Garden Court, EC4Y

Buildings in this area date from the nineteenth century or before

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(51.51235 -0.11233, 51.512 -0.112) 
MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502021Remove markers
Road · Westminster · EC4Y ·
JANUARY
1
2000

Garden Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.





CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Comment
MCNALLY    
Added: 17 May 2021 09:42 GMT   

Blackfriars (1959 - 1965)
I lived in Upper Ground from 1959 to 1964 I was 6 years old my parents Vince and Kitty run the Pub The Angel on the corner of Upper Ground and Bodies Bridge. I remember the ceiling of the cellar was very low and almost stretched the length of Bodies Bridge. The underground trains run directly underneath the pub. If you were down in the cellar when a train was coming it was quite frightening

Reply
Reply
Tom   
Added: 21 May 2021 23:07 GMT   

Blackfriars
What is, or was, Bodies Bridge?

Reply
Comment
Bruce McTavish   
Added: 11 Mar 2021 11:37 GMT   

Kennington Road
Lambeth North station was opened as Kennington Road and then Westminster Bridge Road before settling on its final name. It has a wonderful Leslie Green design.

Reply

Scott Hatton   
Added: 11 Sep 2020 19:47 GMT   

Millions Of Rats In Busy London
The Daily Mail on 14 April 1903 reported "MILLIONS OF RATS IN BUSY LONDON"

A rat plague, unprecedented in the annals of London, has broken out on the north side of the Strand. The streets principally infested are Catherine street, Drury lane, Blackmore street, Clare Market and Russell street. Something akin to a reign of terror prevails among the inhabitants after nightfall. Women refuse to pass along Blackmore street and the lower parts of Stanhope street after dusk, for droves of rats perambulate the roadways and pavements, and may be seen running along the window ledges of the empty houses awaiting demolition by the County Council in the Strand to Holborn improvement scheme.

The rats, indeed, have appeared in almost-incredible numbers. "There are millions of them," said one shopkeeper, and his statement was supported by other residents. The unwelcome visitors have been evicted from their old haunts by the County Council housebreakers, and are now busily in search of new homes. The Gaiety Restaurant has been the greatest sufferer. Rats have invaded the premises in such force that the managers have had to close the large dining room on the first floor and the grill rooms on the ground floor and in the basement. Those three spacious halls which have witnessed many as semblages of theatre-goers are now qui:e deserted. Behind the wainscot of the bandstand in the grillroom is a large mound of linen shreds. This represents 1728 serviettes carried theee by the rats.

In the bar the removal of a panel disclosed the astonishing fact that the rats have dragged for a distance of seven or eight yards some thirty or forty beer and wine bottles and stacked them in such a fashion as to make comfortable sleeping places. Mr Williams. the manager of the restaurant, estimates that the rats have destroyed L200 worth of linen. Formerly the Gaiety Restaurant dined 2000 persons daily; no business whatever is now done in this direction.

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Comment
Linda Webb   
Added: 27 Sep 2021 05:51 GMT   

Hungerford Stairs
In 1794 my ancestor, George Webb, Clay Pipe Maker, lived in Hungerford Stairs, Strand. Source: Wakefields Merchant & Tradesmens General Directory London Westminster 1794

Source: Hungerford Stairs

Reply
Lived here
Richard Roques   
Added: 21 Jan 2021 16:53 GMT   

Buckingham Street residents
Here in Buckingham Street lived Samuel Pepys the diarist, Charles Dickens and Rudyard Kipling

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Comment
Jude Allen   
Added: 29 Jul 2021 07:53 GMT   

Bra top
I jave a jewelled item of clothong worn by a revie girl.
It is red with diamante straps. Inside it jas a label Bermans Revue 16 Orange Street but I cannot find any info online about the revue only that 16 Orange Street used to be a theatre. Does any one know about the revue. I would be intesrested to imagine the wearer of the article and her London life.

Reply

The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Dec 2020 00:24 GMT   

Othello takes a bow
On 1 November 1604, William Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello was presented for the first time, at The Palace of Whitehall. The palace was the main residence of the English monarchs in London from 1530 until 1698. Seven years to the day, Shakespeare’s romantic comedy The Tempest was also presented for the first time, and also at the Palace of Whitehall.

