Cambridge Heath

Rail station, existing between 1872 and now

(51.532 -0.057, 51.532 -0.057) 
MAP YEAR:175018001810182018301860190019502022Show map without markers
ZOOM:14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 18 14 15 16 17 14 15 16 17 18
TIP: Adjust the MAP YEAR and ZOOM to tweak historical maps
Rail station · Cambridge Heath · E2 ·

Cambridge Heath is a district in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, north of Bethnal Green.

The East End has a collection of place names - like Cambridge Heath - which demonstrate a more rural past.

The earliest recorded use of the Cambridge Heath name was as Camprichthesheth in 1275. It was an area of gravel situated between marshland to the east and west. A forest known as Bishopswood, lingered in the east until the 16th century.

The high, dry expanse of heath belonged to the old Stepney Manor to the south and, during the 13th century, records have the heath as being used as common pasture. Long before the mass enclosures of common land during the Middle Ages, any man or woman could come here to graze their sheep.

By 1275 at least one ’ancient’ house stood here.

A merchant tailor of London called John Slater took out a 99 year lease in 1587 on a piece of waste 24 rods by 11 rods on the west side of the heath and south of Hackney Road to the north.

No building followed and the lease had lapsed by 1652.

There was no development on the Bethnal Green side of the boundary until maybe 1720.

In time, Cambridge Heath developed eight principal estates: Parmiter, Rush Mead, Bullock, Chambers, Cambridge Heath, Bishop’s Hall, Sebright and Pyotts.

We’ll deal with their history one-by-one.

In 1722 the trustees of Parmiter’s charity purchased 4½ acres of waste on the west side of Cambridge Road (the road later to be renamed Cambridge Heath Road) on either side of Hackney Road.

The charity had its beginnings in the will of Thomas Parmiter, a silk merchant, who was also to endow ‘six almshouses and one free school house or room’ in Bethnal Green. This was to grow into Parmiter’s Grammar School, in Approach Road - it later moved to Watford.

One house had been built at each end of the estate by 1760 and by 1775, three houses.

In 1724, the waste on the west side of the road, next to a sewer, was leased to Thomas Thorne, a Bethnal Green carpenter, who built a house there.

Several cottages were been built by Thomas King, a Hackney glazier, on waste beside the road by 1729.

More sustained activity began in 1786, when Parmiter’s charity leased its entire estate to a man called Wilmot, who built six houses and then sold it on in 1790 to William Lovell, who built five more. In 1791 the trustees granted two more leases to Lovell. By the late 1790s Howard’s Place, Heath Place and the Hare public house fronted Hackney Road and Cambridge Road.

By the turn of the nineteenth century, Cambridge Place formed the north-western boundary of the Parmiter estate. Between 1788 and 1791 applications were made to build 18 more houses at Cambridge Heath.

In 1808, the southern portion of the estate was leased to James Waddilove and William Causdell, builders from Hackney Road. They had constructed Suffolk Place and Felix Street by 1812; also Clare Street, Barossa Place and Felix Place by 1819.

Durham Place, fronting Hackney Road on the Rush Mead estate, was being built in 1789.

In 1792, roads were planned to the south: Elizabeth Street, Claredale Street (originally Lausanne Street and then Claremont Street) and Durham Street. Builders who took 99-year leases included James Nicoll from Marylebone and William Selby from Hanover Square.

Bond’s Place had been built by 1810, under an agreement of 1807 with Benjamin Bond of Hackney. Temple Street formed the eastern boundary of the Rush Mead estate by 1821, Building extended south with Catherine Street and Charles Street by 1836, when there were 266 houses on the estate.

Andrew Pritchard, ’tilemaker of Hackney Road’ had bought Bullocks on the north side of Hackney Road by 1792 when he contracted William Olley, a Woolwich bricklayer, to build houses in Hackney Road next to a factory. The houses, called Matthew’s Place, had been built by 1800.

Oxford House existed by 1808, and Ann’s Place (later Pritchard’s Road) formed the western boundary by 1819. The Oval, with 36 cottages and a chapel, on the eastern boundary by 1836. Much of the estate though was occupied by a fish pond until the mid 19th century.

