Piecemeal building

The infant River Westbourne crossed, what in 1900, was still a boggy field.

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Article · * · ·
JANUARY
8
2015

The infant River Westbourne crossed, what in 1900, was still a boggy field.

After the First World War, builders got themselves organised in suburban London. The Metropolitan Railway had bought vast swathes of adjacent land to its tracks and sold them on the developers to build “Metroland” estates. This pattern held sway throughout London, north and south.

Whether Kenton or Kenley, 1920s and 1930s housing looks very similar - homogeneous estates in a then-fashionable style which were well provided with bathrooms and other features inside and the areas designed with “all mod cons” too – shops, schools and parks.

The scale of suburban growth was staggering – the countryside started at Gospel Oak and White City before the First World War. Before the Second World War, just 25 years later, the new housing reached as far as Edgware and Hounslow.

It was not always this way. Before 1914, London was built one street at a time. Builders would not buy a whole farm but just a field – maybe two fields but maybe parts of a field.

And rather than building housing in anticipation of demand - the inter-war model - often the Victorian way was to build simply according to immediate needs. Land was sold to a new owner and then a house was built. Sometimes the potential owners had used their building society savings to buy land and afterwards employ a friend or well-known local builder to build their house.

Thus, many seemingly uniform Victorian streets change their style half way along – a different looking house here and a unique building there.

The nineteenth century map of London is full of half-built streets – laid out roads, many houses there but otherwise still awaiting completion.

Builders also often left the “difficult” land to successors. The new North Circular Road found its route in the 1920s through undeveloped land which was already surrounded by new suburbs, because the River Brent took a route through boggy pasture for much of its length. Hence you can see this river next to the new road for much of its northwestern length – Henley's Corner, Brent Cross and points south.

And on this featured map from 1900 we see a Hampstead field as yet undeveloped, but surrounded by housing.

This branch of the River Westbourne which was originally called the Kelebourne here - rises just north of here and the field to the south of its source was very marshy. Once the price of land made this piece of potential real estate worthwhile, the field was build upon.


Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence



CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Comment
The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 14:30 GMT   

Kilburn Park - opened 1915
Kilburn Park station was opened at the height of the First World War

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Comment
The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 14:49 GMT   

A bit of a lift....
Kilburn Park was the first station to be designed around escalators, rather than lifts.

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James Preston   
Added: 28 Apr 2021 09:06 GMT   

School
Was this the location of Rosslyn House prep school? I have a photograph of the Rosslyn House cricket team dated 1910 which features my grandfather (Alan Westbury Preston). He would have been 12 years old at the time. All the boys on the photo have been named. If this is the location of the school then it appears that the date of demolition is incorrect.

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Comment
Graham Margetson   
Added: 9 Feb 2021 14:33 GMT   

I lived at 4 Arkwright Road before it was the school
My parents lived at 4 Arkwright Road. Mrs Goodwin actually owned the house and my parents rented rooms from her.


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Comment
GRaleigh   
Added: 23 Feb 2021 09:34 GMT   

Found a bug
Hi all! Thank you for your excellent site. I found an overlay bug on the junction of Glengall Road, NW6 and Hazelmere Road, NW6 on the 1950 map only. It appears when one zooms in at this junction and only on the zoom.

Cheers,
Geoff Raleigh

Source: Glengall Road, NW6

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Reply
The Underground Map   
Added: 25 Feb 2021 13:11 GMT   

Glengall Road, NW6
Thanks Geoff!

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Lived here
Brenda Jackson   
Added: 13 Aug 2017 21:39 GMT   

83 Pembroke Road
My Gt Gt grandparents lived at 83 Pembroke Road before it became Granville Road, They were married in 1874, John Tarrant and Maryann Tarrant nee Williamson.

Her brother George Samuel Williamson lived at 95 Pembroke Road with his wife Emily and children in the 1881 Census

Apparently the extended family also lived for many years in Alpha Place, Canterbury Road, Peel Road,

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Lived here
Cassandra Green   
Added: 11 Sep 2020 14:34 GMT   

Rudall Crescent, NW3 (- 1999)
I lived at 2 Rudall Crescent until myself and my family moved out in 1999. I once met a lady in a art fair up the road who was selling old photos of the area and was very knowledgeable about the area history, collecting photos over the years. She told me that before the current houses were built, there was a large manor house , enclosed by a large area of land. She told me there had been a fire there. Im trying to piece together the story and find out what was on the land before the crescent was built. This website is very interesting.

