Wellclose Square, E1

Road in/near St George in the East, existing until now

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Road · St George in the East · E1 ·
FEBRUARY
20
2019

Wellclose Square lies between Cable Street to the north and The Highway to the south.

On a site east of Tower Hill, Edward III founded the Cistercian abbey of St Mary Graces in 1350. Gardens and open lands to the abbey’s east included a square field of about ten acres known as Well Close.

Wellclose Square was part of the ancient parish of Stepney. This was later divided into Whitechapel (by 1329), Wapping (1694) and St George in the East (1729). The boundaries of these parishes met in Wellclose Square.

Daniel Defoe mentions Wellclose Square is his "A tour thro’ the Whole Island of Great Britain" (1724). He says that there used to be a well in the centre of the square which was also known as Goodman’s Field’s Well.

In 1682, Nicholas Barbon leased the Liberty of Wellclose (or Well Close) from the Crown and intended to attract richer members of the local maritime community to his new Wellclose development - to be renamed ’Marine Square’.

New roads north and south, initially Little Cable Street and Neptune Street, linked to Cable Street, and Ratcliff Highway, renamed Parsons Street.

Scandinavians were particularly attracted to the area and Danish king Christian V gave funds for the construction of a new Danish Church on the square. The architect was the Danish sculptor Caius Gabriel Cibber and the church was completed in 1696. Nos 20 & 21 on the west side later housed the Danish Embassy.

Wellclose Square inspired a Swedish community to take root in nearby Princes Square (later renamed Swedenborg Square).

Many houses had been built round the square by the late 1690s, but development was slow, something that was commented on and worried about. The name Marine Square was used through the early decades, but Wellclose Square was in common usage by 1717 and universal by about 1750.

As the nineteenth century dawned, the gradual industrialisation of the East End saw a social decline set in. The number of pubs, lodging houses, pawn shops, and music halls increased. Sugar refineries with a mainly German workforce moved in locally.

Amid the sugar refining and coopers’ businesses, Gunner Alley was known as Harwood Court by the 1740s, later Harold’s Alley, then from 1895 Harad’s Place. It was redeveloped with Well Court inserted to its south in the late 1780s. Charles Court was added off the north side in the early nineteenth century. Little Cable Street became Shorter Street in the eighteenth century then Fletcher Street from 1939, and Anchor Alley was redesignated North-East Passage. Neptune Street became Wellclose Street in 1938.

There were shops on the square by the 1830s, and many houses and their gardens came to host small-scale manufacturing. By 1840 the address had lost any middle-class desirability, despite the large houses.

Wellclose Square attracted a number of charitable institutions, starting with the Sailors’ Orphan Asylum by the 1830s and the Emanuel Almshouses replaced a sugarhouse in 1848.

A number of Wellclose Square’s late seventeenth-century houses survived into the 1960s.

The centre of the square is now occupied by St Paul’s Whitechapel Church of England Primary School and on the western edge is another primary school.


Main source: Survey of London | Wellclose Square
Further citations and sources


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY



The Underground Map   
Added: 20 Sep 2020 13:01 GMT   

Pepys starts diary
On 1 January 1659, Samuel Pepys started his famous daily diary and maintained it for ten years. The diary has become perhaps the most extensive source of information on this critical period of English history. Pepys never considered that his diary would be read by others. The original diary consisted of six volumes written in Shelton shorthand, which he had learned as an undergraduate on scholarship at Magdalene College, Cambridge. This shorthand was introduced in 1626, and was the same system Isaac Newton used when writing.

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Comment
Tricia   
Added: 27 Apr 2021 12:05 GMT   

St George in the East Church
This Church was opened in 1729, designed by Hawksmore. Inside destroyed by incendrie bomb 16th April 1941. Rebuilt inside and finished in 1964. The building remained open most of the time in a temporary prefab.

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Graham O’Connell   
Added: 10 Apr 2021 10:24 GMT   

Lloyd & Sons, Tin Box Manufacturers (1859 - 1982)
A Lloyd & Sons occupied the wharf (now known as Lloyds Wharf, Mill Street) from the mid 19th Century to the late 20th Century. Best known for making tin boxes they also produced a range of things from petrol canisters to collecting tins. They won a notorious libel case in 1915 when a local councillor criticised the working conditions which, in fairness, weren’t great. There was a major fire here in 1929 but the company survived at least until 1982 and probably a year or two after that.

