Fitzjohn’s Avenue, NW3

Road in/near Hampstead, existing between 1888 and now

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(51.55271 -0.17593, 51.552 -0.175) 
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Road · Hampstead · NW3 ·
September
2
2020

Fitzjohn’s Avenue links Hampstead with Swiss Cottage.

Before Fitzjohn’s Avenue was built, Hampstead was bounded to the south by a broad belt of green meadows, known as the Shepherds’ or Conduit Fields, across which ran a pathway sloping up to the southwestern corner of the village, and terminating near Church Row. On the eastern side of these fields was an old well or conduit, called the Shepherd’s Well, the source of the River Tyburn.

In the early 1870s, it was proposed by some of the inhabitants of Hampstead to purchase a portion of these grassy slopes, and to devote them to public use as a park.

In 1871 F. J. Clark had suggested a new road direct to Hampstead and in 1872 Spencer Maryon Wilson was hoping to create a "truly imposing road". In 1875 he contracted with John Culverhouse, who since 1871 had been the tenant at will of the two main demesne farms, to make Fitzjohn’s Avenue, from College Crescent off Finchley Road to Greenhill Road, and to plant ornamental trees.

In 1888, under the Town Improvement Scheme, the alleyways and courtyards cluttering Hampstead Village were cleared, Heath Street was extended and Fitzjohns Avenue created across green fields to provide better access to the West End.

At the same time that the avenue was constructed the Tyburn River - a tiny stream running through the fields, was diverted underground along the length of Fitzjohn’s Avenue.

Spencer Maryon Wilson's insistence on a treelined boulevard with large houses proved to be justified. Fitzjohn's Avenue was compared with Paris and was described by Harpers magazine in 1883 as 'one of the noblest streets in the world'. Its early inhabitants included Lloyds underwriters, shipowners, auctioneers, silk manufacturers, a wine merchant, a director of Hull Docks, an Arctic explorer, and an Islamic scholar. It was particularly popular with successful artists. 




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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY

Lived here
Cassandra Green   
Added: 11 Sep 2020 14:34 GMT   

Rudall Crescent, NW3 (- 1999)
I lived at 2 Rudall Crescent until myself and my family moved out in 1999. I once met a lady in a art fair up the road who was selling old photos of the area and was very knowledgeable about the area history, collecting photos over the years. She told me that before the current houses were built, there was a large manor house , enclosed by a large area of land. She told me there had been a fire there. Im trying to piece together the story and find out what was on the land before the crescent was built. This website is very interesting.

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Lived here
Julie   
Added: 22 Sep 2022 18:30 GMT   

Well Walk, NW3 (1817 - 1818)
The home of Benthy, the Postman, with whom poet John Keats and his brother Tom lodged from early 1817 to Dec., 1818. They occupied the first floor up. Here Tom died Dec. 1, 1818. It was next door to the Welles Tavern then called ’The Green Man’."

From collected papers and photos re: No. 1 Well Walk at the library of Harvard University.

Source: No. 1, Well Walk, Hampstead. | HOLLIS for

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James Preston   
Added: 28 Apr 2021 09:06 GMT   

School
Was this the location of Rosslyn House prep school? I have a photograph of the Rosslyn House cricket team dated 1910 which features my grandfather (Alan Westbury Preston). He would have been 12 years old at the time. All the boys on the photo have been named. If this is the location of the school then it appears that the date of demolition is incorrect.

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Comment
The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 14:30 GMT   

Kilburn Park - opened 1915
Kilburn Park station was opened at the height of the First World War

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Graham Margetson   
Added: 9 Feb 2021 14:33 GMT   

I lived at 4 Arkwright Road before it was the school
My parents lived at 4 Arkwright Road. Mrs Goodwin actually owned the house and my parents rented rooms from her.


