St Magnus-the-Martyr

Church in/near Queen’s Park, existing until now

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Church · * · EC3R ·
APRIL
15
2019

St Magnus the Martyr church is dedicated to St Magnus the Martyr, earl of Orkney, who died on 16 April 1116.

Archaeological evidence suggests that the area of London Bridge head was not occupied from the early 5th century until the early 10th century.

Environmental evidence indicates that the area was waste ground during this period, colonised by elder and nettles. Following Alfred’s decision to reoccupy the walled area of London in 886, new harbours were established at Queenhithe and Billingsgate. A bridge was in place by the early 11th century, a factor which would have encouraged the occupation of the bridgehead by craftsmen and traders.

St Magnus was built to the south of Thames Street to serve the growing population of the bridgehead area and was certainly in existence by 1128-33.

Until 1831, London Bridge was aligned with Fish Street Hill, so the main entrance into the City from the south passed the West door of St Magnus on the north bank of the river. The bridge included a chapel dedicated to St Thomas Becket for the use of pilgrims journeying to Canterbury Cathedral to visit his tomb. The chapel and about two thirds of the bridge were in the parish of St Magnus. The church jutted into the road running to the bridge and it grew in importance.

St Magnus Corner at the north end of London Bridge was an important meeting place in mediaeval London, where notices were exhibited, proclamations read out and wrongdoers punished. As it was conveniently close to the River Thames, the church was chosen by the Bishop between the 15th and 17th centuries as a convenient venue for general meetings of the clergy in his diocese.

The church had a series of distinguished rectors including Myles Coverdale (Rector 1564-66) who oversaw the production of the first complete bible in the English language.

St Magnus narrowly escaped destruction in 1633 in a fire that burned many buildings upon London Bridge but, despite this, the church was one of the first buildings to be destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666. St Magnus stood less than 300 yards from the bakehouse of Thomas Farriner in Pudding Lane where the fire started. Farriner, a former churchwarden of St Magnus, was buried in the middle aisle of the church on 11 December 1670, perhaps within a temporary structure erected for holding services.

The parish engaged the master mason George Dowdeswell to start the work of rebuilding in 1668. The work was carried forward between 1671 and 1687 under the direction of Sir Christopher Wren, the body of the church being substantially complete by 1676. At a cost of £9579 19s 10d, St Magnus was one of Wren’s most expensive churches.

Shortly before his death in 1711, Sir Charles Duncombe, Alderman for the Ward of Bridge Within and, in 1708/09, Lord Mayor of London, commissioned an organ for the church, the first to have a swell-box, by Abraham Jordan (father and son). A swell organ uses pipes set apart in a box which can be opened or closed to alter the volume. The organ case, which remains in its original state, is looked upon as one of the finest existing examples of the Grinling Gibbons’s school of wood carving.

Canaletto drew St Magnus and old London Bridge as they appeared in the late 1740s. Between 1756 and 1762, under the London Bridge Improvement Act of 1756, the Corporation of London demolished the buildings on London Bridge to widen the roadway, ease traffic congestion and improve safety for pedestrians.

As part of the bridge improvements, overseen by the architect Sir Robert Taylor, a new pedestrian walkway was built along the eastern side of the bridge. With the other buildings gone St Magnus blocked the new walkway. As a consequence it was necessary in 1762 to 1763 to remove the vestry rooms at the West end of the church and open up the side arches of the tower so that people could pass underneath the tower. The tower’s lower storey thus became an external porch.

By 1782 the noise level from the activities of Billingsgate Fish Market had become unbearable and the large windows on the north side of the church were blocked up leaving only circular windows high up in the wall.

In 1823 royal assent was given to ‘An Act for the Rebuilding of London Bridge’ and in 1825 John Garratt, Lord Mayor and Alderman of the Ward of Bridge Within, laid the first stone of the new London Bridge. In 1831 Sir John Rennie’s new bridge was opened further upstream and the old bridge demolished. St Magnus ceased to be the gateway to London as it had been for over 600 years.

Until 1922 the annual Fish Harvest Festival was celebrated at St Magnus. The service moved in 1923 to St Dunstan in the East, but St Magnus retained close links with the local fish merchants until the closure of old Billingsgate Market. St Magnus is the guild church of the Worshipful Company of Fishmongers and the Worshipful Company of Plumbers, and the ward church of the Ward of Bridge and Bridge Without.

A bomb which fell on London Bridge in 1940 during the Blitz blew out all the windows and damaged the plasterwork and the roof of the north aisle. However, the church was designated a Grade I listed building on 4 January 1950 and repaired in 1951, being re-opened for worship in June of that year by the Bishop of London.

