The Loom, EC3R

Road in/near Whitechapel

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(51.512884 -0.067584, 51.512 -0.067) 
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Road · Whitechapel · EC3R ·
December
29
2020

The Loom is a location in London.





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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


The Underground Map   
Added: 20 Sep 2020 13:01 GMT   

Pepys starts diary
On 1 January 1659, Samuel Pepys started his famous daily diary and maintained it for ten years. The diary has become perhaps the most extensive source of information on this critical period of English history. Pepys never considered that his diary would be read by others. The original diary consisted of six volumes written in Shelton shorthand, which he had learned as an undergraduate on scholarship at Magdalene College, Cambridge. This shorthand was introduced in 1626, and was the same system Isaac Newton used when writing.

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Tricia   
Added: 27 Apr 2021 12:05 GMT   

St George in the East Church
This Church was opened in 1729, designed by Hawksmore. Inside destroyed by incendrie bomb 16th April 1941. Rebuilt inside and finished in 1964. The building remained open most of the time in a temporary prefab.

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Graham O’Connell   
Added: 10 Apr 2021 10:24 GMT   

Lloyd & Sons, Tin Box Manufacturers (1859 - 1982)
A Lloyd & Sons occupied the wharf (now known as Lloyds Wharf, Mill Street) from the mid 19th Century to the late 20th Century. Best known for making tin boxes they also produced a range of things from petrol canisters to collecting tins. They won a notorious libel case in 1915 when a local councillor criticised the working conditions which, in fairness, weren’t great. There was a major fire here in 1929 but the company survived at least until 1982 and probably a year or two after that.

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Born here
Beverly Sand   
Added: 3 Apr 2021 17:19 GMT   

Havering Street, E1
My mother was born at 48 Havering Street. That house no longer exists. It disappeared from the map by 1950. Family name Schneider, mother Ray and father Joe. Joe’s parents lived just up the road at 311 Cable Street

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Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

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Lived here
margaret clark   
Added: 15 Oct 2021 22:23 GMT   

Margaret’s address when she married in 1938
^, Josepine House, Stepney is the address of my mother on her marriage certificate 1938. Her name was Margaret Irene Clark. Her father Basil Clark was a warehouse grocer.

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Boo Horton    
Added: 31 May 2021 13:39 GMT   

Angel & Trumpet, Stepney Green
The Angel & Trumpet Public House in Stepney Green was run by my ancestors in the 1930’s. Unfortunately, it was a victim on WWII and was badly damaged and subsequently demolished. I have one photograph that I believe to bethe pub, but it doesn’t show much more that my Great Aunt cleaning the steps.

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Comment
   
Added: 6 Nov 2021 15:03 GMT   

Old Nichol Street, E2
Information about my grandfather’s tobacconist shop

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 15:19 GMT   

Bus makes a leap
A number 78 double-decker bus driven by Albert Gunter was forced to jump an accidentally opening Tower Bridge.

He was awarded a £10 bonus.

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Comment
Steven Shepherd   
Added: 4 Feb 2021 14:20 GMT   

Our House
I and my three brothers were born at 178 Pitfield Street. All of my Mothers Family (ADAMS) Lived in the area. There was an area behind the house where the Hoxton Stall holders would keep the barrows. The house was classed as a slum but was a large house with a basement. The basement had 2 rooms that must have been unchanged for many years it contained a ’copper’ used to boil and clean clothes and bedlinen and a large ’range’ a cast iron coal/log fired oven. Coal was delivered through a ’coal hole’ in the street which dropped through to the basement. The front of the house used to be a shop but unused while we lived there. I have many more happy memories of the house too many to put here.

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fariba   
Added: 28 Jun 2021 00:48 GMT   

Tower Bridge Business Complex, S
need for my coursework

Source: university

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Martin Eaton    
Added: 14 Oct 2021 03:56 GMT   

Boundary Estate
Sunbury, Taplow House.

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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 15:05 GMT   

A plague on all your houses
Aldgate station is built directly on top of a vast plague pit, where thousands of bodies are apparently buried. No-one knows quite how many.

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Comment
   
Added: 21 Apr 2021 16:21 GMT   

Liverpool Street
the Bishopsgate station has existed since 1840 as a passenger station, but does not appear in the site’s cartography. Evidently, the 1860 map is in fact much earlier than that date.