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Born here
Beverly Sand   
Added: 3 Apr 2021 17:19 GMT   

Havering Street, E1
My mother was born at 48 Havering Street. That house no longer exists. It disappeared from the map by 1950. Family name Schneider, mother Ray and father Joe. Joe’s parents lived just up the road at 311 Cable Street

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Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

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Lived here
margaret clark   
Added: 15 Oct 2021 22:23 GMT   

Margaret’s address when she married in 1938
^, Josepine House, Stepney is the address of my mother on her marriage certificate 1938. Her name was Margaret Irene Clark. Her father Basil Clark was a warehouse grocer.

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Comment
Boo Horton    
Added: 31 May 2021 13:39 GMT   

Angel & Trumpet, Stepney Green
The Angel & Trumpet Public House in Stepney Green was run by my ancestors in the 1930’s. Unfortunately, it was a victim on WWII and was badly damaged and subsequently demolished. I have one photograph that I believe to bethe pub, but it doesn’t show much more that my Great Aunt cleaning the steps.

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Comment
   
Added: 6 Nov 2021 15:03 GMT   

Old Nichol Street, E2
Information about my grandfather’s tobacconist shop

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fariba   
Added: 28 Jun 2021 00:48 GMT   

Tower Bridge Business Complex, S
need for my coursework

Source: university

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Martin Eaton    
Added: 14 Oct 2021 03:56 GMT   

Boundary Estate
Sunbury, Taplow House.

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Comment
The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 15:05 GMT   

A plague on all your houses
Aldgate station is built directly on top of a vast plague pit, where thousands of bodies are apparently buried. No-one knows quite how many.

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Comment
   
Added: 21 Apr 2021 16:21 GMT   

Liverpool Street
the Bishopsgate station has existed since 1840 as a passenger station, but does not appear in the site’s cartography. Evidently, the 1860 map is in fact much earlier than that date.

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Lived here
Linda    
Added: 18 Feb 2021 22:03 GMT   

Pereira Street, E1
My grandfather Charles Suett lived in Periera Street & married a widowed neighbour there. They later moved to 33 Bullen House, Collingwood Street where my father was born.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

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Watts   
Added: 17 May 2022 20:29 GMT   

Baeethoven St School, also an Annex for Paddington College of FE.
In the early 70’s I took a two year science course at Paddington CFE. The science classes were held on weekday evenings at Beethoven Street school, overseen by chemistry teacher, Mr Tattershall.

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Added: 25 Apr 2022 22:11 GMT   

Southover, N12
Everyone knows Central Woodside is the place to be. Ever since kdog moved from finchtown, Woodside has been thriving.

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Born here
Bernard Miller   
Added: 12 Apr 2022 17:36 GMT   

My mother and her sister were born at 9 Windsor Terrace
My mother, Millie Haring (later Miller) and her sister Yetta Haring (later Freedman) were born here in 1922 and 1923. With their parents and older brother and sister, they lived in two rooms until they moved to Stoke Newington in 1929. She always said there were six rooms, six families, a shared sink on the first floor landing and a toilet in the backyard.

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Brian Lynch   
Added: 10 Apr 2022 13:38 GMT   

Staples Mattress Factory
An architect’s design of the Staples Mattress Factory
An image found on the website of Dalzell’s Beds, in Armagh Northern Ireland.

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Lived here
   
Added: 19 Feb 2022 16:21 GMT   

Harmondsworth (1939 - 1965)
I lived in a house (Lostwithiel) on the Bath Road opposite the junction with Tythe Barn Lane, now a hotel site. Initially, aircraft used one of the diagonal runways directly in line with our house. I attended Sipson Primary School opposite the Three Magpies and celebrated my 21st birthday at The Peggy Bedford in 1959.

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Emma Seif   
Added: 25 Jan 2022 19:06 GMT   

Birth of the Bluestocking Society
In about 1750, Elizabeth Montagu began hosting literary breakfasts in her home at 23 (now 31) Hill Street. These are considered the first meetings of the Bluestocking society.

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Comment
   
Added: 14 Jan 2022 03:06 GMT   

Goldbourne Gardens W 10
I lived in Goldbourne Gardens in the 50,s very happy big bomb site

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Chris Nash   
Added: 10 Jan 2022 22:54 GMT   

Shortlands Close, DA17
Shortlands Close and the flats along it were constructed in the mid-1990s. Prior to this, the area was occupied by semi-detached houses with large gardens, which dated from the post-war period and were built on the site of Railway Farm. The farm and its buildings spanned the length of Abbey Road, on the south side of the North Kent Line railway tracks.

