28 Holywell Row, EC2.
Prince Arthur This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Queen of Hoxton This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Roadtrip Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Sabor Iberico This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Searcys Bars @ GSM & D This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Singer This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Angel This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Barley Mow This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Book Club This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Bricklayers Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Flying Horse This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Fox This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Griffin This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Horse And Groom The Horse And Groom is on Curtain Road.
The Jugged Hare This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Old Blue Last This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Old Fountain This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Princess Of Shoreditch This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Trader This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Windmill This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Three Blind Mice This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Trafik This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
XOYO (GROUND FLOOR) This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Clerkenwell

Clerkenwell was once known as London’s Little Italy because of the large number of Italians living in the area from the 1850s until the 1960s.

Clerkenwell took its name from the Clerks’ Well in Farringdon Lane. In the Middle Ages, the London Parish clerks performed annual mystery plays there, based on biblical themes. Part of the well remains visible, incorporated into a 1980s building called Well Court.

In the 17th century South Clerkenwell became a fashionable place of residence. Oliver Cromwell owned a house on Clerkenwell Close, just off the Green. Several aristocrats had houses there, most notably the Duke of Northumberland, as did people such as Erasmus Smith.

Before Clerkenwell became a built-up area, it had a reputation as a resort a short walk out of the city, where Londoners could disport themselves at its spas, of which there were several, based on natural chalybeate springs, tea gardens and theatres. The present day Sadler’s Wells has survived as heir to this tradition.

Clerkenwell was also the location of three prisons: the Clerkenwell Bridewell, Coldbath Fields Prison (later Clerkenwell Gaol) and the New Prison, later the Clerkenwell House of Detention, notorious as the scene of the Clerkenwell Outrage in 1867, an attempted prison break by Fenians who killed many in the tenement houses on Corporation Row in trying to blow a hole in the prison wall.

The Industrial Revolution changed the area greatly. It became a centre for breweries, distilleries and the printing industry. It gained a special reputation for the making of clocks and watches, which activity once employed many people from around the area. Flourishing craft workshops still carry on some of the traditional trades, such as jewellery-making. Clerkenwell is home to Witherby’s, Europe’s oldest printing company.

After the Second World War, Clerkenwell suffered from industrial decline and many of the premises occupied by the engineering, printing publishing and meat and food trades (the last mostly around Smithfield) fell empty. Several acclaimed council housing estates were commissioned by Finsbury Borough Council. Modernist architect and Russian migr Berthold Lubetkin’s listed Spa Green Estate, constructed 19431950, has recently been restored. The Finsbury Estate, constructed in 1968 to the designs of Joseph Emberton includes flats, since altered and re-clad.

A general revival and gentrification process began in the 1980s, and the area is now known for loft-living in some of the former industrial buildings. It also has young professionals, nightclubs and restaurants and is home to many professional offices as an overspill for the nearby City of London and West End.

Amongst other sectors, there is a notable concentration of design professions around Clerkenwell, and supporting industries such as high-end designer furniture showrooms.


LOCAL PHOTOS
St Lukes Hospital for Lunatics, London
TUM image id: 1554045418
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Bloom Court, Blossom Street (1956)
TUM image id: 1574858373
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Crondall Street
TUM image id: 1575830074
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Duke Street, looking south, 1941.
TUM image id: 1490916349
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
St Lukes Hospital for Lunatics, London
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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The gravestone of English poet William Blake in Bunhill Fields Burial Ground
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Mass grave for plague victims, Holywell Mount (1665) Holywell Mount is the source of the River Walbrook. Today it lies underneath Luke Street in Shoreditch but, then in open land, was used as a plague pit in 1665.
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Shepherds Place archway (c. 1810), and Tenter Street (c. 1820) in 1909
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Royal Oak, Waterloo Street in the early 1960s.
Credit: James Wyatt
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