Whitechapel

Underground station, existing between 1863 and now

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Underground station · Whitechapel · ·
November
13
2013

Whitechapel is a neighbourhood whose heart is Whitechapel Road itself, named for a small chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary.

By the late 1500s Whitechapel and the surrounding area had started becoming 'other half' of London. Located downwind of the genteel sections of west London which were to see the expansion of Westminster Abbey and construction of Buckingham Palace, it naturally attracted the more fragrant activities of the city, particularly tanneries, breweries, foundries (including the Whitechapel Bell Foundry which later cast Philadelphia's Liberty Bell and also Big Ben), slaughterhouses and, close by to the south, the gigantic Billingsgate fish market, famous in its day for the ornately foul language of the extremely Cockney fishwomen who worked there.

Population shifts from rural areas to London from the 1600s to the mid 1800s resulted in great numbers of more or less destitute people taking up residence amidst the industries and mercantile interests that had attracted them. By the 1840s Whitechapel, along with the enclaves of Wapping, Aldgate, Bethnal Green, Mile End, Limehouse and Stepney (collectively known today as the East End), had evolved, or devolved, into classic 'dickensian' London. Whitechapel Road itself was not particularly squalid through most of this period - it was the warren of small dark streets branching from it that contained the greatest suffering, filth and danger, especially Dorset St., Thrawl St., Berners St. (renamed Henriques St.), Wentworth St. and others.

In the Victorian era the base population of poor English country stock was swelled by immigrants from all over, particularly Irish and Jewish. 1888 saw the depredations of the Whitechapel Murderer, later known as 'Jack the Ripper'. In 1902, American author Jack London, looking to write a counterpart to Jacob Riis's seminal book How the Other Half Lives, donned ragged clothes and boarded in Whitechapel, detailing his experiences in The People of the Abyss. Riis had recently documented the astoundingly bad conditions in the leading city of the United States. Jack London, a socialist, thought it worthwhile to explore conditions in the leading city of the nation that had created modern capitalism. He concluded that English poverty was far rougher than the American variety. The juxtaposition of the poverty, homelessness, exploitive work conditions, prostitution, and infant mortality of Whitechapel and other East End locales with some of the greatest personal wealth the world has ever seen made it a focal point for leftist reformers of all kinds, from George Bernard Shaw, whose Fabian Society met regularly in Whitechapel, to Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, who boarded and led rallies in Whitechapel during his exile from Russia.

Whitechapel remained poor (and colourful) through the first half of the 20th Century, though somewhat less desperately so. It suffered great damage in the V2 German rocket attacks and the Blitz of World War II. Since then, Whitechapel has lost its notoriety, though it is still thoroughly working class. The Bangladeshis are the most visible migrant group there today and it is home to many aspiring artists and shoestring entrepreneurs.

Since the 1970s, Whitechapel and other nearby parts of East London have figured prominently in London's art scene. Probably the most prominent art venue is the Whitechapel Art Gallery, founded in 1901 and long an outpost of high culture in a poor neighbourhood. As the neighbourhood has gentrified, it has gained citywide, and even international, visibility and support.

Whitechapel, is a London Underground and London Overground station, on Whitechapel Road was opened in 1876 by the East London Railway on a line connecting Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations south of the River Thames. The station site was expanded in 1884, and again in 1902, to accommodate the services of the Metropolitan District Railway, a predecessor of the London Underground. The London Overground section of the station was closed between 2007 and 27 April 2010 for rebuilding, initially reopening for a preview service on 27 April 2010 with the full service starting on 23 May 2010.


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


The Underground Map   
Added: 20 Sep 2020 13:01 GMT   

Pepys starts diary
On 1 January 1659, Samuel Pepys started his famous daily diary and maintained it for ten years. The diary has become perhaps the most extensive source of information on this critical period of English history. Pepys never considered that his diary would be read by others. The original diary consisted of six volumes written in Shelton shorthand, which he had learned as an undergraduate on scholarship at Magdalene College, Cambridge. This shorthand was introduced in 1626, and was the same system Isaac Newton used when writing.

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Tricia   
Added: 27 Apr 2021 12:05 GMT   

St George in the East Church
This Church was opened in 1729, designed by Hawksmore. Inside destroyed by incendrie bomb 16th April 1941. Rebuilt inside and finished in 1964. The building remained open most of the time in a temporary prefab.

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Lived here
Katharina Logan   
Added: 9 Aug 2022 19:01 GMT   

Ely place existed in name in 1857
On 7th July 1857 John James Chase and Mary Ann Weekes were married at St John the Baptist Hoxton, he of full age and she a minor. Both parties list their place of residence as Ely Place, yet according to other information, this street was not named until 1861. He was a bricklayer, she had no occupation listed, but both were literate and able to sign their names on their marriage certificate.