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Corner of Johns Hill and Pennington Street (1906) The corner of Johns Hill and Pennington Street, Wapping, December 1906.
Eastminster Eastminster (The Abbey of St Mary de Graces) was a Cistercian abbey on Tower Hill and founded by Edward III in 1350.
Goodman’s Fields Goodman’s Fields was a farm beyond the walls of the City.
Goodman’s Fields Theatre Two 18th century theatres bearing the name Goodman’s Fields Theatre were located on Alie Street, Whitechapel.
St George’s German Lutheran Church St George’s German Lutheran Church is a church in Alie Street, Whitechapel.

NEARBY STREETS
Alie Street, E1 Originally called Ayliff Street, Alie Street was named after a relative of William Leman, whose great-uncle, John Leman had bought Goodman’s Fields.
Amazon Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Angel Mews, E1W A street within the E1 postcode
Anthony Street, E1 Anthony Street previously ran from Commercial Road through to Cable Street. Just a few metres survive.
Arrival Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Arrivalley Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Artichoke Hill, E1W Artichoke Hill is a road in the E1W postcode area
Asher Way, E1W Asher Way is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Back Church Lane, E1 Back Church Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Batty Street, E1 Batty Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Betts House, E1 Betts House is the oldest block on the St George’s Estate.
Betts Street, E1W Betts Street was formerly a lengthy street in the area.
Bigland Street, E1 Bigland Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Blue Anchor Yard, E1 Blue Anchor Yard is a road in the E1 postcode area
Bluegate Field, E1 Bluegate Field was a poetic name used in the 18th century for a section of Cable Street.
Bowmans Mews, E1 Bowmans Mews is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Boyard Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Boyd Street, E1 Boyd Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Braham Street, E1 Braham Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Breezer’s Hill, E98 Breezer’s Hill is a short, narrow hill running between The Highway (formerly Ratcliffe Highway and St George Street) and Pennington Street.
Bridgeport Place, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Bridle Mews, E1 Bridle Mews is a location in London.
Buckle Street, E1 Buckle Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Burslem Street, E1 Burslem Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Burwell Close, E1 Burwell Close is a road in the E1 postcode area
Cable Street, E1 Cable Street started as a straight path along which hemp ropes were twisted into ships’ cables.
Camperdown Street, E1 Camperdown Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Cannon St Road, E1 Cannon St Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Cannon Street Road, E1 Cannon Street Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Canter Way, E1 Canter Way is a location in London.
Cartwright Street, E1 Cartwright Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Challoner Walk, E1 Challoner Walk is a location in London.
Chamber Street, E1 Chamber Street is a thoroughfare running east-west from Leman Street to Mansell Street.
Chapman Street, E1 Chapman Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Chigwell Hill, E1W Chigwell Hill is a road in the E1W postcode area
Christian Street, E1 Christian Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Commodity Quay, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Crofts Street, E1 Crofts Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Crowder Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Darbishire Place, E1 Darbishire Place is a location in London.
Discovery Walk, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Dock Street, E1 Dock Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
East Flank, E1 East Flank is a road in the SE18 postcode area
East Smithfield, E1W East Smithfield, an ancient street, derives from ’smooth field’.
East Tenter Street, E1 East Tenter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Ellen Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Ensign Street, E1 Ensign Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Ensigreen Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Fairclough Street, E1 Fairclough Street runs from Back Church Lane to Christian Street.
Fenton Street, E1 Fenton Street runs south from Commercial Road.
Flank Street, E1 Flank Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Fletcher Street, E1 Fletcher Street runs south off of Cable Street.
Flintlock Close, E1 Flintlock Close is a location in London.
Forbes Street, E1 Forbes Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Gauging Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Golding Street, E1 Golding Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Goodman Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Goodmans Yard, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Gower’s Walk, E1 Gower’s Walk leads south from Commercial Road.
Graces Alley, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Hawksmoor Mews, E1 Hawksmoor Mews is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Haydon Street, E1 The eastern end of Haydon Street was called Mansell Passage.
Henriques Street, E1 Henriques Street was formerly called Berner Street.
Hessel Street, E1 Hessel Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Hindmarsh Close, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Hooper Street, E1 Hooper Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Ivory House, E1W Residential block
Jewel Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
John Fisher Street, E1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Keetons Road, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Kennet Street, E1W Kennet Street is a road in the E1W postcode area
Kinder Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Kingsley Mews, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Knock Fergus, E1 Knock Fergus was absorbed into Cable Street during the 1860s.
Langdale Street, E1 Langdale Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Leman Street, E1 Leman Street was named after Sir John Leman.
Mace Close, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Mansell Street, E1 Mansell Street runs north-south on the City of London border.
