York Road, SE1

Road in/near Waterloo, existing between 1824 and now

(51.50327 -0.11556, 51.503 -0.115) 
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Road · Waterloo · SE1 ·

York Road skirts the western edge of Waterloo station.

To the west of York Road is the old County Hall, Shell Centre, Jubilee Gardens and, beyond, the London Eye and the River Thames.

The first Waterloo Bridge Act contained a clause for the continuation of Stamford Street across Waterloo Road to Westminster Bridge Road. The new road, which was for several years called Stamford Street, but which ultimately became York Road, was made across the land of the Archbishop’s manor of Lambeth.

Except for a fringe of cottages along Narrow Wall and for Phelps’ soap factory, which stood east of Narrow Wall (i.e. on ground between Belvedere Road and York Road and adjoining north on Waterloo Road) the land was undeveloped. It was divided by open ditches into fields: Float Mead, The Twenty-one Acres, and the Seven Acres.

In 1807 the Archbishop obtained an Act authorising the development of this ground for building. The road was cut in 1824, and between 1825 and 1830 practically the whole frontage on either side was let on building leases. The turnpike, which stood approximately opposite the present entrance to the tube station, was taken down about 1848.

The whole of the ground east of York Road between Waterloo Road and Vine Street and extending east nearly to Lower Marsh was let on building lease to John Field, wax chandler, and Agnes Bazing in 1824-29. Part of this land was sold to the London and South Western Railway in 1848 when the line was extended from Nine Elms. Waterloo Station, which was raised above the marshy ground on a series of arches, was designed by Sir William Tite and opened on 11 July 1848. In 1864 the South Eastern Railway extended their line from London Bridge to Waterloo and Charing Cross, Waterloo Junction being linked with the main station by a bridge across Waterloo Road. Substantial alterations and additions were made at various times during the 19th century, and in 1872 the South Eastern Railway Company bought the eastern part of the ground originally leased to Field, which had by then become a slum.

Owing to its piecemeal construction the lay-out of the station was by the end of the nineteenth century confused and unsatisfactory, and in 1900 an extension and complete rebuilding of the old station was begun. It was finished by the erection of a building linking the new offices with those lining the approach from York Road, including the great arched entrance to the station which formed a staff war memorial. The Times, describing the opening of the new buildings in 1922, remarked that "nothing of the original structure now remains except the arches upon which the new station has been built."

On 7 August, 1765, a Dr John Leake addressed a meeting at Appleby’s Tavern in Parliament Street, Westminster, and propounded a scheme for a hospital “for the Relief of those Child-bearing Women who are the Wives of poor Industrious Tradesmen or distressed House-keepers, and who either from unavoidable Misfortunes or the Expences of maintaining large Families are reduced to real Want. Also for the Reception and immediate Relief of indigent Soldiers and Sailors Wives, the former in particular being very numerous in and about the City of Westminster." The hospital was then built in Pimlico and opened in April 1767, as the Westminster New Lying-in Hospital, with Dr Leake as its first physician.

Dr Leake had trained in England as a surgeon but had early become interested in midwifery and had practised it for a while in Lisbon. During the early years of the hospital he was living in Craven Street, Strand, where he gave an annual course of lectures on midwifery. His ideas were not particularly advanced even for his time, but the institution he founded, one of the first of its kind, has proved of great permanent value.

Early in the 1820s the governors decided to move to new premises. From Lancelot Holland, who was, at this time, developing the land between Westminster and Waterloo Bridges for the Archbishop of Canterbury, the governors acquired a building lease of a plot of ground with 100 foot frontage on the east side of York Road. The new building was designed by Henry Harrison and cost about £3000. On 22 September, 1828, the minutes record that “On Friday Morning a Patient was delivered of a Son in the New Hospital and the Committee met this day in the new Hospital for the first time." The name Westminister was dropped from the title and the institution was incorporated by royal charter in 1830 as The General Lying-in Hospital.

In March 1879, Joseph Lister, accepted the office of consulting surgeon, and he continued to serve the hospital in this capacity and as President until 1911.

The hospital moved to St Albans during the 1939-45 war and the old building received some damage. It was reopened in 1946 but later the site became a hotel.