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Comment
Robert smitherman   
Added: 23 Aug 2017 11:01 GMT   

Saunders Street, SE11
I was born in a prefab on Saunders street SE11 in the 60’s, when I lived there, the road consisted of a few prefab houses, the road originally ran from Lollard street all the way thru to Fitzalan street. I went back there to have a look back in the early 90’s but all that is left of the road is about 20m of road and the road sign.

Reply
Comment
Jeff Owen   
Added: 20 Mar 2021 16:18 GMT   

Owen’s School
Owen Street is the site of Owen’s Boys’ School. The last school was built in 1881 and was demolished in the early 1990s to make way for the development which stand there today. It was a “Direct Grant” grammar school and was founded in 1613 by Dame Alice Owen. What is now “Owen’s Fields” was the playground between the old school and the new girls’ school (known then as “Dames Alice Owen’s School” or simply “DAOS”). The boys’ school had the top two floors of that building for their science labs. The school moved to Potters Bar in Hertfordshire in 1971 and is now one of the top State comprehensive schools in the country. The old building remained in use as an accountancy college and taxi-drivers’ “knowledge” school until it was demolished. The new building is now part of City and Islington College. Owen’s was a fine school. I should know because I attended there from 1961 to 1968.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
roger morris   
Added: 16 Oct 2021 08:50 GMT   

Atherton Road, IG5 (1958 - 1980)
I moved to Atherton road in 1958 until 1980 from Finsbury Park. My father purchased the house from his brother Sydney Morris. My father continued to live there until his death in 1997, my mother having died in 1988.
I attended The Glade Primary School in Atherton Road from sept 1958 until 1964 when I went to Beal School. Have fond memories of the area and friends who lived at no2 (Michael Clark)and no11 (Brian Skelly)

Reply
Lived here
margaret clark   
Added: 15 Oct 2021 22:23 GMT   

Margaret’s address when she married in 1938
^, Josepine House, Stepney is the address of my mother on her marriage certificate 1938. Her name was Margaret Irene Clark. Her father Basil Clark was a warehouse grocer.

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Comment
Martin Eaton    
Added: 14 Oct 2021 03:56 GMT   

Boundary Estate
Sunbury, Taplow House.

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Comment
Simon Chalton   
Added: 10 Oct 2021 21:52 GMT   

Duppas Hill Terrace 1963- 74
I’m 62 yrs old now but between the years 1963 and 1975 I lived at number 23 Duppas Hill Terrace. I had an absolutely idyllic childhood there and it broke my heart when the council ordered us out of our home to build the Ellis Davd flats there.The very large house overlooked the fire station and we used to watch them practice putting out fires in the blue tower which I believe is still there.
I’m asking for your help because I cannot find anything on the internet or anywhere else (pictures, history of the house, who lived there) and I have been searching for many, many years now.
Have you any idea where I might find any specific details or photos of Duppas Hill Terrace, number 23 and down the hill to where the subway was built. To this day it saddens me to know they knocked down this house, my extended family lived at the next house down which I think was number 25 and my best school friend John Childs the next and last house down at number 27.
I miss those years so terribly and to coin a quote it seems they just disappeared like "tears in rain".
Please, if you know of anywhere that might be able to help me in any way possible, would you be kind enough to get back to me. I would be eternally grateful.
With the greatest of hope and thanks,
Simon Harlow-Chalton.


Reply
Comment
Linda Webb   
Added: 27 Sep 2021 05:51 GMT   

Hungerford Stairs
In 1794 my ancestor, George Webb, Clay Pipe Maker, lived in Hungerford Stairs, Strand. Source: Wakefields Merchant & Tradesmens General Directory London Westminster 1794

Source: Hungerford Stairs

Reply
Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

Reply
Born here
Ron Shepherd   
Added: 18 Sep 2021 17:28 GMT   

More Wisdom
Norman Joseph Wisdom was born in St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington, West London.

Reply
Comment
Jonathan Penner   
Added: 11 Sep 2021 16:03 GMT   

Pennard Road, W12
My wife and I, young Canadians, lodged at 65 (?) Pennard Road with a fellow named Clive and his girlfriend, Melanie, for about 6 months in 1985. We loved the area and found it extremely convenient.

