Flower and Dean Street, E1

Road in/near Spitalfields, existed between 1655 and 1977

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Road · Spitalfields · E1 ·
FEBRUARY
27
2021

Flower and Dean Street was a narrow street running east-west from Commercial Street to Brick Lane.

Originally laid out in 1655 on land belonging to Thomas and Lewis Fossan by John Flower and Gowen Dean, Whitechapel bricklayers. The street was originally 16 feet wide and a mere 10 feet wide at its western end, a feature it maintained throughout its existence. The street also appears under the name ’Dean and Flower Street’ in maps of 1676 and 1682.

In 1657, a search conducted by the ’Tylers and Bricklayer’s Company’ showed that houses in Flower and Dean Street had been constructed using ’badd mortar using garden mould’ and such was the poor state of the properties that extensive rebuilding had to be undertaken by the mid-18th century. In Roque’s map of 1746, Flower and Dean Street was split by a large open square known as Broad Place, though it would seem this was a temporary feature brought about by demolition.

The construction of Commercial Street from 1844 caused a considerable shift in the local population which no doubt exacerbated overcrowded conditions in the general area and Flower and Dean Street soon became known for its common lodging houses, courts, alleys and interconnecting properties. By 1880, it had sunk to such disreputable levels that one commentator was moved to write:
"Those who know the locality well said that if I examined the courts which ran out of Flower and Dean Street and the houses in its alleys and lanes, I should then be able to assure myself that I had seen the very worst that London is capable of producing".

Indeed, by way of illustration, the census of 1881 lists no fewer than twenty common lodging houses on Flower and Dean Street. This gave a total of nearly 1000 residents of lodging houses alone - No.5 was also part of a property in Brick Lane that was home to 222 individuals.

The Metropolitan Board of Works prepared a clearance scheme in 1877, though little was done at first, giving a period of reprieve for the slums and lodging houses and by 1883 it was considered "perhaps the foulest and most dangerous street in the whole metropolis". Eventually, a plot of land on the south side was bought by the Four per-cent Industrial Dwellings Company who built the barrack-like Charlotte De Rothschild Dwellings in 1886-7.

The slums of Spitalfields came to national (and international) attention during the period of the Whitechapel Murders as the victims were regular users of the common lodging houses, most commonly in Dorset Street and Flower and Dean Street.

From 24th-30th August 1888, Mary Ann Nichols stayed at the ’White House’ at No.56. Nichols, drunk, had met Emily Holland on the morning of her murder, claiming to want to go there instead of her usual lodgings at Wilmott’s Lodging House, Thrawl Street. Elizabeth Stride had stayed at No.32 Flower and Dean Street on and off since 1882 and on the day before her murder had earnt 6d from the deputy, Elizabeth Tanner, by cleaning the kitchen. During the Ripper scare, Dr Thomas Barnardo visited No.32 to see conditions for himself and listened to the concerns of the women there regarding the murders. Barnardo was later to identify Stride in the mortuary as one of the women he had spoken to during that visit.

Further redevelopment began after the murders ceased. In 1891, the Four per-cent Industrial Dwellings Company acquired most of the north side of the street and had begun demolishing Nos.33-44 by April of that year. Nos.45-55 followed suit and Nathaniel Dwellings were built, being opened in 1892. The remaining parts of the south side were developed in 1895-7 with individual blocks known as Ruth and Irene Houses. However, the extreme eastern end (including the White House) remained undeveloped, maintaining the insalubrious reputation of old, despite the now improved conditions and reputation of the rest of the street.

By the late 1960s, many of these dwellings had fallen into disrepair and plans were afoot to clear the area, pending some new housing scheme. Demolition began in 1973 and was complete by 1977, although it would be several years until new buildings would be constructed. The eastern end of Flower and Dean Street was blocked off by new shops and flats which were erected on Brick Lane c.1981 and eventually the whole site was redeveloped as the Flower and Dean estate 1982-4.

A small stretch of Flower and Dean Street remains at the Commercial Street end but was renamed Lolesworth Close c.1983. The street is commemorated by Flower and Dean Walk, a pedestrianised area that runs through the estate approximately in line with the former George Street.