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Lived here
   
Added: 10 Dec 2020 23:51 GMT   

Wellgarth Road, NW11
I lived at 15 Wellgarth Road with my parents and family from 1956 until I left home in the 70s and continued to visit my mother there until she moved in the early 80s. On the first day we moved in we kids raced around the garden and immediately discovered an air raid shelter that ran right underneath the house which I assume was added in the run-up to WW2. There was a basement room with its own entrance off the garden and right opposite where the air raid shelter emerged. In no time at all up high near the ceiling of this room, we discovered a door which, while we were little enough, we could enter by standing on some item of furniture, haul ourselves in and hide from the grownups. That room was soundproof enough for us kids to make a racket if we wanted to. But not too loud if my dad was playing billiards in the amazing wood-panelled room immediately above. We had no idea that we were living in such an historical building. To us it was just fun - and home!

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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 14:49 GMT   

A bit of a lift....
Kilburn Park was the first station to be designed around escalators, rather than lifts.

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Fumblina   
Added: 26 Dec 2022 18:59 GMT   

Detailed history of Red Lion
I’m not the author but this blog by Dick Weindling and Marianne Colloms has loads of really clear information about the history of the Red Lion which people might appreciate.


Source: ‘Professor Morris’ and the Red Lion, Kilburn

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Born here
   
Added: 16 Nov 2022 12:39 GMT   

The Pearce family lived in Gardnor Road
The Pearce family moved into Gardnor Road around 1900 after living in Fairfax walk, my Great grandfather, wife and there children are recorded living in number 4 Gardnor road in the 1911 census, yet I have been told my grand father was born in number 4 in 1902, generations of the Pearce continue living in number 4 as well other houses in the road up until the 1980’s

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
Linda WEBB   
Added: 8 Jun 2023 23:16 GMT   

Craven Street, WC2N
James webb lived in Craven Street Westminster. He died in 1758 and his states he was of Craven Street.
FROM England & Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1384-1858 for James Webb PROB 11: Will Registers
1773-1776 Piece 1004: Alexander, Quire Numbers 1-45 (1775)

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claudia s   
Added: 8 Jun 2023 13:57 GMT   

Drakewood Road, SW16
word

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Loraine Brocklehurst    
Added: 24 May 2023 14:00 GMT   

Holcombe Road, N17
I lived at 23Holcombe Rd. with my parents, Grandfather , Aunt and Uncle in 1954. My Aunt and Uncle lived there until it was demolished. I’m not sure what year that was as we emigrated to Canada.

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Jen Williams   
Added: 20 May 2023 17:27 GMT   

Corfield Street, E2
My mother was born in 193 Corfield Street in 1920.Her father was a policeman.

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sofia   
Added: 19 May 2023 08:57 GMT   

43 MELLITUS STREET
43 MELLITUS STREET

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Added: 17 May 2023 11:50 GMT   

Milson Road (1908 - 1954)
My grandparents and great grandparents and great great grandparents the Manley family lived at 33 Milson Road from 1908 to 1935. My grandad was born at 33 Milson Road. His parents George and Grace had all four of their chidren there. When his father Edward died his mother moved to 67 Milson in 1935 Road and lived there until 1954 (records found so far, it may be longer). Before that they lived in the Porten Road. I wonder if there is anyone that used to know them? My grandad was Charles ’Ted’ Manley, his parents were called George and Grace and George’s parents were called Edward and Bessie. George worked in a garage and Edward was a hairdresser.

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Lived here
   
Added: 16 Apr 2023 15:55 GMT   

Rendlesham Road, E5
I lived at 14 Rendlesham Road in the 1940s and 50s. The house belonged to my grandfather James Grosvenor who bought it in the 1920s for £200.I had a brother who lived in property until 1956 when he married. Local families were the paisleys, the Jenners and the family of Christopher Gable.

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Comment
Sandra Field   
Added: 15 Apr 2023 16:15 GMT   

Removal Order
Removal order from Shoreditch to Holborn, Jane Emma Hall, Single, 21 Pregnant. Born about 21 years since in Masons place in the parish of St Lukes.