Reply

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Alsatia Alsatia was the name given to an area lying north of the River Thames covered by the Whitefriars monastery.
Fleet Market The Fleet Market was a market erected in 1736 on the newly culverted River Fleet.
Lisle’s Tennis Court Lisle’s Tennis Court was a building off Portugal Street in Lincoln’s Inn Fields in London.
Old and New London: Temple Bar Temple Bar was rebuilt by Sir Christopher Wren, in 1670–72.
Temple Bar Temple Bar is the point in London where Fleet Street, City of London, becomes the Strand, Westminster, and where the City of London traditionally erected a barrier to regulate trade into the city.
The 1860s map of London "Stanford’s Library Map of London and its Suburbs" was published in 1862

NEARBY STREETS
Aldwych, WC2B The name Aldwych derives from the Old English eald and wic meaning ’old trading town’ or ’old marketplace’; the name was later applied to the street and district.
Andrews Crosse, EC4A Andrews Crosse stood on the site of the courtyard of the former Andrews Crosse Inn.
Arundel Street, WC2R Arundel Street runs from the Strand to Temple Place.
Ashentree Court, EC4Y Ashentree Court was named after the ashen trees formerly located here at the Whitefriars’ monastery.
Australia House, WC2B Residential block
Bell Yard, EC4A Bell Yard is a small lane off the Strand where the Bell hostel once stood.
Blackfriars Underpass, EC4Y Blackfriars Underpass is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Blackmoor Street, WC2B Blackmoor Street was in the Drury Lane slum.
Bolt Court, EC4A Bolt Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Bouverie Street, EC4Y Bouverie Street is named for the Pleydell-Bouveries, Earls of Radnor, who were landowners in this area.
Breams Buildings, EC4A Breams Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Brick Court, EC4Y Brick Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Bride Court, EC4Y Bride Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Bride Lane, EC4Y Bride Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Bridewell Place, EC4V Bridewell Place is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Bull Inn Court, WC2R Bull Inn Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Carey Street, WC2A Carey Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Carmelite Street, EC4Y Carmelite Street continues south from Whitefriars Street, which itself is just off Fleet Street.
Catherine Street, WC2B Catherine Street runs from Russell Street in the north to Aldwych in the south.
Chancery Lane, WC2A Chancery Lane has formed the western boundary of the City of London since 1994, having previously been divided between the London boroughs of Westminster and Camden.
Chichester Rents, WC2A Chichester Rents is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Clare Market, WC2A Clare Market is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Clement’s Inn, WC2R Clement’s Inn is a road in the WC2R postcode area
Clements Inn, WC2B Clements Inn is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Cliffords Inn Passage, EC4Y Cliffords Inn Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Cliffords Inn, EC4A Cliffords Inn is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Crane Court, EC4Y Crane Court lay beside the Two Crane Inn Tavern.
Crown Office Row, EC4Y Crown Office Row is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Crystal Wharf, WC2B A street within the WC2B postcode
Devereux Court, EC4Y Devereux Court lies on the south side of the Strand, opposite the Law Courts.
Devereux Court, WC2R Devereux Court is a location in London.
Doctor Johnsons Buildings, EC4Y Doctor Johnsons Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Dorset Rise, EC4Y Dorset Rise is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Drive Johnsons Buildings, EC4Y Drive Johnsons Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Drury Lane, WC2B Drury Lane is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
East Harding Street, EC4A This is a street in the EC4A postcode area
Essex Court, EC4Y Essex Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Essex Street, EC4Y Essex Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Essex Street, WC2R Essex Street is a location in London.
Exchange Court, WC2R Exchange Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Falcon Court, EC4Y Falcon Court is a courtyard off the south side of Fleet Street between Chancery Lane and Fetter Lane.
Farringdon Street, EC4M Farringdon Street was constructed over the Fleet river.
Fetter Lane, EC4A Fetter Lane is corrupted from ’Fautre’ which was the name for a spear rest - spears were made close by.