By the early 1960s traffic congestion had become a problem and Lower Thames Street was widened over the next decade to form part of a significant new east-west transport artery. The setting of the church was further affected by the construction of a new London Bridge between 1967 and 1973.

St Magnus’s prominent location and beauty has prompted many mentions in literature. In Oliver Twist, Charles Dickens notes how, as Nancy heads for her secret meeting with Mr Brownlow and Rose Maylie on London Bridge, "the tower of old Saint Saviour’s Church, and the spire of Saint Magnus, so long the giant-warders of the ancient bridge, were visible in the gloom". The church’s spiritual and architectural importance is celebrated in the poem The Waste Land by T. S. Eliot, who adds in a footnote that "the interior of St. Magnus Martyr is to my mind one of the finest among Wren’s interiors".

Just inside the west door is a spectacular model of Old London Bridge.


Main source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Comment
The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 15:05 GMT   

A plague on all your houses
Aldgate station is built directly on top of a vast plague pit, where thousands of bodies are apparently buried. No-one knows quite how many.

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Comment
MCNALLY    
Added: 17 May 2021 09:42 GMT   

Blackfriars (1959 - 1965)
I lived in Upper Ground from 1959 to 1964 I was 6 years old my parents Vince and Kitty run the Pub The Angel on the corner of Upper Ground and Bodies Bridge. I remember the ceiling of the cellar was very low and almost stretched the length of Bodies Bridge. The underground trains run directly underneath the pub. If you were down in the cellar when a train was coming it was quite frightening

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Reply
Tom   
Added: 21 May 2021 23:07 GMT   

Blackfriars
What is, or was, Bodies Bridge?

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Comment
   
Added: 21 Apr 2021 16:21 GMT   

Liverpool Street
the Bishopsgate station has existed since 1840 as a passenger station, but does not appear in the site’s cartography. Evidently, the 1860 map is in fact much earlier than that date.

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Comment
Martin Eaton    
Added: 14 Oct 2021 03:56 GMT   

Boundary Estate
Sunbury, Taplow House.

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Graham O’Connell   
Added: 10 Apr 2021 10:24 GMT   

Lloyd & Sons, Tin Box Manufacturers (1859 - 1982)
A Lloyd & Sons occupied the wharf (now known as Lloyds Wharf, Mill Street) from the mid 19th Century to the late 20th Century. Best known for making tin boxes they also produced a range of things from petrol canisters to collecting tins. They won a notorious libel case in 1915 when a local councillor criticised the working conditions which, in fairness, weren’t great. There was a major fire here in 1929 but the company survived at least until 1982 and probably a year or two after that.

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The Underground Map   
Added: 20 Sep 2020 13:01 GMT   

Pepys starts diary
On 1 January 1659, Samuel Pepys started his famous daily diary and maintained it for ten years. The diary has become perhaps the most extensive source of information on this critical period of English history. Pepys never considered that his diary would be read by others. The original diary consisted of six volumes written in Shelton shorthand, which he had learned as an undergraduate on scholarship at Magdalene College, Cambridge. This shorthand was introduced in 1626, and was the same system Isaac Newton used when writing.

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Comment
   
Added: 27 Jul 2021 14:31 GMT   

correction
Chaucer did not write Pilgrims Progress. His stories were called the Canterbury Tales

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Lived here
margaret clark   
Added: 15 Oct 2021 22:23 GMT   

Margaret’s address when she married in 1938
^, Josepine House, Stepney is the address of my mother on her marriage certificate 1938. Her name was Margaret Irene Clark. Her father Basil Clark was a warehouse grocer.

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Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

Reply

   
Added: 3 Jun 2021 15:50 GMT   

All Bar One
The capitalisation is wrong

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
roger morris   
Added: 16 Oct 2021 08:50 GMT   

Atherton Road, IG5 (1958 - 1980)
I moved to Atherton road in 1958 until 1980 from Finsbury Park. My father purchased the house from his brother Sydney Morris. My father continued to live there until his death in 1997, my mother having died in 1988.
I attended The Glade Primary School in Atherton Road from sept 1958 until 1964 when I went to Beal School. Have fond memories of the area and friends who lived at no2 (Michael Clark)and no11 (Brian Skelly)

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Lived here
margaret clark   
Added: 15 Oct 2021 22:23 GMT   

Margaret’s address when she married in 1938
^, Josepine House, Stepney is the address of my mother on her marriage certificate 1938. Her name was Margaret Irene Clark. Her father Basil Clark was a warehouse grocer.

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Comment
Martin Eaton    
Added: 14 Oct 2021 03:56 GMT   

Boundary Estate
Sunbury, Taplow House.