Source:
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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
6 Ellerdale Road 6 Ellerdale Road is a house built by the Arts and Crafts movement architect Richard Norman Shaw for himself in the period 1874 to 1876.
An introduction to Hampstead by G.E. Mitton (1902) This text originates from "The Fascination of Hampstead" by Geraldine Edith Mitton (published 1902)
Frognal Bridge Where Frognal meets the Finchley Road, there is an indiscernible dip...
Hampstead station (1907) Hampstead station pictured at its opening in 1907
Hampstead Town This article first appeared in ’A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, Hampstead, Paddington’.
Hampstead tunnel Hampstead Tunnel, 1166 yards long, was built as part of the Hampstead Junction Railway, and opened on 2 January 1860.
Piecemeal building The infant River Westbourne crossed, what in 1900, was still a boggy field.
River Westbourne The easternmost branch of the River Westbourne rises just south of the centre of Hampstead,
Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel The Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel is a place of worship and a member of the General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches, the umbrella organisation for British Unitarians.
Rosslyn House Rosslyn (Roslyn) House, which stood between Wedderburn and Lyndhurst Roads, was one of the last of the famous old Hampstead houses to be destroyed.
Shepherd’s Well Shepherd’s Well, whose flow was thought to be nearly as pure as distilled water, is the source of the River Tyburn.
St John, Hampstead St John-at-Hampstead is a Church of England parish church dedicated to St John the Evangelist.
St Stephen’s Church St Stephen’s is a former church building, sited on Rosslyn Hill at its junction with Pond Street, a steep slope adjacent to the Royal Free Hospital.
The Royal School, Hampstead The Royal School, Hampstead, was an independent girls’ day and boarding school. The school educated girls aged 3-16.
Two streams meet Somewhere beneath the basement of 16 Frognal, NW3 two tributaries of the River Westbourne meet.
University College School University College School, generally known as UCS, is an independent school charity situated in northwest London.