Fleet Street, EC4A Fleet Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Fleet Street, EC4Y Fleet Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Fountain Court, EC4Y Fountain Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Gough Square, EC4A Gough Square is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Great New Street, EC4A Great New Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Gunpowder Square, EC4A Gunpowder Square is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Harcourt Buildings, EC4Y Harcourt Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Hardwicke Building, WC2A Hardwicke Building is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Hare Court, EC4Y Hare Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Hare Place, EC4Y Hare Place is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Harmsworth House, EC4Y Harmsworth House lies near the Inner Temple
Hat and Mitre Court, EC4Y Hat and Mitre Court is a road in the EC1M postcode area
Hind Court, EC4Y Hind Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Hood Court, EC4Y Hood Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Houghton Square, WC2B Houghton Square is a road in the SW9 postcode area
Houghton Street, WC2A Houghton Street is a street which has been ’demoted’ over time.
Howard Street, WC2R Howard Street ran from Surrey Street to Arundel Street until 1974.
Inner Temple Lane, EC4Y Inner Temple Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Inner Temple, EC4A Inner Temple is a location in London.
John Carpenter Street, EC4Y John Carpenter was town clerk of the City of London in the fifteenth century, and founder of the City of London School.
Kean Street, WC2B Kean Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Keeley Street, WC2B Keeley Street has a dual history
Kemble Street, WC2B Kemble Street is a road in the WC2B postcode area
King’s Bench Walk Temple, EC4Y A street within the EC4Y postcode
King’s Bench Walk, EC4Y King?s Bench Walk is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Kings Bench Walk, EC4Y Kings Bench Walk is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Kingsway, WC2A Kingsway is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Kingsway, WC2B This is a street in the WC2A postcode area
Lamb Building, EC4Y Lamb Building is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Lancaster Place, WC2R Lancaster Place is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Little Essex Street, EC4Y Little Essex Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Little Essex Street, WC2R Little Essex Street is a location in London.
Little New Street, EC4A Little New Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Ludgate Circus, EC4M Ludgate Circus is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Magpie Alley, EC4Y Magpie Alley marks the position occupied by the dorter (dormitory) of the Friary of the Blessed Virgin of Mount Carmel, commonly called the Whitefriars Monastery
Maltravers Street, WC2R Maltravers Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Masters House Temple Church, EC4Y Masters House Temple Church is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Melbourne Place, WC2B Melbourne Place is a road in the WC2B postcode area
Middle Temple Lane, EC4Y Middle Temple Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Milford Lane, WC2R Milford Lane is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Mitre Court Buildings, EC4Y Mitre Court Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Montreal Place, WC2R Montreal Place is a road in the WC2R postcode area
New Fetter Lane, EC4A New Fetter Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
New Square Passage, WC2A This is a street in the WC2A postcode area
New Square, WC2A New Square is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
New Street Square, EC4A New Street Square is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Norfolk Street, WC2R Norfolk Street ran from the Strand in the north to the River Thames and, after the Victoria Embankment was built (1865–1870), to what is now Temple Place.
Old Mitre Court, EC4Y Old Mitre Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Outer Temple, EC4Y Outer Temple is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Paper Buildings Temple, EC4Y Paper Buildings Temple is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Paper Buildings, EC4Y Paper Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Peabody Trust Estate, WC2B Peabody Trust Estate is a road in the SE24 postcode area
Peabody Trust Estate, WC2B Peabody Trust Estate is a road in the SE21 postcode area
Pemberton Row, EC4A Sir James Pemberton was Lord Mayor of London in 1611, and a member of the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths.
Pleydell Street, EC4Y Pleydell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Plowden Buildings, EC4Y Plowden Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Poppins Court, EC4A Poppins Court is an historic alley off Fleet Street.