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Lived here
   
Added: 10 Dec 2020 23:51 GMT   

Wellgarth Road, NW11
I lived at 15 Wellgarth Road with my parents and family from 1956 until I left home in the 70s and continued to visit my mother there until she moved in the early 80s. On the first day we moved in we kids raced around the garden and immediately discovered an air raid shelter that ran right underneath the house which I assume was added in the run-up to WW2. There was a basement room with its own entrance off the garden and right opposite where the air raid shelter emerged. In no time at all up high near the ceiling of this room, we discovered a door which, while we were little enough, we could enter by standing on some item of furniture, haul ourselves in and hide from the grownups. That room was soundproof enough for us kids to make a racket if we wanted to. But not too loud if my dad was playing billiards in the amazing wood-panelled room immediately above. We had no idea that we were living in such an historical building. To us it was just fun - and home!

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
Norman Norrington   
Added: 8 Jun 2021 08:08 GMT   

Blechynden Street, W10
Lived here #40 1942-1967

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Comment
Brenda Newton   
Added: 5 Jun 2021 07:17 GMT   

Hewer Street W10
John Nodes Undertakers Hewer Street W10

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Added: 3 Jun 2021 15:50 GMT   

All Bar One
The capitalisation is wrong

Reply

   
Added: 3 Jun 2021 15:50 GMT   

Abbeville Road (1940 street directory)
North west side
1A Clarke A S Ltd, motor engineers
15 Plumbers, Glaziers & Domestic Engineers Union
25 Dixey Edward, florist
27 Vicary Miss Doris J, newsagent
29 Stenning John Andrew, dining rooms
31 Clarke & Williams, builders
33 Hill Mrs Theodora, confectioner
35 Golding W & sons, corn dealers
... here is Shandon road ...
37 Pennington Mrs Eliz Harvie, wine & spirit merchant
39 Westminster Catering Co Ltd, ham, beef & tongue dealers
41 Masters A (Clapham) Ltd, butchers
43 Thomas Euan Ltd, grocers
45 Garrett C T & Co Ltd, undertakers
47 Mayle T & Sons, fishmongers
49 Mayles Ltd, fruiterers
51 & 73 Hardy Arthur Sydney, draper
53 United Dairies (London) Ltd
... here is Narbonne avenue ...
55 Norris William Lennox, baker
57 Silver Star Laundry Ltd
59 Thorp John, oilman
61 Bidgood Leonard George, boot makers
63 Wilkie Rt Miln, chemist
65 Gander George Albert Isaac, hairdresser
67 Harris Alfred William, greengrocer
69 & 71 Lambert Ernest & Son Ltd, grocers
... here is Hambolt road ...
73 & 51 Hardy Arthur Sydney, draper
75 Cambourn Frederick, butcher
77 Siggers Clement, chemist
77 Post, Money Order, Telephone Call & Telegraph Office & Savings Bank
79 Hemmings William, baker
... here is Elms road ...
85 Cornish Joseph
91 Bedding Mrs
151 Johnson Mrs H K
157 Robinson Albert Ernest, grainer
173 Yardleys London & Provincial Stores Ltd, wine & spirit merchants
175 Clark Alfred, butcher
175A Morley Douglas Frederick, confectioner
... here is Crescent lane ...
... her is St Alphonsus road ...