NEARBY STREETS
Akenside Court, NW3 Akenside Court is a block on Belsize Crescent.
Akenside Road, NW3 Akenside Road is a street named after a famous local resident.
April House, NW3 April House is sited on Maresfield Gardens.
Arkwright Mansions, NW3 Arkwright Mansions is a location in London.
Arkwright Road, NW3 Arkwright Road, NW3 runs from Fitzjohn’s Avenue to Finchley Road.
Baynes Mews, NW3 Baynes Mews is a mews within the conservation area of Belsize Park.
Belsize Avenue, NW3 Belsize Avenue was once the driveway to the former Belsize House.
Belsize Court Garages, NW3 Belsize Court Garages were built by Willett in around 1880 as livery stables.
Belsize Court, NW3 Belsize Court is a street in Hampstead.
Belsize Crescent, NW3 Belsize Crescent was the creation of a builder called Daniel Tidey and called, at first, Prince Consort Road.
Belsize Lane, NW3 Belsize Lane is a thoroughfare linking Rosslyn Hill with Swiss Cottage.
Belsize Mews, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Belsize Park Mews, NW3 Belsize Park Mews lies in the Belsize Park Conservation Area.
Belsize Place, NW3 Belsize Place follows the line of an old footpath.
Belsize Terrace, NW3 Belsize Terrace dates from the 1860s and is the eastern extension of Belsize Crescent.
Brabourne House, NW3 Brabourne House is sited on Frognal.
Carlingford Road, NW3 Carlingford Road runs between Pilgrim’s Lane and Willoughby Road.
Church Row, NW3 Church Row is a street in Hampstead.
Coach House Yard, NW3 Coach House Yard is a street in Hampstead.
Connaught Mews, NW3 Connaught Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Daleham Mews, NW3 Daleham Mews is a mews in Belsize Park.
Dalkeith Gardens, NW3 Dalkeith Gardens became part of Lyndhurst Gardens in 1911.
Downshire Hill, NW3 Downshire Hill is a street in Hampstead.
Eldon Court, NW3 Eldon Court is a block on Eldon Grove.
Ellerdale Close, NW3 Ellerdale Close is a street in Hampstead.
Ellerdale Road, NW3 Ellerdale Road was added to the streetscape of Hampstead in 1874.
Fitzjohn’s Avenue, TW9 Fitzjohn’s Avenue is a location in London.
Frognal Close, NW3 Frognal Close is a street in Hampstead.
Frognal Court, NW3 Frognal Court is a block on Frognal Court.
Frognal Gardens, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Frognal Parade, NW3 Frognal Parade is a parade of shops lying beyond Finchley Road and Frognal station.
Frognal Way, NW3 Frognal Way is a street in Hampstead.
Frognal, NW3 A road called Frognal runs from Church Row in Hampstead downhill to Finchley Road and follows the course of a stream which goes on to form the River Westbourne.
Greenhill, NW3 Greenhill is a street in Hampstead.
Hampstead Gate, NW3 Hampstead Gate is a street in Hampstead.
Hampstead Green, NW3 Hampstead Green is a street in Hampstead.
Hampstead High Street, NW3 Hampstead High Street is a street in Hampstead.
Hampstead Hill Gardens, NW3 Hampstead Hill Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Henderson Court, NW3 Henderson Court is a block on Fitzjohn’s Avenue.
Hillsdown House, NW3 Hillsdown House is sited on Hampstead High Street.
Holly Bush Vale, NW3 Holly Bush Vale is a street in Hampstead.
Holly Walk, NW3 Holly Walk connects Holly Hill with Church Row.
Keats Grove, NW3 John Keats lived in the road and his house is now a museum.
Kemplay Road, NW3 Kemplay Road is a street in Hampstead.
Lindfield Gardens, NW3 Lindfield Gardens connects Langland Gardens with Arkwright Road.
Lithos Road, NW3 Lithos Road is a part of the NW3 postal area which lies west of the Finchley Road.
Lowlands, NW3 Lowlands is a street in Hampstead.
Lyndhurst Gardens, NW3 Lyndhurst Gardens dates from the 1880s.
Lyndhurst Road, NW3 Lyndhurst Road is a street in Hampstead.
Lyndhurst Terrace, NW3 Lyndhurst Terrace is a street in Hampstead.
Manor House, NW3 Manor House is a block on Downshire Hill.
Maresfield Gardens, NW3 Maresfield Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Martys Yard, NW3 Martys Yard is a street in Hampstead.
Midland Crescent, NW3 Midland Crescent is a street in Hampstead.
Mulberry Close, NW3 Mulberry Close is a location in London.
Mulberry House, NW3 Mulberry House is a block on Church Row.
Netherall Gardens, NW3 Netherall Gardens is a location in London.
Netherhall Gardens, NW3 Netherhall Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Netherhall Way, NW3 Netherhall Way is a street in Hampstead.
Nutley Terrace, NW3 Nutley Terrace is a street in Hampstead.
Old Brewery Mews, NW3 Old Brewery Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Oriel Court, NW3 Oriel Court is a street in Hampstead.
Oriel Place, NW3 Oriel Place is a street in Hampstead.
Ornan Road, NW3 Ornan Road is a street in Hampstead.
Otto Schiff House, NW3 Otto Schiff House is a block on Nutley Terrace.
Perceval Avenue, NW3 Perceval Avenue is a street in Hampstead.
Perrin’s Lane, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Perrins Court, NW3 Perrins Court is a street in Hampstead.
Perrins Walk, NW3 Perrins Walk is a street in Hampstead.
Petros Gardens, NW3 Petros Gardens is a location in London.
Pilgrim’s Lane, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Pilgrim’s Place, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Prince Arthur Mews, NW3 Prince Arthur Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Prince Arthur Road, NW3 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn and son of Queen Victoria opened a home for sailor’s daughters in the area in 1869.
Princess Mews, NW3 Princess Mews is a mews of Belsize Park.
Rosemont Road, NW3 Rosemont Road is a street in Hampstead.
Rosslyn Hill, NW3 Rosslyn Hill is a road connecting the south end of Hampstead High Street to the north end of Haverstock Hill.
Rosslyn Mews, NW3 Rosslyn Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Rudall Crescent, NW3 Rudall Crescent was laid out by a builder John Culverhouse in 1878.
Shepherd’s Path, NW3 Shepherd?s Path is a street in Hampstead.
Shepherd’s Path, NW3 Shepherd’s Path is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Shepherds Walk, NW3 Shepherds Walk is a street in Hampstead.
Sumpter Close, NW3 Sumpter Close is a street in Hampstead.
Sun House, NW3 Sun House is a block on Frognal Way.
The Gables, NW3 The Gables is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Thurlow Road, NW3 Thurlow Road is a street in Hampstead.
Tower Close, NW3 Tower Close was built on the site of Eldon House in 1982 by Pollard Thomas & Edwards
Vane Close, NW3 Vane Close is a street in Hampstead.
Village Mount, NW3 Village Mount is a street in Hampstead.
Wandsworth Place, NW3 Wandsworth Place is a street in Hampstead.
Waterhouse Close, NW3 Waterhouse Close is a street in Hampstead.
Wedderburn Road, NW3 Wedderburn Road was named, indirectly, after a Lord Chancellor.
Willoughby House, NW3 Willoughby House is a block on Willoughby Road.
Willoughby Road, NW3 Willoughby Road is a street in Hampstead.
Yorkshire Grey Place, NW3 Yorkshire Grey Place is a street in Hampstead.