Waterloo station (1940). Troops arrive while children who are being evacuated from London, leave.
New Times Paris Bureau Collection
(click image to enlarge)

Two additional County Hall wings - North and South Blocks - were planned in 1937, by the London County Council with Sir Giles G. Scott as consultant. It was built partly in 1939 on York Road and finished in 1958.

Immediately after the Second World War, York Road became known for the Festival of Britain - there was an entrance gate in the street and the Rocket Restaurant.

In 1953 the York Road entrance to the Festival of Britain re-opened as the BEA Waterloo Air Terminal (on the later site of the Shell Centre) serving passengers on BEA flights and other airlines operating out of Heathrow. It was in use between 1953 and 1957 and provided check-in facilities, luggage drop-off and a regular bus service to the airport. In 1955 a helicopter service was started between the Waterloo Air Terminal and Heathrow

In the late 1990s, the London IMAX cinema opened within the Bullring roundabout at the northern end of the road, on a site previously occupied by Cardboard City for the homeless.

Main source: Survey of London | British History Online
Further citations and sources

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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Dec 2020 00:24 GMT   

Othello takes a bow
On 1 November 1604, William Shakespeare’s tragedy Othello was presented for the first time, at The Palace of Whitehall. The palace was the main residence of the English monarchs in London from 1530 until 1698. Seven years to the day, Shakespeare’s romantic comedy The Tempest was also presented for the first time, and also at the Palace of Whitehall.

Linda Webb   
Added: 27 Sep 2021 05:51 GMT   

Hungerford Stairs
In 1794 my ancestor, George Webb, Clay Pipe Maker, lived in Hungerford Stairs, Strand. Source: Wakefields Merchant & Tradesmens General Directory London Westminster 1794

Source: Hungerford Stairs


Roy Batham   
Added: 7 Jan 2022 07:17 GMT   

Smithy in Longacre
John Burris 1802-1848 Listed 1841 census as Burroughs was a blacksmith, address just given as Longacre.

Source: Batham/Wiseman - Family Tree


Scott Hatton   
Added: 11 Sep 2020 19:47 GMT   

Millions Of Rats In Busy London
The Daily Mail on 14 April 1903 reported "MILLIONS OF RATS IN BUSY LONDON"

A rat plague, unprecedented in the annals of London, has broken out on the north side of the Strand. The streets principally infested are Catherine street, Drury lane, Blackmore street, Clare Market and Russell street. Something akin to a reign of terror prevails among the inhabitants after nightfall. Women refuse to pass along Blackmore street and the lower parts of Stanhope street after dusk, for droves of rats perambulate the roadways and pavements, and may be seen running along the window ledges of the empty houses awaiting demolition by the County Council in the Strand to Holborn improvement scheme.

The rats, indeed, have appeared in almost-incredible numbers. "There are millions of them," said one shopkeeper, and his statement was supported by other residents. The unwelcome visitors have been evicted from their old haunts by the County Council housebreakers, and are now busily in search of new homes. The Gaiety Restaurant has been the greatest sufferer. Rats have invaded the premises in such force that the managers have had to close the large dining room on the first floor and the grill rooms on the ground floor and in the basement. Those three spacious halls which have witnessed many as semblages of theatre-goers are now qui:e deserted. Behind the wainscot of the bandstand in the grillroom is a large mound of linen shreds. This represents 1728 serviettes carried theee by the rats.

In the bar the removal of a panel disclosed the astonishing fact that the rats have dragged for a distance of seven or eight yards some thirty or forty beer and wine bottles and stacked them in such a fashion as to make comfortable sleeping places. Mr Williams. the manager of the restaurant, estimates that the rats have destroyed L200 worth of linen. Formerly the Gaiety Restaurant dined 2000 persons daily; no business whatever is now done in this direction.

Bruce McTavish   
Added: 11 Mar 2021 11:37 GMT   

Kennington Road
Lambeth North station was opened as Kennington Road and then Westminster Bridge Road before settling on its final name. It has a wonderful Leslie Green design.

Richard Lake   
Added: 28 Sep 2022 09:37 GMT   

Trade Union Official
John William Lake snr moved with his family to 22 De Laune Street in 1936. He was the London Branch Secretary for the Street Masons, Paviours and Road Makers Union. He had previously lived in Orange St now Copperfield St Southwark but had been forced to move because the landlord didn’t like him working from home and said it broke his lease.
John William snr died in 1940. His son John William Lake jnr also became a stone mason and at the end of World War two he was responsible for the engraving of the dates of WW2 onto the Cenotaph in Whitehall.