Main source: Survey of London
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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY



The Underground Map   
Added: 20 Sep 2020 13:01 GMT   

Pepys starts diary
On 1 January 1659, Samuel Pepys started his famous daily diary and maintained it for ten years. The diary has become perhaps the most extensive source of information on this critical period of English history. Pepys never considered that his diary would be read by others. The original diary consisted of six volumes written in Shelton shorthand, which he had learned as an undergraduate on scholarship at Magdalene College, Cambridge. This shorthand was introduced in 1626, and was the same system Isaac Newton used when writing.

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Tricia   
Added: 27 Apr 2021 12:05 GMT   

St George in the East Church
This Church was opened in 1729, designed by Hawksmore. Inside destroyed by incendrie bomb 16th April 1941. Rebuilt inside and finished in 1964. The building remained open most of the time in a temporary prefab.

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Graham O’Connell   
Added: 10 Apr 2021 10:24 GMT   

Lloyd & Sons, Tin Box Manufacturers (1859 - 1982)
A Lloyd & Sons occupied the wharf (now known as Lloyds Wharf, Mill Street) from the mid 19th Century to the late 20th Century. Best known for making tin boxes they also produced a range of things from petrol canisters to collecting tins. They won a notorious libel case in 1915 when a local councillor criticised the working conditions which, in fairness, weren’t great. There was a major fire here in 1929 but the company survived at least until 1982 and probably a year or two after that.

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Marion James   
Added: 12 Mar 2021 17:43 GMT   

26 Edith Street Haggerston
On Monday 11th October 1880 Charlotte Alice Haynes was born at 26 Edith Street Haggerston the home address of her parents her father Francis Haynes a Gilder by trade and her mother Charlotte Alice Haynes and her two older siblings Francis & George who all welcomed the new born baby girl into the world as they lived in part of the small Victorian terraced house which was shared by another family had an outlook view onto the world of the Imperial Gas Works site - a very grey drab reality of the life they were living as an East End working class family - 26 Edith Street no longer stands in 2021 - the small rundown polluted terrace houses of Edith Street are long since gone along with the Gas Companies buildings to be replaced with green open parkland that is popular in 21st century by the trendy residents of today - Charlotte Alice Haynes (1880-1973) is the wife of my Great Grand Uncle Henry Pickett (1878-1930) As I research my family history I slowly begin to understand the life my descendants had to live and the hardships that they went through to survive - London is my home and there are many areas of this great city I find many of my descendants living working and dying in - I am yet to find the golden chalice! But in all truthfulness my family history is so much more than hobby its an understanding of who I am as I gather their stories. Did Charlotte Alice Pickett nee Haynes go on to live a wonderful life - no I do not think so as she became a widow in 1930 worked in a canteen and never remarried living her life in and around Haggerston & Hackney until her death in 1973 with her final resting place at Manor Park Cemetery - I think Charlotte most likely excepted her lot in life like many women from her day, having been born in the Victorian era where the woman had less choice and standing in society, which is a sad state of affairs - So I will endeavour to write about Charlotte and the many other women in my family history to give them the voice of a life they so richly deserve to be recorded !

Edith Street was well situated for the new public transport of two railway stations in 1880 :- Haggerston Railway Station opened in 1867 & Cambridge Heath Railway Station opened in 1872


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Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

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Lived here
margaret clark   
Added: 15 Oct 2021 22:23 GMT   

Margaret’s address when she married in 1938
^, Josepine House, Stepney is the address of my mother on her marriage certificate 1938. Her name was Margaret Irene Clark. Her father Basil Clark was a warehouse grocer.

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Added: 6 Nov 2021 15:03 GMT   

Old Nichol Street, E2
Information about my grandfather’s tobacconist shop

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Steven Shepherd   
Added: 4 Feb 2021 14:20 GMT   

Our House
I and my three brothers were born at 178 Pitfield Street. All of my Mothers Family (ADAMS) Lived in the area. There was an area behind the house where the Hoxton Stall holders would keep the barrows. The house was classed as a slum but was a large house with a basement. The basement had 2 rooms that must have been unchanged for many years it contained a ’copper’ used to boil and clean clothes and bedlinen and a large ’range’ a cast iron coal/log fired oven. Coal was delivered through a ’coal hole’ in the street which dropped through to the basement. The front of the house used to be a shop but unused while we lived there. I have many more happy memories of the house too many to put here.