Portsmouth Street, WC2A Portsmouth Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Portugal Street, WC2A Portugal Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Pump Court, EC4Y Pump Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Red Lion Court, EC4A Red Lion Court forms part of labyrinth of little passages behind the shops on the north side of Fleet Street.
Riverside Walk, SE1 Riverside Walk is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Rolls Buildings, EC4A Rolls Buildings is a road in the WC2A postcode area
Rolls Passage, WC2A Rolls Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Salisbury Court, EC4Y Salisbury Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Salisbury Square, EC4Y Salisbury Square is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Sardinia Street, WC2A Sardinia Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Sardinia Street, WC2B Sardinia Street, formerly Duke Street, was a street that ran from Prince’s Street in the south to the western side of Lincoln’s Inn Fields in the north.
Savoy Hill, WC2R Savoy Hill is located at a site originally called Savoy Manor.
Savoy Street, WC2R Savoy Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Savoy Street, WC2R Savoy Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Serjeants Inn, EC4Y Serjeants Inn is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Serle Street, WC2A Serle Street is a road in the WC2A postcode area
Sheffield Street, WC2A Sheffield Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Shoe Lane, EC4A Shoe Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
St Bride Street, EC4A St Bride Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
St Brides Avenue, EC4Y St Brides Avenue is a narrow alley which leaves Fleet Street almost opposite Shoe Lane.
St Clement’s Passage, WC2A St Clement’s Passage is a road in the WC2A postcode area
St Clements Lane, WC2A St Clements Lane is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
St Giles House, WC2B Residential block
St. Bride Street, EC4A A street within the EC4A postcode
Star Yard, WC2A Star Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Stonecutter Street, EC4A Stonecutter Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Strand Lane, WC2R Strand Lane is a road in the WC2R postcode area
Strand Underpass, WC2R Strand Underpass is a road in the WC2R postcode area
Strand, EC4A This is a street in the EC4A postcode area
Strand, WC2E Strand, as it nears the Aldwych, is home to many London theatres.
Surrey Street, WC2R Surrey Street was built on land once occupied by Arundel House and its gardens.
Tallis House 2 Tallis Street, EC4Y Tallis House 2 Tallis Street is a location in London.
Tallis Street, EC4Y This street honours Thomas Tallis, composer whose name is engraved on the façade of the nearby former building of the Guildhall School of Music and Drama.
Tavistock Street, WC2B Tavistock Street is a road in the WC2B postcode area
Temple Avenue, EC4Y Temple Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Temple Chambers, EC4Y Temple Chambers is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Temple Gardens, EC4Y Temple Gardens is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Temple Pier, WC2R Temple Pier is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Temple Place, WC2R Temple Place is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Temple, EC4Y A street within the EC4Y postcode
The Arcade, WC2B The Arcade is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
The Australia Centre, WC2B The Australia Centre is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
The Edmund J. Safra Fountain Court, WC2R The Edmund J. Safra Fountain Court is a road in the WC2R postcode area
The Macadam Building Street, WC2R The Macadam Building Street is a location in London.
The Strand, WC2R The Strand is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
The Strand, WC2R The Strand is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
Tudor Street, EC4Y Tudor Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Tweezer’s Alley, WC2R Tweezer’s Alley probably got its name after the tweezers used by smiths to heat items in the forge that stood there.
Victoria Embankment, EC4Y Victoria Embankment is part of the Thames Embankment scheme of 19th-century civil engineering that reclaimed land next to the River Thames.
Victoria Embankment, WC2R Victoria Embankment runs from the Houses of Parliament to Blackfriars Bridge.
Water Street, WC2R This is a street in the WC2R postcode area
Watergate, EC4Y Watergate is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Whitefriars Street, EC4Y Whitefriars Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Wild Court, WC2B Wild Court leads west from the Kingsway.
Wine Office Court, EC4A Wine Office Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.