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Comment
Simon Chalton   
Added: 10 Oct 2021 21:52 GMT   

Duppas Hill Terrace 1963- 74
I’m 62 yrs old now but between the years 1963 and 1975 I lived at number 23 Duppas Hill Terrace. I had an absolutely idyllic childhood there and it broke my heart when the council ordered us out of our home to build the Ellis Davd flats there.The very large house overlooked the fire station and we used to watch them practice putting out fires in the blue tower which I believe is still there.
I’m asking for your help because I cannot find anything on the internet or anywhere else (pictures, history of the house, who lived there) and I have been searching for many, many years now.
Have you any idea where I might find any specific details or photos of Duppas Hill Terrace, number 23 and down the hill to where the subway was built. To this day it saddens me to know they knocked down this house, my extended family lived at the next house down which I think was number 25 and my best school friend John Childs the next and last house down at number 27.
I miss those years so terribly and to coin a quote it seems they just disappeared like "tears in rain".
Please, if you know of anywhere that might be able to help me in any way possible, would you be kind enough to get back to me. I would be eternally grateful.
With the greatest of hope and thanks,
Simon Harlow-Chalton.


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Comment
Linda Webb   
Added: 27 Sep 2021 05:51 GMT   

Hungerford Stairs
In 1794 my ancestor, George Webb, Clay Pipe Maker, lived in Hungerford Stairs, Strand. Source: Wakefields Merchant & Tradesmens General Directory London Westminster 1794

Source: Hungerford Stairs

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Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

Reply
Born here
Ron Shepherd   
Added: 18 Sep 2021 17:28 GMT   

More Wisdom
Norman Joseph Wisdom was born in St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington, West London.

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Comment
Jonathan Penner   
Added: 11 Sep 2021 16:03 GMT   

Pennard Road, W12
My wife and I, young Canadians, lodged at 65 (?) Pennard Road with a fellow named Clive and his girlfriend, Melanie, for about 6 months in 1985. We loved the area and found it extremely convenient.

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St Mary At Hill, EC3R St Mary At Hill is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
St Michaels Alley, EC3V St Michael’s Alley was the centre of the 17th century London coffee house phenomenon.
St Michaels Rectory, EC3V St Michaels Rectory is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area.
St Swithin’s Lane, EC4N St Swithin’s Lane runs from King William Street to Cannon Street.
Stoney Street, SE1 Stoney Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Suffolk Lane, EC4R Suffolk Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Sugar Quay Walk, EC3N Sugar Quay Walk is part of the Thames Path near to the Tower of London.
Swan Lane, EC4R Swan Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Talbot Court, EC3V Talbot Court was next to the Talbot Inn until the Great Fire of London.
Three Cranes Wharf, EC4R Three Cranes Wharf is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Three Crown Square Borough Market, SE1 Three Crown Square Borough Market is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Tower Hill Terrace, EC3N Tower Hill Terrace is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Tower Pier, EC3N Tower Pier is a location in London.
Tower Place East, EC3R A street within the EC3R postcode
Tower Place West, EC3R Tower Place West is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Tower Place, EC3R Tower Place is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Two London Bridge, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Upper Thames Street, EC4R Upper Thames Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Vestry House, EC4R Residential block
Victor Wharf, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Walbrook, EC4N Walbrook is one of the streets of the Bank area.
Watling Street, EC4M Watling Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Watling Street, EC4N Watling Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4N postal area.
Well Court, EC4N Well Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Whittington Avenue, EC3V Whittington Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area.
Winchester Square, SE1 Winchester Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Winchester Walk, SE1 Winchester Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Winchester Wharf, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode

NEARBY PUBS
Agenda This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
All Bar One Cannon Street This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
All Bar One Tower Of London This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Balls Brothers @ Minster Court This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Balls Brothers, Mark Lane This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Bar 20 This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Barrow boy & banker This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Be At One Monument This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Bedales Wine Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Brokers Wine Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Cannick Tapps This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
City Flogger This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Core This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Crosse Keys This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Davys, 1 Plantation Place This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Dirty Martini Monument This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
East India Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Forge Bar & Club This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Harry’s Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Jamaica Wine House This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Jamies This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Jamies St Mary At Hill This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Liberty Bounds This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Lloyds Club Limited This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Loose Cannon This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Merchant House This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Number 25 This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Old Swan The Old Swan Inn was one of the most well-known in the City of London.
Old thameside inn This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
One Under Lime This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Oyster Shed This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Planet Of The Grapes This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Planet of the Grapes Ltd This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
River Gardens The Moniker is a bar in the City of London.
Roma This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Salotto 31 This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Sir John Hawkshaw This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Steam Wine Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The anchor bankside This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Banker This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Bell This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Bootlegger’s Club Ltd This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Britannia This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Bunch Of Grapes This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Counting House This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Crutched Friar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Draft House This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Folly This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Four Sisters Townhouse This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The globe tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Golden Fleece This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Green Man This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The horniman at hays This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Hung Drawn & Quartered This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Hydrant, Equitable House This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Monument This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The mudlark This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The mug house This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The New Moon This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Olde Wine Shades This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Pelt Trader, Arch 3 This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The rake This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Ship This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Ship This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Sugarloaf This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Swan This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Three Cranes This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Walrus & The Carpenter This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Vinopolis city of wine This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Willys Wine Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Wine Lodge This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Ye Olde Watling This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Queen’s Park

Queen’s Park lies between Kilburn and Kensal Green, developed from 1875 onwards and named to honour Queen Victoria.