Added: 17 May 2021 09:42 GMT   

Blackfriars (1959 - 1965)
I lived in Upper Ground from 1959 to 1964 I was 6 years old my parents Vince and Kitty run the Pub The Angel on the corner of Upper Ground and Bodies Bridge. I remember the ceiling of the cellar was very low and almost stretched the length of Bodies Bridge. The underground trains run directly underneath the pub. If you were down in the cellar when a train was coming it was quite frightening

Jessie Doring   
Added: 22 Feb 2021 04:33 GMT   

Tisbury Court Jazz Bar
Jazz Bar opened in Tisbury Court by 2 Australians. Situated in underground basement. Can not remember how long it opened for.

Pauline jones   
Added: 16 Oct 2017 19:04 GMT   

Bessborough Place, SW1V
I grew up in bessborough place at the back of our house and Grosvenor road and bessborough gardens was a fantastic playground called trinity mews it had a paddling pool sandpit football area and various things to climb on, such as a train , slide also as Wendy house. There were plants surrounding this wonderful play area, two playground attendants ,also a shelter for when it rained. The children were constantly told off by the playground keepers for touching the plants or kicking the ball out of the permitted area, there was hopscotch as well, all these play items were brick apart from the slide. Pollock was the centre of my universe and I felt sorry and still do for anyone not being born there. To this day I miss it and constantly look for images of the streets around there, my sister and me often go back to take a clumped of our beloved London. The stucco houses were a feature and the backs of the houses enabled parents to see thier children playing.

Added: 9 Aug 2017 16:26 GMT   

I have recently started a web site, the info you provide on this site has helped me greatly. Thank you for all of your time & work. There can be no real freedom without the freedom to fail. by Erich Fromm. eeggefeceefb


Added: 7 Oct 2017 21:07 GMT   

Hurley Road, SE11
There were stables in the road mid way - also Danny reading had a coal delivery lorry.

Robert smitherman   
Added: 23 Aug 2017 11:01 GMT   

Saunders Street, SE11
I was born in a prefab on Saunders street SE11 in the 60’s, when I lived there, the road consisted of a few prefab houses, the road originally ran from Lollard street all the way thru to Fitzalan street. I went back there to have a look back in the early 90’s but all that is left of the road is about 20m of road and the road sign.

Added: 21 May 2021 23:07 GMT   

What is, or was, Bodies Bridge?

Lived here
Richard Roques   
Added: 21 Jan 2021 16:53 GMT   

Buckingham Street residents
Here in Buckingham Street lived Samuel Pepys the diarist, Charles Dickens and Rudyard Kipling

Jude Allen   
Added: 29 Jul 2021 07:53 GMT   

Bra top
I jave a jewelled item of clothong worn by a revie girl.
It is red with diamante straps. Inside it jas a label Bermans Revue 16 Orange Street but I cannot find any info online about the revue only that 16 Orange Street used to be a theatre. Does any one know about the revue. I would be intesrested to imagine the wearer of the article and her London life.



Christine D Elliott   
Added: 20 Mar 2023 15:52 GMT   

The Blute Family
My grandparents, Frederick William Blute & Alice Elizabeth Blute nee: Warnham lived at 89 Blockhouse Street Deptford from around 1917.They had six children. 1. Alice Maragret Blute (my mother) 2. Frederick William Blute 3. Charles Adrian Blute 4. Violet Lillian Blute 5. Donald Blute 6. Stanley Vincent Blute (Lived 15 months). I lived there with my family from 1954 (Birth) until 1965 when we were re-housed for regeneration to the area.
I attended Ilderton Road School.
Very happy memories of that time.


Pearl Foster   
Added: 20 Mar 2023 12:22 GMT   

Dukes Place, EC3A
Until his death in 1767, Daniel Nunes de Lara worked from his home in Dukes Street as a Pastry Cook. It was not until much later the street was renamed Dukes Place. Daniel and his family attended the nearby Bevis Marks synagogue for Sephardic Jews. The Ashkenazi Great Synagogue was established in Duke Street, which meant Daniel’s business perfectly situated for his occupation as it allowed him to cater for both congregations.