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Lived here
Linda    
Added: 18 Feb 2021 22:03 GMT   

Pereira Street, E1
My grandfather Charles Suett lived in Periera Street & married a widowed neighbour there. They later moved to 33 Bullen House, Collingwood Street where my father was born.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

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danny currie   
Added: 30 Nov 2022 18:39 GMT   

dads yard
ron currie had a car breaking yard in millers yard back in the 60s good old days

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Lynette beardwood   
Added: 29 Nov 2022 20:53 GMT   

Spy’s Club
Topham’s Hotel at 24-28 Ebury Street was called the Ebury Court Hotel. Its first proprietor was a Mrs Topham. In WW2 it was a favourite watering hole for the various intelligence organisations based in the Pimlico area. The first woman infiltrated into France in 1942, FANY Yvonne Rudellat, was recruited by the Special Operations Executive while working there. She died in Bergen Belsen in April 1945.

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Born here
   
Added: 16 Nov 2022 12:39 GMT   

The Pearce family lived in Gardnor Road
The Pearce family moved into Gardnor Road around 1900 after living in Fairfax walk, my Great grandfather, wife and there children are recorded living in number 4 Gardnor road in the 1911 census, yet I have been told my grand father was born in number 4 in 1902, generations of the Pearce continue living in number 4 as well other houses in the road up until the 1980’s

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Born here
   
Added: 16 Nov 2022 12:38 GMT   

The Pearce family lived in Gardnor Road
The Pearce family moved into Gardnor Road around 1900 after living in Fairfax walk, my Great grandfather, wife and there children are recorded living in number 4 Gardnor road in the 1911 census, yet I have been told my grand father was born in number 4 in 1902, generations of the Pearce continue living in number 4 as well other houses in the road up until the 1980’s

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Lived here
Phil Stubbington   
Added: 14 Nov 2022 16:28 GMT   

Numbers 60 to 70 (1901 - 1939)
A builder, Robert Maeers (1842-1919), applied to build six houses on plots 134 to 139 on the Lincoln House Estate on 5 October 1901. He received approval on 8 October 1901. These would become numbers 60 to 70 Rodenhurst Road (60 is plot 139). Robert Maeers was born in Northleigh, Devon. In 1901 he was living in 118 Elms Road with his wife Georgina, nee Bagwell. They had four children, Allan, Edwin, Alice, and Harriet, born between 1863 and 1873.
Alice Maeers was married to John Rawlins. Harriet Maeers was married to William Street.
Three of the six houses first appear on the electoral register in 1904:
Daniel Mescal “Ferncroft”
William Francis Street “Hillsboro”
Henry Elkin “Montrose”

By the 1905 electoral register all six are occupied:

Daniel Mescal “St Senans”
Henry Robert Honeywood “Grasmere”
John Rawlins “Iveydene”
William Francis Street “Hillsboro”
Walter Ernest Manning “St Hilda”
Henry Elkin “Montrose”

By 1906 house numbers replace names:

Daniel Mescal 70
Henry Robert Honeywood 68
John Rawlins 66
William Francis Street 64
Walter Ernest Manning 62
Henry Elkin 60

It’s not clear whether number 70 changed from “Ferncroft” to “St Senans” or possibly Daniel Mescal moved houses.

In any event, it can be seen that Robert Maeers’ two daughters are living in numbers 64 and 66, with, according to local information, an interconnecting door. In the 1911 census William Street is shown as a banker’s clerk. John Rawlins is a chartering clerk in shipping. Robert Maeers and his wife are also living at this address, Robert being shown as a retired builder.

By 1939 all the houses are in different ownership except number 60, where the Elkins are still in residence.


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stephen garraway   
Added: 13 Nov 2022 13:56 GMT   