The north of Queen’s Park formed part of the parish of Willesden and the southern section formed an exclave of the parish of Chelsea, both in the Ossulstone hundred of Middlesex. In 1889 the area of the Metropolitan Board of Works that included the southern section of Queen’s Park was transferred from Middlesex to the County of London, and in 1900 the anomaly of being administered from Chelsea was removed when the exclave was united with the parish of Paddington. In 1965 both parts of Queen’s Park became part of Greater London: the northern section - Queen’s Park ’proper’ formed part of Brent and the southern section - the Queen’s Park Estate - joined the City of Westminster.

Queen’s Park, like much of Kilburn, was developed by Solomon Barnett. The two-storey terraced houses east of the park, built between 1895 and 1900, typically have clean, classical lines. Those west of the park, built 1900–05, tend to be more Gothic in style. Barnett’s wife was from the West Country, and many of the roads he developed are named either for places she knew (e.g. Torbay, Tiverton, Honiton) or for popular poets of the time (e.g. Tennyson). The first occupants of the area in late Victorian times were typically lower middle class, such as clerks and teachers. Queen’s Park is both demographically and architecturally diverse. The streets around the park at the heart of Queen’s Park are a conservation area.

There is hardly any social housing in the streets around Queens Park itself, and the area was zoned as not suitable for social housing in the 1970s and 1980s as even then house prices were above average for the borough of Brent, which made them unaffordable for local Housing Associations. The main shopping streets of Salusbury Road and Chamberlayne Road have fewer convenience stores and more high-value shops and restaurants. Local schools – some of which struggled to attract the children of wealthier local families in the past – are now over-subscribed. House prices have risen accordingly.

Queen’s Park station was first opened by the London and North Western Railway on 2 June 1879 on the main line from London to Birmingham.

Services on the Bakerloo line were extended from Kilburn Park to Queen’s Park on 11 February 1915. On 10 May 1915 Bakerloo services began to operate north of Queen’s Park as far as Willesden Junction over the recently built Watford DC Line tracks shared with the LNWR.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Byward Tower, 1893
TUM image id: 1556882285
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Hopton Street, Borough, 1977.
TUM image id: 1557142131
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
Georg Giese from Danzig, 34-year-old German merchant at the Steelyard, painted in London by Hans Holbein in 1532
Credit: Hans Holbein
Licence: CC BY 2.0
To View or share the image, go to its dedicated web page

Walbrook Wharf is an operating freight wharf located in the City of London adjacent to Cannon Street station.
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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Etching of All Hallows Staining tower, drawn in 1922
Credit: Public domain
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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"London Bridge from the Old Swan" by the Irish painter Hubert Pugh (1780) Shooting the tidal rapids at old London Bridge was dangerous; many passengers preferred to get off at the Old Swan, and walk. Immediately across the river in the painting is St Saviour’s Church, now Southwark Cathedral.
Credit: Hubert Pugh (Bank of England Museum)
Licence:
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The Church of All Hallows Lombard Street as seen from Ball Alley in the 1820s. All Hallows was a rare City of London church not demolished due to the Great Fire or the Blitz but to falling attendances. Taken from ’The Churches of London’ by George Godwin (1839)
Credit: Robert William Billings and John Le Keux
Licence:
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The ’Walkie-Talkie’ (20 Fenchurch Street in the City of London), photographed in 2015. Shortly before completion, the angled windows set fire to a couple of vehicles when they focused the rays of the sun downwards into nearby streets. This quirk had to be fixed.
Credit: Wiki Commons/Colin
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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Adelaide House from above
Credit: https://manchesterhistory.net/
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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The shoemaker was a 1907 London comedy drama, a play "full of tears and laughter."
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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At the south end of Philpot Lane, at its junction with Eastcheap in the City, is 23 Eastcheap, built between 1861 and 1862, as offices and warehousing for the spice-merchants Messrs.’ Hunt and Crombie. A curious feature adorns its facade - a carving of two brown mice, each of which is engaged in a struggle to wrest a large chunk of cheese from the jaws of the other.
Credit: GoArt/The Underground Map
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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Lombard Court EC3
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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