NEARBY PUBS


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Hampstead

Hampstead though now considered an integral part of London, has retained much of its village charm.

Hampstead is on a steep hill and the tube station platforms are the deepest on the London Underground network, at 58.5 metres below ground level. It has the deepest lift shaft on the Underground.

Although early records of Hampstead itself can be found in a grant by King Ethelred the Unready to the monastery of St. Peter's at Westminster (AD 986) and it is referred to in the Domesday Book (1086), the history of Hampstead is generally traced back to the 17th century.

Trustees of the Well started advertising the medicinal qualities of the chalybeate waters (water impregnated with iron) in 1700. Although Hampstead Wells was initially successful, its popularity declined in the 1800s due to competition with other London spas. The spa was demolished in 1882, although a water fountain was left behind.

Hampstead started to expand following the opening of the North London Railway in the 1860s (now on the London Overground), and expanded further after the tube station opened in 1907.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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Swiss Cottage
TUM image id: 1455364693
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Victorian house under construction
TUM image id: 1483541885
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Meadowland with buttercups and daisies
TUM image id: 1483540144
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Belsize Avenue in Belsize Park
TUM image id: 1550088979
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In the neighbourhood...

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Victorian house under construction
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At Hampstead Heath station, a Stratford bound Overground train emerges from Hampstead Tunnel - the other end of the tunnel can be seen behind the oncoming train.
Credit: nick86235
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Soldier’s Daughters Home from the "Illustrated London News", June 19, 1858
Credit: The Illustrated London News
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Broadhurst Gardens in West Hampstead, photographed here in 2009, was home to Decca Studios. From the late 1870s building had spread on Spencer Maryon Wilson’s lands. Near the Metropolitan railway line was Broadhurst Gardens, where 116 houses were built between 1882 and 1894.
Credit: Geograph/Christine Matthews
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Church Row, NW3 Church Row is an eighteenth-century residential street. Many of the properties are listed on the National Heritage List for England. The writer H. G. Wells bought No. 17 in 1909 and lived there with his wife, Jane. The comedian Peter Cook bought No. 17 for £24,000 in 1965. Cook and Dudley Moore wrote their Pete & Dud routines in the attic.
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Finchley Road Metropolitan Railway station exterior (1910) Wood Lane station - the one advertised in the photo - was built to serve the 1908 Franco-British Exhibition and the 1908 Olympic Games.
Credit: London Transport Museum
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Flask Walk, Hampstead (1922)
Credit: Charles Ginner (1878-1952)
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Holly Walk, NW3
Licence: CC BY 2.0


St Johns Court (built 1938)
Credit: https://manchesterhistory.net/
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Frognal, NW3
Credit: Google Maps
Licence: CC BY 2.0


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