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Martin Eaton    
Added: 14 Oct 2021 03:56 GMT   

Boundary Estate
Sunbury, Taplow House.

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STEPHEN JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:25 GMT   

Fellows Court, E2
my family moved into the tower block 13th floor (maisonette), in 1967 after our street Lenthall rd e8 was demolished, we were one of the first families in the new block. A number of families from our street were rehoused in this and the adjoining flats. Inside toilet and central heating, all very modern at the time, plus eventually a tarmac football pitch in the grounds,(the cage), with a goal painted by the kids on the brick wall of the railway.

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The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 15:05 GMT   

A plague on all your houses
Aldgate station is built directly on top of a vast plague pit, where thousands of bodies are apparently buried. No-one knows quite how many.

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Comment
   
Added: 21 Apr 2021 16:21 GMT   

Liverpool Street
the Bishopsgate station has existed since 1840 as a passenger station, but does not appear in the site’s cartography. Evidently, the 1860 map is in fact much earlier than that date.

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Comment
   
Added: 27 Jul 2021 14:31 GMT   

correction
Chaucer did not write Pilgrims Progress. His stories were called the Canterbury Tales

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STEPHEN ARTHUR JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:12 GMT   

Lynedoch Street, E2
my father Arthur Jackson was born in lynedoch street in 1929 and lived with mm grandparents and siblings, until they were relocated to Pamela house Haggerston rd when the street was to be demolished

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Lived here
Linda    
Added: 18 Feb 2021 22:03 GMT   

Pereira Street, E1
My grandfather Charles Suett lived in Periera Street & married a widowed neighbour there. They later moved to 33 Bullen House, Collingwood Street where my father was born.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

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Alison   
Added: 26 Jun 2022 18:20 GMT   

On the dole in north London
When I worked at the dole office in Medina Road in the 1980s, "Archway" meant the social security offices which were in Archway Tower at the top of the Holloway Road. By all accounts it was a nightmare location for staff and claimants alike. This was when Margaret Thatcher’s government forced unemployment to rise to over 3 million (to keep wages down) and computerised records where still a thing of the future. Our job went from ensuring that unemployed people got the right sort and amount of benefits at the right time, to stopping as many people as possible from getting any sort of benefit at all. Britain changed irrevocably during this period and has never really recovered. We lost the "all in it together" frame of mind that had been born during the second world war and became the dog-eat-dog society where 1% have 95% of the wealth and many people can’t afford to feed their children. For me, the word Archway symbolises the land of lost content.

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Jack Wilson   
Added: 21 Jun 2022 21:40 GMT   

Penfold Printers
I am seeking the location of Penfold Printers Offices in Dt Albans place - probably about 1870 or so

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Lived here
   
Added: 19 Jun 2022 16:58 GMT   

Runcorn Place, W11
Runcorn place

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Comment
   
Added: 30 May 2022 19:03 GMT   

The Three Magpies
Row of houses (centre) was on Heathrow Rd....Ben’s Cafe shack ( foreground ) and the Three Magpies pub (far right) were on the Bath Rd

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Watts   
Added: 17 May 2022 20:29 GMT   

Baeethoven St School, also an Annex for Paddington College of FE.
In the early 70’s I took a two year science course at Paddington CFE. The science classes were held on weekday evenings at Beethoven Street school, overseen by chemistry teacher, Mr Tattershall.

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Added: 25 Apr 2022 22:11 GMT   

Southover, N12
Everyone knows Central Woodside is the place to be. Ever since kdog moved from finchtown, Woodside has been thriving.

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Born here
Bernard Miller   
Added: 12 Apr 2022 17:36 GMT   

My mother and her sister were born at 9 Windsor Terrace
My mother, Millie Haring (later Miller) and her sister Yetta Haring (later Freedman) were born here in 1922 and 1923. With their parents and older brother and sister, they lived in two rooms until they moved to Stoke Newington in 1929. She always said there were six rooms, six families, a shared sink on the first floor landing and a toilet in the backyard.

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Brian Lynch   
Added: 10 Apr 2022 13:38 GMT   

Staples Mattress Factory
An architect’s design of the Staples Mattress Factory
An image found on the website of Dalzell’s Beds, in Armagh Northern Ireland.

