Sussex Street, SW1V

An area which may have existed since the nineteenth century or before- in this area, buildings are mainly post-war

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(51.48782 -0.14509, 51.487 -0.145) 
MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502021Remove markers
Road · Pimlico · SW1V ·
JANUARY
1
2000

Sussex Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.




CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Comment
Pauline jones   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 19:04 GMT   

Bessborough Place, SW1V
I grew up in bessborough place at the back of our house and Grosvenor road and bessborough gardens was a fantastic playground called trinity mews it had a paddling pool sandpit football area and various things to climb on, such as a train , slide also as Wendy house. There were plants surrounding this wonderful play area, two playground attendants ,also a shelter for when it rained. The children were constantly told off by the playground keepers for touching the plants or kicking the ball out of the permitted area, there was hopscotch as well, all these play items were brick apart from the slide. Pollock was the centre of my universe and I felt sorry and still do for anyone not being born there. To this day I miss it and constantly look for images of the streets around there, my sister and me often go back to take a clumped of our beloved London. The stucco houses were a feature and the backs of the houses enabled parents to see thier children playing.

Reply
Lived here
   
Added: 1 May 2021 16:46 GMT   

Cheyne Place, SW3
Frances Faviell, author of the Blitz memoir, "A Chelsea Concerto", lived at 33, Cheyne Place, which was destroyed by a bomb. She survived, with her husband and unborn baby.

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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Dec 2020 00:24 GMT   

Othello takes a bow
On 1 November 1604, William Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello was presented for the first time, at The Palace of Whitehall. The palace was the main residence of the English monarchs in London from 1530 until 1698. Seven years to the day, Shakespeare’s romantic comedy The Tempest was also presented for the first time, and also at the Palace of Whitehall.

Reply
Born here
www.violettrefusis.com   
Added: 17 Feb 2021 15:05 GMT   

Birth place
Violet Trefusis, writer, cosmopolitan intellectual and patron of the Arts was born at 2 Wilton Crescent SW1X.

Source: www.violettrefusis.com

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT


Comment
Carol   
Added: 7 May 2021 18:44 GMT   

Nan
My nan lily,her sister Elizabeth and their parents Elizabeth and William lived here in1911

Reply

   
Added: 4 May 2021 19:45 GMT   

V1 Attack
The site of a V1 incident in 1944

Reply
Comment
David Gibbs   
Added: 3 May 2021 16:48 GMT   

73 Bus Crash in Albion Rd 1961
From a Newspaper cutting of which I have a copy with photo. On Tuesday August 15th 1961 a 73 bus destined for Mortlake at 8.10am. The bus had just turned into Albion Road when the driver passed out, apparently due to a heart attack, and crashed into a wall on the western side of Albion Road outside No 207. The bus driver, George Jefferies aged 56 of Observatory Road, East Sheen, died after being trapped in his cab when he collided with a parked car. Passengers on the bus were thrown from their seats as it swerved. Several fainted, and ambulances were called. The bus crashed into a front garden and became jammed against a wall. The car driver, who had just parked, suffered shock.

Reply

Richard Eades   
Added: 3 May 2021 11:42 GMT   

Downsell Primary School (1955 - 1958)
I was a pupil at Downsell road from I think 1955 age 7 until I left in 1958 age 10 having passed my "11plus" and won a scholarship to Parmiters school in bethnal green. I remember my class teacher was miss Lynn and the deputy head was mrs Kirby.
At the time we had an annual sports day for the whole school in july at drapers field, and trolley buses ran along the high street and there was a turning point for them just above the junction with downsell road.
I used to go swimming at cathall road baths, and also at the bakers arms baths where we had our school swimming galas. I nm y last year, my class was taken on a trip to the tower of london just before the end of term. I would love to hear from any pupils who remember me.

Reply
Lived here
   
Added: 1 May 2021 16:46 GMT   

Cheyne Place, SW3
Frances Faviell, author of the Blitz memoir, "A Chelsea Concerto", lived at 33, Cheyne Place, which was destroyed by a bomb. She survived, with her husband and unborn baby.

Reply

James Preston   
Added: 28 Apr 2021 09:06 GMT   

School
Was this the location of Rosslyn House prep school? I have a photograph of the Rosslyn House cricket team dated 1910 which features my grandfather (Alan Westbury Preston). He would have been 12 years old at the time. All the boys on the photo have been named. If this is the location of the school then it appears that the date of demolition is incorrect.

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Comment
Tricia   
Added: 27 Apr 2021 12:05 GMT   

St George in the East Church
This Church was opened in 1729, designed by Hawksmore. Inside destroyed by incendrie bomb 16th April 1941. Rebuilt inside and finished in 1964. The building remained open most of the time in a temporary prefab.