NEARBY PUBS
Cella Karaoke Lounge This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Corney & Barrow Wine Bars This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Doggetts coat & badge This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
El Vino Fleet Street El Vino Fleet Street
Grand Union This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Jamie’s Wine Bar and Restaurant This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Kanaloa This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Knights Templar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Pegasus Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Punch Tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Slug and Lettuce This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
St Brides Tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Albion This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Bridewell Theatre This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Crown and Sugar Loaf This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Hack & Hop This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Harrow This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Hoop & Grapes This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Old Bell Tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Seven Stars This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The White Swan This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Tipperary This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Voltaire, Crowne Plaza Hotel This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Ye Olde Cheshire Cheese This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Ye Olde Cock Tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Westminster

Westminster - heart of government.

While the underground station dates from 1868, Westminster itself is almost as old as London itself. It has a large concentration of London’s historic and prestigious landmarks and visitor attractions, including the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral.

Historically part of the parish of St Margaret in the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex, the name Westminster was the ancient description for the area around Westminster Abbey – the West Minster, or monastery church, that gave the area its name – which has been the seat of the government of England (and later the British government) for almost a thousand years.

Westminster is the location of the Palace of Westminster, a UNESCO World Heritage Site which houses the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

The area has been the seat of the government of England for almost a thousand years. Westminster is thus often used as a metonym for Parliament and the political community of the United Kingdom generally. The civil service is similarly referred to by the area it inhabits, Whitehall, and Westminster is consequently also used in reference to the ’Westminster System’, the parliamentary model of democratic government that has evolved in the United Kingdom.

The historic core of Westminster is the former Thorney Island on which Westminster Abbey was built. The Abbey became the traditional venue of the coronation of the kings and queens of England. The nearby Palace of Westminster came to be the principal royal residence after the Norman conquest of England in 1066, and later housed the developing Parliament and law courts of England. It can be said that London thus has developed two distinct focal points: an economic one in the City of London; and a political and cultural one in Westminster, where the Royal Court had its home. This division is still very apparent today.

The monarchy later moved to the Palace of Whitehall a little towards the north-east. The law courts have since moved to the Royal Courts of Justice, close to the border of the City of London.

The Westminster area formed part of the City and Liberty of Westminster and the county of Middlesex. The ancient parish was St Margaret; after 1727 split into the parishes of St Margaret and St John. The area around Westminster Abbey formed the extra-parochial Close of the Collegiate Church of St Peter surrounded by—but not part of—either parish. Until 1900 the local authority was the combined vestry of St Margaret and St John (also known as the Westminster District Board of Works from 1855 to 1887), which was based at Westminster City Hall on Caxton Street from 1883. The Liberty of Westminster, governed by the Westminster Court of Burgesses, also included St Martin in the Fields and several other parishes and places. Westminster had its own quarter sessions, but the Middlesex sessions also had jurisdiction. The area was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London in 1889 and the local government of Westminster was reformed in 1900 when the court of burgesses and parish vestries were abolished, to be replaced with a metropolitan borough council. The council was given city status, allowing it to be known as Westminster City Council.

The underground station was opened as Westminster Bridge on 24 December 1868 by the steam-operated Metropolitan District Railway (MDR) (now the District line) when the railway opened the first section of its line from South Kensington. It was originally the eastern terminus of the MDR and the station cutting ended at a concrete wall buffered by timber sleepers. The approach to the station from the west runs in cut and cover tunnel under the roadway of Broad Sanctuary and diagonally under Parliament Square. In Broad Sanctuary the tunnel is close to Westminster Abbey and St Margaret’s church and care was required to avoid undermining their foundations when excavating in the poor ground found there.

The station was completely rebuilt to incorporate new deep-level platforms for the Jubilee line when it was extended to the London Docklands in the 1990s. During the works, the level of the sub-surface platforms was lowered to enable ground level access to Portcullis House. This was achieved in small increments carried out when the line was closed at night.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Smithfield Market
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Waterloo Bridge on an 1810 map.
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Farringdon Street, EC4M
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Hopton’s Almshouses
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Kirby Street sign
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Poppins Court EC4
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In the neighbourhood...

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The old wooden Temple Bar
Credit: Walter Thornbury
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Waterloo Bridge on an 1810 map.
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William Davenant had Lisle
Credit: Henry Herringman, London, 1673
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At the southern end of Carmelite Street in the City of London stood the Victorian-era Whitefriars Fire Station.
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Red Lion Street c. 1900, looking north to Javens Chambers and Clerkenwell Road
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Postcard of the then-new Victoria Embankment (1890s) The Victoria Embankment was primarily designed by Sir Joseph Bazalgette. It incorporates the main low level interceptor sewer and the underground District Line over which a wide road and riverside walkway were built.
Old London postcard
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Yorkshire Grey Yard street sign
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View of the entrance to Lincoln’s Inn Fields in Duke Street.
Credit: John Crowther
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Oswaldestre House, Norfolk Street.
Credit: Bedford Lemere and Company
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View of the junction of Howard Street and Norfolk Street (1880).
Credit: John Crowther
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