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Corbet Place, E1 Corbet Place - an L-shaped street, onto which back several large industrial buildings of the early/mid-twentieth century.
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Monmouth House, E1 Residential block
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Moor’s Garden, EC2P Moor’s Garden was buried under the platforms of Liverpool Street station.
Moss Close, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Mulberry Street, E1 Mulberry Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
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New Drum Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
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New Street, EC2M New Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
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Osborn Street, E1 Osborn Street is a short road leading from Whitechapel Road to the crossroads with Brick Lane, Wentworth Street and Old Montague Street.
Parliament Court, E1 Parliament Court was laid out in the 1680s as part of the development of the Old Artillery Ground.
Paxton House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
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Petticoat Square, E1 A street within the postcode
Petticoat Tower, E1 Petticoat Tower is a block on Middlesex Street
Plumbers Row, E1 Plumbers Row is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Pomell Way, E1 Pomell Way is a road in the E1 postcode area
Primrose Street, EC2A Primrose Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Princelet Street, E1 Princelet Street started its life as Princes Street.
Principal Place, EC2A Principal Place is a location in London.
Puma Court, E1 Puma Court was formerly known as Red Lion Court.
Resolution Plaza, E1 Resolution Plaza is a location in London.
Riga Mews, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Rose Court, E1 Rose Court runs off Widegate Street.
Sandy’s Row, E1 Sandy’s Row runs along the City of London boundary.
Sandy’s Street, EC2M Sandy’s Street disappeared when Middlesex Street was extended in the 1890s.
Seven Stars Yard, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
South Street, E1 South Street provided access from Brushfield Street into Spitalfields Market.
Spellman Street, E1 Spellman Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Spelman House, E1 Spelman House is a residential block in Whitechapel.
Spelman Street, E1 Spelman Street was formerly John Street and built up in the 19th century.
Spital Square, E1 Spital Square was started in 1733.
Spital Street, E1 Spital Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Spital Yard, E1 Spital Yard is a mews of 17th century origins, serving the backs of houses on Norton Folgate and Spital Square.
Spring Walk, E1 Spring Walk is a road in the E1 postcode area
St Botolph Street, EC3A St Botolph Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
St James’s Place, EC3A St James’s Place was an open square, formerly Broad Court, which held a daily market that sold fruits of various kinds.
St Mary Axe, EC3A St Mary Axe is an ancient street of the City of London.
St. John’s Drive, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
St. Mary’s Grove, EC3A Jeffrey’s Square disappeared under the St Mary Axe development.
Staple Hall, EC3A Staple Hall is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Steward Street, E1 Steward Street ran further north originally that it does now.
Stone House Court, EC3A Stone House Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Stoney Lane, EC3A Stoney Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Stothard Place, E1 Stothard Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Strype Street, E1 John Strype, who became an antiquary, historian and parson was the son of a Huguenot weaver and born near here in 1643.
Technology Centre, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Tenter Ground, E1 Tenter Ground is one of the notable streetnames of Spitalfields.
The Arcade, EC2A The Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
The Broadgate Tower, EC2A A street within the EC2A postcode
The Community Centre, E1 The Community Centre is a location in London.
Thrawl Street, E1 Originally built by Henry Thrall around 1656, Thrawl Street ran east-west from Brick Lane across a former tenter field owned by the Fossan brothers, Thomas and Lewis.
Toynbee Street, E1 Toynbee Street, formerly Shepherd Street, was laid out in 1810-24 and redeveloped in 1927-36 as part of the London County Council’s Holland estate.
Tyne Street, E1 Tyne Street is a location in London.
Underwood Road, E1 Underwood Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Union Place, E1 Union Place was a small alleyway off Quaker Street.
Victoria Avenue, E1 This is a street in the EC2M postcode area
Wentworth Street, E1 Wentworth Street runs east-west from the junction of Brick Lane, Osborn Street and Old Montague Street to Middlesex Street, forming part of the boundary between Spitalfields and St Mary’s Whitechapel.
Wheler Street, E1 Wheler Street runs north from Commercial Street.
White Church Lane, E1 White Church Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
White Church Passage, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
White Kennett Street, EC3A White Kennett Street was named after a Bishop of Peterborough.
Whitechapel High Street, E1 Whitechapel High Street runs approximately west-east from Aldgate High Street to Whitechapel Road and is designated as part of the A11.
Whitechapel Market, E1 Whitechapel Market is a road in the E1 postcode area
Whitechapel Technology Centre, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Whites Row, E1 White’s Row is a narrow thoroughfare running east-west from Commercial Street to Crispin Street.
Whittington Avenue, EC3A Whittington Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Widegate Street, E1 Widegate Street is now a short street connecting Middlesex Street and Sandy’s Row.
Wilkes Street, E1 Wilkes Street is a street of early eighteenth century houses, some of which were refronted in the early nineteenth century.
Windsor Street, EC2M Windsor Street was formerly a named street of the area.
Woodseer Street, E1 Woodseer Street was formerly known as Pelham Street and part of the Halifax Estate.
Wrestlers Court, EC3A Wrestlers Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.