Reply
Comment
   
Added: 21 Apr 2021 16:21 GMT   

Liverpool Street
the Bishopsgate station has existed since 1840 as a passenger station, but does not appear in the site’s cartography. Evidently, the 1860 map is in fact much earlier than that date.

Reply
NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Ebury Farm Ebury Farm was a simple marshy farm whose lands later became the richest real estate in London.
Orange Square, SW1W Orange Square is a small open area in Belgravia.
Pimlico Academy Pimlico Academy (formerly Pimlico School) is a mixed-sex education secondary school and sixth form with academy status.

NEARBY STREETS
Alderney Street, SW1V Alderney Street was originally Stanley Street, after George Stanley, local landowner.
Antrobus Street, SW1V Antrobus Street, now demolished, was long called Rutland Street.
Avery Farm Row, SW1W Avery Farm Row - after a former farm here of this name, ’Avery’ being a corruption of ’Ebury’.
Belgrave Road, SW1V Belgrave Road is a street in the Pimlico area of London.
Bloomfield Terrace, SW1W Bloomfield Terrace is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Buckland House, SW1V Residential block
Cambridge Street, SW1V Cambridge Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Charlwood Place, SW1V Charlwood Place is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Charlwood Street, SW1V Charlwood Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Chelsea Bridge Road, SW1W Chelsea Bridge Road was built in the 1850s to connect Chelsea with its bridge.
Chelsea Bridge, SW1W A street within the SW3 postcode
Chelsea Embankment, SW1W Chelsea Embankment is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Cheylesmore House, SW1W Residential block
Churchill Gardens Road, SW1V Churchill Gardens Road is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Churchill Gardens, SW1V Churchill Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Churton Street, SW1V Churton Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Clarendon Street, SW1V Clarendon Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Claverton Street, SW1V Claverton Street runs from Lupus Street to Grosvenor Road.
Cumberland Street, SW1V Cumberland Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Denbigh Mews, SW1V Denbigh Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Denbigh Place, SW1V Denbigh Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Denbigh Street, SW1V Denbigh Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Duncan House, SW1V Residential block
Ebury Bridge Road, SW1W Ebury Bridge Road used to lead to Ebury Bridge which spanned the Grosvenor Canal.
Ebury Bridge, SW1V Ebury Bridge is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Ebury Bridge, SW1W Ebury Bridge is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Eccleston Square Mews, SW1V Eccleston Square Mews is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Egerton House, SW1V Residential block
Garrison Square, SW1W Garrison Square is a location in London.
Gatliff Road, SW1W Gatliff Road is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Glasgow Terrace, SW1V Glasgow Terrace has coexisted with the name of Caledonia Street.
Gloucester Street, SW1V Gloucester Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Grosvenor Road, SW1V Grosvenor Road forms part of the Thames embankment.
Grosvenor Road, SW1W Grosvenor Road is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Johnson’s Place, SW1V Johnson’s Place is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Lupus Street, SW1V Lupus Street was named after Hugh Lupus, Earl of Chester.
Lutyens House, SW1V Residential block
Moreton Place, SW1 Moreton Place is a road in the SW1 postcode area
Moreton Terrace Mews North, SW1V Moreton Terrace Mews North is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Mozart Terrace, SW1W Mozart Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Neate House, SW1V Residential block
Paxton Terrace, SW1V Paxton Terrace is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Peabody Avenue, SW1V Peabody Avenue is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Peabody Avenue, SW1V Peabody Avenue, completed in 1885, is a monument to the birth of social housing.
Pimilco Walk, SW1W Pimilco Walk is a road in the N1 postcode area
Ranelagh Grove, SW1W Ranelagh Grove was formerly called Wilderness Row and Ranelagh Walk.
Ranelagh Road, SW1V Ranelagh Road is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Rivermill, SW1V Rivermill is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
St Barnabas Mews, SW1W St Barnabas Mews is a road in the SW1W postcode area
St Barnabas Street, SW1W St Barnabas Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
St Georges Drive, SW1V St Georges Drive is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
St Georges Row, SW1V St Georges Row was built as Monster Row circa 1785, and renamed in 1833.
Sutherland Street, SW1V Sutherland Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
The Arcade, SW1V The Arcade is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Tintern House, SW1V Residential block
Turpentine Lane, SW1V Turpentine Lane is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Walden House, SW1W Residential block
Warwick Place North, SW1V Warwick Place North is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Warwick Square Mews, SW1V Warwick Square Mews is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Warwick Square, SW1V Warwick Square is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Warwick Way, SW1V Warwick Way is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Wellington Buildings, SW1W Wellington Buildings is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
West Mews, SW1V West Mews is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Westmoreland Terrace, SW1V Westmoreland Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Winchester Street, SW1V Winchester Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.