Dr Paul Flewers   
Added: 9 Mar 2023 18:12 GMT   

Some Brief Notes on Hawthorne Close / Hawthorne Street
My great-grandparents lived in the last house on the south side of Hawthorne Street, no 13, and my grandmother Alice Knopp and her brothers and sisters grew up there. Alice Knopp married Charles Flewers, from nearby Hayling Road, and moved to Richmond, Surrey, where I was born. Leonard Knopp married Esther Gutenberg and lived there until the street was demolished in the mid-1960s, moving on to Tottenham. Uncle Len worked in the fur trade, then ran a pet shop in, I think, the Kingsland Road.

From the back garden, one could see the almshouses in the Balls Pond Road. There was an ink factory at the end of the street, which I recall as rather malodorous.


Added: 7 Mar 2023 17:14 GMT   

Andover Road, N7 (1939 - 1957)
My aunt, Doris nee Curtis (aka Jo) and her husband John Hawkins (aka Jack) ran a small general stores at 92 Andover Road (N7). I have found details in the 1939 register but don’t know how long before that it was opened.He died in 1957. In the 1939 register he is noted as being an ARP warden for Islington warden


Added: 2 Mar 2023 13:50 GMT   

The Queens Head
Queens Head demolished and a NISA supermarket and flats built in its place.

Added: 28 Feb 2023 18:09 GMT   

6 Elia Street
When I was young I lived in 6 Elia Street. At the end of the garden there was a garage owned by Initial Laundries which ran from an access in Quick Street all the way up to the back of our garden. The fire exit to the garage was a window leading into our garden. 6 Elia Street was owned by Initial Laundry.

Added: 21 Feb 2023 11:39 GMT   

Error on 1800 map numbering for John Street
The 1800 map of Whitfield Street (17 zoom) has an error in the numbering shown on the map. The houses are numbered up the right hand side of John Street and Upper John Street to #47 and then are numbered down the left hand side until #81 BUT then continue from 52-61 instead of 82-91.

P Cash   
Added: 19 Feb 2023 08:03 GMT   

Occupants of 19-29 Woburn Place
The Industrial Tribunals (later changed to Employment Tribunals) moved (from its former location on Ebury Bridge Road to 19-29 Woburn Place sometime in the late 1980s (I believe).

19-29 Woburn Place had nine floors in total (one in the basement and two in its mansard roof and most of the building was occupied by the Tribunals

The ’Head Office’ of the tribunals, occupied space on the 7th, 6th and 2nd floors, whilst one of the largest of the regional offices (London North but later called London Central) occupied space in the basement, ground and first floor.

The expansive ground floor entrance had white marble flooring and a security desk. Behind (on evey floor) lay a square (& uncluttered) lobby space, which was flanked on either side by lifts. On the rear side was an elegant staircase, with white marble steps, brass inlays and a shiny brass handrail which spiralled around an open well. Both staircase, stairwell and lifts ran the full height of the building. On all floors from 1st upwards, staff toilets were tucked on either side of the staircase (behind the lifts).

Basement Floor - Tribunal hearing rooms, dormant files store and secure basement space for Head Office. Public toilets.

Geound Floor - The ’post’ roon sat next to the entrance in the northern side, the rest of which was occupied by the private offices of the full time Tribunal judiciary. Thw largest office belonged to the Regional Chair and was situated on the far corner (overlooking Tavistock Square) The secretary to the Regional Chair occupied a small office next door.
The south side of this floor was occupied by the large open plan General Office for the administration, a staff kitchen & rest room and the private offices of the Regional Secretary (office manager) and their deputy.

First Dloor - Tribunal hearing rooms; separate public waiting rooms for Applicants & Respondents; two small rooms used by Counsel (on a ’whoever arrives first’ bases) and a small private rest room for use by tribunal lay members.

Second Floor - Tribunal Hearing Rooms; Tribunal Head Office - HR & Estate Depts & other tennants.