Chambers, the most northerly estate on the east side of Cambridge Road, leased out land for building from 1802. That year, William Ditchman of Hackney Road leased a strip on the west fronting Cambridge Road and another on the east. He built houses fronting the road by 1804, Newmarket Terrace in Russia Lane in 1805, and houses in new roads at the northern end of Cambridge Road: Norfolk Street, Martha Street and John Street.

John Scott, an Islington brickmaker, from 1808, built Prospect Place in Russia Lane and also houses in a new road running north from it (West Street) and later Potter’s Row after Thomas Potter, his sublessee. Lark Row, at the eastern boundary of Chambers, had 10 houses by 1812.

In 1807 the Leeds family agreed with Joseph Brown from Durham Place to develop their Cambridge Heath Estate between Rush Mead and Parmiter’s estate.

In 1808 Brown engaged James Waddilove and William Causdell to build 30 houses. They were employed at the same time on Parmiter’s estate, with which a joint layout was apparently made.

By 1812 Cambridge Circus existed on the eastern boundary of the Cambridge Heath estate and by 1821 Hope Street and Minerva Street ran from Hackney Road to Old Bethnal Green Road. Other streets - Bellona Street (Matilda Street) and Centre Street - were in the southeast. Philadelphia Place and Minerva Place faced Hackney Road. While there was a continuous frontage on Old Bethnal Green Road, about a third of the estate was still available for building in 1831.

On the eastern side of Cambridge Road, the five acre field belonging to Bishop’s Hall was leased in 1811 to the London Society for Promoting Christianity among the Jews, which built the Episcopal Jews’ chapel and associated buildings, named Palestine Place by 1836.

To the north and south were portions of Pyotts estate. To the south developed in the 1790s as Patriot Square. To the north, Prospect Place (Row) fronted Russia Lane and Grosvenor Terrace fronted Cambridge Road by 1826. Gloucester Street between Cambridge Road and the north-south section of Russia Lane, was laid out in 1826 and built by 1836.

Sebright’s Estate was long undeveloped. Aware of its ’increasing and improving neighbourhood’, the trustees obtained an Act in 1813 to grant long building leases. In 1821 they leased a large part north of Hackney Road to Joseph Teale of Shoreditch, who was responsible for the building of Seabright Street by 1822, Seabright Place, Gloucester Place and Hill Street by 1826, and Wolverley Street and Teale Street by 1836. By then there were 250 houses on Sebrights north of Hackney Road.

By the 1840s, the urbanisation of Cambridge Heath was largely complete. The Bethnal Green gasworks, named after the then-Metropolitan Borough of Bethnal Green were built in 1866 by John Clark. Until the 1960s, they were used to manufacture and store town gas made from coal.

Cambridge Heath railway station opened on 27 May 1872 by the Great Eastern Railway. In 2015 Cambridge Heath transferred to London Overground and now appears on the tube map.

Cambridge Heath and neighbouring Bethnal Green were unequal halves of the same manor, and late in the 19th century, became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Bethnal Green. This was incorporated into the new London Borough of Tower Hamlets in 1965.

Main source: A History of the County of Middlesex | British History Online
Further citations and sources

Click here to go to a random London street
We now have 471 completed street histories and 47029 partial histories
Find streets or residential blocks within the M25 by clicking STREETS


Marion James   
Added: 12 Mar 2021 17:43 GMT   

26 Edith Street Haggerston
On Monday 11th October 1880 Charlotte Alice Haynes was born at 26 Edith Street Haggerston the home address of her parents her father Francis Haynes a Gilder by trade and her mother Charlotte Alice Haynes and her two older siblings Francis & George who all welcomed the new born baby girl into the world as they lived in part of the small Victorian terraced house which was shared by another family had an outlook view onto the world of the Imperial Gas Works site - a very grey drab reality of the life they were living as an East End working class family - 26 Edith Street no longer stands in 2021 - the small rundown polluted terrace houses of Edith Street are long since gone along with the Gas Companies buildings to be replaced with green open parkland that is popular in 21st century by the trendy residents of today - Charlotte Alice Haynes (1880-1973) is the wife of my Great Grand Uncle Henry Pickett (1878-1930) As I research my family history I slowly begin to understand the life my descendants had to live and the hardships that they went through to survive - London is my home and there are many areas of this great city I find many of my descendants living working and dying in - I am yet to find the golden chalice! But in all truthfulness my family history is so much more than hobby its an understanding of who I am as I gather their stories. Did Charlotte Alice Pickett nee Haynes go on to live a wonderful life - no I do not think so as she became a widow in 1930 worked in a canteen and never remarried living her life in and around Haggerston & Hackney until her death in 1973 with her final resting place at Manor Park Cemetery - I think Charlotte most likely excepted her lot in life like many women from her day, having been born in the Victorian era where the woman had less choice and standing in society, which is a sad state of affairs - So I will endeavour to write about Charlotte and the many other women in my family history to give them the voice of a life they so richly deserve to be recorded !