Source: https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSF7-Q9Y7?cc=3734475

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Graham O’Connell   
Added: 10 Apr 2021 10:24 GMT   

Lloyd & Sons, Tin Box Manufacturers (1859 - 1982)
A Lloyd & Sons occupied the wharf (now known as Lloyds Wharf, Mill Street) from the mid 19th Century to the late 20th Century. Best known for making tin boxes they also produced a range of things from petrol canisters to collecting tins. They won a notorious libel case in 1915 when a local councillor criticised the working conditions which, in fairness, weren’t great. There was a major fire here in 1929 but the company survived at least until 1982 and probably a year or two after that.

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Marion James   
Added: 12 Mar 2021 17:43 GMT   

26 Edith Street Haggerston
On Monday 11th October 1880 Charlotte Alice Haynes was born at 26 Edith Street Haggerston the home address of her parents her father Francis Haynes a Gilder by trade and her mother Charlotte Alice Haynes and her two older siblings Francis & George who all welcomed the new born baby girl into the world as they lived in part of the small Victorian terraced house which was shared by another family had an outlook view onto the world of the Imperial Gas Works site - a very grey drab reality of the life they were living as an East End working class family - 26 Edith Street no longer stands in 2021 - the small rundown polluted terrace houses of Edith Street are long since gone along with the Gas Companies buildings to be replaced with green open parkland that is popular in 21st century by the trendy residents of today - Charlotte Alice Haynes (1880-1973) is the wife of my Great Grand Uncle Henry Pickett (1878-1930) As I research my family history I slowly begin to understand the life my descendants had to live and the hardships that they went through to survive - London is my home and there are many areas of this great city I find many of my descendants living working and dying in - I am yet to find the golden chalice! But in all truthfulness my family history is so much more than hobby its an understanding of who I am as I gather their stories. Did Charlotte Alice Pickett nee Haynes go on to live a wonderful life - no I do not think so as she became a widow in 1930 worked in a canteen and never remarried living her life in and around Haggerston & Hackney until her death in 1973 with her final resting place at Manor Park Cemetery - I think Charlotte most likely excepted her lot in life like many women from her day, having been born in the Victorian era where the woman had less choice and standing in society, which is a sad state of affairs - So I will endeavour to write about Charlotte and the many other women in my family history to give them the voice of a life they so richly deserve to be recorded !

Edith Street was well situated for the new public transport of two railway stations in 1880 :- Haggerston Railway Station opened in 1867 & Cambridge Heath Railway Station opened in 1872


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Born here
Beverly Sand   
Added: 3 Apr 2021 17:19 GMT   

Havering Street, E1
My mother was born at 48 Havering Street. That house no longer exists. It disappeared from the map by 1950. Family name Schneider, mother Ray and father Joe. Joe’s parents lived just up the road at 311 Cable Street

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Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

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Lived here
margaret clark   
Added: 15 Oct 2021 22:23 GMT   

Margaret’s address when she married in 1938
^, Josepine House, Stepney is the address of my mother on her marriage certificate 1938. Her name was Margaret Irene Clark. Her father Basil Clark was a warehouse grocer.

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Boo Horton    
Added: 31 May 2021 13:39 GMT   

Angel & Trumpet, Stepney Green
The Angel & Trumpet Public House in Stepney Green was run by my ancestors in the 1930’s. Unfortunately, it was a victim on WWII and was badly damaged and subsequently demolished. I have one photograph that I believe to bethe pub, but it doesn’t show much more that my Great Aunt cleaning the steps.

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Comment
   
Added: 6 Nov 2021 15:03 GMT   

Old Nichol Street, E2
Information about my grandfather’s tobacconist shop

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 15:19 GMT   

Bus makes a leap
A number 78 double-decker bus driven by Albert Gunter was forced to jump an accidentally opening Tower Bridge.

He was awarded a £10 bonus.

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Martin Eaton    
Added: 14 Oct 2021 03:56 GMT   

Boundary Estate
Sunbury, Taplow House.

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STEPHEN JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:25 GMT   

Fellows Court, E2
my family moved into the tower block 13th floor (maisonette), in 1967 after our street Lenthall rd e8 was demolished, we were one of the first families in the new block. A number of families from our street were rehoused in this and the adjoining flats. Inside toilet and central heating, all very modern at the time, plus eventually a tarmac football pitch in the grounds,(the cage), with a goal painted by the kids on the brick wall of the railway.

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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 15:05 GMT   

A plague on all your houses
Aldgate station is built directly on top of a vast plague pit, where thousands of bodies are apparently buried. No-one knows quite how many.