South east side
... here is Trouville road ...
4 Bossy Miss, private school
... here are Bonneville gardens ...
24 Osborn Charles Edward, ladies hairdresser
24 Hall H Ltd, builders
24A Walton Lodge Laundry Ltd
... here are Shandon road & Abbeville mansions ...
28 Copley Fred Smith, chemist
30 Finch H G Ltd, laundry
32 Carter William Alfred, furniture dealer
34 Spriggs Charles & Co, wireless supplies dealer
36 Miles Frederick William, confectioner
38 Pitman Frederick, hairdresser
40 Rowe Frederick F, valeting service
42 Modridge Edward J, oilman
... here is Narbonne avenue ...
44 Southorn Albert, butcher
46 Brown Ernest, fruiterer
48 Stanley Mrs A A, confectioner
50 Fryatt Owen, delixatessen store
52 Benbrooks, domestic stores
54 Davis William Clifford, boot repairer
56 Blogg Alfred, newsagent
58 Rowlands Thomas & Sons, dairy
... here are Hambalt, Elms, Franconia, Caldervale & Leppoc roads ...
124 Clarke Frederick, decorator
... here are Crescent lane, Briarwood road & Park hill ...

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Comment
   
Added: 2 Jun 2021 16:58 GMT   

Parachute bomb 1941
Charles Thomas Bailey of 82 Morley Road was killed by the parachute bomb March 1941

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Comment
Boo Horton    
Added: 31 May 2021 13:39 GMT   

Angel & Trumpet, Stepney Green
The Angel & Trumpet Public House in Stepney Green was run by my ancestors in the 1930’s. Unfortunately, it was a victim on WWII and was badly damaged and subsequently demolished. I have one photograph that I believe to bethe pub, but it doesn’t show much more that my Great Aunt cleaning the steps.

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Comment
MCNALLY    
Added: 17 May 2021 09:42 GMT   

Blackfriars (1959 - 1965)
I lived in Upper Ground from 1959 to 1964 I was 6 years old my parents Vince and Kitty run the Pub The Angel on the corner of Upper Ground and Bodies Bridge. I remember the ceiling of the cellar was very low and almost stretched the length of Bodies Bridge. The underground trains run directly underneath the pub. If you were down in the cellar when a train was coming it was quite frightening

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Comment
PETER FAIRCLOUGH   
Added: 10 May 2021 14:46 GMT   

We once lived here
My family resided at number 53 Brindley Street Paddington.
My grandparents George and Elizabeth Jenkinson (ne Fowler) had four children with my Mother Olive Fairclough (ne Jenkinson) being born in the house on 30/09/1935.
She died on 29/04/2021 aged 85 being the last surviving of the four siblings

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
6 Ellerdale Road 6 Ellerdale Road is a house built by the Arts and Crafts movement architect Richard Norman Shaw for himself in the period 1874 to 1876.
An introduction to Hampstead by G.E. Mitton (1902) This text originates from "The Fascination of Hampstead" by Geraldine Edith Mitton (published 1902)
Frognal Bridge Where Frognal meets the Finchley Road, there is an indiscernible dip...
Hampstead Cricket Club Hampstead Cricket Club moved to its Lymington Road site in 1877.
Hampstead station (1907) Hampstead station pictured at its opening in 1907
Hampstead Town This article first appeared in ’A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, Hampstead, Paddington’.
Hampstead tunnel Hampstead Tunnel, 1166 yards long, was built as part of the Hampstead Junction Railway, and opened on 2 January 1860.
Piecemeal building The infant River Westbourne crossed, what in 1900, was still a boggy field.
River Westbourne The easternmost branch of the River Westbourne rises just south of the centre of Hampstead,
Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel The Rosslyn Hill Unitarian Chapel is a place of worship and a member of the General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches, the umbrella organisation for British Unitarians.
Rosslyn House Rosslyn (Roslyn) House, which stood between Wedderburn and Lyndhurst Roads, was one of the last of the famous old Hampstead houses to be destroyed.
Shepherd’s Well Shepherd’s Well, whose flow was thought to be nearly as pure as distilled water, is the source of the River Tyburn.
St John, Hampstead St John-at-Hampstead is a Church of England parish church dedicated to St John the Evangelist.
St Mary’s Church St Mary’s Chapel, now known as St Mary’s Church, is a Grade II* listed Roman Catholic church.
The Royal School, Hampstead The Royal School, Hampstead, was an independent girls’ day and boarding school. The school educated girls aged 3-16.
Two streams meet Somewhere beneath the basement of 16 Frognal, NW3 two tributaries of the River Westbourne meet.
University College School University College School, generally known as UCS, is an independent school charity situated in northwest London.