Edith Street was well situated for the new public transport of two railway stations in 1880 :- Haggerston Railway Station opened in 1867 & Cambridge Heath Railway Station opened in 1872

Born here
Beverly Sand   
Added: 3 Apr 2021 17:19 GMT   

Havering Street, E1
My mother was born at 48 Havering Street. That house no longer exists. It disappeared from the map by 1950. Family name Schneider, mother Ray and father Joe. Joe’s parents lived just up the road at 311 Cable Street

Born here
jack stevens   
Added: 26 Sep 2021 13:38 GMT   

Mothers birth place
Number 5 Whites Row which was built in around 1736 and still standing was the premises my now 93 year old mother was born in, her name at birth was Hilda Evelyne Shaw,

Lived here
margaret clark   
Added: 15 Oct 2021 22:23 GMT   

Margaret’s address when she married in 1938
^, Josepine House, Stepney is the address of my mother on her marriage certificate 1938. Her name was Margaret Irene Clark. Her father Basil Clark was a warehouse grocer.

Boo Horton    
Added: 31 May 2021 13:39 GMT   

Angel & Trumpet, Stepney Green
The Angel & Trumpet Public House in Stepney Green was run by my ancestors in the 1930’s. Unfortunately, it was a victim on WWII and was badly damaged and subsequently demolished. I have one photograph that I believe to bethe pub, but it doesn’t show much more that my Great Aunt cleaning the steps.

Added: 6 Nov 2021 15:03 GMT   

Old Nichol Street, E2
Information about my grandfather’s tobacconist shop

Martin Eaton    
Added: 14 Oct 2021 03:56 GMT   

Boundary Estate
Sunbury, Taplow House.

Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:25 GMT   

Fellows Court, E2
my family moved into the tower block 13th floor (maisonette), in 1967 after our street Lenthall rd e8 was demolished, we were one of the first families in the new block. A number of families from our street were rehoused in this and the adjoining flats. Inside toilet and central heating, all very modern at the time, plus eventually a tarmac football pitch in the grounds,(the cage), with a goal painted by the kids on the brick wall of the railway.

The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 15:05 GMT   

A plague on all your houses
Aldgate station is built directly on top of a vast plague pit, where thousands of bodies are apparently buried. No-one knows quite how many.

Lived here
Kim Johnson   
Added: 24 Jun 2021 19:17 GMT   

Limehouse Causeway (1908)
My great grandparents were the first to live in 15 Tomlins Terrace, then my grandparents and parents after marriage. I spent the first two years of my life there. My nan and her family lived at number 13 Tomlins Terrace. My maternal grandmother lived in Maroon house, Blount Street with my uncle. Nan, my mum and her brothers were bombed out three times during the war.

Added: 13 Jan 2021 13:11 GMT   

Zealand Rd E3 used to be called Auckland Road
Zealand Road E3 used to be called Auckland Road. I seen it on a Philips ABC of London dated about 1925. There is a coalhole cover in nearby Driffield R oad showing a suppliers address in Auckland Road.

Lived here
Added: 18 Feb 2021 22:03 GMT   

Pereira Street, E1
My grandfather Charles Suett lived in Periera Street & married a widowed neighbour there. They later moved to 33 Bullen House, Collingwood Street where my father was born.


Bob Land   
Added: 29 Jun 2022 13:20 GMT   

Map legends
Question, I have been looking at quite a few maps dated 1950 and 1900, and there are many abbreviations on the maps, where can I find the lists to unravel these ?