Mansell Street, EC3N Mansell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Martineau Square, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Mary Graces Court, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Meadowcroft Mews, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Mill Yard, E1 Mill Yard is a road in the E1 postcode area
Mitali Passage, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Mulberry Court, E1W A street within the E1 postcode
Nesham Street, E1W Nesham Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
North Tenter Street, E1 North Tenter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Pace Place, E1 Pace Place is a road in the E1 postcode area
Pennington Street, E1W Pennington Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Philchurch Place, E1 Philchurch Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Piazza Walk, E1 Piazza Walk is a location in London.
Pinchin Street, E1 Pinchin Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Ponler Street, E1 Ponler Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Prescot Street, E1 Prescot Street was named for Rebecca Prescott, wife of William Leman.
President Drive, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Princes Court Business Centre, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Princess Court Business Park, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Prince’s Square, E1W Prince’s Square was part of an eighteenth century Swedish community.
Railway Arches, E1 Railway Arches is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Rampart Street, E1 Rampart Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Richard Street, E1 Richard Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Royal Mint Court, E1W Royal Mint Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Royal Mint Place, E1 Royal Mint Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Royal Mint Street, E1 Royal Mint Street began its life as Rosemary Lane.
Rum Warehouse, E1W Rum Warehouse is a location in London.
Rupert Street, E1 Rupert Street was situated to the east of Leman Street.
Scarborough Street, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
School Mews, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Ship Alley, E1W Ship Alley used to lie off Wellclose Square.
Shorter Street, EC3N Shorter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Shorter Street, EC3N Shorter Street is a road in the EC3N postcode area
Sly Street, E1 Sly Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
South Tenter Street, E1 South Tenter Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
St Mark Street, E1 St Mark Street was built on the old Goodman’s Fields.
St. Katharines Way, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Stable Walk, E1 Stable Walk is a location in London.
Star Place, E1W Star Place is a road in the E1W postcode area
Stutfield Street, E1 Stutfield Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Sugar House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Sun Walk, E1W Sun Walk is a road in the E1W postcode area
Swan Passage, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Swedenborg Gardens, E1 Swedenborg Gardens is a road in the E1 postcode area
Tait Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Tamarind Yard, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Telfords Yard, E1W Telfords Yard is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
The Highway, E1W The Highway, formerly known as the Ratcliffe Highway and dating dates back to Saxon times, is a road which stretches from Wapping to Shadwell.
The Loom, EC3R The Loom is a location in London.
Thomas More Square, E1W Thomas More Square is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Thomas More Square, E1W A street within the postcode
Thomas More Street, E1W Thomas More Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Tillman Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Twyne House 3 Boyd Street, E1 Twyne House 3 Boyd Street is a location in London.
Umberston Street, E1 Umberston Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Vaughan Way, E1W Vaughan Way is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Virginia Street, E1W Virginia Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Walburgh Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Wapping Lane, E1W Wapping Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Waterman Way, E1W Waterman Way is a road in the E1W postcode area
Welland Mews, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Wellclose Street, E1W Wellclose Street was originally built in the 1680s as Neptune Street.
Wellington Terrace, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
West Tenter Street, E1 West Tenter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Wicker Street, E1 Wicker Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Wool House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode

NEARBY PUBS
Duke of Somerset This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


St George in the East






LOCAL PHOTOS
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46 Aldgate High Street
TUM image id: 1490910153
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
The Third Goodmans Fields Theatre, Great Alie Street (1801)
Credit: W. W. Hutchings
Licence:


Whitechapel Gallery
Credit: LeHaye/Wiki Commons
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Battle of Cable Street mural The Battle of Cable Street took place on the corner of Cable Street and Dock Street, and other places
Credit: Wiki CommonsAlan Denney
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The Turk’s Head, Wapping High Street (1890). Sketch from ’The Art Journal’
Credit: The Art Journal
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Cable Street, E1 in the early years of the twentieth century
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Berner Street, April 1909. The cartwheel indicates the entrance to Dutfield's Yard.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Leman Street (1930s)
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Osborn Street in the early 1900s
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Prescot Street looking eastwards (1935)
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Settles Street, E1 (1940) This photo shows a fine old school sign which featured a torch. A direction sign to a Second World War shelter is on the wall.
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