Third Floor - other tennants

Fourth Floor - other tennants

Fifth Floor - Other Tennants except for a large non-smoking room for staff, (which overlooked Tavistock Sqaure). It was seldom used, as a result of lacking any facities aside from a meagre collection of unwanted’ tatty seating. Next to it, (overlooking Tavistock Place) was a staff canteen.

Sixth Floor - Other tennants mostly except for a few offices on the northern side occupied by tribunal Head Office - IT Dept.

Seventh Floor - Other tenants in the northern side. The southern (front) side held the private offices of several senior managers (Secretariat, IT & Finance), private office of the Chief Accuntant; an office for two private secretaries and a stationary cupboard. On the rear side was a small kitchen; the private office of the Chief Executive and the private office of the President of the Tribunals for England & Wales. (From 1995 onwards, this became a conference room as the President was based elsewhere. The far end of this side contained an open plan office for Head Office staff - Secretariat, Finance & HR (staff training team) depts.

Eighth Floor - other tennants.

The Employment Tribunals (Regional & Head Offices) relocated to Vitory House, Kingsway in April 2005.



Canterbury Music Hall The Canterbury Music Hall was established in 1852 by Charles Morton on the site of a former skittle alley adjacent to the Canterbury Tavern at 143 Westminster Bridge Road.
Embankment Embankment underground station has been known by various names during its long history - including, indeed, ’Embankment’.
Florence Nightingale Museum The Florence Nightingale Museum is located at St Thomas’ Hospital, which faces the Palace of Westminster across the River Thames.
Hole In the Wall The Hole In The Wall is a local Waterloo institution.
Hungerford Bridge Hungerford Bridge is a rail bridge crossing the Thames into Charing Cross station.
Hungerford Stairs The Hungerford Stairs were the entrance point to Hungerford Market from the River Thames. They are now the site of Charing Cross railway Station.
Lower Marsh Market Lower Marsh Market is in the Waterloo area of London.
Necropolis Station The London Necropolis Railway was opened in 1854 as a reaction to severe overcrowding in London’s existing graveyards and cemeteries.
Waterloo London Waterloo station is a central London railway terminus and London Underground complex. The station is one of 18 in Britain owned and operated by Network Rail and is close to the South Bank of the River Thames.