Bob Land

Added: 26 Jun 2022 18:20 GMT   

On the dole in north London
When I worked at the dole office in Medina Road in the 1980s, "Archway" meant the social security offices which were in Archway Tower at the top of the Holloway Road. By all accounts it was a nightmare location for staff and claimants alike. This was when Margaret Thatcher’s government forced unemployment to rise to over 3 million (to keep wages down) and computerised records where still a thing of the future. Our job went from ensuring that unemployed people got the right sort and amount of benefits at the right time, to stopping as many people as possible from getting any sort of benefit at all. Britain changed irrevocably during this period and has never really recovered. We lost the "all in it together" frame of mind that had been born during the second world war and became the dog-eat-dog society where 1% have 95% of the wealth and many people can’t afford to feed their children. For me, the word Archway symbolises the land of lost content.

Jack Wilson   
Added: 21 Jun 2022 21:40 GMT   

Penfold Printers
I am seeking the location of Penfold Printers Offices in Dt Albans place - probably about 1870 or so

Lived here
Added: 19 Jun 2022 16:58 GMT   

Runcorn Place, W11
Runcorn place

Added: 30 May 2022 19:03 GMT   

The Three Magpies
Row of houses (centre) was on Heathrow Rd....Ben’s Cafe shack ( foreground ) and the Three Magpies pub (far right) were on the Bath Rd

Added: 17 May 2022 20:29 GMT   

Baeethoven St School, also an Annex for Paddington College of FE.
In the early 70’s I took a two year science course at Paddington CFE. The science classes were held on weekday evenings at Beethoven Street school, overseen by chemistry teacher, Mr Tattershall.


Added: 25 Apr 2022 22:11 GMT   

Southover, N12
Everyone knows Central Woodside is the place to be. Ever since kdog moved from finchtown, Woodside has been thriving.

Born here
Bernard Miller   
Added: 12 Apr 2022 17:36 GMT   

My mother and her sister were born at 9 Windsor Terrace
My mother, Millie Haring (later Miller) and her sister Yetta Haring (later Freedman) were born here in 1922 and 1923. With their parents and older brother and sister, they lived in two rooms until they moved to Stoke Newington in 1929. She always said there were six rooms, six families, a shared sink on the first floor landing and a toilet in the backyard.


Cambridge Heath Cambridge Heath is a district in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, north of Bethnal Green.