Martin Street, Latimer Road
I was born at St Charlottes and lived at 14, Martin Street, Latimer Road W10 until I was 4 years old when we moved to the east end. It was my Nan Grant’s House and she was the widow of George Frederick Grant. She had two sons, George and Frederick, and one daughter, my mother Margaret Patricia.
The downstairs flat where we lived had two floors, the basement and the ground floor. The upper two floors were rented to a Scot and his family, the Smiths. He had red hair. The lights and cooker were gas and there was one cold tap over a Belfast sink. A tin bath hung on the wall. The toilet was outside in the yard. This was concreted over and faced the the rear of the opposite terraces. All the yards were segregated by high brick walls. The basement had the a "best" room with a large , dark fireplace with two painted metal Alsation ornaments and it was very dark, cold and little used.
The street lights were gas and a man came round twice daily to turn them on and off using a large pole with a hook and a lighted torch on the end. I remember men coming round the streets with carts selling hot chestnuts and muffins and also the hurdy gurdy man with his instrument and a monkey in a red jacket. I also remember the first time I saw a black man and my mother pulling me away from him. He had a Trilby and pale Mackintosh so he must of been one of the first of the Windrush people. I seem to recall he had a thin moustache.
Uncle George had a small delivery lorry but mum lost touch with him and his family. Uncle Fred went to Peabody Buildings near ST.Pauls.
My Nan was moved to a maisonette in White City around 1966, and couldn’t cope with electric lights, cookers and heating and she lost all of her neighbourhood friends. Within six months she had extreme dementia and died in a horrible ward in Tooting Bec hospital a year or so later. An awful way to end her life, being moved out of her lifelong neighbourhood even though it was slums.

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Comment
   
Added: 31 Oct 2022 18:47 GMT   

Memories
I lived at 7 Conder Street in a prefab from roughly 1965 to 1971 approx - happy memories- sad to see it is no more ?

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Eve Glover   
Added: 22 Oct 2022 09:28 GMT   

Shenley Road
Shenley Road is the main street in Borehamwood where the Job Centre and Blue Arrow were located

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
29 Aldgate High Street 29 Aldgate High Street is a demolished property, originally on the north side of Aldgate High Street..
46 Aldgate High Street This Grade II Listed office building is one of the few timber-framed buildings in the City that predates the Great Fire of 1666.
Aldgate bus station Aldgate Bus Station serves the Aldgate area of the City of London.
Aldgate East In a land east of Aldgate, lies the land of Aldgate East...
Altab Ali Park Altab Ali Park is a small park on Adler Street, White Church Lane and Whitechapel Road.
Boar’s Head Theatre The Boar’s Head Theatre was an inn-yard theatre in the Whitechapel area.
Eastminster Eastminster (The Abbey of St Mary de Graces) was a Cistercian abbey on Tower Hill and founded by Edward III in 1350.
Goodman’s Fields Goodman’s Fields was a farm beyond the walls of the City.
Goodman’s Fields Theatre Two 18th century theatres bearing the name Goodman’s Fields Theatre were located on Alie Street, Whitechapel.
Holy Trinity, Minories Holy Trinity, Minories was a Church of England parish church outside the eastern boundaries of the City of London, but within the Liberties of the Tower of London.
Minories Minories was the western terminus of the London and Blackwall Railway.
Portsoken Portsoken is one of 25 wards in the City of London, each electing an alderman to the Court of Aldermen and commoners (the City equivalent of a councillor) elected to the Court of Common Council of the City of London Corporation.
St George’s German Lutheran Church St George’s German Lutheran Church is a church in Alie Street, Whitechapel.
St Mary Matfelon St Mary Matfelon church was popularly known as St Mary’s, Whitechapel.
Toynbee Hall Toynbee Hall is a building which is the home of a charity of the same name.
Whitechapel Gallery The Whitechapel Gallery is a public art gallery in Aldgate.