NEARBY STREETS
Akenside Road, NW3 Akenside Road is a street named after a famous local resident.
Alvanley Gardens, NW6 Alvanley Gardens was named after a resident of Frognal Hall.
Arkright Road, NW3 Arkright Road is a location in London.
Arkwright Mansions, NW3 Arkwright Mansions is a location in London.
Arkwright Road, NW3 Arkwright Road, NW3 runs from Fitzjohn’s Avenue to Finchley Road.
Arkwtight Road, NW3 Arkwtight Road is a location in London.
Belsize Crescent, NW3 Belsize Crescent is a street in Hampstead.
Beswick Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Billy Fury Way, NW3 Billy Fury Way is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Chesterford Gardens, NW3 Chesterford Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Church Row, NW3 Church Row is a street in Hampstead.
Coach House Yard, NW3 Coach House Yard is a street in Hampstead.
Crown Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Daleham Mews, NW3 Daleham Mews is a mews in Belsize Park.
Doulton Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Dresden Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Ellerdale Close, NW3 Ellerdale Close is a street in Hampstead.
Ellerdale Road, NW3 Ellerdale Road was added to the streetscape of Hampstead in 1874.
Falcon Lodge, NW3 Falcon Lodge is a street in Hampstead.
Fitzjohn’s Avenue, TW9 Fitzjohn’s Avenue is a location in London.
Fitzjohn’s Avenue, NW3 Fitzjohn’s Avenue links Hampstead with Swiss Cottage.
Frognal Close, NW3 Frognal Close is a street in Hampstead.
Frognal Court, NW3 Frognal Court is a street in Hampstead.
Frognal Gardens, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Frognal Lane, NW3 Frognal Lane is a street in Hampstead.
Frognal Parade, NW3 Frognal Parade is a parade of shops lying beyond Finchley Road and Frognal station.
Frognal Way, NW3 Frognal Way is a street in Hampstead.
Frognal, NW3 A road called Frognal runs from Church Row in Hampstead downhill to Finchley Road and follows the course of a stream which goes on to form the River Westbourne.
Gayton Road, NW3 Gayton Road is a street in Hampstead.
Greenaway Gardens, NW3 Greenaway Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Greenhill, NW3 Greenhill is a street in Hampstead.
Hampstead Gate, NW3 Hampstead Gate is a street in Hampstead.
Hampstead High Street, NW3 Hampstead High Street is a street in Hampstead.
Hillside Court, NW3 Hillside Court is a location in London.
Holly Bush Vale, NW3 Holly Bush Vale is a street in Hampstead.
Holly Walk, NW3 Holly Walk connects Holly Hill with Church Row.
Kemplay Road, NW3 Kemplay Road is a street in Hampstead.
Langland Crescent, HA7 Langland Crescent is a location in London.
Langland Gardens, NW3 Langland Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Lindfield Garden, NW3 Lindfield Garden is a location in London.
Lindfield Gardens, NW3 Lindfield Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Lindfields Gardens, NW3 Lindfields Gardens is a location in London.
Linfield Gardens, NW3 Linfield Gardens is a location in London.
Lithos Road, NW3 Lithos Road is a part of the NW3 postal area which lies west of the Finchley Road.
Lyndhurst Road, NW3 Lyndhurst Road is a street in Hampstead.
Lyndhurst Terrace, NW3 Lyndhurst Terrace is a street in Hampstead.
Maresfield Gardens, NW3 Maresfield Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Minton Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Mulberry Close, NW3 Mulberry Close is a location in London.
Netherall Gardens, NW3 Netherall Gardens is a location in London.
Netherhall Gardens, NW3 Netherhall Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Netherhall Way, NW3 Netherhall Way is a street in Hampstead.
Nutley Terrace, NW3 Nutley Terrace is a street in Hampstead.
Oakhill Avenue, NW3 Oakhill Avenue is a street in Hampstead.
Old Brewery Mews, NW3 Old Brewery Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Oriel Court, NW3 Oriel Court is a street in Hampstead.
Oriel Place, NW3 Oriel Place is a street in Hampstead.
Palace Court, NW3 Palace Court is a street in Hampstead.
Perrin’s Lane, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Perrins Court, NW3 Perrins Court is a street in Hampstead.
Perrins Walk, NW3 Perrins Walk is a street in Hampstead.
Petros Gardens, NW3 Petros Gardens is a location in London.
Pilgrim’s Place, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Pilgrims Place, NW3 Pilgrims Place is a street in Hampstead.
Prince Arthur Mews, NW3 Prince Arthur Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Prince Arthur Road, NW3 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn and son of Queen Victoria opened a home for sailor’s daughters in the area in 1869.
Rosemont Road, NW3 Rosemont Road is a street in Hampstead.
Rosslyn Mews, NW3 Rosslyn Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Rudall Crescent, NW3 Rudall Crescent was laid out by a builder John Culverhouse in 1878.
Shepherd’s Path, NW3 Shepherd?s Path is a street in Hampstead.
Shepherd’s Path, NW3 Shepherd’s Path is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Shepherds Walk, NW3 Shepherds Walk is a street in Hampstead.
Spode Walk, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
The Gables, NW3 The Gables is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Thurlow Road, NW3 Thurlow Road is a street in Hampstead.
Vane Close, NW3 Vane Close is a street in Hampstead.
Village Mount, NW3 Village Mount is a street in Hampstead.
Willoughby Road, NW3 Willoughby Road is a street in Hampstead.
Worcester Mews, NW3 Street/road in London NW6
Worcester Mews, NW6 Worcester Mews is a location in London.
Yorkshire Grey Place, NW3 Yorkshire Grey Place is a street in Hampstead.