NEARBY PUBS
All Bar One Bishopsgate This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
All Bar One Houndsditch This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Astronomer This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Balls Brothers Wine Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Devonshire Terrace This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Dirty Dick’s Established in 1745 as The Old Jerusalem, the drinking house took the name of Dirty Dick’s in 1814.
Dirty Martini Dirty Martini is a pub near Liverpool Street station.
Kings Stores This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Pride of Spitalfields Pride of Spitalfields stands on Heneage Street.
Tapster This is a bar in Liverpool Street station.
Ten Bells The Ten Bells has existed in various guises since the middle of the 18th century.
The Alice This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Bell The Bell is on the non-City of London side of Middlesex Street.
The Breakfast Club This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Bull The Bull dates back to the 17th century and stands on Devonshire Row.
The Culpeper The Culpeper used to be called the Princess Alice.
The Hoop & Grapes This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Magpie This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Primrose The Primrose was a pub on the corner of Norton Folgate and Primrose Street.
The Sterling This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Woodins Shades This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
We Are Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
White Horse This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Spitalfields

Spitalfields is near to Liverpool Street station and Brick Lane.

The area straddles Commercial Street and is home to several markets, including the historic Old Spitalfields Market, and various Brick Lane Markets on Brick Lane and Cheshire Street. Petticoat Lane Market lies on the area’s south-western boundaries.

The name Spitalfields appears in the form Spittellond in 1399; as The spitel Fyeld on the 16th-century Civitas Londinium map associated with Ralph Agas. The land belonged to St Mary Spital, a priory or hospital erected on the east side of the Bishopsgate thoroughfare in 1197, and the name is thought to derive from this. An alternative, and possibly earlier, name for the area was Lolsworth.

After the revocation of the Edict of Nantes, Spitalfields was inhabited by prosperous French Huguenot silk weavers. In the early 19th century their descendants were reduced to a deplorable condition due to the competition of the Manchester textile factories and the area began to deteriorate into crime-infested slums. The spacious and handsome Huguenot houses were divided up into tiny dwellings which were rented by poor families of labourers, who sought employment in the nearby docks.

In the 19th century the area attracted Jewish immigrants and the 20th, the Bengali community.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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Byward Tower, 1893
TUM image id: 1556882285
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
The Great Synagogue of London (1810)
Credit: Thomas Rowlandson (1756â
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The Boar’s Head was located on the north side of Whitechapel High Street. The Boar’s Head was originally an inn, which was built in the 1530s; it underwent two renovations for use as a playhouse: first, in 1598, when a simple stage was erected, and a second, more elaborate renovation in 1599.
Credit: Unknown
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The Aldgate Pump (1874) Aldgate Pump is a historic water pump located at the junction where Aldgate meets Fenchurch Street and Leadenhall Street. The pump is notable for its long, and sometimes dark history, as well as its cultural significance as a symbolic start point of the East End of London. The term "East of Aldgate Pump" is used as a synonym for the East End or for East London as a whole.
Credit: Wellcome Images
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Bevis Marks Synagogue
Credit: John Salmon
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Exterior of St Katherine Cree, City of London
Credit: Prioryman
Licence: CC BY 2.0


St James Duke
Credit: Robert William Billings and John Le Keux
Licence: CC BY 2.0


The Third Goodmans Fields Theatre, Great Alie Street (1801)
Credit: W. W. Hutchings
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A drawing published in 1907 of the west front of the Church of Holy Trinity, Minories
Credit: Uncredited
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Petticoat Lane in the 1920s
Credit: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress)
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Whitechapel Gallery
Credit: LeHaye/Wiki Commons
Licence: CC BY 2.0


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