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STEPHEN ARTHUR JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:12 GMT   

Lynedoch Street, E2
my father Arthur Jackson was born in lynedoch street in 1929 and lived with mm grandparents and siblings, until they were relocated to Pamela house Haggerston rd when the street was to be demolished

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

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Richard Lake   
Added: 28 Sep 2022 09:37 GMT   

Trade Union Official
John William Lake snr moved with his family to 22 De Laune Street in 1936. He was the London Branch Secretary for the Street Masons, Paviours and Road Makers Union. He had previously lived in Orange St now Copperfield St Southwark but had been forced to move because the landlord didn’t like him working from home and said it broke his lease.
John William snr died in 1940. His son John William Lake jnr also became a stone mason and at the end of World War two he was responsible for the engraving of the dates of WW2 onto the Cenotaph in Whitehall.

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Lived here
Julie   
Added: 22 Sep 2022 18:30 GMT   

Well Walk, NW3 (1817 - 1818)
The home of Benthy, the Postman, with whom poet John Keats and his brother Tom lodged from early 1817 to Dec., 1818. They occupied the first floor up. Here Tom died Dec. 1, 1818. It was next door to the Welles Tavern then called ’The Green Man’."

From collected papers and photos re: No. 1 Well Walk at the library of Harvard University.

Source: No. 1, Well Walk, Hampstead. | HOLLIS for

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Comment
   
Added: 4 Sep 2022 15:42 GMT   

Superman 2
I worked here in 1977. The scene in the prison laundry in Superman 2 was filmed here.

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TUM   
Added: 27 Aug 2022 10:22 GMT   

The Underground Map
Michael Faraday successfully demonstrated the first electrical transformer at the Royal Institute, London.

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 15:19 GMT   

Bus makes a leap
A number 78 double-decker bus driven by Albert Gunter was forced to jump an accidentally opening Tower Bridge.

He was awarded a £10 bonus.

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 12:44 GMT   

The world’s first underground train
The very first underground train left Paddington on the new Metropolitan Railway bound for Farringdon Street.

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 12:41 GMT   

Baker Street
Baker Street station opened on the Metropolitan Railway - the world’s first underground line.

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 12:17 GMT   

TV comes to Olympia
Over 7000 people queued to see the first high definition television pictures on sets at the Olympia Radio Show. The pictures were transmitted by the BBC from Alexandra Palace, introduced by Leslie Mitchell, their first announcer.

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Pavilion Theatre The Pavilion Theatre at 191–193 Whitechapel Road was the first major theatre to open in the East End.
Vine Tavern The Vine Tavern was situated on a site in the middle of Mile End Road, theoretically at number 31.