Addington Street, SE1 Addington Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Alaska Street, SE1 Alaska Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Aquinas Street, SE1 Aquinas Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Baylis Road, SE1 Baylis Road runs between Westminster Bridge Road and Waterloo Road.
Becket House, SE1 Becket House is located on Lambeth Palace Road.
Belvedere Road, SE1 Belvedere Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Blenheim Business Centre, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Brad Street, SE1 Brad Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Casson Square, SE1 Casson Square is a square of South Bank buildings.
Chicheley Street, SE1 Henry Chichele was a 15th-century Archbishop of Canterbury.
Climsland House, SE1 Climsland House is a block on Duchy Street.
Coin Street, SE1 Coin Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Cole House, SE1 Cole House is a block on Tanswell Street.
Concert Hall Approach, SE1 Concert Hall Approach is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Cons Street, SE1 Emma Cons was the founder of the Royal Victoria Coffee Music Hall, that later became known as the Old Vic.
Cooper Close, SE1 Cooper Close is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Coral Street, SE1 Coral Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Cornwall Road, SE1 Cornwall Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Cornwall Road, SE1 Ethelm House is a block near Waterloo Station.
Doon Street, SE1 Doon Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Doreen Ramsey Court, SE1 Doreen Ramsey Court is a block on The Cut.
Duchy Street, SE1 Duchy Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Edward Henry House, SE1 Edward Henry House is a block on Cornwall Road.
Elizabeth House, SE1 Elizabeth House is a block on York Road.
Ethelm House, SE1 Ethelm House is a block on Cornwall Road.
Exton Street, SE1 Exton Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Forum Magnum Square, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
FranklinWilkins Building, SE1 FranklinWilkins Building is sited on Stamford Street.
Frazier Street, SE1 Frazier Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Golden Jubilee Bridge, WC2N Golden Jubilee Bridge is a road in the WC2N postcode area
Granby Place, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Greenham Close, SE1 Greenham Close is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Greet Street, SE1 Greet Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Griffin Street, SE1 Griffin Street was marked on maps between the 1820s and the 1950s.
Harlington Street, SE1 Harlington Street was built in the 1820s but swept away by the building of Waterloo station.
Henry House, SE1 Henry House is a building on Coin Street.
Holmes Terrace, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
James Clerk Maxwell Building, SE1 James Clerk Maxwell Building is a block on Waterloo Road.
Johanna Street, SE1 Johanna Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Kent House, SE1 Kent House is a block on Upper Ground.
Launcelot Street, SE1 Launcelot Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Leake Street, SE1 Leake Street is a road and a road tunnel where graffiti is tolerated.
Lower Marsh, SE1 Lower Marsh is an 18th century street in the Waterloo neighbourhood.
Mepham Street, SE1 Mepham Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Miller Walk, SE1 Miller Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Mitre Road, SE1 Mitre Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Morley Street, SE1 Morley Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Munro House, SE1 Munro House can be found on Murphy Street.
Murphy Street, SE1 Murphy Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
National Film Theatre, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Oreilly Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Pear Place, SE1 Pear Place was formerly Peartree Street.
Pearman Street, SE1 Pearman Street is one of the centres of London.
Railway Arch 213, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Reeves House, SE1 Reeves House is a block on Baylis Road.
Roupell Street, SE1 Roupell Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Samford Street, SE1 Samford Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Sandell Street, SE1 Sandell Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Santley House, SE1 Santley House can be found on Frazier Street.
Secker Street, SE1 Secker Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
South Bank, SE1 South Bank is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Southbank Centre Square, SE1 Southbank Centre Square is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Southbank, SE1 Southbank is a road in the SE9 postcode area
Spur Road, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Stamford Street Apartments, SE1 This block stands on Stamford Street.
Stamford Street, SE1 Stamford Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Station Approach, SE1 Station Approach is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Sutton Walk, SE1 Sutton Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Tanswell Street, SE1 Tanswell Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
The Balcony, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
The Colonnade, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
The Queen’s Steps, SE1 The Queen’s Steps is a road in the SE1 postcode area
The Queen’s Walk, SE1 This is a street in the SE1 postcode area
The Queen’s Walk, SE1 The Queen’s Walk is a road in the SE1 postcode area
The Tower Building, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Theed Street, SE1 Theed Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Upper Marsh Street, SE1 Upper Marsh Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Upper Marsh, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Victoria Embankment, SW1A Victoria Embankment leads north out of the Westminster area.
Waterloo Bridge, SE1 Waterloo Bridge is a road in the WC2R postcode area
Waterloo Bridge, SE1 Waterloo Bridge, as well as being the bridge itself, lends its name to the southern approach road.
Waterloo Centre, SE1 Waterloo Centre is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Waterloo Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Waterloo Road, SE1 Waterloo Road is the main road in the Waterloo area straddling the boroughs of Lambeth and Southwark.
Wayerloo Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Wellington House, SE1 Wellington House is a building on Waterloo Road.
Westminster Bridge, SE1 Westminster Bridge links Westminster on the west side with Lambeth on the east side.
Whitehouse Apartments, SE1 Whitehouse Apartments is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Whittlesey Street, SE1 Whittlesey Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Windmill House, SE1 Windmill House is a block on Wootton Street.
Windmill Walk, SE1 Windmill Walk is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Wootton Street, SE1 Wootton Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
York Road Curve, SE1 York Road Curve is a road in the N1C postcode area

Hole In the Wall The Hole In The Wall is a local Waterloo institution.

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London Waterloo station is a central London railway terminus and London Underground complex. The station is one of 18 in Britain owned and operated by Network Rail and is close to the South Bank of the River Thames.

The London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) opened the station on 11 July 1848 as ’Waterloo Bridge Station’ (from the nearby crossing over the Thames) when its main line was extended from Nine Elms. The station, designed by William Tite, was raised above marshy ground on a series of arches. The unfulfilled intention was for a through station with services to the City. In 1886, it officially became Waterloo Station, reflecting long-standing common usage, even in some L&SWR timetables.

It is located in the Waterloo district of London, which was itself named after the Battle of Waterloo in which Napoleon was defeated near Brussels.

As the station grew, it became increasingly ramshackle. The original 1848 station became known as the ’Central Station’ as other platforms were added. The new platform sets were known by nicknames - the two platforms added for suburban services in 1878 were the ’Cyprus Station’, whilst the six built in 1885 for use by trains on the Windsor line became the ’Khartoum Station’. Each of these stations-within-a-station had its own booking office, taxi stand and public entrances from the street, as well as often poorly marked and confusing access to the rest of the station. This complexity and confusion became the butt of jokes by writers and music hall comics for many years in the late 19th century, including Jerome K. Jerome in Three Men in a Boat.