NEARBY PUBS
King William IV This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Secrets This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Horse Shoe This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Hampstead

Hampstead though now considered an integral part of London, has retained much of its village charm.

Hampstead is on a steep hill and the tube station platforms are the deepest on the London Underground network, at 58.5 metres below ground level. It has the deepest lift shaft on the Underground.

Although early records of Hampstead itself can be found in a grant by King Ethelred the Unready to the monastery of St. Peter's at Westminster (AD 986) and it is referred to in the Domesday Book (1086), the history of Hampstead is generally traced back to the 17th century.

Trustees of the Well started advertising the medicinal qualities of the chalybeate waters (water impregnated with iron) in 1700. Although Hampstead Wells was initially successful, its popularity declined in the 1800s due to competition with other London spas. The spa was demolished in 1882, although a water fountain was left behind.

Hampstead started to expand following the opening of the North London Railway in the 1860s (now on the London Overground), and expanded further after the tube station opened in 1907.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Swiss Cottage
TUM image id: 1455364693
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Meadowland with buttercups and daisies
TUM image id: 1483540144
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Church Row, NW3
TUM image id: 1546470373
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Holly Walk, NW3
TUM image id: 1455451397
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Frognal, NW3
Credit: Google Maps
TUM image id: 1557403884
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Billy Fury Way
TUM image id: 1452680801
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Bracknell Way
TUM image id: 1456924066
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
At Hampstead Heath station, a Stratford bound Overground train emerges from Hampstead Tunnel - the other end of the tunnel can be seen behind the oncoming train.
Credit: nick86235
Licence: CC BY 2.0
To View or share the image, go to its dedicated web page

Soldier’s Daughters Home from the "Illustrated London News", June 19, 1858
Credit: The Illustrated London News
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Broadhurst Gardens in West Hampstead, photographed here in 2009, was home to Decca Studios. From the late 1870s building had spread on Spencer Maryon Wilson’s lands. Near the Metropolitan railway line was Broadhurst Gardens, where 116 houses were built between 1882 and 1894.
Credit: Geograph/Christine Matthews
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Church Row, NW3
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Holly Walk, NW3
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Spedan Close
Credit: municipaldreams.wordpress.com
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St Johns Court (built 1938)
Credit: https://manchesterhistory.net/
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Frognal, NW3
Credit: Google Maps
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Yorkshire Grey Place, NW3
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Church Row, Hampstead. This etching appears as the frontispiece of 'An introduction to Hampstead' by G.E. Mitton, published in 1902.
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