THE STREETS OF WHITECHAPEL
Adler Street, E1 Adler Street runs between the Whitechapel Road and the Commercial Road.
Back Church Lane, E1 Back Church Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Batty Street, E1 Batty Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Black Lion Yard, E1 Black Lion Yard was a narrow thoroughfare running north-south from Old Montague Street (where it was accessible via a set of steps) to Whitechapel Road.
Booth House, E1 Booth House is a block on Whitechapel Road.
Boyard Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Boyd Street, E1 Boyd Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Brady Street, E1 Brady Street is a road running north-south from Three Colts Lane to Whitechapel Road.
Burslem Street, E1 Burslem Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Buxton Street, E1 Buxton Street developed in the early and mid-nineteenth century.
Carillon Court, E1 Carillon Court can be found on Greatorex Street
Casson Street, E1 Casson Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Castlemain Street, E1 Castlemain Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Challoner Walk, E1 Challoner Walk is a location in London.
Chicksand Street, E1 Chicksand Street runs east from Brick Lane.
Christian Street, E1 Christian Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Codling Close, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Collingwood Street, E1 Collingwood Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Court Street, E1 Court Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Coverley Close, E1 Coverley Close is a road in the E1 postcode area
Darling Row, E1 Darling Row is a road in the E1 postcode area
Davenant Street, E1 Davenant Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Deal Street, E1 Deal Street dates from the mid 1840s.
Dowson Place, E1 Dowson Place appears on the 1862 Stanford map.
Durward Street, E1 Durward Street is a narrow thoroughfare running east-west from Brady Street to Baker’s Row (today’s Vallance Road).
Durwaroad Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
East Mount Street, E1 East Mount Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Ellen Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Ely Place, E1 Ely Place appears on the 1862 Stanford map.
Enterprise House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Fairclough Street, E1 Fairclough Street runs from Back Church Lane to Christian Street.
Fakruddin Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Fieldgate Street, E1 Fieldgate Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Forbes Street, E1 Forbes Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Fordham Street, E1 Fordham Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Frostic Walk, E1 Frostic Walk leads from Chicksand Street to Old Montague Street.
Gower’s Walk, E1 Gower’s Walk leads south from Commercial Road.
Granary Road, E1 Granary Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Greatorex Street, E1 Greatorex Street was formerly called High Street.
Green Dragon Yard, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Greenfield Road, E1 Greenfield Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Grindall House, E1 Grindall House can be found on Collingwood Street
Hanbury Street, E1 Hanbury Street is a long road running west-east from Commercial Street to Vallance Road.
Headlam Street, E1 Headlam Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Hemming Street, E1 Hemming Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Heneage Street, E1 Heneage Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Henriques Street, E1 Henriques Street was formerly called Berner Street.
Hobsons Place, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Hunton Street, E1 Hunton Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Kings Arms Court, E1 Kings Arms Court lies off Old Montague Street.
Knighten Street, E1W Knighten Street follows the line of the former Russell’s Buildings.
Lime Close, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Lomas Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Luntley Place, E1 Luntley Place appears on the 1862 Stanford map.
Merceron Street, E1 Merceron Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Mitali Passage, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Monthope Road, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Moss Close, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Mulberry Street, E1 Mulberry Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Myrdle Street, E1 Myrdle Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Odeon Court, E1 Odeon Court is on Chicksand Street.
Old Montague Street, E1 Old Montague Street is a thoroughfare running east-west from Baker’s Row (now Vallance Road) to Brick Lane.
Orion House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Osborn Place, E1 Osborn Place appears on maps between 1800 and 1900.
Parfett Street, E1 Parfett Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Pereira Street, E1 Pereira Street ran north/south in Bethnal Green.
Philchurch Place, E1 Philchurch Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Plumbers Row, E1 Plumbers Row is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Regal Close, E1 Regal Close is a road in the E1 postcode area
Romford Street, E1 Romford Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Rope Walk Gardens, E1 Rope Walk Gardens is a location in London.
Ropewalk Gardens, EC1M Ropewalk Gardens is a location in London.
Scott Street, E1 Scott Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Selby Street, E1 Selby Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Smith’s Place, E1W Smith’s Place appears on maps of Wapping between 1750 and 1900.
Somerford Street, E1 Somerford Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Spellman Street, E1 Spellman Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Spelman House, E1 Spelman House is a residential block in Whitechapel.
Spelman Street, E1 Spelman Street was formerly John Street and built up in the 19th century.
Spital Street, E1 Spital Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Spring Walk, E1 Spring Walk is a road in the E1 postcode area
Stutfield Street, E1 Stutfield Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Surma Close, E1 Surma Close is a road in the E1 postcode area
Technology Centre, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
The Loom, EC3R The Loom is a location in London.
Trahorn Close, E1 Trahorn Close is a road in the E1 postcode area
Twyne House 3 Boyd Street, E1 Twyne House 3 Boyd Street is a location in London.
Umberston Street, E1 Umberston Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Underwood Road, E1 Underwood Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Vallance Road, E1 Vallance Road is a significant road running north-south from Bethnal Green Road to Whitechapel Road.
Vine Court, E1 Vine Court is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Whitechapel Market, E1 Whitechapel Market is a road in the E1 postcode area
Whitechapel Road, E1 Whitechapel Road is a major arterial road in East London.
Whitechapel Technology Centre, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Winthrop Street, E1 Winthrop Street was formerly a narrow street running east-west from Brady Street to Durward Street.
Wodeham Gardens, E1 Wodeham Gardens is a road in the E1 postcode area
Woodseer Street, E1 Woodseer Street was formerly known as Pelham Street and part of the Halifax Estate.
Wool House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode


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We now have 507 completed street histories and 46993 partial histories
Find streets or residential blocks within the M25 by clicking STREETS




LOCAL PHOTOS
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Click here to see Creative Commons images near to this postcode
Buxton Street art, Spitalfields
TUM image id: 1653776269
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Buck's Row (Durward Street) in 1938.
TUM image id: 1490922288
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Hanbury Street c.1918, looking east
TUM image id: 1490921501
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
Bethnal Green railway station entrance, some distance away from its namesake Central line tube station. The photo was taken on 25 October 2008
Credit: Wiki Commons/Sunil060902
Licence: CC BY 2.0


George Tavern (2015) Situated at 373 Commercial Road, the George Tavern’s building contains original brickwork some 700 years old, and is mentioned in texts by Geoffrey Chaucer, Samuel Pepys and Charles Dickens.
Credit: Wiki Commons/Jimmyketchup
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A view east along Whitechapel Road including the Pavilion Theatre. The Pavilion was the first major theatre to open in the East End. It opened in 1827 and closed in 1935.
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Brady Street looking toward the junction with Durward Street, 1979.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Buck's Row (Durward Street) in 1938.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Berner Street, April 1909. The cartwheel indicates the entrance to Dutfield's Yard.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The Vine Tavern, Mile End Road (1870) The sign promises that it WILL be rebuilt. Let’s hope that it was to everybody’s satisfaction.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Settles Street, E1 (1940) This photo shows a fine old school sign which featured a torch. A direction sign to a Second World War shelter is on the wall.
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Whitechapel Road
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Winthrop Street looking east, c.1970.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


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