The present buildings were inaugurated in 1922. Part of the station is a Grade II listed heritage building.

With over 91 million passenger entries and exits between April 2010 and March 2011, Waterloo is easily Britain’s busiest railway station in terms of passenger usage. The Waterloo complex is one of the busiest passenger terminals in Europe. It has more platforms and a greater floor area than any other station in the UK (though Clapham Junction, just under 4 miles down the line, has the largest number of trains). It is the terminus of a network of railway lines from Surrey, Berkshire, Hampshire, South West England, and the south-western suburbs of London.

Waterloo tube station is, like its namesake, the busiest station on the network and is served by the Bakerloo, Jubilee, Northern and the Waterloo & City lines.

The first underground station at Waterloo was opened on 8 August 1898 by the Waterloo & City Railway (W&CR), a subsidiary of the owners of the main line station, the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR). The W&CR, nicknamed the Drain, achieved in a limited way the L&SWR’s original plan of taking its tracks the short distance north-east into the City of London.

On 10 March 1906, the Baker Street & Waterloo Railway (BS&WR, now the Bakerloo line) was opened. On 13 September 1926, the extension of the Hampstead & Highgate line (as the Charing Cross branch of the Northern line was then known) was opened from Embankment to the existing City & South London Railway station Kennington with a new station at Waterloo.

As a subsidiary of the L&SWR and its successor the Southern Railway, the W&CR was not a part of the London Underground system. Following nationalization of the main line railway companies in 1948, it became part of British Railways (later British Rail). Following a period of closure during 1993 when the line was converted to use the four rail electrical system of the London Underground, the ownership of Waterloo & City line was transferred to the Underground on 1 April 1994.

On 24 September 1999, the Jubilee line station was opened as part of the Jubilee Line Extension. The station was temporarily the western terminus of the extension running from Stratford in east London, before the final section to link the extension to the original line was opened between Waterloo and Green Park on 20 November 1999. The Jubilee platforms are at the opposite end of the site from those of the Bakerloo and Northern lines, but the two ends are connected by a 140-metre moving walkway link (one of only two on the Underground - the other gives access to the Waterloo & City line platform at Bank station).

Waterloo station is linked to the South Bank by an elevated walkway. It was once possible to walk directly by elevated walkways and footbridges all the way from the concourse of Waterloo to that of Charing Cross railway station on the north side of the Thames, but the demolition of part of the Waterloo walkway and the reconstruction of the Hungerford Footbridge means that that is no longer possible.

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William Shakespeare
TUM image id: 1509551019
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Waterloo Bridge on an 1810 map.
TUM image id: 1556885410
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Hungerford Stairs circa 1828
TUM image id: 1557403389
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

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William Shakespeare
Licence: CC BY 2.0

The Hole In The Wall, Waterloo
Credit: Virtual Tourist
Licence: CC BY 2.0

1893 programme cover - Canterbury Theatre
Credit: London Borough of Lambeth
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Waterloo Bridge on an 1810 map.
Licence: CC BY 2.0

The Sea Life London Aquarium is located on the ground floor of County Hall on the South Bank of the River Thames, near the London Eye. It opened in March 1997 as the London Aquarium and hosts about one million visitors each year.
Licence: CC BY 2.0

The Adelphi Building on Savoy Place, looking north from Victoria Embankment Gardens (2018)
Credit: Wiki Commons/Acabashi
Licence: CC BY 2.0

The original, Brunel-built Hungerford Bridge.
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Deep beneath the former Eurostar terminal at Waterloo Station, Leake Street, once a dismal, tunnel for vehicular traffic now enjoys a new lease of life as an ever changing, unofficial art gallery.
Credit: Instagram/@njcoxx

Building the District Line and Joseph Bazalgette’s Embankment sewer near Waterloo Bridge (1867) Bazalgette’s Memorial is on the right here today.
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Transforming your Tube (2008)
Credit: Richard Parmiter
Licence: CC BY 2.0

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