Pimlico

Pimlico is known for its garden squares and Regency architecture.

In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the Manor of Ebury was divided up and leased by the Crown to servants or favourites. In 1623, James I sold the freehold of Ebury - the land was sold on several more times until it came into the possession of heiress Mary Davies in 1666.

Mary’s dowry not only included modern-day Pimlico and Belgravia, but also most of what is now Mayfair and Knightsbridge. She was much pursued and in 1677 at the age of twelve she married Sir Thomas Grosvenor. The Grosvenors were a family of Norman descent long seated at Eaton Hall in Cheshire who until this auspicious marriage were only of local consequence in the county of Cheshire. Through the development and good management of this land, the Grosvenors acquired enormous wealth.

At some point in the late seventeenth or early eighteenth century, the area ceased to be known as Ebury (or ’The Five Fields’) and gained the name by which it is now known. According to folklore, it received its name from Ben Pimlico, famous for his nut-brown ale. His tea-gardens were near Hoxton, and the road to them from here was termed Pimlico Path, so that what is now called Pimlico was so named from the popularity of the Hoxton resort.

By the nineteenth century, and as a result of an increase in demand for property in the previously unfashionable West End of London following the Great Plague of London and the Great Fire of London, Pimlico had become ripe for development. In 1825, Thomas Cubitt was contracted by Lord Grosvenor to develop Pimlico. The land up to this time had been marshy but was reclaimed using soil excavated during the construction of St Katharine Docks.

Cubitt developed Pimlico as a grid of handsome white stucco terraces. The largest and most opulent houses were built along St George’s Drive and Belgrave Road, the two principal streets, and Eccleston, Warwick and St George’s Squares. Lupus Street contained similarly grand houses, as well as shops and, until the early twentieth century, a hospital for women and children. Smaller-scale properties, typically of three storeys, line the side streets. An 1877 newspaper article described Pimlico as "genteel, sacred to professional men… not rich enough to luxuriate in Belgravia proper, but rich enough to live in private houses." Its inhabitants were "more lively than in Kensington… and yet a cut above Chelsea, which is only commercial."

Although the area was dominated by the well-to-do middle and upper-middle classes as late as Booth’s 1889 Map of London Poverty, parts of Pimlico are said to have declined significantly by the 1890s. When Rev Gerald Olivier moved to the neighbourhood in 1912 with his family, including the young Laurence Olivier, to minister to the parishioners of St Saviour, it was part of a venture to west London ’slums’ that had previously taken the family to the depths of Notting Hill.

Through the late nineteenth century, Pimlico saw the construction of several Peabody Estates, charitable housing projects designed to provide affordable, quality homes.

Proximity to the Houses of Parliament made Pimlico a centre of political activity. Prior to 1928, the Labour Party and Trades Union Congress shared offices on Eccleston Square, and it was here in 1926 that the General Strike was organised.

In the mid-1930s Pimlico saw a second wave of development with the construction of Dolphin Square, a self-contained ’city’ of 1250 up-market flats built on the site formerly occupied by Cubitt’s building works. Completed in 1937, it quickly became popular with MPs and public servants. It was home to fascist Oswald Mosley until his arrest in 1940, and the headquarters of the Free French for much of the Second World War.

Pimlico survived the war with its essential character intact, although parts sustained significant bomb damage. Through the 1950s these areas were the focus of large-scale redevelopment as the Churchill Gardens and Lillington and Longmoore Gardens estates, and many of the larger Victorian houses were converted to hotels and other uses.

To provide affordable and efficient heating to the residents of the new post-war developments, Pimlico became one of the few places in the UK to have a district heating system installed.

In 1953, the Second Duke of Westminster sold the part of the Grosvenor estate on which Pimlico is built.

Pimlico was connected to the underground in 1972 as a late addition to the Victoria Line. Following the designation of a conservation area in 1968 (extended in 1973 and again in 1990), the area has seen extensive regeneration. Successive waves of development have given Pimlico an interesting social mix, combining exclusive restaurants and residences with Westminster City Council run facilities.

Notable residents of Pimlico have included politician Winston Churchill, designer Laura Ashley, philosopher Swami Vivekananda, actor Laurence Olivier, illustrator and author Aubrey Beardsley, Kenyan nationalist Jomo Kenyatta and inventor of lawn tennis Major Walter Wingfield.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Boscobel Oaks, 1804
TUM image id: 1487173198
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Edbury Square, c. 1906.
TUM image id: 1483984627
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Boscobel Place
TUM image id: 1546446783
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Antrobus Street sign
TUM image id: 1601897046
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

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Boscobel Oaks, 1804
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Edbury Square, c. 1906.
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Boscobel Place
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Antrobus Street sign
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The Monster Tea Gardens (1820)
Credit: Old and New London
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