NEARBY STREETS
Adler Street, E1 Adler Street runs between the Whitechapel Road and the Commercial Road.
Aldgate House, EC3N Aldgate House is a building adjacent to Aldgate station.
Alie Street, E1 Originally called Ayliff Street, Alie Street was named after a relative of William Leman, whose great-uncle, John Leman had bought Goodman’s Fields.
Amazon Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Angel Alley, E1 Angel Alley was a narrow passage which ran north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street..
Arcadia Court, E1 Arcadia Court is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Artichoke Hill, E1W Artichoke Hill is a road in the E1W postcode area
Assam Street, E1 Assam Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Back Church Lane, E1 Back Church Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Batty Street, E1 Batty Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Betts House, E1 Betts House is the oldest block on the St George’s Estate.
Betts Street, E1W Betts Street was formerly a lengthy street in the area.
Blue Anchor Yard, E1 Blue Anchor Yard is a road in the E1 postcode area
Bowmans Mews, E1 Bowmans Mews is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Boyard Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Boyd Street, E1 Boyd Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Braham Street, E1 Braham Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Breezer’s Hill, E98 Breezer’s Hill is a short, narrow hill running between The Highway (formerly Ratcliffe Highway and St George Street) and Pennington Street.
Bridle Mews, E1 Bridle Mews is a location in London.
Buckle Street, E1 Buckle Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Burslem Street, E1 Burslem Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Cable Street, E1 Cable Street started as a straight path along which hemp ropes were twisted into ships’ cables.
Camperdown Street, E1 Camperdown Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Cannon St Road, E1 Cannon St Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Cannon Street Road, E1 Cannon Street Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Canter Way, E1 Canter Way is a location in London.
Cartwright Street, E1 Cartwright Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Central House, E1 Residential block
Challoner Walk, E1 Challoner Walk is a location in London.
Chamber Street, E1 Chamber Street is a thoroughfare running east-west from Leman Street to Mansell Street.
Chaucer Gardens, E1 Chaucer Gardens is a location in London.
Chigwell Hill, E1W Chigwell Hill is a road in the E1W postcode area
Christian Street, E1 Christian Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Circle Place, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Circus, EC3N Circus was built between 1768 and 1774 to the designs of George Dance the Younger.
Commercial Road, E1 Commercial Road is a major thoroughfare (the A13) running east-west from the junction of Burdett Road and East India Dock Road to Braham Street.
Coney Way, E1 Coney Way is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Crofts Street, E1 Crofts Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Crowder Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Darbishire Place, E1 Darbishire Place is a location in London.
Denning Point 33 Commercial Street, E1 A block within the E1 postcode
Dock Street, E1 Dock Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
East Flank, E1 East Flank is a road in the SE18 postcode area
East Tenter Street, E1 East Tenter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Education Square, E1 Education Square is a location in London.
Ellen Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Ensign Street, E1 Ensign Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Ensigreen Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Enterprise House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Fairclough Street, E1 Fairclough Street runs from Back Church Lane to Christian Street.
Flank Street, E1 Flank Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Fletcher Street, E1 Fletcher Street runs south off of Cable Street.
Flintlock Close, E1 Flintlock Close is a location in London.
Forbes Street, E1 Forbes Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Fordham Street, E1 Fordham Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Golding Street, E1 Golding Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Goodman Stile, E1 Goodman Stile is a location in London.
Goodman Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Goodman’s Yard, E1 Goodman’s Yard is a street between Minories and Mansell Street.
Goodmans Yard, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Goulston Street, E1 Goulston Street is a thoroughfare running north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street.
Gower’s Walk, E1 Gower’s Walk leads south from Commercial Road.
Graces Alley, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Greenfield Road, E1 Greenfield Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Gunthorpe Street, E1 Gunthorpe Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Hawksmoor Mews, E1 Hawksmoor Mews is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Haydon Street, E1 The eastern end of Haydon Street was called Mansell Passage.
Haydon Street, EC3N Haydon Street heads east from the Minories.
Henriques Street, E1 Henriques Street was formerly called Berner Street.
Hessel Street, E1 Hessel Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Hindmarsh Close, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Hooper Street, E1 Hooper Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Ibex House, EC3N Residential block
Jane Street, E1 Jane Street is now only a few yards long, with no houses.
John Fisher Street, E1 A street within the SE1 postcode
John Sessions Square, E1 John Sessions Square lies off of Alie Street.
Kent and Essex Yard, E1 Kent and Essex Yard ran north of Whitechapel High Street, close to the west side of Commercial Street.
Kinder Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Knock Fergus, E1 Knock Fergus was absorbed into Cable Street during the 1860s.
Langdale Street, E1 Langdale Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Leman Street, E1 Leman Street was named after Sir John Leman.