Barossa Place, E2 Barossa Place was also known by the name Barossa Terrace.
Bishops Way, E2 Bishops Way was built as an eastern extension to Prospect Place during the 1830s.
Cambridge Crescent, E2 Cambridge Crescent received its name by being originally part of the Cambridge Heath Estate.
Canrobert Street, E2 Canrobert Street began as Charles Street in 1836.
Centre Street, E2 Centre Street arrived in the 1820s.
Clare Street, E2 Clare Street was built in the second decade of the nineteenth century.
Claredale Street, E2 Claredale Street was known until the 1930s as Claremont Street but right at the beginning was Lausanne Street.
Coate Street, E2 Coate Street originated as Seabright Place in 1826.
Crown Works, E2 Crown Works is a small industrial zone off Temple Street.
Darwen Place, E2 Darwen Place is a modern development built over the former corporation yard.
Dinmont House, E2 Dinmont House forms a block on the Dinmont Estate.
Dinmont Street, E2 Dinmont Street was built in 1822.
Durham Place, E2 Durham Place fronted Hackney Road until 1862.
Edinburgh Close, E2 Edinburgh Close lies off Russia Lane.
Emma Street, E2 Emma Street started as a street bounding the Bethnal Green Gas Works.
Esker Place, E2 Esker Place was formed after post-war reconstruction.
Felix Street, E2 Felix Street was part of the Parmiter’s Estate when built in 1812.
Garner Street, E2 Garner Street was originally Gloucester Street.
Gillman Street, E2 Wolverley Street - which became Gillman Street in 1886 - was built by Joseph Teale in 1836.
Grove Passage, E2 Grove Passage runs along the line of the former Cambridge Place.
Hare Row, E2 Hare Row now runs under the railway tracks.
Heath Place, E2 Heath Place was a former terrace along Cambridge Heath Road.
Howard Place, E2 Howard Place was formerly part of Hackney Road.
Huddleston Close, E2 Huddleston Close was built by the Victoria Park Housing Association.
James Pennethorne Square, E2 James Pennethorne Square lies next to railway tracks.
Kay Street, E2 Kay Street started life as Gloucester Place in 1826.
Lark Row, E2 Lark Row originally ran west of the Bethnal Green workhouse
Marian Place, E8 Marian Place is an old street - originally the access for the Bethnal Green Gas Works.
Matthew’s Place, E2 Matthew’s Place was built next to a factory on Hackney Road.
Millennium Place, E2 Millennium Place dates from 1993.
Minerva Street, E2 Minerva Street was developed as part of the Cambridge Heath Estate.
Mowlem Street, E2 Mowlem Street began in the first decade of the nineteenth century.
Palestine Place, E2 Palestine Place led east from Cambridge Heath Road.
Parmiter Street, E2 Parmiter Street was originally Gloucester Street - laid out in 1826 and built by 1836.
Pritchards Road, E2 Pritchards Road was named after Andrew Pritchard, a ’tilemaker of Hackney Road’.
Prospect Place, E2 Prospect Place was a former street of Cambridge Heath.
Robinson Road, E2 Robinson Road is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Russia Lane, E2 Russia Lane was formerly called Rushy Lane.
Seabright Gardens, E2 Seabright Gardens was established as Queen Caroline Place during the 1820s.
Seabright Terrace, E2 Seabright Place was a terrace along Hackney Road.
Sewardstone Road, E2 Sewardstone Road was built over the site of Bonners Hall.
Silk Weaver Way, E2 Silk Weaver Way connects Bishops Way and Parmiter Street.
Suffolk Place, E2 Suffolk Place, built in 1812, became part of Hackney Road in 1862.
Teale Street, E2 Teale Street originated in 1836.
Teesdale Close, E2 Teesdale Close, now a short street, was previously part of Teesdale Street which was split into two post-war.
Teesdale Street, E2 Teesdale Street was Durham Street until 1875.
Teesdale Yard, E2 Teesdale Yard is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Temple Street, E2 Temple Street formed the eastern boundary of the Rush Mead estate by 1821.
Temple Yard, E2 Temple Yard is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
The Oval, E2 The Oval, with 36 cottages and a chapel, was built on the eastern boundary of the Bullocks Estate by 1836.
Treadway Street, E2 Treadway Street was originally called Hope Street.
Vyner Street, E2 Vyner Street is a cobblestone canal-side walkway, originally known as John Street.
Wadeson Street, E2 Wadeson Street was originally called Martha Street.
Waterloo Gardens, E2 Waterloo Gardens was built as an access road to the local workhouse.
Winkley Street, E2 Winkley Street was Catherine Street until 1938.

Click here to see map view of nearby Creative Commons images
Click here to see Creative Commons images near to this postcode
Pollard Row (1939)
TUM image id: 1574859171
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Corfield Street
TUM image id: 1580167928
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Bonner Street (1960s)
TUM image id: 1580137546
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
Houses in Cambridge Road, Bethnal Green. Cambridge Road was renamed to Cambridge Heath Road in 1938.
Credit: English Heritage

17-21 Old Ford Road, Bethnal Green (2019) Built in 1753 by Anthony Natt Senior, No 21 to the right had, by 1815, become a girls school for Promoting Christianity among the Jews, by 1873 it was an asylum for "fallen women". Since 1900 it has been occupied by St Margaret’s House a womens Settlement associated with Oxford House.
Credit: Wiki Commons/Reading Tom

Pollard Row (1939)
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Corfield Street
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Palestine Place, led east from Cambridge Heath Road and featured the Episcopal Jews’ chapel. The chapel was built by the ’London Society for Promoting Christianity among the Jews’. The site was later the Bethnal Green Infirmary.
Licence: CC BY 2.0

The Dinmont Estate was designed by G. Topham Forrest for the LCC and completed in 1935-6.
Credit: Wiki Commons
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Seabright Street, Bethnal Green The houses which formerly lined the road were old Weavers Houses - you can tell by the wide upstairs windows. They let in more light for the weavers to work. There is now a park where these houses stood.
Old London postcard

Print-friendly version of this page

  Contact us · Copyright policy · Privacy policy