Little Somerset Street, E1 Little Somerset Street was originally called Harrow Alley but colloquially known as ’Blood Alley.’
Manningtree Street, E1 Manningtree Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Mansell Street, E1 Mansell Street runs north-south on the City of London border.
Mansell Street, EC3N Mansell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Martineau Square, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Mary Graces Court, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Meadowcroft Mews, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Middlesex Street, EC3A Middlesex Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Mill Yard, E1 Mill Yard is a road in the E1 postcode area
Minories, EC3N Minories is one of the old streets of the City of London.
Mitali Passage, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Mulberry Court, E1W A street within the E1 postcode
Mulberry Street, E1 Mulberry Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Myrdle Street, E1 Myrdle Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
New Drum Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
New Goulston Street, E1 New Goulston Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
New Road, E1 New Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
North Tenter Street, E1 North Tenter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Old Castle Street, E1 Old Castle Street runs north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street, the southern section of which incorporates the former Castle Alley, murder site of Ripper victim Alice McKenzie.
Parfett Street, E1 Parfett Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Philchurch Place, E1 Philchurch Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Piazza Walk, E1 Piazza Walk is a location in London.
Pinchin Street, E1 Pinchin Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Plumbers Row, E1 Plumbers Row is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Pomell Way, E1 Pomell Way is a road in the E1 postcode area
Ponler Street, E1 Ponler Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Portsoken Street, EC3N Portsoken Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Prescot Street, E1 Prescot Street was named for Rebecca Prescott, wife of William Leman.
Prince’s Square, E1W Prince’s Square was part of an eighteenth century Swedish community.
Rampart Street, E1 Rampart Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Richard Street, E1 Richard Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Riga Mews, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Rope Walk Gardens, E1 Rope Walk Gardens is a location in London.
Ropewalk Gardens, EC1M Ropewalk Gardens is a location in London.
Royal Mint Court, E1W Royal Mint Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Royal Mint Place, E1 Royal Mint Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Royal Mint Street, E1 Royal Mint Street began its life as Rosemary Lane.
Rupert Street, E1 Rupert Street was situated to the east of Leman Street.
Sander Street, E1 Sander Street ran from Back Church Lane to Berner Street (Henriques Street).
Scarborough Street, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
School Mews, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Settles Street, E1 Settles Street links Fieldgate Street with Commercial Road.
Ship Alley, E1W Ship Alley used to lie off Wellclose Square.
Shorter Street, E1 Shorter Street is a location in London.
Shorter Street, EC3N Shorter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Shorter Street, EC3N Shorter Street is a road in the EC3N postcode area
Sly Street, E1 Sly Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
South Tenter Street, E1 South Tenter Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
St Clare House, EC3N St Clare House is sited on Minories
St Clare Street, EC3N St Clare Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
St Mark Street, E1 St Mark Street was built on the old Goodman’s Fields.
Stable Walk, E1 Stable Walk is a location in London.
Stutfield Street, E1 Stutfield Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Sugar House, E1 Sugar House is a block on Leman Street
Swan Passage, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Swedenborg Gardens, E1 Swedenborg Gardens is a road in the E1 postcode area
Tait Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Telfords Yard, E1W Telfords Yard is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
The Community Centre, E1 The Community Centre is a location in London.
The Highway, E1W The Highway, formerly known as the Ratcliffe Highway and dating dates back to Saxon times, is a road which stretches from Wapping to Shadwell.
Turning Street, E20 Turning Street is a location in London.
Twyne House 3 Boyd Street, E1 Twyne House 3 Boyd Street is a location in London.
Tyne Street, E1 Tyne Street is a location in London.
Umberston Street, E1 Umberston Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Varden Street, E1 Varden Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Virginia Street, E1W Virginia Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Walburgh Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Walden Street, E1 Walden Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Wellclose Square, E1 Wellclose Square lies between Cable Street to the north and The Highway to the south.
Wellclose Street, E1W Wellclose Street was originally built in the 1680s as Neptune Street.
Wentworth Street, E1 Wentworth Street runs east-west from the junction of Brick Lane, Osborn Street and Old Montague Street to Middlesex Street.
West Tenter Street, E1 West Tenter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
White Church Lane, E1 White Church Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
White Church Passage, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Whitechapel High Street, E1 Whitechapel High Street runs approximately west-east from Aldgate High Street to Whitechapel Road and is designated as part of the A11.
Wicker Street, E1 Wicker Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Wool House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode

NEARBY PUBS
Still and Star The Still & Star was on Little Somerset Street near to Aldgate High Street.


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Whitechapel

Whitechapel is a neighbourhood whose heart is Whitechapel Road itself, named for a small chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary.

By the late 1500s Whitechapel and the surrounding area had started becoming 'other half' of London. Located downwind of the genteel sections of west London which were to see the expansion of Westminster Abbey and construction of Buckingham Palace, it naturally attracted the more fragrant activities of the city, particularly tanneries, breweries, foundries (including the Whitechapel Bell Foundry which later cast Philadelphia's Liberty Bell and also Big Ben), slaughterhouses and, close by to the south, the gigantic Billingsgate fish market, famous in its day for the ornately foul language of the extremely Cockney fishwomen who worked there.

Population shifts from rural areas to London from the 1600s to the mid 1800s resulted in great numbers of more or less destitute people taking up residence amidst the industries and mercantile interests that had attracted them. By the 1840s Whitechapel, along with the enclaves of Wapping, Aldgate, Bethnal Green, Mile End, Limehouse and Stepney (collectively known today as the East End), had evolved, or devolved, into classic 'dickensian' London. Whitechapel Road itself was not particularly squalid through most of this period - it was the warren of small dark streets branching from it that contained the greatest suffering, filth and danger, especially Dorset St., Thrawl St., Berners St. (renamed Henriques St.), Wentworth St. and others.

In the Victorian era the base population of poor English country stock was swelled by immigrants from all over, particularly Irish and Jewish. 1888 saw the depredations of the Whitechapel Murderer, later known as 'Jack the Ripper'. In 1902, American author Jack London, looking to write a counterpart to Jacob Riis's seminal book How the Other Half Lives, donned ragged clothes and boarded in Whitechapel, detailing his experiences in The People of the Abyss. Riis had recently documented the astoundingly bad conditions in the leading city of the United States. Jack London, a socialist, thought it worthwhile to explore conditions in the leading city of the nation that had created modern capitalism. He concluded that English poverty was far rougher than the American variety. The juxtaposition of the poverty, homelessness, exploitive work conditions, prostitution, and infant mortality of Whitechapel and other East End locales with some of the greatest personal wealth the world has ever seen made it a focal point for leftist reformers of all kinds, from George Bernard Shaw, whose Fabian Society met regularly in Whitechapel, to Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, who boarded and led rallies in Whitechapel during his exile from Russia.

Whitechapel remained poor (and colourful) through the first half of the 20th Century, though somewhat less desperately so. It suffered great damage in the V2 German rocket attacks and the Blitz of World War II. Since then, Whitechapel has lost its notoriety, though it is still thoroughly working class. The Bangladeshis are the most visible migrant group there today and it is home to many aspiring artists and shoestring entrepreneurs.

Since the 1970s, Whitechapel and other nearby parts of East London have figured prominently in London's art scene. Probably the most prominent art venue is the Whitechapel Art Gallery, founded in 1901 and long an outpost of high culture in a poor neighbourhood. As the neighbourhood has gentrified, it has gained citywide, and even international, visibility and support.

Whitechapel, is a London Underground and London Overground station, on Whitechapel Road was opened in 1876 by the East London Railway on a line connecting Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations south of the River Thames. The station site was expanded in 1884, and again in 1902, to accommodate the services of the Metropolitan District Railway, a predecessor of the London Underground. The London Overground section of the station was closed between 2007 and 27 April 2010 for rebuilding, initially reopening for a preview service on 27 April 2010 with the full service starting on 23 May 2010.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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Byward Tower, 1893
TUM image id: 1556882285
Licence: CC BY 2.0
46 Aldgate High Street
TUM image id: 1490910153
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

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The Boar’s Head was located on the north side of Whitechapel High Street. The Boar’s Head was originally an inn, which was built in the 1530s; it underwent two renovations for use as a playhouse: first, in 1598, when a simple stage was erected, and a second, more elaborate renovation in 1599.
Credit: Unknown
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The Third Goodmans Fields Theatre, Great Alie Street (1801)
Credit: W. W. Hutchings
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Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin) addressing a "smoking debate" at Toynbee Hall (1902)
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Whitechapel Gallery
Credit: LeHaye/Wiki Commons
Licence: CC BY 2.0


St Mary’s (Whitechapel) station (1916) This existed between 1884 and 1938 between Aldgate East and Whitechapel.
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Middlesex Street (Petticoat Lane) on the site of Sandy’s Row (1912)
Credit: CA Mathew/Bishopsgate Institute
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Battle of Cable Street mural The Battle of Cable Street took place on the corner of Cable Street and Dock Street, and other places
Credit: Wiki CommonsAlan Denney
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The Ten Bells pub, Spitalfields (2012) The Jamie Oliver series Jamie’s Great Britain featured his great-great-grandfather was a landlord of the pub during the 1880s. Oliver was shown visiting the Ten Bells to discuss his East London roots, and to see how Londoners lived, drank and ate at the end of the 19th century.
Credit: Wiki Commons/Wordspotandsmith
Licence: CC BY 2.0


A view east along Whitechapel Road including the Pavilion Theatre. The Pavilion was the first major theatre to open in the East End. It opened in 1827 and closed in 1935.
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46 Aldgate High Street
Licence: CC BY 2.0


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